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Dictionary of Occult, 

Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils 


Dictionary of Occult, 

Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils 

FRFfi GETTINGS 



ROUTLEDGE & KL GAN PAUL 


London , 


Boston and Hftn lay 




First published in J.BBJ 

by Routledge K^q an Paul Ltd 

39 SLorti Street, London WC IE 7D0, 

9 Park street, Boston, Mass. 02108, USA 

and Broadway House, rjewLown Road, Lien ley-on-Thames 

Pr inted iu Crr-naL Eri Lain by 

Lcwe and Brydone Printers Ltd 

Thetford, Norfolk 

© Fred Gettings 19B: 

No part ot this book may be reproduced in 
any form without permission from the 
publisher, except, for the quotation of brief 
passages in criticism 

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data 
Gettings, Fred 

Dictionary of occult, hermetic and, 
alchemical argils. 

1. Occult sciences - Dictionaries 
1. Title 

133 r .03’21 BF1407 BO-42122 
iHBN O— 7lOO—0095—2 


Contents 


Introduction 7 
Dictionary of Sigils 39 
BlbLiogr aphy 293 
Appendices 313 
Index of Sigils 323 


ftfitiquissintl Saplontes t qucs Graeco svrwvrm 
Ph < losophos appellamus, si quae naturae vel 
art-is nr.pe rss£nt urain ,i f ne in pro .verum 
n c ti t i a na dtiveni rent , va r i i B modi s a tq ue 
f i gu r i s occu. 11 a bant. 

When the wise men of old (whom we call in the 
t^reek tongue r Philosopners 1 ) round any arcana, 
any hidden things, ei trier of a natural 1 ind , 
or resulting from the activities of Dan, they 
were accustomed to hide tnose in various ways 
and with Lhe aid of figures, They d-d this 
in order that these might not be understood by 
the wrong kind of people. 

CRQLLIUS, Dc- Signaturi 3, sou vera et viva 
Anatomla Majorie et M I noris Mundi , i hi 2 . 


Introduction 


X'HE TEXT of THIS DICTIONARY has been designed a& a reference, guide end 
source-book for those involved in general occult studies. Towards this 
end it presents, under L,300 headings, the meanings of over 9,000 sigils 
wh j. c h appe ar i n t ucopea n a 1 1 : h emi cal, astro 1 eg ical, g eom an tic a ::d r r 1 a t ed 
hermetic sources* along with a unique graphite index by means of which the 
majority of eucb sigils may ha Identified. 

Before setting out the scope, plan and practical considerations 
relating to this dictionary, it. might be as well lor me to explain why 
I have chosen the relatively rare- word sigil to designate the graphic 
forms dealt. with in the text, when the layman might well be tempted to 
use such words as symbols, nigns or even glyphs. 

The word symbol is not sufficiently specialised for my pi.iTpcj.RR, since 
it carries a literary as we i l «s an iconographic connotation. In a sen.se 
anythiTig may be a symbol of anything else, provided that an analogy is 
drawn, or some explanation tor the symbolising given. Thus, the 
mediaeval bestiary could take the apparently absurd symbol of the 
vulture as representative of the Virgin Mary, simply because it was 
currently believed that a vulture brought forth its young pa rr.he no¬ 
genet ic:.jl ly. Withe at a Li teraxy exp 1 anat i on , hac 11 or othcrwisc , 
alongside such a symbol, then the meaning would be obscure, and in the 
example given it not heretical, then at laust obscene. Only very rarely 
docs a literary explanation stand between the sigils ana their 'meanings' 
and even the:-, only in the various 'graphic systems' (see for example the 
entry ljndeI ORIGIN), for which adequate bibliographic reference is given 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


within the entry. Par example, the curious sigil V!J/ is one o+ the 
forms for vlKUO, and has been accorded a certain literary tradition 
which, links it with the Virgin Mary: in the entry T have, made reference 
to this possible graphic etymology, from the initials MV (Maria Virgo), 
even though in my opinion this etymology is entirely fanciful. The 
point hCEH is that the ■vulture' symbol requires literary explanation, 
the sigil for Virgo docs not, though such an explanation may throw light 
on its origin nr purpose as a sigil. 

The word sign has a very wide application, ranging from gestures and 
tokens made by the body, to a who:« battery of devices designed tor the 
purpose of conimuhication. As a word, therefore, it has connotation far 
beyond the special sense n£ 1 occu1L 1 ox 'graphic 1 which I certainly wish 
Lo imply w L thin tliit: dictionary , Addit i uua 11 y, the word sign in this 
general sense may be easily confused with the word in its special 
astrological application: the sign of the zodiac is one of the twelve 
divisions of the ecliptic band, and not, as is sometimes erroneously 
supposed, the 'graphic symbol 1 used to denote one of these zodiacal 
divisions. Thus, the arc of thirty degrees (tropical) between Cancer 
and Virgo is the sign of the zodiac I.EG: a picture of a lion may well 
be intended to be a symbol of this zodiacal Leo, but the graphic form Jl 
L s ac L u a 11 y the s ?" g i I for r,e c , 

The word gi gph is sometimes used in occult contexts, buL In its 
proper application it should be restricted to sculpture and architecture, 
for it is supposed to refer to symbols appearing in. relief work. Tn 
the nineteenth century a number of words were derived froo 'glyph' 
relating to the relief processes in the printing industryf perhaps this' 
alone should provide grounds for rejecting the word from the present 
context. There is no doubt that certain glyphs have become sigil3 ~ this 
-5 true of many occult sigils derived from the Egyptian hieroglyphics. 

For example, the hieroglyph AM&E-: ar.d its component FU, undoubtedly both 
glyphic in origin, arc now frequently used as sigils in Lheir common 
forms and 

These general observations may indicate why I have felt compelled to 
adopt the word sigil in the face of apparent competition from other words, 


B 


INTRODUCTION 


in fact f its vary derivation, from the lata Latin £jl gill imp, encourages 
its use within an occult context, for this w^rd appears frequently in 
mediaeval magical contexts, and has even been used specifically for 
certain astrological symbols and devices which were supposed to se 
amuletic in power. Further, the word in the eighteenth century did 
carry the specialised meaning of 'a small image 1 . Since most of the 

graphic forms in this dictionary arc to some extent amuletic - that is, 
ch a rged with power — and many are ' sttih 1 i images of cosmic processes, and 


in almost every case linked with the occult, then the word aut/i! connotes, 
very well the field to which l have restricted myself here. 

Havinn explained t-no key word of the title Cor this dictionary, i mus i 
now deal with its intended readership. 1 have designed the text in such 
a way that it will be valuable to both specialists and ger.erfil workers in 
fields directly or peripherally relatec tu occultism. in pari cular, iL 
in intended tor those whose research brings them into contact with occult 
or hermetic texts, ancient or modern - for historians ot the occult, Toe 
astrologers, for those interested in the 'history of ideas', for art 
students and art historians. 


The bcok needs no justification so far as historians 
are concerned: without doubt there is a great neea tor' 


of the occult 
such a work as 


this. l cannot protend that the specialist will meet, with many sigiis 
from his own field with which he is not already familiar, but one may be 
certain that he will find in the dictionary some indication of how the 
alylls familiar tn him were seer, and interpreted in related fioJns outside 
his own specialisation. This much is guaranteed simply because l have 
endeavoured to use the slgils recorded by specialists in a wide range of 
occult and hermetic areas. A specialist in alchemical fields cannot 
avoid having some passing acquaintance with astrological sagile, for 
example, but if i g unlikely that the full wealth of astrological siqils 
will have been appreciated by such a specialist. Again, a special!.et In 
astrology, or the history of astrology, may well be surprised to discover 
Lhc extent to which the development of astrological sigi1 k has been bound 
up with, the prevuiIing religious and occult notions concerning the nature 
of symbolism. Such ideas as these are intimated in L:ie bin] inyrnp.iic 


9 


DTCTIOmfiY or OCCULT , hermetic and ALCHEMICAL S1C1LS 


sources given alongside "he presentation of the sigils. 

Practical astrologers arc, by the very nature of their subject,, 
required to have sane knowledge at the history of their art, and to be 
aware of something of the 'graphic theory 1 underlying the sigils they use. 
This dictionary wi I . bn of great value to such individuals, for it will 
reveal something of the variety and weald: of astrological sigils and of 
related graphic theories of symbolism, At the same time, this text may 
offer a serious challenge to the superficial 'histories of astrology 1 and 
'histories of tne occu t. 1 which, under different authorship and title, but 
with much the sane moribund content, appear each year with depressing 
regularity. These sinils , and the sources from which they are 
abstracted, indicate that tho history of astrology end the occult is not 
at all what the superficial historians suppose. Those who would wish to 
combat this nonsense could do no better than commence with a study of 
certain of the source-book material given in support of the aigil forms 
presented here, I know frntrj experience that if is difficult to be a 
pract'col astrologer, or interested in the history of the subject, without 
becoming fascinated by the inner meanings of the sigils, which speak a 
language at once arcane and cosmic, reminding one of the definition of a 
symbol given by HAASE 19 75 as 1 essential ■' y purposive.., it points to some 
Higher Order for whose chxrsieteri sties it is a kind of abbreviation'. 

The bibliographic sources give more often than, not hints and guesses at 
the ’Higher Order 1 , at the inner meaning, though in this field, perhaps 
more than any other, one must have the eyes to sec, and the mind to under¬ 
stand . 

Those individuals who find themselves interested in what is nowadays 
called ’the history of ideas’, but which j n earlier days was called 
mere y 'history 1 on the fair assumption that men were motivated 
precisely by ideas, and net merely by 'social' cr 'economic r pressures !, 
cannot fail to find this dictionary useful, for underlying many of the 
sigils one finds traces of an ancient wisdom, expressed in a graphic 
precision which is surprising. Audit, iona ly, the l_r.es of thought 
expressed in the combinations of sigils and bibliographic reference will 
provide a fertile ground for further t-h search into the h 1 story' of ideas, 


LG 



INTRODUCTION 


albeit ideas in graphic foiins. A ussfvil history of the influence of 

graphic expression hag st.il ‘ Lt! bo written, a no it would bo encouraging 
Lo think that the indications sot out in this dictionary might contribute 
to such a work. The study of occult sigils often has the effect of 
pulling together certain literary themes with the artistic expression 
associated with them. For example,, the influence or John ooe s cur i ous 
MONAD !|f on subsequent graphic theory is considerable, and a grasp of the 
Englishman's influence on Roehme 1 e use of sigi1 h , so ably studied by 
FREHER 717, and introduced to modern scholarship by MDSEfc' 1951/ might 
indicate to the historian lines of thought by which the ideas and 
painterly extras -3 ion of William Blake fuignt be approached in a new -and 

valid way. Several of the ideas relating to secret, and heretical 
influences In the history of art set out in GETTINGS L978 took their 
origin from a study of sigils - notably the discoveries relating to 
the Taurean-Pisceun symbolism in that remarkable basilican church of 
San Miniato al Monte, in Florence, and the curious use of the dual 
sigils CT) and £*, in the Rosie rue ian symbolism of St. Pierre, in 
Geneva. Such examples could easily be multiplied especially in 
regard to mediaevaJ and Renaissance works of art. 

Such an observation reminds us that art students, and especially those 
fine art students who find themselves interested in arcane matters - a 
most common thing in the modern climate - will find this collectio” ct 
sigils .i stimulating source for research and experiment. I need hardly 
say that students of graphics have for a long time been in. tih«o of such a 
book in order that they might grasp something of the rich graphic 
tradition which underlies the history of their subject, and even modern 
aytibolisir.. Wot only the sigils themselves, but also the supporting 
bibliography - especially those titles which deal with graphic theories - 
will provide stimulus for further research, and perhaps contribute further 
to the development of a graphic theory of forms. 

The general historian requires a dictionary such as this for reasons 
wh'ch scarcely requite discussion ™ the boo.< is designed precisely to arc 

in the deciphering and amplification of cbscute historical documents. 

The art historian is, perhaps unwittingly, desperately in need of a book 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


of this nature, for many of the apparently meaningless scraw L 5 , symbols 
and decorative motives in mediaeval works of art, costume decorations ard 
so on arc in fact occult sigils, intended to encapsulate meaning, and now 
require precise identification. The structure of this dictionary 
provides at Least- a preliminary statement of the ;<ina cf systematic work 
which may be done in tin s and related fields. It. is becoming increasingly 
obvious to some historians that the development of are is itself the 
history of Lbe injection of powerful --deas from hidden and sometimes 
unidentifiable sources at important moments in history. For example, 
at the one extreme of our European culture, we see the dependence of art. 
not only on the banking systems developed by the Medici, but also or. the 
occult ideas which this family encouraged in secret, and which fed the 
development, of Renaissance art to a freedom of human expression rooted 
in an occultism which only the Council of Trent was able to deflect. 

P All of sky 1967 has hinted at such roots of occultism in our culture, in 
much the sane vein as WIND 1953; in a more occult setting, COI.LTN 1554 
hag touched upon the similar occult influences in other contexts. At 
the other extreme, in modern times we find RINGBOM 1970 indicating the 
dependence of modern art. on the works of such esoteric and occult lines 
cf thought as Theosophy and Anthroposophy. My own study of related 
themes, in GETTIUGS 1970, presents a bird's «ye view of this relation - 
ship between certain occult themes and heretical praxes and the history 
of art. with such a historical situation revealing itself, we need no 
iuet-lf icatior. for attempting a preliminary survey of the occulL si oils 
used by secret schools and individual occultists, 

So tar as i am aware, this is the first attempt to collect together 
under one heading, and with an index guide, so large a number at occult 
i '-i : 1-4. - h.e two books which have to .some extent served a similar 

function as the present one are altogether limited in scope, and do not 
even pretend to the advantages of this dictionary. The work of 
SOWKZRBOFF 170], which sc obviously influenced profoundly the more 
easily available GESSMANN is restricted to alchemical sigils, and 

in this re« Lai is indispensable, not merely in the very number of sigils 
which arc presented, huL also in the breadth of definition ottered. 


12 


ItiTRODUCTIDN 


Excellent us IL is, Lhc book .largely unavailable, and is in any case 
intended for specialist alchemists and for a medical profession which 
is defunct.. The work of SHEPHERD 1971 touches upon the occult field 


only in the most perfunctory manner, the intention being to provide a 
worthwhile ref h renee within a modern context of signs and symbols? the 
occulta which he does record from cabbalistic and hermetic sources are 
sparse, and give no useful source. For example, SHEPHERD 1971 gives 
the sigil Vjf for the zodiacal sign Capricorn, which is al I well and 
good so far as it goes: my own entry under CAPRICORN lists no fewer than 
eighty different sigils, alongside bibliographic sources. 

Perhaps it would be appropriate to give some Indication of how this 
dictionary wnss compiled, and an idea of its underlying structure. The 
work was constructed by the relatively simple, if somewhat tedious and 


laborious, process of examining and col luting a large number of 
compilations which re ate occult s.igils to particular meanings. 


previous 
Tbs work 


was rounded off by a thorough survey of the most important texts in which 
occult theories of symbolism and graphic forms were discussed. The 
resultant collection of sigils, and their simplified meanings, wcts L,jCTj 
collated, assorted, creamed for utility, and then arranged in alphabetical 


order, 


according to meaning, and set out in the form presented in this 


dictionary. With a vast consumption of index cards, a special graphic 
index was evolved to facilitare the identification of individ.ua sigils. 
This important contribution to the dictionary is explained on page 323, 
'The structure of the main body of the dictionary is that of an 
alphabetical listing, in which Lhc greater number of some 9,000 sigils 
have been classifies under about 1,^00 headings. Each entry is accorded 
a rieuding, a hanging Indent in capita I =, followed by an abbreviated 
class list, and a reference which contains at. least one bibliographic 
source from just over 300 titles, indicating the provenance of the sigil 
recorded in the entry. In many cases, the entry includes al^o a brief 


note intended as a guide towards a deeper insight into the meaning <-d the 


sigil. 

Within the dictionary 1 have included a selection of the more important 
secret alphabets. Ail of these are probably too wall known to any 


L 3 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


longer Tier i t the 1- i t^e 1 secret r , yet their presence in all standard occult 
works, and their virtually unrecognised survival in certain paintings of 
an esoteric intent, requires that they at least be touched upon as 
:;st hiT'.ent to the theme* My aim has been to record the best known of tl:e 
scripts, and, by virtue of the explicit bibliography of sources, to point 
the reader to ether alphabets, should his interest 1 ear: hin. on to further 
study. Although i include only about 50 actual alphabets within the 
body of th-s work, I accumaIuted in rry resetifches over .loo which I 
originally considered worthy of inclusion, and yet, when it cane to the 
business of setting these down, t seemed merely tin offence to the 
patience of the reader, and carried too far into a relatively obscure 
special isut-iun . The short account- of the two basic classes of European 
scripts - the HEBRAIC SCRIPT and SECRET SCRIPTS - will at least serve as 
a sort of introduction Lo this fascinating field, and obviates any 
e1aborecion he re. 

Hot only was it nest- advisable for tie to deal with all known secret 
alphabets, but also it proved impossible to deal thoroughly with each 

individual script. Genera"ly I have chosen one sample alphabet, even 
though in almost every case several variants are known to exist.. For 
example, the entry on RUNES is as long and thorough as space permits, yet 
I did not even touch upon the derivative setret scripts, or Lhe 
cryptographic use of runes - hence, 1 make no mention of the tent runes 
or the branch runes, which a thorough treatment would have to include. 
Equally, i have not included the numerous 'code' or Temuric alphabets, 
subb us the atbash, in which the first etter of the alpnabet is 
substituted for the last letter, the second for the penultimate, ar.d 
so or., or the common Alb&ni or rlvcrad , bused on Letter substitutions* Such 
systems, whilst quite certainly used in secret writings, and on magical 
amulets, are on y distantly related to occult symbolism. On similar 
grounds I Live not included any of the cryptic writings connected with 
uCinatria, a system of word exchange based on numerical values, nor the 
traditional No tar ikon, bused or. the ubbrevi at.H u" of words ho the initials 
cf those words (and som«tines l.c the final lechers of those words} giving 
rise to puzzling secret scripts. 


14 


INTRODUCTION 


The* :n«iiii body of this dictionary, comprising the alphabetical 
entries, is designed to compress a large amount ct usefu_ information Into 
a small space, and towards this end each entry follows a schema designed 
ta classify and explain the individual sioils. 

The hanging catchword In capitals is a heading, which generally 
indicates the 6b |eet symbolised by the sigil, rather than the nans ol Lhe 
sioil itself. Wherever possible -his heading is the traditional name 
attached to the object symbolised within the hermetic scarce from which 
it was derived < In some cases* however, it has obviously bee r. 
necessary for mo to select or invent a name for identification, even 
though no indication of the precise name appeared in the source► In 
such cases T have simply used my own discretion. For example, the 
choice of the word 'WRATH for the sigil given by Boehms 3 might be 
reasonably questioned ny those unfamiliar with boo Line 1 s cosmology, 
yet this word catches more precisely the t.hecsopbi&t 1 & high 
anthropomorphic vision, than would a word each as DARK cr NEGATIVE, which 
might well lie user, to contrast with his sigil for that Pcitpouringr which 
be caJ. l s LIGHT, and to which he gives t-ns mirror-image sigil C . 
i have wherever possible used one word for the heading , but this should 
not blind one to Lhw fact that all occult sigil a are multilayer m 
meaning? for once BLAVSTSKY B77 was not being obscure when she claimed 
that, many occuJ t :■» i g i L$ are intended to be read Cfl seven levels 1 it is 
projcobly this undoubted septenary nature of sigillie moaning which 
to some extent- explains why l fed somewhat frustrated in the det -r.itions 
I have given many of these sigil k, for virtually every sigil could be the 
subject of at least a paragraph of explanation, and in some cases, indeed, 
as with such siglls as the amkh • J j L the gphragis —or the mans d ^ 
a whe- a bock might well be usefully written. The format of the book has 
determined that -he meaning ci each sigil be dealL with mainly by 
providing a reference - by setting the sigil in an available context - 
w j. th th a result t ha t ma n y a f tl le m a 1L i 1 ay er c c n r. ot at lent and dy nan i c 
speculations ;mpl icit within the sig,i LI ic form have been ignored. In 
some cases : have even nad to ignore seme ot the more important 
bibliographic sources- for such ideas, in order to avoid perplexing the 


5 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HF.RMRTIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


reader with too nuch complexity of supportive explanation. For example, 
il_ would have been possible to present a deeply esoteric explanation i'or 
the analysis in STEINER 190b lot the sigil for CANCER ^ relating it. 
to the activity of Lhe soul, and revealing the duality of the sigii as 
expressive of a corresponding duality within the Soul, involved with the 
power of the soul to construct the physical body. No justice may be 
done in briet to StillNER 1906, and indeed a thorough treatment of the 
idea behind his explanation would take us into u , it-erature as ancient 
as Porphyry, as modern as Goethe. In such cases I have restrained 
myself, and have substituted in Lhe place of prolix explanation and 
bibliographic reference u set- of more ‘accessible r explanations, in the 
hope that the mere bibliographic reference will induce the reader L.o 
further research. This docs not mean, of course, that the deeply 
esoteric has been entirely expunged but it does mean that the esoteric 
is merely hinted at, in order to avoid obfuscation. The- attendant 
limitations of explanation arc to be experienced especiu Iy in connexion 
with the sigils from Lhe hermetic Kosi cruel an stream, and in the 
explanation of sigils derived frotr. such authors as Eoehme and Blavatsky, 
in which cases my entries are In almost every case virtually apologetic 
thumb-nail sketches of profoundly significant, occult vision. 

Arising from this endemic complexity of the occult tradition has been 
my doubt, in some cases, as to how the sigils should be mamod. This is a 
problem which is especial|y prevalent in the alchemical sections, for it 
is in thru field that the nomenclature is especially rich, For example, 
the encyclopaedic work of SOMHRRHOFF j.701 lists no fewer than AO different 
names fur SAT. AMMONIAC, and oven more for SULPHUR, Find yet I was reduced 
to presenting such material under one heading. The Impossibility of 
doing this sensibly in every case has resulted in a degree of duplication 
of sigils, and the provision of entries which might he taken - by those 
involved in exoteric studies, at least - as Lhe same substance or 
conception. Needless to say, I have attempted to avoid Lhe complex 
cross-referencing to which this 'endemic complexity' eada, and 
wherever possible l have used the tooet well-known traditional name. 

immediately after each heading, the entry is prefaced by an 


16 


INTRODUCTION 


abbreviation for the class list, the group of hermetic studies in which 
the siyiJ i .5 most commonly found. These abbreviations are: 

Ale . Alchemical 
Ast. AstTolcgicnl 
Geo. Geomai l l ic 

Mag, Magical 
i"t:C . Occult- 
Fal . PalmiStic 
Re iqi.Ou£ 

Naturally, it will be found that, there is coils ids ruble overlapping of 
boundaries , especially among the sigils used in the astrological and 
alchemical contexts. - have tried to avoid confusion, and yet have 
attempted at the same Lime to be fairly comprehensive, by using a system 
of cross-reference. For exaEnple, the astrological JUl 3 ITliR is referred 

to the alchemical TIN, and the two entries constructed separately, even 
though it is understood that the two groups o£ sigils are frequently 
interchangeable. 

The group includes by far the greatest number of sigils, 

mainly because tor al uu3St two thousand years ther e has been a tradition 
of listing sigils and their names, and many such lists have survived. In 
order to avoid prolixity, and the mere recording of sigils for the sake 
o£ recording, I have restricted mysell largely to compiling these entries 
from sotne twenty or sc books and manuscripts which T myself regard as the 
bt-sL keys to the sigils. Additionally, I have exercised my own 
discretion as to which sigils to include, rejecting all the dubious ones, 
and Lhose without clear or agreed meanings. This explains why I have in 
some cases suppressed certain of the meanings irom the sig.i Is given in 
such sources as THESAURUS I4c:, for example, since a few of these are 
illegible or dubious as copies; .it explains also why T have not recorded 
some of the sigils in the invaluable GtEGMANN l^Ofi, since certain of the 
meanings recorded - and indeed, certain of the sigils - are questionable. 
I have in almost every case restricted myself to reproducing the sigils 
which have entered in the Wtestern tradition, which has of course meant 
that many useful lists have been rejected. This explains why the lists 
of Greek sigils preserved so thoroughly by ZURETT1 1932 have not been 


17 


HERMETIC AUD ALCHEMICAL Sid T.S 


DICTIONARY QF OCCULT / 

incorporated L.o any ex Lent into ny icxtwhilst the other , less- 
generous lists, from such sources sik BERTHELOT 1305 nave bcc-a included. 
Equal : y, the vase numbers of Arabic, Egyptian and Syrian! s igi Is which 
rrriy be found in manuscripts and in specialist articles, have not been 
included, save those which are {perhaps} interesting from the point of 

view of graphic: iHtynology, and the forms relating to astrology, giver 

by such authors as LUELiy 19 28, within a larger study of symbolism, in 

view of this it might surprise the reader lo find sc many sigiis 

which cave been preserved from the bebraic tradition, yet. .here I would 
argue that many of these sigillic horns have- found their way - albeit 
unrecognised - _rito the mainstream symbolism of mediaeval and 
Renaissance art. Many of the ’decorations 1 and apparently meaningless 
’doodles' On the hems of the Saints 1 clothing in such works of art 
are in fact derived from the orient and from the Hebraic, in an 
’ar abisn" which we:uId have s> io eked many mediaeval artists, had they 
recognised their sources! Many of these sigi.s urn obviously 

derived from secret alphabets fwh.cb is one reason why I have included 
such textual scripts within the present work}, other are more 
perplexing, being both difficult to track down arid interpret, even when 
found alongside forms more ea« i l.y identifiable - as for example along 
eke Madonna’s hem in Raphael’s Ansidoi Madonna in the Nations Gallery, 
hendon, only one of which is immediately recognisable as being from the 
astrological or alchemical tradition: Cr^j UjfL Vk.^ the standard 

siqil for y mC'ES vr. i c h is of con r se t-xLr cm civ signific a nt w i t h i n th e 

context of the secret structure and syinbolisrr of thi s pai t-. t- rig - On Lhe 
other hand, fascinating sigi s for which I was able tc determine a 
meaning from, a separate text which was not itself a Western form, 
led to difficulties. 

Tl le A 3 1 tu 1 og i ca 1 e nt ties h a ve r cc c ivod a mo re t-ho r ou gh ' gr aph 1 c 
etyno1egica1" creatment than the others, This hu k buen possib1e sImply 
because extant, documentation perrni Ls a clearer picture of the development 
of these sigiis tc ce constructed. Surprisingly, these astrological 
oigd is r eves a. graphic etymologies which confound the more popular theories 
concerning their forms* I have avoided recording the more irresponsible 




INTRODUCTION 


an id imaci n .a. t i v ci 'graphic etymol ogieS 1 which, have: been accorded many of 
the astrological siq.i Is r yet at the same time T have attempted to give 
seme indication of the common idea underlying a particular forn by 
recording the papular etymology, even in those cases where T know this 
not to be accurate + Thus, 1 have avoided mentioning the imaginative 
interpretations of SUCI1E3 197i , and yet have recorded the antiquated 
suggestions of AG-RTFPA 1510, and even the modern ' rationales 1 by sat!', 
astrologers .as HOME 1951. Inevitably, in v- ew of the close Lie which 
used to exist between astrology and as ironamy r one or two of the Gig-Is 
recorded for astrology are still in use in astronomical circles. l have 
tried, however H re avoid recording tine large numb or of abbreviations, 
symbols and short-forms which are used in modern astronomy, except of 
course when t-hesC are found also in hermetic sources. Needless to say r 
l have refrained from including the astrological sigils accorded highly 
specialist meanings in the various sequences of the secret alphabets which 
include astrological forms; even so. In one or two cases 1 have found it 
necessary to refer to certain of these, for the sake of clarity, us for 
example in the entry for ASCENDANT, In a few eases, especial y where 
the astrological bordered on chc purely occult areas, a number of sic Is 
?sre known to me which l have not seen able to include in the present work 
□imply because they are not drawn or reproduced alongside literary 
explanations. One of the most interesting of such sigils is that found 
on the sword blade in the hand of Michael in Piero della Francesca's 
famous painting in the National Gallery, T.undon: no far as T know, 

0 d ct 

this sigil 3ias no attestation, yet it is extremely important a? a symbol 
in that it is found frequently it: Michael ic imagery. Now, whilst this 
sigiI i k net (sc far as I am aware) discussed in any of the books on 
symbolism, it iquite clearly linked with the concept of hiehael -as the 
leader of the seven so-cal ed Archangels (in fact, in Txithemian loro-, 
the Secvndddeis] which came into Western occultism from the Arabs, by way 
of Peter of Abano. It is, furthermore, a siqil actually described in 
extant literature, for the SOHAR SHEMOTR refers to r 3ix luminosities 
(which) form a circle, surrounding a seventh luminosity in the centre', 
a descr i ption which is precisely t ef 1 ected in the Mic!iae 1 i:: k i g i. 1. This 


19 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


siq i .1 i k. I inked with many oct:u.l t ideas - with, the concept of the 
QUINTESSENCE (in that the- outer circie in the pasis for the .nexagra.wriic 
sigil of the FIT AMENTS: 2^2 ) Find it. would be no difficult matter to link 

the siqil , via TRITHEM!US L52 2, with the ’Seven Ages 1 or periodicities, 
and indeed with many other septenaries. Such siy i1s I could not properly 
include within this flfcfcJonary, in spite of their intrinsic interest to 
ns, and their undoubted importance within the esoteric tradition* 

The Cconiaritic section reters exclusively to the correct use of the word, 
ar.d. not to anything suggested by the modern popular misuse* Geginunoy 
properly relates to the art of contacting spirits by means of earths, 
stones and minerals, usually in order to predict the future. The 
so-called 'yeomancy r associated with Ley-lino studies, which arc so 
popular, and no misunderstood, today, is merely an example of the wrongful 
annexing of ar. ancient word which had already a specific connotation and 
denotation, The misuse, which is daiJ.y on the inorcasc, very profcab 1 y 

arose because those who developed the various Ley-line theories were 
unfamiliar with the deeper occult tradition, and certainly unfamiliar with 
spiritoid prediction. The misuse was thoroughly compounded by a common 
f a i 1 ing among ninetoenth - contury s i no L og ; s t.s i n tr an s 1 at i ng the Chin c se 
term feng shui, a system distantly related to the modern telluric studies 
of ley-lines, quite wrongly aa 1 geomancy 1 . The traditional geomancy of 
We h tern occultism is a prcd i c t i ve ar t, Itivo 1 ved with co ntact inn spi r i t 
agcncies, and it is in this sense that Lire entries arc- included in 1*nls 
text* 

The Magical entries are Limited almost exclusively to the more common 
c£ the numerous siqils apportioned to the vast hurtles of demons. This 
list is short within the present text because I have felt it necessary to 
limit demonic activity, for fear it would possess entirely the book. My 
aim has been to record only the most interesting niglie, and then only 
those for the more infamous demons* I have limited the choice strictly 
to those which are simple in form* A glance through the hundreds of 
demon, s.i.qils in any common grimoire or specialist LexL - for example, 
SCHETBT.E 1.848 - will iudreute something of the temptations of complexity 
and inutility which 1 have managed to resieL: 


INTRODUCTION 



art; two examples of sigils tor PLIST'-hpHlEl which l did nol record from 

the many supplied by SCHEIBLE 1843. Within this magical section I have 
avoided also recording protective sigils, such aw talismans used to ward 
off the evil eye, and those designed to attract beneficent forces or 
spirits. The majority of these sigils are the equivalent of emotional 
doodles, with none of toe cosmic -significance of true occult sigils- They 
are best: left in oblivion r and in any ease usually legitimately exclude 
themselves from the present context simply because they do not express 
a clear meaning. Tin exception to this veto is the inclusion of many 
early Christian sigils (especially those presented so ably by TESTA 1562) 
which were originalJy either occult or esoteric, and were later quietly 
app rep riated for magic a1 and talisme tic use- 

The Occ-ul £ entries Include those sigils which do net fall easily into 
any of the other categories, and which still express occult ideas, if 
only by virtue of being involved with a graphic system of occult thought 
or syrr-bolism.. Such consideration underlies the reason why the entry 
under CROSS is marked Qcc„ rather than Eel., for it is precisely the 
occult context which is of Interest to us, rather than the traditional 
religious view. It may be found that within this general Occult series 
T nave had to exercise more fully than in ether sections my prerogative 
to provide verbal equivalents for siglLa which were not given names by 
their originators or recorders, i have tried to mitigate the effects of 

I 

f.ini s by provicing usefu 1 oro&s-reterence. 

The Palraistry section is admittedly the shortest, and the sigils within 
it might well have been swallowed up by the Occult heading, save for the 
fact, that Palmistry is not strictly speaking an occult study, even though 
the symbols and sigils used in the chir©gnomical and chiromantic 
-traditions arc derive" from occult sources. 

The Religious entries are restricted exclusively to those sigils which 
are linked with the occult stream In general, or with the hermetic stream 
of esoteric Christianity ir. particular. In making choice «f sigils from 


21 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


the vast number available, l have haa to exercise ny own judgement, 
without giving specific reasons for particular inclue ions-. For example, 
when J record the ancient sigi 1 given by BOCK 15.11 as symbolic of CHRIST, 


Iron a glyph recorded in the t.nmb of Domit.il] a . ^ , I chose the sigil 
because of its connexion with the Piscean imagery attached to Christ (s»e£ 
GETTINGS 1979} , and because it combines solar imagery, as well as the 
cross, integrated within the more obvious image of an anchor * The 
neighbouring glyphs in this same source ^ (jjp could hardly be taken as 
symbolic of Christ in that there i «t nn supporting evidence - they are no 


doubt esoteric glyphs, and whilst one may make arj Informed guess at their 
meaning, one dees net actually know what they mean* It would, not have 
been possible to discuss in detail all such choices and rejections in the 
construction of this book. One may take it that if a common symbol 
which bag found its way into a sigil form is not included in fee text, 
then there may be serious doubts as to the meaning ascribed to it. This 
certainly explains why I have rejected so many of the sigils in such a 
work as VERARU1 1972, for many cl these, in spite of being accorded <:n 
esoteric meaning in connexion with the fcru71? art. oh Alberobello, really 
belong to the exoteric tradition, and in most cases permit quite other 
intexprstations to tho sc givcn by VERARDr 1972* 

Following Lhe class abb-re vi at i_on is the actual entry which, without 
exception, gives a bibliographic reference Lo the list of literary sources 
sec out on page 29 Iff, This reference consists of a word and date. Tho 
word is either the name of the aether or a keyword taken from the title 
of the work, chosen in order to provide a distinctive reference; the 
date Ls the date of publication (nor, always the first edition ), or the 
century of compilation. This date is not in itself Intended to indicate 
the antiquity of the sigi given in the reference, but merely designates 
an accessible source us a starting point for further research* This 
explains why certain of the astrological forms, though Graeco-flymantine, 
are recorded by the inodern references such as BERT113L0T 1995 or NEUGEBAUliR 
1959 . 


This bibliographic raierence is provided also as a source-list for 
those who wish to pursue more deeply the levels of' meaning ascribed to 


22 


INTRODUCTION 


particular sigi i s, or revealed in various graphic etymologies. This o- 
course meafts that the bibliography hue been limited to those texts which 
record specifically the sigils, as well as give an explanation or account 
of then r denotation or meaning. This explains why, :or example* _ have 
chosen to quote SLAVATSKY 10 S3 in connexion with the CROSS symbolism 
wlthoi.it mention of the important RAGOM J_idL>3- {the source upon wni-cb 
BLAVATSKY 1869 loanee), simply because no sigils are given by RACON 1B53, 
For similar reasons neither BURCKpAKDT 1950 nor ClTiJKQN 1575* both of 
whom deal excel lently with the, symbolism of the cross, arc mentioned in 
the entry. 

Since 7 have determined to include material from texts which give both 
a sigil and an explanation for Lhe sigil, I have in some oases omitted 
some sigils simply because no graphic lorn - was recorded in the sources 
whore the sigils themselves ware described, and tneir meanings given. 

Far example* it mere y the literary traditions, had been my concern* that 
it would have been poseir.de to give the xigil under the entry for 

ISTHERlC t for there exist descriptions of such a sigil [as a 'five-pointed 
star') in.* for example, SLAVATSKY 1860* associated with the glyph which 
I have seer, many times on ancient remains in Egypt. In its glyph form 
the s gi l is gome times shown with the sigil for the Sun and it. 

would of course have been usef ul to record this so I ar - centred figure, ter 
within the traditional occult casino-genesis the etheric forces are linked 
directly with the sun itself (see for example WACHSMUTEi 192 3), 

Occultists are aware that tills sigil symbolises the e-..baric body - is 
Indeed a vestigial drawing of the human etheric body itselt - and in this 
connexion, had a profound influence on egr_y Christian art. For example r 
the so-called orantfs in catacomb paintings are not in fact intended to 
show figures in prayer* as most art historians assume, but as BOCK 1931 
says, are 'representatives of the departed' , being schematic drawings of 
the liberatoo ethcric beay. However, whilst several good occult sources 
do give descriptions (and indeed diagrams) of this symbolic norm, I have 
not been able to find a graphic representation alongside a name or a 
meaning. For tnis reason I hove had to omit, the sigil Iron the text. 

With all these bibliographic references there is the danger that In 


2 3 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


simply abstracting a sigil freon its context much of the complexity, and 
certainly it? multi-layer structure, will be lost, An example of this 
may be found in the simple etr.ry under SWASTIKA,, the sigil said to be the 
oldest of all graphic symbols. The entry deals only briefly with the 

meaning of the sigil, yet as BLAVATSKY 1E377 says, r ,rt is not too much to 
sag that the compound symbolism of this universal and most suggestive of 
signs contains the key tc the seven greet mysteries of the Kosmos* - a 
daunting enough thought tor any compiler of sigils. Thus, my biblio¬ 
graphic reference after SWASTIKA is intended Lo point to some ot the 
occult depth within BI.AVATSKY 1077, and vn turn to the various biblio¬ 
graphic references which Lb is author h^rselt adduces. 

The inclusion of references under the conditions set out above has of 
c cur tie led to the use of certain titles which might - and with good reason 
be sneered at by the academic purist. For example, the highly 
per sons.Used symbolism of KOCH 1910, who in fact reveals little knowledge 
of occult symbolism, h«s been included because his si gils and meanings, 
whatever their merit, have already entered into tbo bloodstream of occult 
symbolism. The same might be said concerning the work of ClRLUT 1962, who 
demonstrates little real familiarity with graphic syrrlio I i urn, yet through 
his writings has influenced a whole generation towards a particular method 
of internretation, Ma turally, s uch irnaginative con s truction s r wha te ve r 

their intrinsic value, must bo recorded in such a work as this: no good 
lexicographer cou d afford to reject a word from nie dictionary simply 
because it is sometimes spelled wrongly, or giver, a sil ly definition! 

It fallows from this procedure that the scholarship underlying 4 fiy own 
researches has had to encompass all 1 eve Ig of academicism, ranging from 
the bri I Iiance of UEUGEBAUER 1942, who has pul. Lh« study o*f the ancient 
sigils on an entirely new footing, to the embarrassment of AL.BERTUS 1974, 
who cannot spell ever, the English names attached to the sigils he lists, 
let alone the Latin. 

The s:giis themselves are listed chronologically by date of bihlio- 
g r aph i c re f e re n ce , and the n a lpb abe tl ca I ly wi L h in th e same oh rc :■ no 1 gg ice] 
period. In a few cases, as tor example in the entry PLANETARY SYMBOLS, 
l have treated the entry alphabetf.ca.l ly throughout, in order to avoid 


INTRODUCTION 


confusion. it is evident that the date attached to the reference dees 
not always indicate the earliest known use of a particular sit? 11, even 
though in many cases it- docs give some indication of the period during 
which the siqil was being used with a particular meaning. it is worth 
pointing out here that the dating of sigils - particularly occult vigils 
is generally a most difficult exercise. Even in those cases where it is 
possible to track down the provenance in a general way, e precise cate is 
generally elusive. For example, it is possible to indicate the prevenance 
of the modem sigil for the Sun O as being Italy (perhaps Florence) 
round about 1480; yet one cannot determine from available sources whence 
this sigil was derived for occult use. My article under SOLAS 1973 sets 
out some of the problems regarding this particular sigil, and this may be 
taken as representative of the general problem of anting sig_1 h. f -e 
problems which arise in regard to the dating of alchemical sigil^ is even 
more pronounced than with the astrological ones, for these have been 
copied and re-copied with more or less care from late mediaeval sources, 
many of which are now lost, Generally T have followed in the toots-e^s 
of GfiSSMAHK 1906, and have merely indicated that they are 'mediaeval 
even when informed guesswork would suggest that they ere much older* 

Tt may surprise the layman that even the relatively modern sigils for 
the signs of the zodiac and the planets are difficult to date. whilst 
one inay survey the development of their ferme + y ojn Graeco* - By jsHnLiju. 
sources, in most cases the modern forms did not appear until relatively 
late* My own view is that they were promulgated by esoteric schools - 
perhaps indeed by the School of Chartres and its subsidiaries - but there 
is, so far as I know, no certain historical records which show by whom 
or when such work was done. Certainly, the introduction of printing to 
the West had a profoundly settling effect on the forms of the sigils, iJ 
only by virtue of the fact that typefaces generally included the range 
of specially cut founts of astrological sigi.l±s. 


This might have been a convenient point, to present a commentary on 
the history of the theory underlying uocult symbolism, which has a 
considerable bearing on the development of the sigils t however, the 
sigils thornscivee have Loft little space here for such a study, and 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


T must content myself with augmenting the bibliography with certain 
relevant, works which thenselves deal with the history, even though within 
specific and somewhat specialised scholastic areas. The development of 
alchemical si gillie forms lias been treated with reasonable thoroughness 
- for example in the excellent works ot CROSLANb 1962, OARBONELLi 1925 
and z URETTl 19 3 2. On the cther hnrd, virtua11y cverything written 

around the theory of astrological symbolism does not. stand the uf 

even the most elementary scholastic investigation - though such authors 
as Brouault 1664, Kriegsmann 16 6 9 r HURT 1679 (whose ideas appear to have 
influenced mosL modern writers on t-hs subject) arc worth study, The 

theory of occultist symbolism fares only a little better, sirup:y because 
those wlio rJifj know (as opposed to those who pretended to know) wrote 
little, and usually about only a few of the sigils* Thus, the excellent 
work of ELAVATSKY 1868, whilst worth close study, yields few sigils, yet 
the relatively imaginative work of WIRTH 1927, in which he attempts to 
reconcile the tradition of the Hebraic and neo-Platonic Cabbalistic 
tradition with the alchemical tradition, with a view to throwing light on 
the 22 major arcana of the Tarot pack, produces many sigils, most of 
which are of little real value within the esoteric setting of the sigillie 
tradition. in the comparison evinced here, the numerates arc perhaps loss 
i mpo t ta n t th an the qualities of t lio w or k i nvo 1 v ad ; R LA VAT 5 K Y 1 8 8 8 d i d 
know what she was writing about, whereas WIRTH 19 2 7 did not, yet (such is 
the development of such things 1" popular occultiso } it is tlic sigillie 
forms of Wirth which are now more widely spread in our culture, and even 
used by those who should know better. 

An entry which gives more information Ulan a mere bibliographic 
reference is generally intended either to throw more light on a particular 
eiyil, dr to suggest ideas for further research: in no way is such an 
entry d«signet c» give a full account uf the derivation or noa-ing of a 
sigil, One of the main problems in the approach to occu L. sigils is chat 
flLid majority of them mean very many things, and in some cases the precise 
meaning may be gathered only from a given context. For exatip e, in tn« 
single manuscript T list as ALCHEMY It50, the sigil —& - is accorded three 
different meanings - RE!VERL3HKATTO, EARTH and SALT and it is only t reran a 


26 


INTRODUCTION 


parLlei,: 1 ar context, that cue may decide which of hhfc.se three meanings is 
intended by the sigii - 

This problem is farther complicated by Lhe undisguised intent!Oil of 
it, any alchemical texts to speak in riddles , presumably to the initiated 
few. h good example may be found in the alchemical term ATP, for which 
the most common sigil is a variant on ~A~ The uninitiated might quite 
reasonably assume that the name and the niqil refer to the mixture of 
gases in which we are i miners«d, but a survey of the SHORT LEXICON of 
WATTF 1894 will rapidly disenchant him, for this records that 'Eugenius 
Phi hi. lot ho s <?a l? s that the &1 r is not an element, but a certain j»iraouloua- 
honrtaphrodite f the c&men £ of two worlds t and a medley of -extremes. 1 t ? s 
the sew r>t things Invisible , and retains tho species ot ai j thing's what¬ 
soever. Tt is also the envelope of the life of our sensitive spirit , 

The hirst Metier of the philosophers is compared to air because of its 


restlessness.' 

Suen eo nsidsrations sh ou1d right!y 1ead th ose inter ost od in matters of 
a cholar sh ip to ex e r c L s e ca u Lion wb e n co n a ulti ng th is Di c 1i one ry , £ or 
there ruiy be no doubt whatsoever that the terms used by the early 
occultists do not always correspond Lo Lhe meanings we take for granted 
in our modern usage. A perusal of the encyclopaedic pOKMEHHGFF 1701 
will quickly demonstrate the &bsurdity of assuming that the meanings are 
ever- remotely the same - indeed, a glance at the notes u- yenus microcosnu 
i:-. Lhe entry under VENUS should indicate some of the difficulties here. 
Again, a reading of the entry under PHLEUKA in the text j s also relevant, 
for it might be reasonable Lc assume that the phlegms of the alchemists 
was that sputum Lo which we refer when we use Lhe derivative tern., or 
perhaps linked with the theory of the humours, and hence tied up with the 
rich theories of the TEMPERAMENTS - however, aa KOMMEKH0FF 1701 reveals, 
this phletfvia is an especially important dlsLilled liquid used in the 
alchemical search tor the Philosopher’s Stone, and presumably the sioils 
given alongside the name would refer to the alchemical meaning, rather 
than Lc anything merely modern- Thus, in specialist work, where a 
precision ot meaning is required r it would be fis well to consult such a 
specialist as SOMMER HOFF 1701, or a similar reliable Lexicon, in order to 


27 


DJcrrowAfiy of occult , hermetic and alchemical stoils 


ascertain the xea 1 meaning contained within the- sigil, as intended by 
those who used the sign! , Special let requirements apart, however,, the 
present Dictionary lias been designed so that it corresponds to modern 
denotations and connotations (the frequent use of the Latin names is 
intended as a mute reminder that a strict translation does not. always 
carry one to the sense intended in a modern usage), though naturally 
within a field where it is taken for granted that things are rarely 
what they seem to be, Tt in probably because so many of the ancient 

s.Leilc were intended for levels of understanding which are no longer 
generally accessible that the complicated diagrams unr: co-ordinations of 
sigils in such a text- as GEHE1ME 1788 are, for all their apparent aim 
of setting out Rosicrucian lore, largely incomprehensible save La a few 
specialists. Ko dictionary may take into account such refinements and 
complications, and the result is that certain of the e;xpl anat-j ons of the 
sigiLs are on a level somewhat removed from the levels intended by idle 
early occultists. A tine example ot this loss of meaning may be seen in 
lire sigil far SULPHUR 4 1 ' - which may in one context refer precisely to 
the element, in another tc the flared 1 principle underlying natural 
phenomena, in another to the alchemical union of Earth and Fire, and on 
another level simply to 'Spirit 1 . On nadi of these different levels, the 
materiality of sulphur itself (and consequently it.s aigil) may be related 
to one of the Three. Principles, the sigils for which arc ^ 0 the 

potentialities emanating from the Chaos of Materia Prime. Such 
considerations ais these indicate how, in the field of hermetic symbolism 
at least, a linear thinking is almost a hindrance to right understanding; 
yet the tact is that a!1 classification systems - especially those of a 
dictionary - are in themselves linear in form and intention. 

it is elear therefore that, the nature ot hermetic symbolism being 
whaf it is, the need to be usefully simple has led to the sacrifice of a 
certain quality of 'inner' meaning. For example, in the alchemical texl 
GAEsELliA lbl5, which i s in some respects a model of occult graphic 
symbolising, it is difficult to root out the many subtle explanations of 
the sigil -f- which is termed Hunt) ij£T, and which 1 have listed quite 
si ir.pl y as MERCURY , J.n a wild injustice Lo both Mercury and GftBELlift 1615. 


28 


INTRODUCTION 


iri this seventE=ent'n j cent-ury Lext the Higil is treated in the m.. nref tsi Lhc 
best alcbomical text$ f which is to say with apparent contusion- -l |f -- 
author's hints and guesses are obviously designed to discourage linear 
thinking, and if followed expertly do indeed 'lead to a series of multi¬ 
dimensional meanings which are very impressive In themselves, though hard 
ho resolve into a few explanatory words such as would be required of a 
dictionary of this kind. The meaning Is indeed to he eased out of this 
hermetic text, in the process beloved by the tortuous, highly spfritual, 
senti£nt-think i ng of the late—mediaeval alchemists. T_. regard to hrs 

sigil JVuntius- G ABELL A 1615 points Out that this is Lhc Mercurial Nuncio, 
suggesting that it is both a mediator between the solar and lunar farces, 
as well as between the solar and the elemental. iy subtle choice of words 
he indicates that Mercury most contain a dangerous element itself, in that 
it mediates between the volatile .Sulphur and the inert S&lt of the 
Philosophers, the. former being an especially difficult substance to 
handle. Since Mercury does partake of danger, it is linked with the 
planet Mars, the idea being a visual throwback to a previous sigil which 
shows 'Mystical Kars' as u sigil compo&ed of Sun, Moon and the tour 
Elements (a form related to the MONAD of DEE 15641 . The word chosen by 


GABEL LA 1615 for Mars is a corrupt form of the Latinised Greek Pyroesis, 
obviously intended to suggest the burning nature - a quailty which c-.e 
would not Immediately associate with Mercury, even though its volatility 
is well recognised. Here then, in one paragraph, two or three diagrams, 
and b few literary allusions, one has nuances which link the 'planet' 
Mercury with cosmic forces, with the Sun and the Earth, with U-.e 
alchemical processes, with the danger of such processes, with inner tire, 
and indeed with the whole cosmic question of Martian forces, along with 
its well-known undertones of degeneration and regeneration (through its 
planetary rulership over the zodiacal Scorpio and Aries)- There is no 
obvious way in which ever, an indication of Such subtle 1 sentient—thinking 1 
- almost Chinese in its literary and pictograpbic allusion - may be 
expressed briefly, as would befit a dictionary entry. I have, therefore, 
st.r j.pp ed me r e ly one id ca f rorr th i s mul t i- 1 aye r s 1 1 uc t.u re, at id h a ve left 
only the bibliographic reference ns crutch for the reader. This, is 


29 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL LI Cl L£ 


unfortunately the case for many of the entries , but the very mature of 
oc cult!om appear a to 6 enand 5 uch t r eatrnent. 

In certain cases 1 may appear to have exceeded my brief, for T have 
felt it appropriate to give meanings for sigi Ls which have net been 
allocated a precise meaning by an author, but which have been ' exu 3 riinect' 
by n further image, gig'... or symbolic design. This happens rarely in 
the Lext, but a no tab', e example i a from MIC HA 7] L, S PAC H EH ".616, who gives 
twelve intriguing slgils alongside bis images for “he constellations or 
zodiacal signs. For examp e, the sigil oV-X is given beneath the 
image for Taurus. These sigiis are r,ot explained within the text, but. 
arc in fact meaningful when the zodiacal associations with either 
certain alchemical processes or certain materials art-: taken inLo account. 
In this particular case, it is true that my entries give three 
a 1 L e r nil Live 1 n ea n i ug s ' - a rod! 1 ic a 1 , a in a te r i a 1 i ty • a nd a p roc chs wh i ch 
may even be considered conjectural, but I Ik« 1 that Lbla Ik better than 
offering no explanation at al for this well-known group of sigils. 

1 have feiL litLie compulsion Lo include the graphically interesting 
sigiis given by such sources as HftsSEHFfiATZ 1707, for whilst these dc 
have the appearance of being 'occult sigils', and are i u many respects 
derived from the tradition o£ alchemical syrr-bol i si tig , the system is 
designed to serve tine new spirit of scientific inquiry, and may therefore 
not be considered occult j u tin? sense understood within this present 
context. In a sense, it has been difficult co determine aL what point, 
one should draw a I -! ne between the 'occult 1 and what is merely exotic or 
or exsjf.ei ic symbol i *»m ; no doubt my choices and exclusions will not 
please every reader T Tn this sense, then, save within the obvious 

occulta of literature, especially In those fields relating Lo Theosophy 
or Anthroposophy, and to some of the 'inventions' of K001J 1^10 or CIRLCT 
19-62, my study of Lhe sigilla may be said to terminate with the work of 
DALTON l&OG, or with the like-minded HAESJGNFRATZ 1737 - if we seek a 
■symbol 1 of the influence of eighteenth-century rationalism on the 
development of sigillie forms, then wh may sen it. in the proposal of the 
hitter author - authors, indeed who sought to distinguish Lhe r earths’ 
by the Aristotelian Ecr-ei \ y / and the al ka I i k , potash and sodas, with 

30 


INTRODUCTION 



of this development - but the Tact that I end more or less with DALTON 
1 jjou in the alchemical realm should Lint lean the reader to suppose that 
this Sb the end of the matter for other occult areas, it is worth 
observing, indeed, that v-h i l.sf. the ale liem i cn I tradition appears who Lay 
swallowed in the modern Chemistry, until this latter once more discovers 
or recalls its original purpose, the sister -arts of astrology and its 
embracing occultism have survived relatively intact, and are both 
spawning new sigils and symbols, though admittedly of lens validity and 
vitality t h a ti the promo 1 g at e d i: y Lh o a tic i en t my s t er y c e nt re -s - 

The very nature of the subject has required that l exercise a controlled 
personal discrimi.nation, especially .in those cases where the precise 
neacingn of sigile are not known - for example, only a i'ew of tbs sigi^s 
used on the embroideries of his figures by Raphael am still known to us, 
and therefore 1 have included only those which are understood, (without 
entering into the refined areas of academic polemics)- in the case of the 
majority of thn sigils for spirits 1 have been especially careful to 
record onJ.v the most frequent. For example, l think that there wau^d be 
little purpose in listing the numerous sigile given in TO 1 THEM! US 16S0, 



b-g;"" for tabariei. In regard to the secret scripts which abound L:: 


occult manuscripts, T have resisted the temptation re include certain oi 



scr pts are virtually the equivalent cl private shorthand. 



to include by size and complexity. It would have beer, aesthetically 
pleasing to give the large siglis for the demons which appear :n certain 
of the more extensive demonologies'; manuscripts, as for example the 


31 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


seventy,.two spirit vigils from LEWEGETON 17C, of which the following are 
three; 



Equally exciting would have been the record of Lhe lovely siqils from the 
thj.rty-six dccans recorded in LAMBECIUS i-SOOs 



Unfortunately, the very complexity of th«ir forms render it impossible to 
copy then out on the scale envisaged within the present format ar.d scope* 
Exclusion in partly justified in any case simply because the majority of 
these are not so much stgils as decorative moti +5 or designs. One feels 
that in such exclusions due to size it is the Rosicrucian sigils which 
have suffered especially, as a glanes through such a L«xt as GE^ETME 1788 
will confirm. Thus, even the ROSY CRGSfi itself was almost rejected 
as a sigil, for ever, the most simple: form of Lhc rose at. the centre of the 
cross is graphically complicated. Reluctantly, T have also excluded the 
occult images in PREHER 1717, for these are highly pregnant symbols, 
verging almost on the domain of symbolic devices, rather than sigilx, and 
whilst it would have been useful to give a record of this worthy summary 
of RoeKmc r s cosmoconcoption, the present format precluded this* Natural ‘y 
o sigil may range in six* from a more dot to the elaborate design of the 
LAMREC1US 1 BOO decanates just reproduced, and this- has meant that there 
has had to he some fine borderline at which a sigil is Included or 
rejected because of sixe, i have been somewhat eccentric in regard to 
this borderline, and have net felt it necessary Lo explain myself, except 
in terms of what I consider to be useful within the expressed aims of this 
dictionary. For example, whilst Lhc very sizes of the sigils given by 
















INTRODUCTION 


BERThELOT 1807 fc;r the so-called 'mystic drawings' from Greek sources ( 
which no doubt were intended Lc- represent alchemical operatic ns (perhaps 
analogous to our own atomic equations } has Led to rejection 



I have Tioji&i the less Included the large and relatively complex sigil for 
SCORPIO from the mediaeval Italian source given ns LUCCA 17c OC'-'"X- and 
many variants of the sigils for fixed stars, such as those listed in 
Appendix 2 f page 16from AURIPFA 1531# 

Another factor l have had to btsar in mind, in regard to the question of 
inclusion and rejection is that of utility* Had I recorded sigils merely 
because they are 'occult h , without reference to modern needs r then there 
would have been tic end to the volumes of this book* I have bean very 
selective in terms of what ,L feel is needed by a fairly specialist reading 
public* For example, following whet- I imagine to be the needs of a 
modern reader, I have rejected almost all the fascinating sigils in 
KlRCMER 1655, quaint and imaginative as they are - these sigils would 
be of value only to a specialist in seventecnth-century transcriptions 
of foreign alphabets, ideas and occulta, far removed from the traditions 
with which we aie dealing here* -n, any case, such a specialist would 
be sufficiently familiar with Kll-tCHER 165 5 not L.o require the aid of 
a dictionary, save in Lhe questions nf minutiae, in view of such an 
important exclusion, it might be argued that 1 have included some material 
which is dubious. For exump e, an alert reader might argue that the 
sigils for the lunar mansions which l do include are rot in fact sigils, 
but merely visua, guides cr mnemonics, for those who sought to locate 
the areas along the ecliptic. They might argue, for example, that the 
form I give for VENTER ARTeTIS, the second mediaeval lunar mansion, 
is not in facL a sigil, but. three stars along the ecliptic, delta Arietin 
(sometimes called lutein) , epsilon and Ariel is. Such an argument: 

would be supported by .an examination c+ the night sky, and also ny the 
fact that The twenty-first mansion, called Dtisertum (by a delicate twisi. 


DICTIONARY OF OCCUL r > 


HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL EIClLS 


o£ irony, Al Balden, r the City', is the Arabian m&nzil equivalent), is 
given no sigil by the source MANSIONES i4C T and is merely located between 
the mansi.or.s PASTOR and TRESS. No doubt the origin of these curious 
siyils - if indeed they arc sigils - must be sought in the distribution of 
the fixed stars which mark the entrances to the twenty eight mansions - 
in marked contrast to the sigiis for the signs and constellations. 

However, certain lists, as for example that giver, by ABANO 1303, show 
that early attempts were made to originate or preserve sigiis for the 
Lunar mansions, as though for magi.cal purposes probably Involving simple 
ujliu 1 et cons Lr ue Lion > 

It. is especially in regard to sigiis known to be derived from ancient 
texts that I have exercised discretion, since many of these have new 
Lift l.e valuer and in the majority of cases their precise meaning and 
application have been lost. Thus, many of the Greek sigiis listed in 
such sources as FRE5NE 1688 or OMONT 89-1 have been rejected. Not only 
have many of Lhe ancient sigi.ls names which arc obscure it application, 
and ever: the subject of remote academic argument, hut also the names have 
frequently no Jcrvovn a pul ication within uecuit contexts- For example, the 
sigil given under the name Arrowy ua. which may mean 'a firebrand 1 , ' .j 

blister 1 , or ‘a chilblain 1 , which may be a mistake for the jATtOK.'Xnyov. 
which is an ay-t.rol oyicc term tor a sign preceding a nodal centre, may 
as a sigil be taken as a close relation to the Greek torn: of DAIMON - 
suen oons i d er at i ons wou.3 d . sa r. rnore to con f asion Lh«xi c 1 ar i f j cation in an 
encyclopaedic entry. On the other hand, certain sigiis which have 
survived, but which refer to ideas no onger used or understood occult 
contexts, have ar, antiquarian or paiaeoglyphic interest. tor example, 

the sigil recorded by OMON7 1894 tor the pa is cal Led , tor which 

the sigil is ^ hud a wide application as one of the important hA 
in Greek astrology: this sigil has been recorded for its antiquarian 
interest fiver though it refers to an Idea long fallen out of use by 
ae trologers. 

The problem of 'moaning 1 is especially acute in the ancient texts, and 
in some cases if is possible to tornr an approximate idea of -he particular 
occult significance of a sigil on -y from “he form of that sigil itself. 


34 


IHTRODVCTIQ?; 

For example , the Greek tcrinSiuo^; recorded hy OMQNT IB£4 , has itself a 
very wide application, meaning in general r an assembly 1 gr 1 meeting * f 
and it-, has specialised use within gratranatical , fiscal and oven .sex-jul 
con-texts. The Greek sigil attached tc this name is a compound of 

Greek forms for Afoon and Sun, gnd these leave or.e in no doubt that a 
sy 2 yqy is implied, even though this could relate to the astrological 
aspect oi conjunction or opposition, and even though 1L is possible that 
the sigil was intended to excress a synodic relationship between the two 
luminaries, as these periods wore of great importance to the Greek 
astrologers, and relate tc certain "myst-ic numbers' attached Lu the 
planets. More specifically, the sigil could refer to the Tr.etonic cycle 
cf 19 solar years, 215 lunar months, or to the 25 so-called 'Egyptian 
years 1 of 409 lunar months. An attempt to arrive at a true understanding 
of the origins] meaning of the sigil is beset with di ff: culties beyond the 
capability of the merely academic: mind, and such a sigil may be recorded 
for purely antiquarian reasons. At. times, however, specialist know ledge 
may unravel Lhe meaning of certain sigils otherwise lost to us so far as 
meaning re concerned- For example, the word for which the -sigil 

(more precisely, abbreviuLio-) \<J lias been given, has a meaning 1 oL.1l 
w i tl - in a magic a 1 connot at i on , i nvo 1 v e d wit h t: 1 e r pm a n o y , a nd w ithin. a 
spe oi a l.i g ed u s t r o og i c a i mea n i ng, r el at i ng to t he mode r n cone option of 
pars (for example r the kV^ch, is the equivalent of the Arabian pars 1 

fortunae), and it ig from the astrological contexts recorded by scholars 
such as FREKKE 168B LhaL one is led, to ascribe an astrological meaning to 
the sigil. More generally, however, it is impossible, without extensive 
P al a eogr apb i e s Li idy, Lu deLe r mi n e th e part .i c u 1 a r app li eat ion, and on 1 y ,i 
general hint of meaning is possible, with the result that it would be 
quite fatuous tc include the sigil in a dictionary ct this kind. Aqains-t 
this, it must be admitted that certain sicjilg with distinctive names have 
not been i: o nsid.ered worthy or inclusi on simply becai jk« i. hei r def initions 
arc unknown, and their application within an occult context unelarified^ 

In relation tc the Greek and batin t«xLx in particular, l have tried 
to avoid re cording mere abb r gviations, ?-t n the princ.ple that t his is 
supposed tc be a dictionary ct gigiln. Naturally, this does not :ijhuti 



DICTIONARY of OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SiGILS 


that 1 have excluded those abbrevi ati ons which are clearly intended to 
rank as sigiiia (an lor example the Greek sigil <J just mentioned) , and 
those sipiIs which are cl.early derived from abbreviations, for example 
the forms recorded under ASCENDANT, This rule has led to the exclusion 
of certain forms which historians might regard as si giis, and the 
inclusion of others which other historians might regard as being merely 
abbreviations. For example, from the Greek collection recorded in 
BEKTHtULOT l 063 I have included both /&\ and ^ which in my opinion arc 
sigl1 s, even though derived from the the Greek terms and sm^. 

Such exclusions and inclusions have been determined ultimately by uy own 
personal opinions* 

It goes without saying that I have not thought it necessary to insert 
sigils which have been preserved in erroneous torn:. it is unfortunately 
no rare thing for sigils r and indeed whole batches ot sigils, to be 
printed In reverse from copperplate, or to he given upside-down by 
careless printers* For example, the second line of Divine Letters in 
AGRIPPA 1531 was printed upside-down in WHITEHEAD 1397, producing a 
series of magical formulae with which no ancient occultist was ever 
familiar. BARRETT 1001, an indefatigable and extremely careless 
recorder of occult lore, managed to get. a line or so of his geomantic 
figures upside-down, and inevitably these Have been recorded uy certain 
later dubious 'historians', who have never bothered to examine primm 
sources, or arc unaware of the graphic theory underlying tne construction 
of such sigils. 

T n^ve made one or two important and necessary exceptions Lo this 
general rule* For exanp e, T have recorded the mistakes made by HEYDON 
1664 concerning certain of the gsemantic spiriL sigils, which lie copied 
wrongly from AGP. IFF A 1531 {see for example AMNIXTF.L or SORATH) , and In 
tnrr. I have recorded the mistake of AGR1PPA 15.11 in regard to HIRCUS* 

Such inclusions, against the general rule, were required because these 
r wide 1 y published mistakes have themsalves becn adopted as the correct 
forms as a result of line industry and ignorance of later copyists* 

The few appendices commencing at page 314 have beer, included in order 
to present the general reader with a synoptical view of the development 


16 


INTRODUCTION 


of the more frequently used vigils. Especially interesting is the 
development of the astrological sigils for the zodiacal Feigns and 
planets , which may ue studied from the selection given from four 
mediaeval, manuscripts in comparison with the 'modern' forms preserved 
by ACtLLPPA 1531 f and given an apparently accidental imprimatur by the 
printing press T Gi antiquarian interest is the comparison which may 
be made between the alchemical sigils taken from WORLIDGE 1651 with 
the neo-a Lchemical forms presented by BERGMANN 17R.5. 

Occultism being what it is - a personal, if not to say hereticalj 
approach to life - I have taken for granted that the reader will 
be either special!si: enough, or interested enough, to make this dictionary 
his own by extending it* Towards this end, a number of blank sheets have 
been bound into the text, after the INDEX OF SIGlhS, at page 410, I hope 

that Lhe personal efforts cf the reader will be such as to remedy the 
omissions and defects which the bock doubtless promulgates. The very 

manner in which this text was constructed has determined that mistakes 
should occur* For technical reasons l was required to type out 
the text personally and then --n^ert by hand Lhe sic 11 s which I had 
collected; it is inevitable that in such laborious transcribing of forms 
~ in some oases, three or four times, between manuscript or book, and 
the final entry within this text - errors should have crept in. The 
trials ;and tedium of the index system - which in its very extent makes 
this Dictionary unique must also have led to unobserved errors which 
will be far from unobservable to those who use the text frequently* 
rf I may excuse such errors In advance, and perhaps deflect the darts of 
criticism, let ne say that fall the deficiencies are due merely to lack 
of scholarship, and in no way arise from Jack of love for the subject, 

If this truth is held in mind, then my intentions will be misinterpreted 
only by what: Croliius termed ’the wrong kind of people', from whom the 
ancients in any case sought to hide the true meanings cf their sigils, 
ne in pravorum notitiam devefiirent. A m^re important truth is 

expressed in the words of Carlyle which ELAVATSKY lBBS chose to head her 
chapter on 'Symbolism and Ideographs' ; a sl firifjol i.:-i ever, to him who has 
eye-V for it, some dimmer or clearer- revelation ot the God-like. 

37 


A 


ABS-ACI 


ABSORBENT EAR fti Ale. GEOFFROY 17IS Jy7- BIOEROT 1763 77- 
ARSTRACT Sea DISTILLATION and SEPARATE 

fi&YSS nee* Sigil given by HOMER 3 72 3 O with 5 a a alternative,. 

indicating chaos confusion, the firel: of the ten links in the so-called 
Golden Chain, presumed to be linked with the three elements within 
aoehme 1 s first Divino Outpouring (sec GRAY 19'32 ) . 

COMER 1757 h LAW 1772 © 

See also CHAOS , and HOLY DEITY. 

ACETL'M See VINEGAR 


Ac. RIMER Ash. Mediaeval sigils for the binary alpha Virginia f sometimes 

called Arista, or spica, given by HERMETIS 13C and EVANS 

19 22 ~y in a form adopted as a variant for the modern slgil 

SPICA. 


ACID Ale. LUEDY 1928 /\ 

DIDEROT 1 7 63 gives the eigl for ‘marine acid 1 t which iti 

probably derived frorn that given by GEOFFROY 1718 for ‘acid of sea 
salt'; /O GEOFFROY 1713 gives the slgil ■‘ L -^ for acidic. 
SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the sigil -K^ ter Acidum Sailsf -)-p- for 
Acid u Til Fluor!s mineralls; ^ for Acidum Arseni el; -Hop Arid urn 


39 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , UERMtiTIC AND ALCIILMICAL STOILS 


sacchai:> ; -Acidurn urinae ur Phosphori 7 -}-j'~ Acid uni formicarum 

and the sigil ■& for Aci rJuiii aereuijr (but set CARBON UiOxiUE) . 

The sigil for T.avp i k ier ' 5 Acide Nit mix i 3 recorded, by CROSLAND 1962 ©4“ 
See also ACIDUS and AQUA FORTIS. 


ACiDUB Occ . Siuiil given by HOMER 17 23 for 1 corporeal acidic aspect of 
the Spiri t of the •florid (Anima Afundii *; {X) the third c£ the ten 
links in the so-Galled Golden Chain f presumably linked with the three 
elements within Boehms 1 3 first Divine Outpouring (see CRAY 1952), 

ACIEL Mag. SCI] ET RLE 1849 gives two simple variants (among several 

g ouinlew; sigils) for this demon: ^- a 

ACQUISIT10 See AQUTRTTIO 

active Dec. CIRLOT .1.962 gives the sigil J to represent ‘the active, 
dynamic principle 1 . koCh 1930 gives ||j for 'active intellect'. 


ADAMAS Wagr. A sigil given by SIGN A 17C among a list of precious 
stones, to be interpreted as diamond or adamantine Almost 

certainly it is the quality of 'hardness 1 which is intended. 
0N0MAST1CUM 1574 Q> 


AdAMIC SCRIPT Occ, One of the numerous SECRET SCRIPTS derived from the 

Hebraic tradition of alphabets (see [1EBRATC SCRIPT) t but adapted for 
the Roman alphabet. The version below is that recorded by CHRISTIAN 

1570, with variant characters cy RTVTERE 1938; 



3 

& 

# 


V 


a 

I 

c 

d 

e 

i' 

it 

!-y 

h 

i 

j 

k 

1 

111 

II 

h/ 

fe 


— 

T 

IT 


y 

T) 



*5 



5 

iv 

3> 



1? 

$ 

) 



T> 

M 

> 



o p q r s t 11 v w x y z ^ 


40 





























A Cl-AGA 


This script iu almost identical with the Raphaelic script* 

ADATiEL Mag. Two of the more simple sigil terms ter this demon arc 



ADNACHTEL «ag* Mediaeval variants for the 'angel' of Sagittarius, 
given by BRAHE 1BB2: D tf" " L ^ 

See SPIRIT OF SAGITTARIUS 

AERUGO Ale. Verdigri k 'specifically from copper' is given the tour 



03 by SCHNEIDER 19 62, but those are a 1 mo at 


certainly a confusion with traditional sigillic forms for AIR. 

AES See BRASS, COPPER and CETJUF METAL 

AH; ST AS See SUMMER 

aee ustum Ale. Sigils are given under a variety of alchemical names, 

enrh Rpirnci/? R'p'dfrc Hurnfl^ fnnnp r or f'mf’JJS Vf^rtP T i F! * 




LUEDY 1928 


See FI Iso CROCUS MART IS 


AES VlRlDE See VERDIGRIS 

AGATE itfagr. Mediaeval yiqil for the semi-precious stone, sometimes 


called Aohaor Aohates t 


recorded by S1GNA 17C: 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SI GILS 


AGIEL Mag. This is. the presiding intelligence of Saturn (along with 
the spirit ZAZKL), but the sigil given under this name by heydon 1664 
is intended to represent the letter A in Lho secret 'Alphabet of 
Angels and Genii'; y ^ ^ 

AGNI See TEJA5 

AHENUM Aic. SOMMERHQFF 1701 Q ^c? UJEDY L9.2B © 

SC HUE HER 1962 ^ 


AiR Ala. The nost common sigil tor this 'second element 1 is & but 
this is by no means representative of the mixture of gases we know to 
today under the name ’Mr'; in the esoteric tradition, Air is, as 
WELL1 MG 1735 puts it, J The spl ri tual and l nvi s i bl e Air whi ah ax i s ted 
before the descent of Lucifer' -. the Occult Air. A modern sigil Is 
given by PE TORE 1947, within an astrological context; -- whilst ^ 
'cabbalistic' form is recorded by SEjERUEKD 1971: There are very 

many mediaeval variants, of which the following are the most common; 
ALCHEMY 16 50 J 4—> KIRCHER 165 5 TtTT T 

TA3LE 1676 X* CROLI.IUS 1670 

FRE3NE 16 d 8 tAr ALCHEMIC AT, 17C R TJ 

SKELTON 17C /R SIGNA 17C -tA- 4^ O 

SOMMERllOFF 1701 A rt l ’A 1 & # > -S 

qlDEROT 1763 & CEKEIME 17S5 A J 

GESSMANN 1906 k \ 4 S SCHNEIDER 19 62 T] 

WALTER 1970 A' 

See also ELEMENTS 


AIR HAND TaJ . Sigi.l originated to serve modern chirognerny, 


denote the male Air hand form, given in GET7TNG5 .1965: 
The female A.ir hand farm lx represented by the sigil; 


0 * 

9 


■ntended to 


AIR TRIPLICJTY Ale. Whilst in practical terms any of The sigilss in the 
ferms intended to denote AIR may be used to represent the astrological 


42 






AG I-AJ,R 


Air trip]icity (Gemini., 


Libra & Aquarius) , AGRIPPA 1 5 10 give9 u 


c u:n po site- 
:cr these 


sigil derived 
zodiacal Tigris 


troiii the 



s igiiiic 


fOjCJUE most 


frequently used 


AKALA See AKASHYA 

AKASHYa Occ. Sometimes called Asasbs or Aka&a, this is without doubt 

the oriental equivalent of the European invisible 'fifth' element, the 
QUINTESSENCE (see BLAVATSKY 18B8)s O' The &igil is described as 
r a transparent white circle with dots’, the latter representing chhidra, 
holes or spaces in substance. A sigil is given by A VALOR 1919 Cl/ 
and is associated with the Visuddha or throat chakra. 

.Oj 

PERSONAL 19 SO 

See ETHERIC and QUINTESSENCE 

ALABROTt i Ale . S i g i1 given in ONtiMASTiCuM 1574, the subs tance being 

described us a 1 sweet salt 1 1 Ho 


AJLA CORVI A at. Mediaeval sigil for the double star riel da Corvi some¬ 
times called £lgoraJb, given in HERMETlS 13C A variant of 

this sigi1 was given by AGRIPPA 1510 and printed in AGRIPPA 5531, with 


slight variations in a form which is now regarded as standard ■ n 
European occultism: ^_!j_ 

■a' d' 


ALAYOCH Ast, Mediaeval sigil for the fixed Star 
times called hIRCUS r Amalthea and CAPELLA, given 
which records also a related variant: 


v* 

^'"tl 


alpha Aurigacj some-’ 


by HERMETIS 1 



ALBUM Ale* Sigils for ‘whiteness 1 or 'paleness', sometimes also used 
for 'white of egg', 

ALCHEMICAL 17C GIGNA 17C ■"X/’c.l 

See. alec ALBUMEN 


ALBUMEN Ale* Generally this sigil was restricted to 'white of eqg' or 
1 gl. Ai r ' , 


4 5 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


ALCHEMY 1650 (&- Q 0 

GESSMANN 1906 2^ cj 

ALJJU5 Geo, Sigil for one cf the sixteen geomantic figures, lor which 
a multitude cl variants (dots, stars, floral devices, etc*) is used in 

* t 

the same four-fold arrangement *■* Albus is linked by AGRTFPA ]531 

v R- 

with the element Water, the planet. Mercury, and the zodiacal sign 
Cancer. The following siglls are derived from 1 at e-u ed1a ev a l sourotiS , 
and are semetines used to denote the planet MERCURY, as lor example 
in TBITHEMIUS 1503. 

AGRIPPA 1531 5 9 ^ t V 

HEYDON 1664 sa 

See also ALBUM 

ALGAL I See ALKALI 

ALGAL ICUS Oac-. Sigil given by tIOMER 1723 as "corporeal alkali' of 
the eternal becoming of God, the fourth in the ten links of the 
so-called Golden Chain, associated with the second (female, creative, 
expansive) of Boehme's E.vLne Outpourings (see GRAY 1952); 0 

ALCHEMIST SCRIPT Gee. A large number of apparently unrelated secret 
scripts called. 'Alchemical alphabets" have been preserved in 6ccu.lt 
and alchemical texts, the general idea being that slgils normally used 
to denote substances or processes am substituted for the letterg of 
a 1 pi iah h t . V I GNERE 1586 records a fair ly t yp ic a .1 ex a mp 1 e , w hich 
is given here, along with a number of variants Lc it from SELENUS 1624; 


a 

b 

c 

(1 

V 

f 

O' 

h 

ll 

i 

j , 

k 

1 

m 

11 

o 


e 

C 

3 


CH 

9 

-0 


5 

Q 

€ 

3 


u 

n 


X 

X 



X 

* 

CO 

L 



0 

p 

M 

r 

s 

1 

u 

V 

YV 

X 

V 

A 




FRANCKLYK 162 7 0-3) 

SHELTON 17C (£t 
SOMMERHOFF 1701 iT cl)) © 


44 


















ALB-ALD 


a 

h 

C 

cl 

t! 

i 

% 

b 

_i_i 

.i 

k 

1 

111 

li 




C 


$ 






9 

e 


m 

Kj 

n 








>1 

Ljl 



o 

P 

q 

r 

S 

l 

u 

V 

w 

X 

V 

z 




The following three, all preserved by SOHHF. tF-OFF 1701 are again fairly 
typical of these scripts, combining astrological and alchemical siqila 
apparently without any real feeling lor 'meaning' or secret symbolism: 


a 

b 

c 

<i 

e 

r ! 

O' 

h 

h 

i 

j i 

k 

i 

Ill 

n 

z 

o C 

'3 

C 

X 

P 

\X/ 




A 

p 

TH 

V 

0 

v 

P 

£ 

3 

£ 


X 

cv 

& 

- ■ 

y 

>£ 


1"-- 

o 

p 

q 

1 

S 

1 

u 

\ r 

w 

X 

y 

Z 



a 

b 

C 

cl 

V 

r 

ft 

i) 

i 

.1 

k 

u_Lj 

— -I 

11 

& 

1? 


* 

c 

\ - i 

£ 

cT 

zj 


3 1 

<3 1 


no 

0 

* 

sf 

m 

?\ 

3 


(X 


X 


$ 



o 

P 

q 

f 

s 

y 

11 

V 

w 

X 

y 

Z 



a 

h 

c: 

(i 

e 

r 

i; 

h 

i 

J 

k 

1 

HI 

l) 

A 


c 

dt 

c 

■fe 

9 





V 

-A- 

D 

A 


■=} 

z 

* 

JVO 


“LT 

X 

\AA 


9? 



o 

P 

q 

I' 

i - -— 

S S 

U 

V 

w 

X ' V z 


Sec also SECRET SCFTDTK. 


ALCOHOL Ale. A sigil is given by KOCH 1^10, though without a ntaied 
source: o-l- SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the ^igiis 'S? ^ *» 

■jpl r .■ t u s vi ni re c t i ir'i ca -Li s s i mus , but see EP IK IT OF W THE. 


ALDEEARAH As t. 


HERMETIS i, 3C 


gives the sigil for alpha 'i'a.uri : 



4 5 



























































































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HtiRKETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


ALEVB1C Ale. In esuteric alchemy r the symbol Is u*»c:S fur the human 
physical body t Lt. which the Great Work of transmutation takes place; 
in exoteric alchemy, the term refers to the vessel used for the process 
of distillation, The latter meaning is probably intended bv the 
following mediaeval sigil 5 ; 

ALCHEMY 1650 VALENTINE 1671 XK £? 4 T 4V’" 

SIOMA T7C ^ Zzl'4, SQMMERHOFF 1701 /X ^ jff yh 

GE5SMANN 1306 4? £$> SCHNEIDER 1962 5?)J> 


ATiEPH Occ. lbs zirct lcLLsr oi the HhIjefv, alphabet, for which very 
many derivatives have been compounded within the tradition of secret 


SCRIPTS, amongst which a selection from EARTOriO?,?:I 167 5 may be regarded 

v- p yx ^ ‘Vf-^ 

*rr. 

HEBRAIC SCRIPT. The Intt-Hi and its sigil derivatives have been used 


■Lj S 


rv° hJj-? ..c aj 
the most Well known: * N> 


See however 


generally to suggest the idea of 'beginning 1 . vjirth 1927 equates 
aleph with the first arcanum of the Tarot pack, the JUGGLER P and thus 
with zodiacal Taurus, the constellation Orion, and with the Mercury of 
the Alchemists. He traces a graphic etymology with Lhe forms which 
demo net rate a vestigial ball's head, or that n- an Ox; 'V*- An, rA 


ALKAL1 Hie. 0NOMAE71C [ JM 1574 /j- ^ 

KOCH 1930 A — SCHNEIDER .962 ¥ s v. u 

See also SAT, ALKALI 


nanuKorip'. by RE1R7HELQT 11385, 
same source gives a related 


ALPHA Oecj. a variety qt gi gj.ls used from early Christian times, and 
based on the first letter of the Greek alphabet, generally intended to 
con ve y t lie idc a of 1 ore ati va beginning ' and I roq no n L1 y u se ri c on j o i ntl y 
with OMEGA, 'the end of all things': .M /\ /A 

Rany related sigil s have been adopted for Christian use, with graphic 


ALKANET Ale . Sigi 1 k recorded, from Creek 

■/ y 

for "dyer's bugioss 1 : y The 

sag i 1 f o r Laod i. c i& n A 7. ka n e t A 


ALL THINGS See HOLY DEITY 


46 



Al.F ALU 


etymological roots which go back to pre-Christian traditions. TESTA 
1962 records, a oer.i as of sigi : s from each oarly Christian sources, al_ 
of which are related to the alpha A ■■ f - i A a series which 

culminates in the form of the triple alpha, symbolic of the Holy 


tv 

Trinity; / i 


A 


Gee also MORTAL ADAK 


ALPHABETS See SECRET SCRIPTS 


I p ^ecC A A at. Med iae vu 1 o i g i 1 tor the -in ed g t fi r rj i ph a u a j o-na e 


RareaIis, 


T° 


?P i 


Seme times called Mfec* and ELPHEIA, given by HERMETIS U-C-: 
A variant from mediaeval sources is recorded by 


_ . VA i—r ^ 

EVANS i'$22 under the (.erroneous) name Lucia corona Sc-’O-tjuuom s ■ y 

From such sources AGRTFPA 1531 derived his sigil which has entered 

ft p 

the European occult- stream: 


ALTAMECH 


A.-rt. Mediaeval sdgil for the fixed star alpha Boot is, 


;c: A 


sane time a called Arthurus and Aichameth, given by t-.ERMElIS 1 
EVANS 192 2 records a mediaeval versioni .0 L 

From such sources AGRiPPA 15.U derived his sigil which has entered 

the European octal t sttham : 

ATiUM Ale* An enormous number oi vigils xcr this iii HI - L _ sal ■ has 
survived iron mediaeval times, cl which those reproduced from a 
mediaeval manuscript by CARSONELL7 >325 are the most widely user* in 

lition: 


6 


t he althemica1 tr a d1 


WORLIDGE 16 57 


n & vh 


CROLLIUS loll l] 


ALCHEMY It: 30 ''-.V 0 d 


..-o 


-0 


CROLLIUS 1670 


L O 


:-;e 1671 if\ 


VALEKTIl 


alchemical 17C - 


s* <■ 


P 


7 , 0- Pt ‘U in, J"T ' nZ J~ "L tip 


SIGN A 17C © © <T T 


- -a ri x±i -S' © 


c- 

i 


SOKMERHOFF 1701 VjJ |T" ‘1 
DIDEROT 1763 5 / 

geebmann 19oc X' 1 6- j:.- S £- v 

z a ^ r a d 


—■ T A ^ * 


1 >6 cC v 


A A 6 6 


■1 

c? 




A 


4>7t 



DICTIONARY Or OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIQILS 


LUEDY 1926 


SCHNEIDER 1962 JX> I 


Set; also ALU MEW FLUMEUM, CALCINATED ALUM and POTASH 


ALUMEN CAJjCJNATTJM Soe CALCINATED ALUM and POTASH 

ALUMEN PLUMBUM Ala . SOMMERHOFF 1701 °~f j=^ lE 3ft © 

SCHNEIDER 1962 J° & © X- £p 




ALUMEN RACCHARINIUM Ale, SOMMERHOPF 1?01 


AMALGAM Ala , A large number of variations exist r mainly related to the 
four sigils recorded by SHELTON 17C o^lSl ^ SIGMA 17c and 

DIDEROT 1763 The following sigils are mediaeval variants; 

ArCHYMIA 1563 ^ VALENTINE 1671 *-*-*.. _2)| £ 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ SIGNA 170 A 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 i£%' DIDEROT 1763 5?^. 

GESSMANN 1906 A ^ ^ SCHNEIDER 1962 ^ 6^ 


AMBER Ale. ALCHEMY 1650 gives two sigils22 but see WHITE AMBER 

and YELLOW AMRHR. 


ambrtel Wag, The most common mediaeval characters for the " angel 1 of 
Gemini are given by BRAHE 1562] /I" L "y 


However, the name is used also tor one of the gcomantie spirits for 
which AGRIPPA 1531 gives Lhe sigil and HEYDON 1664; ^ 

TRITHEMTUE 150.1 gives a variant: 

AMBN Re-1 . Mediaeval sigll recorded by CAPPELLI 1919; ■>-c it is very 


likely that the cross which is so commonly found on magical invocations 
and large-scale sigils was intended to evoke the power of Amen.- 


amethyst 


Mag 


SIGNA 17C gives the sigi] 



AMISSIO GOO. 

a multitude 


Sigil for one of Che sixteen geomantic figures, for which 
of variants (stars, dots, floral devices,, etc,) is used in 









ALU-ANG 


the same four-fold arrangement: Amirs io is linked by AGRIFFA 

1531 with the element of Fire, the planet Venus and the zodiacal sign 
Libra* The following sigils are derived from late-mediaeval sources, 
and are sometimes used to denote the planet. Venus, as for example in 
TR1THEMIUS 1503- 

AGR1FPA 15 31 £l fi] 'X' ^ ^ K X H */.. A K 

UEYDON 1664 gives & but. this is probably wrongly copied from the 
source above, 

AMMONIA jUc* Sometimes referred to as volatile alca i'i, the mediaeval 
sigr.l is recorded by GESSMANN 1906: Two common sigils are also 

used, though these ore so ubiquitous, end are intended to cover so 
many other denotations and connotations, that they render most texts 
obscure- PORTA 1593 gives the triangle A s tor example, whilst the 
star is also quite common, as for example recorded by CARBONET.Ll 19 2c. 
for SAL AMMONIAC: ^ 

AMNlXlEL M&g * Suppoefid by HEYDON 1664 to be a geomantic spirit, tor 
which he gives the sigil Li.3 but this is wronyLy copied from the 
Hebrew of AGRIPRA 153 l, who gives the sluil for the genius of 

LOETTTIA and of zodiacal Pisces, 

AMPHORA die. Mediaeval sigil recorded by oeGsmANN .1906 

ANAEb A'ag„ The most common mediaeval sigil for the angel of Venus is 

given by TRITHEMXUS 1503: though in theory any of the common 

feigils fox VENUS may be used, as for example in GliEPHRRR l971. 

BARRETT 1801 confuses this sigiI with that for the Archangel 
MICHAEL: SCHF.TBLiE 1848 gives several other variants, 

including : EtV 5 See SPHERB OF VESUS 

AWGEI, Occ. A Greek sigil is recorded by BERTtiET^T 1885: J whilst 

a coucnon cnediaeva 1 s-igj 1 (an abbreviation, in fact) yivciL by 
CH AES ANT 18 B4 for ang&Hs- KIRCIJER 1655 gives the form L -' 


43 




DICTIONARY OF QCCTJlA , 


HDRMDTIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


whilst OLIVER 1626 gives the sigil 
symbol for the angel ' T St'OHER 


¥ 

1975 


as 'an ancient Egyptian 
appears to iink the sigi] for 


LEO with the sphere of the Angels, which is traditionally the SPHERE OF 
TEE MOON: «/i 


ANGELIC SCRIPT See CELESTIAL SCRIPT 


ANGER See WRATH 


ANGULAR A st . A modern sigil for this astrological concept is given by 

DE VQRE 1947j for both ’angular houses’ and 'angular signs 1 : 


ANiMA See SOUL and AMIMALIA 


AN I MALI A Occ . sigil given by HOMER 1723 as the sixth of the ter. lints 

in the so^called Golden Chain: © In the Theosophic tradition [sec 

EOEEiME 173Q) the term animalia docs not imply brutish, as derived from 
1 am nalb but rather sou]-enfilled t as from Hug Latin aril rcu : i.n Inter 
theosophy thy term would refer to a being possessed of an astral body. 

C-F5SMAKN 19 Oh ZT JZ WIRTH 19 31 © 


ANIMATE WORLD Occ. Sigil given by KirCHER If55 under this heading, but 
probably the author had in mind the idea of t he ASTRAL WORLD; 71^ 

ANIMUS Red. A mediaeval contraction is given by CAPFELLI 1949: a/ 

ANISE Ale. Mediaeval sigil recorded by £LELTON 17C: 1-Z. 


ANKH Occ. Sometimes called ank and ansuted cross* :l is ere of the 
sigil a used from ear liest times against, barrenness (sec BUDGE J.9 30) : 
BLAVATSKY 1698 sees it as a form of VENUS ( ) r and claims that it 



Symboli 
d i v i iic 


gene-rat 


ses 'that, mankind and all animal life had stepped 
:--pi ri t uu 1 ci rc. ( e and fa lien into ph us ; <:u 2 svale a n d 
ion'. Additionally t BLAVAT5KY 1868 claims that 


out of 
feme■ e 
it. is 


the 


the 


90 


AMG-ANT 


'sign of life, the Jiving, an oat}:, the covenant. . „ Tt is the 
hiefog.J gpftic RU ( O } sot upright on the Tan-cross* . The sane 
source qives r:> \ as the earliest. Ankh-cross, a loop which combines both 
a circle and a cross in one image# and which is called the Ankh-tie, 
the pas£ of Siva. TESTA 1982 gives several fonts of the Ankh- 

cross, of which the following three are representative; ^ "7^, 

STEINER 1906 ciil.la the ankh the TVro, the 1 1 am' which streamed through 
the whole world in early days. 

See also CROSS, ORIGIN and RU. 

ANNEAL Ale- In the early alchemical gcugc , this word was intended to 
meat, calcinate, to “burn 1 or 'set on fire', and it is in this sense 
Lha l. the mediaeval sigils recorded by GESSMANN 1906 must be taken, for 
they almost certainly do not. relate to the enamelling or encaustic 
processes ae such: _ji— Cn —i r ^ J _ <a.- f-o A * i 

See also CALCINATE. 


AKNULDS See PLANETARY SYMBOLS. 

ANNUS See YEAR 

ANN'J S PlU LOS OPHICU S A J c. 5OMMERH0I- 'F 1701 ro cord s that the 1 P h i. I o soph i c 
year 1 Ls actually nr- ordinary month - a ‘m&ns.fs vulgaris 1 , for which ho 
records the sigils; -& jH ' l_- 6"" L - i (S3} 

See MONTH and YEAR 

AN!ARES See COR SCORElONlS 


ANTIMONY Ale 
h ! chernia Ls 
reproduced 


A large number of sigils fox the stibium 

has survived# and a list of frequently used 

A ,v\ \T) A iiil 

by CAREQNELLl 1925: V ‘J ^ fcl ^ ' 


of the 
forms 



ALCEYMTA 1563 fjg 

ALCHEMY 1850 A 0 t^L %* U 1 

ALCHEMICAL 17C Q 


WORLIDGE 1651 “O 

CROLLIUS 1670 <*> 

| 

SHELTON 17C ^ X 


“ii r 1 y 
Is 


51 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL $ TGI LX 


LION A 


GER0MANK 1906 
Tl. "W _4> 


17C J -T i ^ q DI PEROT 1763 Q 

f -w V v 4-4 -j t x 14113 

7- >1 erf 0 © m /2Si fl&5 \3fi ** G? Ifi 5 >< H4 

LTJF.nY 1928 il2'i 

SCHNEIDER 19 62 gives Lbe s igiIs - y C ”|“ for antijnonium spsgyxice 

prseparatum - a specialist alchemical form r perhaps - for which 
SOMMEEFIGFF 1701 records ^ large number of forms, not very different 
from those used for simple 'antimony 1 ; </' o .S lLSa 

% if=b x ^ x ? $ t & y-i & w cq 

[i T S 6 © 14 44 V It X /I" B' 

A Creek Sigil is given by FiF.RTHET.OT 1005: (l 


M-TTiyjQir/ FLOWERS Ale. 


GESSHAWN 


.906 S cT 


X/ 1 


ANTIMONY GLASS See ANTIMONY VTTRUM 


ANTIMONY HEFAR Ale. SCHNEIDER 19 62 


ANTIMONY REGULUS Alc - FRANCKLYN 1627 J ^ 

5QMMEKHOFF 1701 R ^ T\ 


GESStfAKiN 


1906 -q % Y fV 


1CHNEI0ER 1962 




ANTIMONY VITRUM SOMMERHQFF 1701 


o -x f £!? 


GE5SMANN 1906 § ' T J C ® 


AP ADIE L wagr. Mediaeval sigil f or the demon, given by SCHEIBLE I 84B ''-i- \ 


jAP?*S Occ . Sigil for the tat tv a which forms the manife station of the 
Third Logos on the Astral Plane (see HOL'LT 1910) i AVALON '.919, who 

records the sigil, says that it is white in colour: This -s the 

oriental equivalent of the esoteric water element, and is associated 
with the svsdhishthsno or Spleen chakra, 

APOLLO A st. . A sigil giver, by TEJTERENS 1931 for the esoteric planet f 
which he distinguishes from the common sigil fox the STTN (Helios) -■ 3 


52 





APOLLON IAN SCR ITT Dec. A late-mediaeval secret alphabet which bus 

been recorded in a number of versions -, AS for example that given by 
VIGNEKE 1586 to a Greek alphabet (the elaim that it was the script of 
Apollonius of Tynan is of course entirely suppositious): 


A 

B 

r 


E 

7. 

H 


i 

v< 

A 

M 

N 

— 

;a 

V 

P 

0 

c 



© 

V 

y 

tH 


0 

3. 

y. 

* 

X 


X 

r 


sc 

&> 

T 





o 

TT 

p 

£ 

T 

T 

£ 

it 


JTL- 





A ve r 

s i o r i 

cons 

trueted cc 

' the- 

Roman alphabet- by 

RIVIERE 

33 B i 

s wor 

recording 

for 

it sb 

ows the depend 

ence 

upon 

the 

earlier form: 


a 

b 

i: 

cl 

ti 

f 


li 

i 

J 

k 

i 

Ml 

11 

X 

r \f* 


0 


& 

n 

£ 

i 


<> 

rf 


d 

X 

4" 


X 

£ 

X- 




3 





o 

p 


r 

S 

i 

u 

V 

vv 

X 

y 

Z 



It 

£ 




© 









ff L 

* 




0 



AQUA See WATER 

AQI.JA FOETIDA See AQUA MERCURIT 

AQUA PORT IS Ale- A largo number of mediaeval sign's have survived, but 

usually these consist of a graphic play with either A or F, or with the 
single letter F and the common, sigll for WATER (. X7 ) . 

ONOKAHTTCUM 1574 A' FRANCKLYN 1627 

ALCHEMY 1650 V ,/f CRGLLlUS 1670 \ 4 ' 

ALCHEMICAL 17C Vf't Iff J. SHELTON 17C V 
SICHA 17C ^ 

SCHNEIDER 19 62 

SOMMERLJQFF .L‘,?0' records a number of sigils for a formula for ag ua 


























































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIClLS 


fort is simplex: 6^ [*±3 

4. ^ BP ^ 4? -£ 'D 

GESSMftNN 1906 f—1 4- 0 f 3"~ TT 

EF 0 'XXf mx/ $4i Vb 


v?- t/f iu 
*- £ § 


u /r 


^ 7 V 1 ? 4. t- ■yl e )h uv 


AQUA MLRCURTI Ala. SOMMERROFF ,70 records t\he following siqils 


lor agua foe Li da ; j v l_ l 




AQUA PLUVTALTS See RAIN WATER 


AQUA RuGIS Ale* A largo number of mediaeval sagile has survived, bat 

the majority ot these consist of a graphic play with the letter P and 


the most common sioil for WATER ( \7 ) 


ALCHYKIA 1563 P~£ " . 

VAIjEKTIKE 67 V? 
SIGMA 1 VC 

GESSMANN 1906 IfT 777 

_-_ J_ tfe HZh rOV 


wv-6 


ALCHEMY 1650 J= y / - 

SHELTOW 17C V 0 %. 

i -4- vVvb r‘-'"7 
SOMMERHQ.FF 1.701 !/T? ^v.7 V 

3 £“ 7 ^ c/Wb A/ t T i. 

A § ^ 1? 


AQUARIUS Ast. Sigils for zodiacal siyn of the Waterbearer, u 1so used 
indiscriminately for the constellation of Lhe same name. The printed 
version, is based tm ths most ctjmrntjr- mediasval v^bsiOfl t given by 
HYGIMUS 14R2: and derived ultimately from Egyptian forms (&e$ 

NEUGEBAUER 1959). Said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be based on the shape of 
waves, though this is not a water sign. The graphic form is also, 

rather foolishly, trneed by certain modern astrologers to the idea of 


1 electric wave r 1 , 

Ancient Egyptian (demotic): 

STOBART 2C irtl 

Cre ec o-D y zen1i n e, c- 500AD: 
Oil - 

DIGBY \2 C 
JANJA 14C 
ASTROLOGICAL 15C 
QOADRANTIS ISC 



BERLIN 42 AD c l_ 


£ PIEGELBERG 1911 X — 


NEUGEBAUER 1959 





ASTRONOMICAL 1400 r ^~^- 
LEUFCLDI 14C 


TABLES 15 C 



54 






AQU-ARC 



WELLIMG 1735 


SlGILLTS 17C 

Li V "“ "* / 

CARRICHTERUE ISC F-1AGIE IRC 

LLTJJDY 1920 ihcords a related niyil Cron the Syrian alchemical- 
astrological traditions DEUTSCHE 19 SO - 

A Bigil for the constellation Aguarius is given by LEUPOLDI 14C: 



Kee also SPIRIT op AQUARIUS 


AQUA VITAL See WATER OF LIFE 


AQUieIT10 Geo. Sigil ter one oi the sixteen georaantic figures, for 

which a multitude of variants (dots, stars, floral devices r etc.) 

■ + 

is used to denote the sane four-told arrangement: 1. Agmsrtio _ s 
linked by agrtfpa 15.il with the element of Air, the planet Jupiter and 
the zodiacal sign Aries. The following sigils are derived front the 
late mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the planet 


JUPITER, as for example in TRIT13EMIUS 1503- 
AGRIFPA 15 31 't 1 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ W ^ 


ARATRDM Mag. Mediaeval sigil for the planetary spirit of Saturn, given 

by TRITHEMTUS 150.1: 

SCHETRLE 134 B gives a variant: \ ~h~VA 


AKCll AI See SPHERE OF VENUS 


ARCHANGEL Oce. These spiritual beings are 
the sphere of Mercury (in Lhe mere ancient 


traditionally linked with 
c osmolog i e s i , but SiJC EE R 


1975 appears to link these beings wiLh the sigil for CANCER: 



Sec ANGEL and SPHERE OF MERCURY, 


ARCHETYPES Occ. 

lists a number cf 
express occult or 
t r adifion perh ap s 
1615. The most 
( ■ ), the three 


Iti her complex nunuei ological study, BliAVATSKY 180S 
graphic archetypes which combine in various ways to 
hermetic ideas - in tills she was following a 
introduced by ACKlPFft 1510 and developed by LABELLA 
Impartant of these archetypes are the centra, point 
( A ) , the five { ;i and the seven (GS J r which may 


55 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


bo symbolised by ( )„ A further set o£ four archetypal Gigils 

fits explained at length by WIRl’H 1927: O H - Q See in. this 
connexion HERMETIC TETRAD- 

The basic archetypes give* rise to such symbolism as is found expressed 
in the Giglis for BODY ERECT t CROSS, DECADE, DEITY , ETHER1C, 

OGDOAD i OWE, SEPTENARY MAM , and so on. 

ARCTURUS See ALTAMECH 

ARENA Sec SAND 

ARGENTUM See SILVER 


ARGENTUM MUSICUM See STIVER PAINT 


ARGENTUM PICTORIUM See SILVER PAINT 


argentum VIVUM see QUICKSILVER 

ARIEL Several mediaeval sigils have been preserved for this demon 

(or spirit), the more simple of those recorded by SCHLIBLE 1S4B being 
the following: L fi l fv' 

ARIES Ast , Sigiio for the zodiacal sign of the R;tm f also used 

indiscriminately for the constellation of the same name. The printed 
sigi.l is derived from the manuscript tradition, such as LAMEEClUS 1500 
T and AGKIPPA 1510 V The sigil is said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be 
based an the shape of the Pan r s horns, but this is unlikely, SUCHER 
1971 suggests that it is a pictograph of exploding and imploding 
spirit, whilst GABELLA 1G15 explains its form as a graphic expression 
of the equinox, and gives it a curious* sigil (n.D) which is Linked 
with one of the sigils for FIRE. 

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) t 

STOBART 2C SPIEGELBERG 1.911 Y 

ciraeco-sywanting £. LOOADz KETTGERAUF.R 1959 *\J^ 



ARC-ARS 


ASTRONOMICAL 1400 
MAWSIOMIBUS 1482 \/ 
BON ATT 1 ISC 


RIGBY 12 C 
J ANLFA 140 
ASTROLOGICAL 15C 
QUADRANTIS 15C T 
BLUNPEVILLE L602 'jfi 

SIGILLIS 17C V 

SIBLY 1790 *?£ 
y/JDEJiN ASTROLOGY 1899 ' "6 

WTLCSKOWSKY 1947 "Y^ 

LEUPOLDI 14C gives a aigil for the constellation—^ fer which 

AGRIPEA 1510 gives a variant: 

LUELY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian alchemical 
astrologica1 tradLtion: t: 

See aiHO MYSTERIOUS PLANETS and SPIRIT OF ARIES 


PICC OLOMINI 1550 
PR0WS5E L7C Hf 

DOUCHE-LECLSRCQ' 1899 "Y rl (/ 
NEROMAN 1937 
BURCKHARDT 1967 


ARISTA See ACHIMER 


ARMENIAN BOLE Ale. SHELTOH 17C ® ® i CP- . jn 

IOMMEBHOFF 1701 ^ ^ GESSMANN 1906 %. “® 1 ^ t> 

ARSENIC Ale* A nmltitode of sigils and variants exist, of which the 
most ctsomon are the mediaeval 01105 reproduced by CAKBOHSLT.I ^ 

S Q <f? <6 


& i 


ALCHYHIA IM ^ ^ # 

AORTA 159 3 & 


WORLTDGE 1651 
VALENTINE 1671 Y 
SHELTON 17C 


1 

a 


/OC 


ONOMAST1CU M 1574 pn 

mi * , „, 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ t?cn / c/ 
KOCH 19 30 "K* : 4- 


Cl... 


SHEPHERD 1971 J~ 

A number of aigils are recorded by BERTHEDOT 1885 from ancient Gm'a 
manuscripts: <£j> V ^ G> 

See alao ARSENIC SUBLIMATE, ARSENIC StSfUOSCN, BED ORPINENT, 

BED SULPHURET OF ARSENIC, WHITE ARSENIC and YELLOW ARSENIC. 


57 


Dl'CT JOWARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCS.'iEKIChL SIGILS 


ARSENIC SUBLIMATE 


GES5MANN 19On 
SCHNEIDER 1962 


Ala. SOMMERUOEF 1701 J> % ^ 

•o X 13—° ^ x 

X dP 



■i' j 



ARSENICUM ALBUM See WHITE ARSENIC 


CITRINUM See YELLOW ARSENIC 

RUBRUM See RED ORPIMENT 

SULPHURuM flic. Mediaeval siglJs given by GESSMANN 1906 

Ale. Two ancient Greek sigils recorded by BERTHELQT 

Afe- J 

Ast - Three variant sigils of clrca 50QAD, graphically 
derived from the word horoscopes f the name originally given in the 
Greek astrological tradition to the degree of ecliptic ascending in 
a given chart, arc listed by NEUGEBAUER 1959; -ijj 

Sometines nn abbreviation for tho word Ascendant, and even for 'first 
h dose 1 prima damas, is also used: 

SCHEMA 15C MARY 16C X 

SMITH 16C y ASTROLOGY 1?C 

GETTINGS 197 7 C Pt?? > OoX EH3RT - N l'h~0 A. 

The sigil recorded fer ori&ns in MANSIONIBUS 1492 £ appears to be 

par~ of o secret alphabet (since the letter 1 d 1 is named r-sop t&ntrio, 
vet i£ a letter never used for tho Iitiutv Coeli) . 

ASCENDING NODE Ast. “he north NODE of astrology has from ancient t. Lrr.es 
bee- signified by the sigil O but the following lorn is copied 
from an ancient Greek text by OMONT 1894 This ;» ^aid Lo be 

the kephali or ar &b±bazen r tho equivalent of the modern CAPUT 
c f node rn a st ro ogy, \ j ut th c s i Q i 'J is p r oh a b ly a mi s t ake , the opr re c t 
lorn being given in the same nanoscript for the CAUDA, the 


ARSENICUM 

ARSENICUM 

ARSENICUM 

A, 

ASBESTOS 
1 885: 

ASCENDANT 


A3S-ATH 


Gr e ek ours or La t s tu z on 


ASHES file. VALEOTIHE 16/1 (L 
DIDEROT J.76 3 -p (§=' 

Sen also ASHES OF I.FAD and ASHES OF WOOD 


SIGN A 17C bji 


X 


ASHES OF HARTS EASE Ale , L ROLL, I US 1670 fri 

ASHES OF LEAD Altn Mediaeval sigi la given by OERSHAMM 19Gfi: 
ASHER OF TIN Ale, SOMMER HOFF 1701 </\, 




ASHES OF WOOD Ale. 


Mediaeval sigil given by GESSMANN 1906; CE- 


AS MODEL Mug. Three csf the nc:-st common mediaeval siciis tor the ange- 

of Taurus, recorded by HRAHE 1582: 17 

See also, SPIRIT OF TAURUS. 


ASTEROID Ant. 


Modern sigil given by KEROMAN 1987- ./>' 


ASTRAL WORLD OvC . Mediaeval sigils given by KlRCilRR 1655 bor the 
sirfcrcum, by which he probably meant the * astral worid 1 , rather than 
the stollaturo, nr 'rone of the fixed stars: h j" 1 - 

See also AHIMALTA and ANIMATE WORLD* 

ASTROLOGER Ast . A fifteenth-century contraction "or astrologus is 
r a corded by CAPPELLI 1949; tft'ffi 


ASTRONOMIA Ast. A mediaeval contraction is recorded by CEASSAHT 1084, 
l no ugh there is little difference between astronomic* and astro-Login l 


mediaeval t^xto: <*^1 


D3 


AT'HANOR Ale. Me 


'st of the sigils for the constant-heat digesting 


59 


DICTIONARY of OCCULT , ffEJMJETrC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


furnace of exoteric alchemy consist or vestigial drawings, and are 
scarcely siqils as s\ioh + diderot 1763 gives ?i fairly standard common 



example: - r^V 

GESSMP-NH 1906 records three mediaeval si giis under the name of 
AthenOuJEi; © ^ £3 

See also AHENUM a[Ld cycURBITA 

ATHENEUM See ATHANOR 

ATHER See ETHERIE 

ATLAUTIDEH Sac PLEIADES 

ATLANTIS Occ. SLAV AT SKY id EE gives the sigil Q for the- 'earth globe' 
esoterically seen as the "unity nf the spiritual world" - the top half 
of the Circle being contrasted with the duality of the lower half, the 
symbol of the duality of the 'material world' t which she sees as a 
fitting sigil to express the Earth state when the male-female- polarity 
folly developed. The- sig.i. 1 may therefore be taken as relating to the 
Lpoch of Atlantis r rather than to the continental mass itself. See 
a Iso EARTH, 

AT RAM E NT U M Hee VITRIOL 

AUKICHALCU^ file. BERTHLLOT IRftd records two ancient Greek sigils 
from manuscripts: c ^j 

QNOMASTICUM 1574 ' H~ — CRQLLTUS 1612 d? Q 



SCEiNElIDER 1562 XX 3 


AUH TPTCtMENTUP] 


CO ORPIMEK 


AURUM ice GOLD 


do 



ZSTH-AZO 


AURQM FOLIATUM iiec GOLD LEAF 


AURUK MUSICUM 
SCHKEIDER 
SOMMERHOFF 


A j iv 


196 


2 fX 


JIGNA 17C Cjf 60f ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 


1701 records the following as aurum pic tori urn- 4-CH - 


AURUM PIGTORIUM SGC AURUM MTTEICUM and GOLD PAIN 1 !' 


AURUM POTABIDE See POTABLE GOLD 

AUTUMN Qac . Somehim ks Che sigils axe used in the seasonal sense, but 

at. ocher tines there is the more specific sense of harvest, of ..lie 
Jjpiterian process. 

FRAKCKLYN 1627 ^ ALCHEMY 1650 2-ly 

SHELTON 17 C 0 2 _.j:--' SOMMERHOFF 1701 2S3 6'lf' 

GE L:-kj MANN 1906 6/ 0L_ VJ 
KOCH 1930 J¥L 

AVACHIEL Mag. Mediaeval sigj. I given by AGRIPrA IS.11 as ru ing spirit 
of sodiacal Sagittarius: \\ The same spirit was supposed by 

HeYDOK .1.664 to be a geomuntie genius of AguiElTlO. 

AYN Oca. The sixteenth Letter ct the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC 
SCRTPT ) r for which many sigillic derivatives are given within the 
tradition of secret alphabets, as for example in the wei l -.known ^ 
series recorded by RARTOLOZZI 167Li: £ " o—i ^Zi 

WlRU 19 27 equates Ayn with the Tarot arcanum the HOUSE OF GOD, with 
the constellation Ophiucus and the zodiacal sign SCORPIO. In his 
record of the* vestigial pictographic forms, he suggests a l ink with 
the concept of the Eyeo 0 L^ 1 ^ J>' r 


A 3 ERVET i Mar/. SCHEISLE 1848 records a sigil intended ns the ’afternoon 

symbol 1 for the demon: 

AZOTE Ale. DALTON 1808 0 


61 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 



BAoALEL Mac ■ A siyij given by AGRIPPA 1 6C for ono r£ the iwn demons 

dissociated with the planet Marsi S - ' 3 - rj --' 


BAECRIEL Gee SPIRIT OP PISCES. 


BABVLONIAK SCRIPT Off:» One at the many forms icr this seeret alpnab 
is recorded by VIGNERE' I5B6; 


H ^ 

/& 


!*l 

J 

i 


tt 

A 

} 

1 

h 

i V 

VS 

u 

& 

sc 


A 

•j. 

0 

■J 

& 

V 

£ 

y 

P£> 


$ 

A 

5- 




4S 




D 'J 3 S 7 1 UJ n 

This alphabet is one of the HEBRAIC SCRIPTS,, and appears ta be very 
closely related to t hc so-called CH&LDEAM SCRI P?, 

SeQ SECRET SCRIPTS 


B ACC HUS AxL. S .i g 1 I i n L rod ucs d h y TRIE RE NS 1931 for the 1 p 1 ane t a ry 

principle' of the Reman Bacchus, the Greek Dionysos: 'ijL 


BALM 


[c. Two mediaeval sigils recorded by DIDEROT 1763; 


BALNEUM yjARlAE 


SCO GRADES OF F F±.. 






















J3AB-BEL 


BARBIFL AJag. Several mediaeval sig.i la have survived for this demon p 
ot which Lhe one recorded .by SCEFIBJiS 18<13 is The most simple: * 

The name is used also for the r angel cf Scorpio 1 r for which BRAHE 1582 
records three sigils: YTffi «J — p 

Sec also SPIRIT OF SCORPIO. 

BARCHILL Mag. BRAHE 15B2 gives two sigils lor this demon ■[ O M-—-> 

whilst AGRIPBA 1531 records a eigil which is linked with the 
gecu:antic tradition: / Ct-'* 

BARYTES Ale. DALTOM 1308 © 

BATH Ale. SDMMLRHQFF 1701 yiv^s sigils specifically for the isalneum 

tfarjae "fo V" jjt 

Ok So MANN 1906 gives 0jr but see GRADES OF FIRE lor the more 

specialist sigils. 


B7i? ARACHIEL Mag, 

this demon: e V b 

BEF7.ZF5I7B Mag , The sigil given by SCHE1RLE 1348 is merely an 

abbreviation and this denor. is more frequently depleted in the 

form, of a fly, sometimes in a vestigial drawing, ir. reference to the 
supposed meaning cf his name as Lord of the Fj f-s« 

BEFAFfiF Mug. One c£ two sigijs for demons linked with tne planet Mars, 
given by AGRIPPA l£C: y|l—^ 

BEGINNING Bee ALPHA arid MORTAL ADAM 


Three mediaeval s. •. g i Is recorded by SCHEIBLE 13 48 fox 


./ 






BELL metal Ale. Mediaeval sigil for aes 



GBSSMANN 1906 gives: 


campanorura given in SIGNA 70: 


BE LOCH .Mu y. 


Name (perhaps confused with fieliar) and sigil given by 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


HEYDON 1664 for spirit-, intended to represent the letter B in the 
secret alphabet- of 'Anyels and Genii 1 : ~^ 

BENJAM1NE FLOWERS Ale. Mediaeval vigils recorded by GESBMANN 1906 1 t5* 


BETH Occ. The second letter of Lite Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 
for which very many derivative sigillie forms ere preserved within the 
tradition of secret alphabets, of which the most well-known arc those 
recorded by BARTGLOHZI 1675; ]Xt d 

WIHTH 1127 equates Hath with the Tarot a.rc«imu:i 1ADY POPE, and with the 


constellation Cassiopeia* in his list of pictorial derivatives for the 
the letter, he suggests an association with the idea ot a Cariei, but 
the vestigial drawing was almost certainly a f house', a concept which 
is reflected in the sound-value of t-he letters ^ ^“j3 _-!■ 


BETROR jUag. Mediaeval sigil for planetary spirit of Jupiter recorded 
by TRITHEMI US 1503 “tE= =t- 1 

SCHEIBLE 1648 -- SHEPHERD 19 71 

OeZoAh STONE Ale. Several variant tarns of fj simple graphic are given 
by CESS MANN 1906; 

BILE Ale. BERTHEr/IT IRS!; records the following sigil from an early 

Greek manuscript which is clearly a short-form for chyla. *- 

BIQUINTILE Ast. Sigil for the astrological aspect of 144 * given by 
RAPHAEL 1900: -“L 

S1MMONITS i89 0 records a common abbreviation : ® Q 


BIRDSEGCS Ale, BERTHELOT J.385 records a siy.ll from an early Greek 

man us or 1 p t - fjG 


BIRTHPLACE See RU. 


64 








BEN-BOB 


BISMUTH Ale, Mediaeval sigil given by £ICMA 17C with a later 

version recorded by DIDEROT 1763: 

LUEDY 1U28 SCHNEIDER 1862 L--C 

BITUMEN STONE Ala. SOMMERHOFF 1701 A 


BL/VGKMAL Ala. ALCHEMICAL 17C 


= 4 


BLACK SOAP Ala. DIDEROT L7-G3 V/ 


BLACK SULPHUR See BRIMSTONE and SULPHUR NIGRUM 

BIAC’K TALC Ale.-. Two mediaeval sigils recorded by DIDEROT 1763: ^ 
BLEND /lie. Mediaeval sigils recorded by DIDEROT 1763: ^f[ 


BLISBON Ma g „ Sioi I for a d ernes n linked with Lhc planet Mercury, given 

n, 

by AORIPPA L6C: }j —( 


BLOODSTONE Ale* Mediaeval yiqil given by SHELTON 
what dubious alternative by FRANCKLYN 1627: O 

Set also HAEMATITE 



wi tli a seme- 


BLUE Ale . BERTUELOT 1885 records the following : 
a nc ient Gr e ek man os c r: pt: K \J 

Two variants, presumably mediaeval, are given by 


itort.-fonii from an 


DIDEROT 


1763: V r< 


But sec- also lapis lazuli under LAPIS 


BLLL VITRIOL AZc + SOMKEkHOFF 1701 (X)“V 

DIDEROT 1763 0+ ^ c[£H 

But see VITRIOL 

BGBOGEL Mag. 


65 


AORTPPA 16C: 


One of two demons linked with the Sun, recorded by 

-c 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


BODY Occ, Mediaeval, 
recorded by GEESKANN 


corpus i 



sigil given by ElGNA 1 7C -<!>- h later 

1906 is presumably derived from the bat in 


form 


BODY ERECT Occ. In her graphic system of symbol! sn f BLA VATSKY ’0 77 
gives I but see also ONE. 


BOIL Ale. S IGNA 1,7C 
SOMMFHHOFP 1701 
Boc also GRADES OF FIRE 


□ESS MANN 19 06 


^E. 7W 


BOILED OIL Ale, Mediaeval sigil given by GE5SMANN 1906 t 0 0 


9 _ 


ROILED WINE Ale. Mediaeval sigil given by GEESHANK 1906 \j/ 


boiler Ale. Most forms for the alchemical cucurbita are vestigial 
drawings, though DIDEROT 1763 gives two slgilsi o “g 


SHELTON 17C A A. 
GESSMANN 190 6 g (g"'° 




BOLE Ale. ALCHEMY 1650 B- 

30MMERH0FF 1701 J'' gP GESSMANN 1906 g (g - ^ Q_J) 

KOCH 19 30 5 SCHNEIDER 19 62 a ”J" C_9 

See alsc ARMENIAN BOLE, RED BOLF end WRITE BOLE 


BONES Occ. The sigil recorded by CHASSANT 1864 from mediaeval sources 
is obviously a contraction for the Latin ossa- O 


BORAX Ale. A large number c.t sigils, most of them originally mediaeval 


d er i va t ive s , hg u e bo on reco r ded J - 


WORLIDGE 1651 


Ar CL rt 


VALENTINE 1671 X 3v 
ALCHEMICAL 7C X 


the most common are 

CROLLIUS 1670 ~X 1 -^ 

FRESNE 166R C\ 

SHELTON 17C t£n it- cr g 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 8 ./7X 2-^ & T\ T £ L & X- 

K A f ^ 4 - X -1 "V di X a=i £ ~W 
£ se ^ o-- ^ 


66 





BOD BRA 


DIDEROT 17 63 ^2 POISSON 1891 OG- 

gessmann 1906 TY_ 2jf 3US Q o cb ft=& A ^ R- c_1!5 ^ 

4/b r x, ? ^ fa 

L'J ED Y 1928 X0 ^ D~ 1 ? 


SCHNEIDER 19 6 


2 g Si 


BQRJKX3Q tfagr.. Otic of the two demons Infeed with the Sun, recorded by 
AGRTPFA 16Ci yj) 


3OTARIGKN ^lc. The sig.il recorded from ar. ane'ent Greek manuscript: by 
BERTHELOT IBS5 is probably intended to denote a Digestion Vessel; £>f3 


BOTTLE wit. 1 . The word in its nounal use is designated usually by a 

aia-jult* vestigial drawing, as in the mediaeval example given by GESSKANN 
1906 A' which represents the ampulla of the alchemists. When a 
verbal g&e is intended, then a sigil recorded by GEShMANN 1906 may be 
used which in fact means ‘bottle when cleared fa At Sometimes the 

sigils for LUTUM SAPIEN1IAE arc used in a strictly esoteric sense for 
Lhe idea of bottling and sealing, though this is probably a late and 
inappropriate u s« of the vigils. 


HK AC 11 HIM; Ale ► Sigil given by MANSlONES L4C icr the 7th of the 


rnedi aeva Lunojr mansions r called Al 
A sigil for the amulet relsting to 
Geminorum) is given by ABANO 1303: 


Dhir& in the Arabic system: o£ 
this lunar mansion (called finis 


Jr 




BRASS Ale. There is much confusion regarding the alloys of the 

alchemists, and this naturally reflects in the sigils. in same oases 
the sigils for jos refer- to any crude metal dug from ..be earth; in 
ocher cases to the common niloy of copper and tin. Toe alley of 
copper and zinc is probably intended for the majority of the following 
sicils, but. the meaning may only be derived from the context. For 
example, it is likely that Lhe forms given by GESSKANN 1906 designate 
COPPER and even ae.s us turn, 

Q O 

VALENTINE 16 71 SHELTON 17C ~g 


67 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HEKMETXC AND ALCHEMICAL EIGILS 


DIDEROT 176j 
GE5SMANN 19 Of> 


£ € f 

<T O O H 5 1 O 



x* $ <d 


BRTCK Ale* The most- common sigiis are vestigial drawings, as far 
example those given by GEE SHAWN 19061 n W , ^2^1 -j.- ^ 

DIDEROT 1763 IEKO ZED GE3SMANN 1906 HTJ 


BRICK DUST Ale. As with the sigiis for BRICK, the most common forms 
are vestigial drawings, as for e»cample those given by GESSMANN 1906 
below* Sigiis are also derived from the initials of the Latin 
farina laterurn, as for example in the forms given by DIDEROT 1763: H 
GES5MANN 1906 FED Y13 EJlD 

ERIMSTONB Ale. A sigii is given under this nacre by KOCH 930 
but this is actually the late-mediaeval form fer 'black sulphur 1 
- sue SULPHUR NIGRUM - 'brimstone 1 being the vernacular at one time 
for SULPHUR* 


BRONZE Ale:. The observation a under BRA3G are relevant to this metal, 
though bronze is an alloy more easily identifiable through the aigils, 
being more commonly the aes of the alchemists. however, confusion 
still reigns, and sigiis for BRASS and COPPER are often employed in 
CUH«S where fcrunisO should b* sigiilatecL 


ALCHEMICAL 17C 
See also BELL METAL. 


GESSMAEN 1906 


9 ~®~ r & 


_TL - { 


BRORGES Mag* Sigii for the demon linked with the planet Saturn, given 
in AGHIPPA 16C: 

BURNED ALUM See CALCINATED ALUM 


BURNED BRASS Sec ALL USrUM 

BURNED COPPER See AES USTUM 











BEI-BYD 


BURNED HARTSHORN Sec HARTSHORN 

BURNED LEAD See CALCINATED LEAD 

BURNED PEBBLE Ale* GE S3 MANN IS 06 

BURNED TARTAR See CALCINATED TARTAR 

BURNED VITRIOL 3a e CALCINATED VITRIOL 

BgTMONO Stag. Sigi.l fcr l-he demon linked with the plane! Jupiter, given 



BY DEGREES A.lc, Mediaeval eigil for a Lerm \j&cd in alchemy meaning 

'gradiw Ify' or r in mtag&x ', and having nothing to do with the term used 


in its astrological sense. 


ALCHEMICAL 1 7 C : 


RYSS Occ. LAW 1772 © See ABYSS 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGTLS 



CABBALISTIC 5CP IPT See HEBRAIC SCRIPT 

CADENT Axt. Modern sigil c,-iven by DE VOHE 1947 for both the ’.cadent 
house 1 and the 'cadeno sign’: L 

CALAMINE Ale. SIGMA 17C ~'f W 1 

GE 5 SMAKN 1905 $■ § ^ JJ ''V p~-X t<J (T^ 


CALCINATE Aio. The roost cociinon rrediuHval sigils appear as part ot a 
compound in the fern: recorded by FHAKCKLYN 1627 s —^— 

ALCKYMIA 1553 .XT ^ FRANCKLYN 1527-£- 

5 BE 7 iTQTJ 17 C Tu 


-fc 


.9 


3QMMERHOFF 1701 =9, IT X c 

POISSON 1891 pA, 

GESSMAKH 1905 —^— 'X i LUEDY 192& ft, 

'CL. r 

SCHNEIDER 1962 J77- ^ 

See also CALCINATION 


C G 


CALCINATED ALUM Ale . SHELTON 


N 17C ^ 6 


SOKMERHOFF 1701 


p e X X A $ A ft 


CALCINATED BRASS See AES IJSTL'M 


CALCINATED COPPER Sen AES USTUM 




CAB-CAL 


CALCINATED COLD Ale’. Two ancient Greek eiqils arc recorded by 
BERTHELOT 1BB3 : <$k C^K DIDEROT 1761 [_ CP <D 

GESSMANN 1906 C V [j 1 J5T -95 


A ciiedlarval sigil recorded by CESS>iAWM 190*1 perhaps refers to the 
alchemical process cf 'calcination of gold': %'/■ 

CALCINATED HARTSHORN Ale. SOMMERHOFF 1701 ^6 \} CCV 

GESSMANN 19 06 h© JT^ Ct \/ 


CALCINATED LEAD Ale* Two oigils from the Creek alchemical tradition 
are recorded by BERTHELOT 1385 Pi wD 

SOHMERHOFF I70i PV GESSMANN 19OS A/ 


CALCINATED SILVER Ale . Two sigils are recorded from the Greek alchemic 
tradition by BERTHELOT I.B85 ^ 

The sigils recorded by SOMMERHOFF 1701 ip- and that derived 

“ | 

from this source by GESSMANN 1906 probably refer to the 

alchemical process of 'silver Calcination 1 . 

CALCINATED TARTAR Ale. ALCHEMICAL 1?C 

v ""” 3 9 ^ —O V" 

GESSMANN 1906 © ~P "f" \V 

CALCINATED TIN Ale. A sigil derived from the Greek iik them load 
tradition Ha recorded by BERTHELOT 1885; ^ 

CALCINATED VITRIOL Ale. SHELTON 17C © 


3h X 3 & L 


CALCINATION Ale. KICHAELSPACHER 1616 gives the sigil 4-J> next so 
the sigil for the sign or constellation Aries, either to symbolise the 
alchemical process of calcination or (less likely) the alchemical 
ANTiMONY, See CALCINATE. 

calx Ale. The sigils sometimes clearly refer to the ancient meaning 


71 




PJCT-TOWARK OF OCCULT, HERMETIC ANP ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


of lime or QUICKLIME, sometinea to the more modern meaning of the 
powder or friable substance obtained by the calcination nf metals or 
minerala - 

CR01LHJS 1670 VALENTINE 1671 U J £ \s‘ 

SHELTON 17C KU SIGN A 17C ^ 6 

SOKMEHHOFF 1701 © ZIr_J £ OCX: ' ^ ^ V V V ■ T 

LUEDY 1928 Q CA SCHNEIDER 1962 ^ ^ 

Kee also CALX CEiYMICUS, CALX METALLORUM, CALX QVORUM and CALX TARTAR IS 
L'nder the heading Calx SOMKERHOFF 1701 lists a L so Calx Saturfil z 
Calx Solis ^ and Calx Veneris: © 

C/'iLX CHYMlCUS xic. Mediaeval sigils recorded by ALCHEMICAL 17C: --V” 1 

ifi 4© Vi. jy f 

CA7,X METALLORUM ,41 c. A la rye number of mediaeval sigils 1 h recorded 

by GESSMANN I9C6, of which the following are worth recording: (TD t”= 

S ' 1 <d X 3 X $ V "X &'t T C tn 

CALX GVORUM Ale* WORLIDGE l6 r nl SCHNEIDER 1962 Cy5 

CALX SOL IF LjCC CALX 

CALX TARTAR!EE Ale. WOKLlDGE 1651 

VALENT IKE 1671 ^ 

But see also CALX 

CALX VIVA See QUICKLIME 

CAMAEL Mediaeval sigil for the ‘angel* of Mars, given by BARRLTT 

lODlr but- derived from the sigil given by TRITHEKIUS 1503 fur 
3AMAEL: 

CAMBRIEL Mag* S-iyii for geomantic spirit given by HEYDON 166'l, perhaps 
in error from AGKIPPA 1531: l.i 


7 2 



OAT-CAM 


CAMPHOR Ale, SIGN A l?C H \ 

SOMHEHHOFF 1701 OOO? X^O -0 DIDEROT 1763 ,/f\ X>-:' 

GESSMAKN 1906 POT SOON 1831 >^^0^>“CrO 

ALBERTOS 1374 02 


CANANEAN SCRIPT Ore. One of the numerous scripts preserved under this 
name is the version given in relation to the Roman alphabet by 
RIVIERE 1938 


a 


c 


I 


£ 


h 


<4 




M 


t* 

h 

% 


51 

A 

1? 


n 


Tv 

¥ 

X 

2 

h 



4 



& 


O 

p 

q 

Y 

S 

t 

11 

V 

VV 

X 

y 

7. 

0 



J 


in 


ii 


This secret alphabet was originated for the Hebrew alphabet (See £«r 
sample HEBRAIC SCRIPT) , and bus be«n taken over from one of the 
several versions, called Lho CHALDEAN SCRIP!’; 


X 

~2 


} 

n 


T 

n 

V 

> 

“i 

> 

yi 

u 

j 


6 f 

M 

n 


h 

c 

yn 


: 

5* 

yv 


3C 

4- 


Stf 



2f 

n 

"2: 







0 

y 

2 



1 

tu 

r< 








CANCER Ast.. Sigils for the zodiacal sign of the Crsb r usee 

indiscriminately for the constellation □£ the eeme n^ne. Printed 
version of the sigil derived from one of several related forms in 
the Graeco-Bysantine tradition (see NEt JGEBAUER 1959 be 1 ow } , gi vr-n 
by HYGTNTJS 14B2: Said by AGRlPPA "1510 to bo based on 

the movement of the crab, though this is entirely fanciful. 

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) ; RERTiTN 42AD 


STORART 2c ^4 
Grn eco- B ysa ntinc, c.500AD ? 


ASTROLDGI CAT, 1.4C 



SPIEGELRERG 1911 


NLUGEBAUER 1959 


'3 





73 




































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC A?iD ALCHEMICAL SI GILS 


y'- 


JANUA 14C r -'/ 7 
MANSIONT3US 1482 — 


BQNATTI 15C 
TABLES 1 SC 

HERMETIC L6C fej 
TRITHEWIUS 1650 


TRACTS 17C >■ 






T.E UPOLDI 14C 
ASTROLOGICAL 15C 
QUADRANTI$ 15C 
SCHYNAGEL IS00 

S1GILLIS 17C rffi 
ASTROLOGY 17C 
VALLEMONT 1707 &) 
STEINER 1906 
BUCHER 195& 


WELLING 1735 
STEINER 1910 
3URCKHARD7 1967 
SUDHYAR 11170 0_9 

LEJPOLDI 14C gives a sigil for the constellation Cancer 
AGRIPPA 1510 i 

See also COSMIC EGG, MOON ARCANUM and SPIRIT OF CANCER 


lb 


EBERTIN 1970 0 
S UCHER 19 70 




;ih does 


CANE Ala. Two ned.iaevi.il sigils recorded by GE5EMANN 


1906: T 7 G 


CANIS A£t . Sigil for the 13till lunar mansion, called Al Awwa in the 
Arabic system, given in RAN SI OWES 14C : 


CANIS MAJOR Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the binary alpha Can is Mu juris, 
sejrietiff.es. called Sirius?, given in BERMETIS 13C: 

A related variant is given by AGRIPPA 1510, which Las become the 
standard sigil in astrology: 



CAN'T S MINOR 
sometime s 


fl S L Mediaeval si gil for the binary alpha Oenrs Minor is, 
called P roc yon, given in HERMETIS 13C : 


A related variant given in AGRIPPA 1510 has become the standard 
slgil in astrology: EVANS 19 22 


CAPELLA Ast, Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star alpha Aurigae, given 


in EERMLTlS 13C under the name of 
this sigil was wrongly transmitted 


ATAYOCH 



by AGRIPPA 1510, 


w ■] th, the r esu 11 


that the sigil In common use may be confused with that for ALDEBARAN. 


74 




CAN-CAP 


The? CUP ELLA j a sometimes called a. ' capella ' . See n I so ALAYOCll 


:APILT.UK As t„ £igil far the eleventh lunar mansion , called A.i Zubrah 

in the Arabic astrological system, given by ViANSlONZS 14c: 0 

& sigi . for the amulet linked with this mansion, called venter Leon ;5 
is recorded by ABANO 1303; J"" 


CAPRICORN Ast. zodiacal sign of tbc Goat-fish , t requent1y mis-1er med 
the Conti the sigils are used indiscriminately for the constellation 
of the same name. AGRTPPA 1531 derives the mediaeval sigil from the 
tail of the goat, but chi k is entirely fanciful, and it is likely that 
Lhe common form, is derived from the duality of the goat-fish form. 

The printed version is from the manuscript tradition, as given by 
HYGINU5 1482 Mp FIRMICU5 1499 f : and LILLY In 4 7 V~V 


The sigils for this sign arc- numerous, and to avoid confusion the 
entries below have been sot out in three sections — MODERN VARIANTS f 
COMMON VARIANTS (on the modern forma), and RARE rorms. 

MODERN VARS AiY TS 


SIBLY 1790 Vj 

MODERN ASTROLOGY 1899 V - f 

NETJGEBAUSF 1959 "Tg 


CUEISTIAN 1870 "p. 



3UECKHAEDT 1967 > 


CIRLOT 1962 


CIRLOT L962 


HADES 1969 T? 


NEEKACfciER 1967 
SUCHER 1970 V ” -y 
COMMON VAR IANTE 
CHAUCER ISC 

SCMYNAGEL 1500 ~T° 

PICCOL0M TNI 15 5 S TT 
acrippa 16c c:zip 
MARY 16 r yr 
BLUNDEVILLE 1602 yr 

/“S 

ALCHYMlCAL 17C ...^~ 

LUCCA 17C 



HOROSCOPES ISC y, 
DARIOT 1557 




RULES 17C TT'-. "f 

VALLE MONT 7 07 


75 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL LlClLL 




WELLING 173 5 ^ v 

carriceterus 18C 

JfARt' 

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) 
STOBART 2C -f- 
sraeco-JSyza ntlne, c. 500710 : 
ASTROLOGICA ICC 
JANUA 140 
MANSIONIBUS 1482 
RCKATTi 150 
QUADRANTIS 15C 

’-T 

LAMBECIUH 150 
AGRIFPA 1510 Zf— 
T11URN3YSSER 15 74 O 
A STROLCXs 1 CAL 16 50 

C 


xr-r y 
k 


v K e 
y \ 


■'■C 

•J 


ZP 

\Ac 


BELOT 1667 
LEROY 1?C 

PROWSSE 17 C J_ % 


GENEIMS 17AS 
SYSTEMSU 1BC 


£ 


S 


l, & 


BERLIN 42AU , ( p 

SPIEGELEERG 1911 
NEUGEBAUER 1959 

DESTINATIONS! 140 


1 -f 


LEOPOLD I 140 1 ‘ - ^— 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C 
FREGOSUS 150 
TABLES 15C V ^V"' 
TRITHEMUJS 1505 




THURNEYSSER 1570 
BLUNDEVILLE I602 L 
HEYDON 1650 ^TV' 




T 


ASTROLOGY 17C 
MAGICI 170 1 


yj> 


s—o 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 ^ 'U' C ^f Z_J 

PYTHAGORAS 10C 
GEESMANN 1906 M 


S' 

S1GILLIS 17C 

FREHER 1717 i/y ~sp 
WILSON 13 20 Vj 
SUCHER 197 5 'Z^ fe 


LUEDY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian astrological 
t r ad J, L. io c l i /> 

LEUPQLDI 14C gives a sigil for the cohere!_ation: 

Go e also SPIRIT OF CAPRICORN 






CAPUT Ast . Usually the single word caput In an astrological context 
refers tc caput rJr^conis, r the dragon's head', originally an 
a «5 tr a logical to rm , ta ut now usud in astrological, a 1 the mi c al a nd 
gsomantic contexts. The term in its astrological sense refers tc 
the Moor,'s north Nude, the point at which the ‘ascending orbit of the 
Moon inter sects the ecliptic. The sigil most commonly used ■s 
mediaeval in origin, derived from the ancient Greek (sen NODE), as for 
example the form given by LILLY 1647: U The entry below is 


76 



CAP-CAP 


divided into two parts - one listing Lhe astrological and alchemical 
sigilfe, the other isting the gsemantic sigils. 


ASTROLOGICAL AND ALCHEMICAL 
ASTROLOGICA 140 =6= 

CANONES 15C 

SIGWIP1CATI0NES 15C ^ :J~ 
SCHYKAGEL 1500 \/ 


JANUA 140 C 
EONATTI 15C r y 
TABULAE 15C 
DEUTSCHE 1901 <J 


A medi fieval abbreviation is given by CHAO SANT i884: (Zji 
It is not unconmon for modern epheraeride& Lo give this h i gil 
which i-iriy he conEusec with that more accurately used lor LEO: 


in a 

J1 


form 


GEOMANTIC 

The nos- common form is that used for une of the sixteen geomantic 
figures: ' This caput dra.aon±s is linked by agrirfa 1551 with the 

element. Earth -inti the zodiacal sign Virgo: a multitude of variants 

(stars, dots, floral devices, etc.) is used to denote the same four¬ 
fold arrangement. The following sigils are from late mediaeval 
sources, ,md are sometimes used in astrological and magical contexts 
to connote the- force j»d nature of astrological caput (above) as for 
example in TPTTKEMIUE 1503. 

AGEIPPA 1531 V V W V the £amft source gives also the form I 
which is surely wrong. 

\7 

HEYDON 1664 records a sig-1 J_ which is also incorrect* 


CAPiJT ALGOL Ast. Mediaeval sigil for fixed star reputed to be the 


most evil in the skins, the modern beta Perse/, 

in an original form: J—^ u' M a EVANS 1922 

A related variant, is recorded by AGR7PFA 1510, 

r -s ? 

standard modern form lor the sigil : j —j— :-s+4—, 


given by IJERMETI5 13C 
{cued i aeva i ) : 
which has become the 



CAPUT ARlETIS See CORNUA ARlETiS 


CAriTT' CANCR1 1- CO OCUHJS 

CAPUi CAN i S A.hL . The 5 th of the lunar mansions, cal led Al ilak'ah in 


77 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SICSLS 


the Arabic astrological system, a sigil for which giver, by 
ViANS I ONES 14 C : ,1'a 

c 

A sigil , or group c£ siqils, linked with this mansion (under t-he 
nurie of fin.is Taur.r tfejXnoruK^ in recorded for amnlctic use by 
ABANO 1303: V^/l ° 


CAPUT DRACOKlS See CAPUT 


CAPO T y/ORTUUW Ale* usually tbis a 1 chemic:a 1 residue is signi f ied 1 >y 

a vestigia], drawing of a human skulls the 'death's bean 1 , but one or 


two o t he r vnr i an t s ex i □ t: 

WQRLIDGE 1651 (/) ^X--y 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 

SQMMERH01T 1701 ,_M4‘ ^ 

CARR1CUTERUS L8C )g( 

GESStiANN 1906 G & ,X;S 
SCENEIDER 1962 --j^ 

SON11EPHOFF 1 701 gives the sigil (v) 


VALENTINE 1671 yX :: 
SIGNA 170 ('zJ 

^ ® T O 

pTDEROT 1763 X' 
ALRERTUS 1974 (X 1 


for terra damnota. 


CAPUT TA’JRI See COR TAURl 


CARBON DIOXIDE 
ecicLin aerourn 


Ale. SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the s 
r for which BERGMANN 1713 5 gave the 


igil 



Va r i ant- = 


for his 

t 


CARCER Ceo. Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures: X A 
mu ltit ude of va r: ants (do ts , stars, floral d kvi cos, c to J are us ed t. o 
denote the same four-fold arrangement. Career, 'prison 1 , is I inked 
by AOR1PPA 1531 with the element of Earth, the planet Saturn, ar.d the 
zodiaca sign Pisces. The following sigils arc derived from the 
mediaeval tradition, and arc sometimes used to denote the planet 
Saturn, as for example in TR1 TE£EMiUS 1305. 

AGRIPPA 15 31 [tl l.'j \7 </ V 


CARDINAL Sec CARDINALITY 


7y 



CAF-CAU 


CARDINAL CROSS 7ist T Si nil introduced , with 
r li Li oj ja 1 c , by BAILEY 1954 ~c represent the 
signs (Aries, Cancer , Libra and Capricorn); 


a complicated supportive 
tour cs rd j n a ■' zoc!i aca 1 



CARDINALITY Asti* Modern sigil for the cardinal quality, recorded by 
DE VORE 1947; /\ 

See also CARDINAL CROSS. 


CASK See CUPELLA 


n 


casserole file. Two mediaeval yiyiis rec arced by dideroi 17&3s ^ 


CASRIEL iMa( 7 - Three mediaeval siglls fur th_.fi. angel of Saturn 
recorded by barrett leol; I?/ 4 -E^ 3-1 

given by TPITHEMIUS 1503 as tor ORJPHIEL. 


though the lush aigil is 


CHEIBDE 1848 records nany mediaeval variants; 'h j f _ / itrr 

l :^L.y Y - " 


VIJ 

jlL-^ V 


See also SPHERE Or' SATURN 


to. 


CAS SRI EL Mag. SCHF.TRDE 1848 givey several vigils for this deinon: i> r/\ 

S? 4 3 Z- 

CASTOR OIL Ale. HERTHELOT 1.805 records an ancient Greek sigil for -hie 
liquid: ^1 


CAUDA Ast. Usually the single word cauda. refer:-. L:i craude draconic ■. Lhc 
d rrigon * fi tail} H wtiieh was or i gina11 y an astrclogical term, bnt. which is 
new used in both alchemical and geomantic contexts as well. In the 
astrological tradition it was intended to denote the Moon's south NODE, 
the point at which the descending orbit of the noon intersects the 
f» ( ;j iptic. The sigil most commonly used is mediaeval (though derived 


-? ? 


t ron, the ancient Greek) , as given in LILLY 1.647: 


"he entries 


below are divided into Lwo parts, the first being ASTROLOGICAL, the 
cecorid GEOMf 1 T7C, 


79 


ABTROLOGICA 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIC17.S 


ASTROLOGICAL 15C 
CAWONEG 1BC %L 
TABULAE ] Be 
ASTROLOGY 17C ^l_? 

GEOMANTIC 

A basic: sigil is given tor one of the sixteen geumantic t- igur«s, called 

i* 

cauda draconis: : A multitude of variant sigils exists (with 

starsj dots , Floral devices, etc J used Lo express the same four-fold 
arrangement, Cauda is linked by AgrIPpa 1531 with the element Fire, 
and the zodiacal sign Sagittarius, The following sigil a. are derived 
iron: the mediaeval tradition, and are sometimes used in astrological 
and magical contexts Ln express the idea of cauda draconic in its 
astrological sense, as for example in TRITKEMIUS 1501, 

AGRIPPA 1531 _± A A, A A A 

CAUDA CAPE I COR MI A fit. Mediaeval gigil for the fixed star del La 

Capricorn i f sometimes called Deneh Alg&di, given in HERMETIC 13c 
AGRIPPA 1511 gives e variant which has entered the European occult 
tr ad i Li on: i. 

CAUDA LEONIS A&t. The 12th of the lunar rnanHiDns, called A? sarfah in 
Arabic astrological system, for which MANSIONES 14C gives a mediaeval 
□ igi 1: — ©- - 

A series of sigiis linked with this lunar mansion (called .finis Lconis 
et principis Virginia, and perhaps linked with EPICA) is given for 
ami]le Lie use by ABANO 1 303 i 

CAUDA SCORE I ONI S3 Tlst. The 19th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called 

Al shayIa in the arable astrological system, a sigil for which is 
given by MAMS I OWES 14C: no •?*•>•? °°° °° 

A sigil linked with this lunar mansion (called finis Ecrorpi&nis ■et 
caput S^gy tt&rii) i.g given for amuletic use by ABANO 1303: *\PlP'\ 



J AT'JITA L4C c J~} 
RONATTT | BC 

SIGNIFICATION'S 1 5C 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 
STRAGGLING 1B24 










C ATT-CEL 


CAUDA URSAE Mediaeval sigil 

Minoris, sometimes called Polaris, 

Foie Star r given by liERMETIS 13C: 

AGRTPPA 1531 gives a variant which 

tradition; V~k ) ^ 

J * * 

AGRIPPA 1510 gives: J J J V O- 


far the double star alpha Ursac 
Stella Polaris, Cynvsvea or the 



has entered '.die European occult 


EVANS 1922 




(mediaeval) : 


CAUSTIC METAL See CALX. 


CELANDINE file. BERTllELOT 1B85 records an ancient Greek sigils I.X. 


CELESTIAL SCRIPT Dec, A number of secret alphabets, variously called 
'celestial', 'angelic' or 1 snpercelestial r , has been recorded in 
various occult- texts r among the most, well-known oE which is that given 
by AGRIPPA 1531: 


K 

J 

X 

1 

n 

1 

1 

n 

V 

■p 


V 


j 

X 



"7 

n 

1 

T 

n 

U 

A 

O 

4 > 

M 

A 

u 

y 


,X 

,T 


ID 

71 







D 

1? 



7 


ID 

n 








The more or less genuine ‘celestial' scripts have been derived from 
the Hebraic alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) r but some writers, such as 
RIVIERE 19IB have adapted these for the Roman alphabet* Below is his 


' ange lie 1 a 1 phdbe L, compared with hi s 1 e e= 1 estia 

I e : 



-H 

U 1 

tJ 


7 



J 

E, 

rtTj 



b 

a 


a 

i) 

c 

(1 

e 

r 

t! 

h 

i 

.i 

k 

1 

ill 

n 

M 

a 





J 

it. 

’TTTJ 


°7 


A 

> 

l 

5 

A 





J 




4 




0 < j r s t u v w y /- 


1 

£ 

A 

V 

7 

-i 


3 




< 




R1 



































































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL DIG1LS 


But see- also SECRET SCRIPTS, 

CETiESTlAL VAPOUR Ale. The sigil given in tine collection of Creek texts 

by BERTHELOT 138 i relates to aitftali Quranou: —^ which BERTHELOT 

1 085 trar.y late s somewhat mater iali stica 1 ly as 'celestial vapour 1 , 
though the form o£ the sigil would suggest something of a spiritual 
nature - perhaps relating to the smoke o+ the python i.c oracles, or even 
(though jricre doubtfully) tc the etherit forces described in the 
theosophleal truriition* 

CEMENT Ale, In most contexts it is clear that a verbal use is intended 
by the sigil. 

SHELTON 17C £~ DIDEROT 1783 ^ L-TL 

GE S S MANN 1906 records several mediaeval sigi 1 s : ^ _j '7^ 

SCHNEIDER 1562 fe. 


CENTRAL POINT See ARCHETYPE5. 

CERA See WAX, 

CERES flst. Sigtl given by WILSON 1819 for 'planet' (in fact an 
asteroid) in orbit between Mars and Jupiter a ^ 

KOCH 1930 4- SIDGWICK 1973 © 

CERUSSA See WHITE LEAD. 

CHATAMINT STONE Ale. FRA&lCKLYN 1627 7 1 ? , 

} 

CHALCITE Ale. The sigil is derived From an abbreviation, of the Greek 
word recorded by BERTHELOT IBSb, and probably relates to copper 
pyrites: ^ 

CHAT .DEAN SCRIPT Occ. <J::u of the numerous secret alphabets in the 

tradition of HEBRAIC SCRIPT. The alphabet recorded here is that 


62 



CEL.-CHA 


given by VIGNERE 15-36; 



“H 

X 

m 

1 

72 

11 

H 

\ 

h 

P 

c 

n 

Tfn 

y 

- ‘X 

i 

■■■ 

?v 

■J 

& 

4* 

V, 


£ 

7* 


n 







1 


D v % % 7 1 iLi n 


The alphabet has nothing tc do with the historic; Chaldean cuneiiorm, 
but in mediaeval terminology Chaldean was synonymous with astrologer* 


CHALK Ale-. 
FHANCKLYN 


Two mediaeval sigi s ^ re 
1627 gives two sigils for 


recorded by GE5SMANN 1906; /? 

* cha 1 k cc rj t a jl n ing g< j 1 d' ; L.r- - ,: -/ 


i 

CHAOS Occ. DEE 1564 gives the sigi I ~ hut see also ELEMENT'S and 
ABYE5. 

CHARACTER Dec. A shoxt-forra or abbreviation for character in the sense 
ci 1 sigil 1 , and with reference Lo the planetary nr a J. chemical symbol s, 
is found only in manuscripts , as for example in CONJURATION 140: t-w" 
There exists a wide range of different sigils referred to in occult 
literature as- 'characters 1 r many of which are listed in this dictionary 
under the heading of PLANETARY SYMBOLS: but see also CHARACTERS OF 
ELEMENTS and HERMETIC SiHlL. 


CHARACTERS See PLANETARY SYMBOLS. 


CHARACTERS OF ELEMENTS Ale. The following sigils are given by BRAHE 
1682 as characters, but these are net intended to act as sigils in the 
ordinary sense for the relevant elements: they are intended for simple 
amuletic use. 


AIR. 


■p r v l v 


i s f A ’S ® 


CF 


I* 


31— 


earth : 

2_/ 

“L 

1 -i ,bi_ 

--ei tT ^ ITJ 

EURE 



tj7 v/ 1 

6 ?v < 2 , u 1 bi R.vb 'TL 

HATER: 

Yi 


> K ’-t 11 

"h '2 J2-L =H> <f 1 r 


For Lhc traditional forms, see AIR, EARTH, 


ELEMENTS r 


FIRE, gulRrESSENCE, 


88 


























DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AJ VD flI£HEMTCJlL STOILS 


THREE AIRS , THREE EARTHS, THREE FIRES, THREE WATERS and WATER. 


CHARCOAL Ale . 


Two medi aeva I BiqiIs qi vy n by GEESMAUN 1906: v 



ChA-STOT Gee. wIRTH 1927 relates this 7th arcanum of the Tarot pack to 
the Hebraic ZAIN, and associates- with it the sigil t|_ which is the 
so-called CROSS uf Lorraine, which WiRTH 1927 sees as the primitive 
form of the ’Amin (though a more precise etymology for the graphic 
vestigial form is that of a "decorative staff within the Egyptian 
hieroglyphics). WJRTH i927 also associates the two sigils ^ ^ witl 
the arcanum, presumably because these are to ue found within the 
compositional structure of the design. 


CHENQR .’lag. sigil used for a spirit (perhaps the original Chaniel) by 

HEYDON 1664 to represent the letter C in the secret, writing called the 
"Alphabet of Angela and Genii": ^_^ 

CHERUBIM QCC . sue HER 1.97 5 appears to link the siqiL for Jkguari.us 
with the sphere of the Seraphim, which is traditionally associated 
with either the 'sphere' ot the steiiatum or with the zodiacal sphere 
iL^elf* In effect, c<.ieh of the sigils for the four fixed signs of 
the zodiac (TAURUS, LEO, SCORPIO and AQtARTUSl could theoretically be 
used to represent one of the individual eheruba, but must syibbaliHts 
have recourse to pictorial images, rather than sigils. 


C CUE I RLE 1 fj 4 8 i?j 
SHEPHERD 1971 _L ;£ C< 


CHRIST Kcl . A large number of siqil.s, most often involved with the 
symbolism of the CROSS, have been used to symbolise Christ, and the 
following consists merely of a selection taken from occult sources; 

d> 

ROCK 1931 
VERARDI 1972 ’’ffj. 

GETTINGS 1976 0£_ 

TERTbi 1963 gives a whole series of ’gnostic Samar i Um-Chri st: an 1 aig- I 
which might be said to symbolise Ciirr st r — X >f- l- p 


CHA-CIN 


The same soarw Lists also a number of related vigils 


and JESUS, along with 


-f -p- -r- 



CH AS SANT 1004 records a mediaeval range: X 
Set: also CHRIST TRIUMPHANT. 



under CHRISI'MOW 


Xj= XpX \ 


CHR1STMON Hal, Very many mediaeval and modern variants are recorded* 
masL of them relating in effect to CHRIST or CROSS, 


KOCH 19 30 gives QO 4- 4' 
early sigils derived from the 


whilst TESTA 19B2 records some 

j p 

J udao-Chi: is Li an t r a d i i. i on i y[\ (■ 



CHRIST TRIUMPHANT i?el ► A series of sigils recorded by TESTA 196'-' 

relatee to a graphic tradition which abbreviates the sign of Victory 
(N-1C-A) with the v (VAIJ j of Jesus: /'■/ /-X"' Zy 4X 

The magical alphabet of Ahaei in S-CHLLLBLE IB 46 gives- -a sigi 1 tor 
Ch r i a i: Tr i ujrtph ant z \it 
See also CHRIST, CHRISTHOM and JESUS. 


CHRYSOCOLLA Ajc. Early mediaeval sigil , 

ancient Greek* recorded by SHEPHERD 1971 


probably derived from the 
for sol doi ot golds s-0"" 


CHRY STALLUS Ale . 


Two sigils given by SIGNA 17C: 



CINDERS Ale. HDRLIDGE 1651 “ ” G CROLdUS 1619 l 4^ 

VALENTINE 1671 T £ IGNA 170 -X- -4' 


5OMMERH0FF l70l G 

DIDEROT 1763 4 

For oinj* clavellatls SOMMERBOFF 1701 give* T-J-T tip 1 VL 


GESSMANN 1906 X; 


€ 


Far cj'neris salicis SICSNA 17c -jive;; 'y , 'f / h 


0 ^ 0 


T 




CINNABAR Ale. The common alchemical term lor the rod form of mcrcur: 


Sul phi d h - thou cjh the- h l g .11 -U 
WORLIDGE 16 51 $ § 

CSOLLIUS 1670 IrXX, 


also us ed £ or the p i gene nt ve rrni .1 i on . 
CROLLT U £■ 1612 Hr J- 
VALENTINE 16 7.1 X Tj^“ 







DICTIONARY OS OCCULT, 


HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


SHELTON 17C -0- \s 

SIGMA 17C 5^ 15 


1 ^ j 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 A 1 A 1 0 / "3 

4 a Tb &. 

d? t y> 

-w P | s ^ 4 - 

■fet s 


DIDEROT 1763 / ~± 



i — 1 *\ O 

GESSMANN 1906 2J, Jzt'_ jV ^ 

iHf B 

q. Oy 

OASEONF.LLI 1925 0 

LUEDY 19 28 2^ 


SCHNEIDER 19 E 2 



BERTHELOT _8SL» records two Gfee'-c sigils: G Cl) 



CINNABAR OP ANTTUONY Ale. Two sigils given by DIDEROT 1763: Tp £ 

CIRCULATING FIRE Ale. Mediaeval sigils given by GEE CM ANN I 9 Of, mainly 
derived frciu the common sigil for FIRE: V A /\ .A.. A .'Ll 

CIROULUS DUPLEX Occ . Sigil given by HERMES 1613 in a series of graphic 
occult structures: (°) The efupTeir symbolises the idea of spiritual 

growth - an inner quality is protected within the nutrient of a 
shielding outer quality. The sigil may also be interpreted os being 
symbolic of Lite alchemical process itself- 

CLAVES Occ. Sigil derived from Dee r s MONAD by Jiushnie, and called by 
him ' £. he Seven Forma of Spirit' relating to his Wlrkendc EJ genscha. f ten 

(see Ml IS EH 1951) s 3G-r£ The sigil combines the 'Seven Forms' of the 
seven planets: 

o/itu rATcon wh i ch q i vgs 'Harsh desiring Mill 1 : 7 C 
j^ercurg-Jup i ter which gives ’Pitter or stinging : — h- 

Mars-Vezms which gives 'Anguish till the "fljsh of Fire 1 ' 1 : ■■■/ '-j 

Sun which itself represents the 'flash of Fire' and the 'Fire World 1 : & 
Venus-Mars which gives 'Light or Love, where the water of Eternal Life 
flows': g! rf-' 

Jjj.pl ter-Mercury which gives 'Noise, sound or Mercury': Jl 4 ? 

Moor—Rat urJi which gives 'Substance of Nature 1 : (_ 

MUSES 1331 presents variants of those, according to Freher, in the 
order given above, but with a more thorough interpretation ar.d with 


C 1 N- COM 


the sigillie forms: 
Sec also LAW 1772 . 





COAGULATE Ale. Ths sigils below, all 

refer to Lhe verbal use of the wore.. 
WOKLIDCE 1651 X"X 

VALENT 1L-IE 1671 £-L- >:X 


o f wb i cb fj r e aied iaeva 1 in origin., 
But. nee also COAGULATION 
ALCHEMY 1650 5^E, 

DIDEROT 1763 - t —E- he ^ 


LU ED Y 1923 


COAGULATION Ale. Sigil given by GeHEIME 17 85 for the Falcheirjical 

y 

process of 'thickening substances 1 : -1 

ST GKA 17C 3_| J , ' h ~> |f jf t-i ^ o ""8 ^ 

GESSMRNN 1906 1a/° 'JV .y ° '-y 

See DISSOLVE T 


COBALT Ale. ALCHEMICAL 17C 
BERGKANN 1705 Q 
LUEDY 1928 


SCHEFFERS 17 7 5 
C3ESSWANN 1906 /"fa /Q$0 
SCHNEIDER 1962 


COHABITIO Ale. The word refers to an alchemical process. 
W0RL1DGE 1651 ^“O ALCHEMY 1650 oT 

CQLCOTHARUM Ale. Mediaeval ciyils given by GESSMANN .906: ■!' 1* 

'©' @ 


COMET Ast. Modern sigil recorded by SHEPHERD 1971: 


COMMIETIO See MrX 


COMMON SALT See SALT 


COMPOSE Afc * SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the forms JK 1 

COMPOSITION Ale. An ancient Greek sigil is given by BERTHELOI 1863 -: y 


87 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL $FOILS 


CONCENTRATED SPIRIT OF WINE Ala. GELSMANN 19Oh YY>, 

CONCH Ale. SOWMERHOFF 17 01 

CONDENSED VAPOUR Ale. An ancient Greek siqil is recorded by 
BERTBETjOT 1885: }?; 

CONGEAL Ale. DIDEROT 1763 2 

CONGE LATI Ol-J Ale. MIC K AE7 ,fl P AC HER I 6 L 6 gi ve s the 5 i g i 1 O H-3C next t o 

the sign or constellation Taur.is, ei Lher to symbolise- the alchemical 
process of Congelation, or (less likely) the a 1 oheiriie?a 1 Hiturnon. 

OONJUNCi’TO Geo. Sigil lor one of the sixteen geomantie figures: 

A multitude of variants {stars, dots, floral, devices, etc.) is used to 
denote the sane four-fold arrangement♦ Conjutictio is linked by 
AGRIPFA 1831 with the element- oi Air, the planet Mercury and the 
zodiacal sign Virgo. The following sigils arc derived from late- 
mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the planet Mercury, 
as for example In TRITHEMIUS 1803. 

AGRIPPA 1531 □ [Jf X X Y X © © X YD 

CONJUNCTION Ant. An aspect in which two or more planets are in the 

same degr«« of the zodiac. The common form of the sigil is precisely 
that found in mediaeval manuscripts, as for example in SlGlLLlS 17c 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C "- KALENDAR L5C 0~ 

H0ROSCOPE 1614 o° 

A series of individual slgils, intended to denote particular planetary 

conjunctions has been given by AGRIPPA 1510: 

SATURN AND JUPITER i 2\- A~J 
SATURN AND MARS: 

JUPITER AND MADS Zj > <]'" 

SATURN, JUPITER AND MARS- 


COW COP 


CONSTRUCTION Occ. A modern sigil given by CIRLQT L962 to represent 
‘ the construetive principle within totality* r s ymbo 1 ised by the 
TERNARY act.Lag upon the QUATERNARY within INFINITY, thus: (^5? 

CONVERT Ale. Sigils used only In descriptions of alchemical processes 
in the mediaeval form given by GESGMANN 1906' sV™ 


C'QOPERTA As£, Fifteenth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Ai 
Ghafr in the Arabic astrological system, given by MANSIONES L4C: °o 


COPPER Ale. Sinco the occult theory of signatures links copper with 

the planet VENUS t virtually any of the sigils for this planet may also 
be uaed to denote the metal in an alchemical context. The following 
sigils appear to have been used specifically to denote the metal: 
SHELTON 17C H j- @ A 3— r SI UNA 170 9 % ^ i K 

SOHKERBMT 1701 gives the series of s lulls J ^ J~X 0~t- 
and notes also that this is the corpus insaundwn et imperfection, an 
idea related Lo the esoteric astrological tradition regarding the 
planet Venus. Additionally, sojbmerhOPF 1701 gives -+£ [ X ^ V V 

2 V 8 SL & A- cfc- 

□ALTON ISOB (g) 

GESSMANN 1906 / ^ 'O 1 ? 3 99 ©t ^<9^ /' ' 

8 S ■:/ V Hl£ 

SHEPHERD 1971 D2 


The following sigils have been recorded by GESSHANK 1906, relating to 


the alchemical copperi 


COPPER 

CRYSTAL 

c> 


COPPER 

IRON t 


COFFER 

ORE 



COPPER 

PLATE 



COPPER 

SPLINT 




) 


EERTHELOT 1RRS gives an ancient Urcek ~orm for Cyprus 
and one for copper ore ^ in addition to two sigils 
and two fox copper pure: 


% Hr 


copper ''■£ 

1 ran chalkosy(_ '6 


B9 



DICTIONARY of OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


WQRLIDGE 1651 gives the following list, among which may be one or two 
dubious f"Onr,£: ^ -E~3 —© - Qv *2v -f-H- ^ 

COPPERAS nic. Term generally applied in alchemical textn to the 
sulphates of copper, iron aiid zinc (blue, green and white copp&r&s, 
respectively), biiL new generally applied to the iron sulphates, also 

called green VITRIOL* Another term is WHITE VITRIOL. 

Copperrfatez is another general term, for which OKOMASTICOM 1574 
gives: «=?—— <5— - brrtheLOT 1805 records the Greek form X which i 
derived froir. tne abbreviation o£ chalcanthoS* 

COPPER CALCINATE Ale. BERTHELOT 1885 records an ancient Creel: sinil 
which is identical to that used for ordinary COPPER: ^ 

COPPER FILINGS Ale. Two sigil s common used in the mediaeval period 
for COPPER are Listed by BERTHELOT 1&85 from ancient Greek texts as 
denoting copper-filings: 52 ^ 

COPPER leaf Ala. BERTUELOT 1085 records two ancient Creek sigiIs 
which were used for copper leaf": ^ /'O 

COPPER ORE Ale. BERTHE LOT 1085 gives an ancient Greek sigi1 which 
v/?]s still lxi use during the mediaeval period, though sometimes used 
for COPPER: X 

COPPER WATER See COPPERAS 

CORAL Ale. DIDEROT 1768 (2) V? 



BLIPTEiEI..OT I SS5 records the G ree !< a 1 chemica 1 sigi 1 


cor LEON IS As-t. Mediaeval sigi for the triple star alpha Leonis, 



90 






cop-cor 


CORN UA AH IETIS Ast. First of tit j e tr.cd i. dev a 1 lun ar man s ion s , c al 1 ed A j. 

Sham tain in the Arabic astrological system, for which a sigil has been 
recorded by MANEIONES 14C: ;.■ 

A sigil linked with this mansion, but. used for amuletic purposes, is 
recorded by abano Idol; Vi 

CORNUA ECQKPIGNTS Ast. The 16 th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, 

called ]\ ? Cubana in the Arabic astrological system, a sigil for which 
Le given by MANSIONES 14C: ? 

CORONA Ast. The 17th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Iklll 

a 2 jobhah in the Arabic astrological system, for which a sigil is given 
by MANSIONES 14C : \ 

A sigil designed for amuletic use, and linked with this mansion {called 
finis Libri) is given by ABANO 1303; 

CORPUS Gee BOD If 

roR scorpIONTS Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the binary alpha scarpi !, 

_ -=b—P_ 

sometimes called An tares, given by hEKMETT S 13 c : D i 

AGRIPFA 1510 gives a variant which has became the commonly accepted 
sigil: EVANS 19 22 *[ * j| ] * 

The same name is used also for the IBth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, 
{called Al Kalb in the Arabic astrological sycterr.) , end a sigil tor 
thin is recorded, by MANS I ONES 140: °0* 


COR TAURI Ast. The fourth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called 
Al jjaharan, in the Arabic astrological system, a sigil for which is 

■G & 

giver, by MANS I ONES i4C: n ^. But SCO also ALDEBARAN. 

L a> 

A sigil clearly linked with this fourth mansion, but called Caput 

tauxi et venter, is given an nmyletic use by ABANO l303z 

The mansion called Caput Tatiri is the third of the lunar mansions, 

0 & 

and is given the sigil n * ^ by MANSIDNEB 14C, and the amulatic 
sigil by aeano 1303, who terms it finis Arictis. 


91 




DICTIONARY Ol- OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGTLS 

COSMIC EGG Occ. In h. i k account of Tarot symbol i™, WTRTH 1927 gives 
the sigil frequently used for CANCER as the 1 fecundated cosmic 

egg f of the Chinese. Ee« also PHILOSOPHIC EGG, 

COSMOS Occ. Sigil derived by WELLING 1735 to symbolism the complete 
universal character of light and darkness working together i 
HOMER 1723 gives the two sigils 0 as the last in the chain of 

God' s corning Into being, the so-called Golden Chain, representative 
of the Cosmos, as opposed to the CHAOS at the beginning of the chain, 

COVERED POT Ale. CROLLIUS 1670 V But see CRUCIBLE. 

CREATION Occ. A sigil given by WELLING 735 is taken to symbolise the 
six days of Creation, or the elements as an outflow of the Divine Eire 
of the Godhead: 

BLAVATSKY IBdb gives the simple sigil /\ along with a profoundly 
c ho terit: account of the relationship between the sign TAURUS and the 
PLEIADES in the constellation of that name, which she terms (in full 
accordance with the Cabbalistic tradition) the sidereal septenatp, 
which manifests from the 'concealed /\ * . 

The relationship between the 'invisible 1 creative force of the sign 
Aries and the manifestation of the 'matter' of Taurus 1$ also givers a 
sigil Li e form by 5 LTCEIER 197 5 i n his bIgh 1 y persona 1 g raphic symboilsm. 
T-Te claims that the creative force of Arises may 'in a symbolic 

sense 1 be read as the TAU form: \ Put see also SACRIFICE. 

A further attempt to symbol!sc in graph! c form the idea of creation 
has been, made hy KOCH 1930, with ii si qil which ia (among other things) 
unfortunately an ancient algil for the earth: t£) 

CREATIVE INTELLECT Occ. A somewhat personal sigil, based on Lhe 
common sigil for the element FIRE, is given by KOCLi 19.30: 

CREATIVE POTENCY Occ. BLAVATSKY 1B77 gives the sigil P to cover 

the idea of latent creativity, but see also CREATION, ONE and ORIGIN. 



92 




CQS—CRO 


CROCUS Ale. The algal is restricted to the substance used in the 
••lichfjfliicaL proyssscs* iand has nti botanic implication, 

BERTHELQT 1.R85 records a Greet sigil: 

DILERQT 1765 ]h=f 

LUEDY 1928 Jr 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the following aigiis for f l lowers of crocus j 
crocus aromatiens (.See SAFFRON FLOWER ) : €>. & J- : 

See CROCUS MARTIS and CROCUS VENERIS. 


CROCU S ANTIMDN Y Ale 


GESSMAKN 190b 


V' 


J2 


CROCUS AR0MA7ICUS See CROCUS and. SAFFRON FLOWER 

CROCUS MART IS /l.i e . WORLIDGE3 lb 51 ^ ^ 

ALCHYMIA L5£3 CROLL1US lb 70 

ALCHEMICAL 17C 
SOMMERHOFF !701 

c? u -$? -Ct T ^ 

SIGMA 17C £ f-\ T /A 4 DIDFRITI 17M 6 Vy 

GESSMANN 1906 A £ -d/ ^7 ^ q?—& 

SCRNEIDFR 1962 Qt ^ 


JS SHELTON 17C 

C; C t 4 ^ c/ 1 4 -c-> C S 'V* 

<k G) ->-0 O 0 H 4 r >‘ 

It 

DIDEROT 17 65 <fc 


CROCUS METALLORUM Ala. SOMMERHOFF 170] 


CROCUS VENERIS 211c - This alchemical sub stance is generally regarded 

as being the same as AES IJSdTUM, but the sigillie tradition would 
suggest that this was not always the case. 

VALENTINE 1671 ^ J CD^^' 

FRESW E 1680 yl ^ ^—'■ 

SIGN A 170 Q -y^ o— tt, a fT. v_ 0 

. vVO 1-&M r^£ 0-6 T b ^ ^ 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 \ Jf rjr ^ “ 1 ^ 

DTDEROT 1763 V ^ ° A rt t vy. 0 -^ Q 4- 

yg s y ®. oh? cb-^ <? +> ^ r ^ ^ 


□ESSWANN 1906 


CAR50NELT.I 19 25 


f 


LUEDY 19 2 & 


9r 

D 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


CHOSS R&1. Along with the related SWASTIKA, this is one of the oldest 
of sigils, almost universal in use ana application. in her study of 
the ancient symbolic language, PLAVATSKY IS 88 gives much space to the 
cross, which she sees as being derived from the union of male and 
female. Spirit and Matter, this meeting being 'the emblem of life 
eternal in spirit on its ascending- arc, and in matter as the ever 
resurrecting element - by procreation and reproduction* . The 
spiritual male is the vertical line ] whilst the differentiated matter¬ 
line is the horisOhtal: — The former is said to be invisible, the 
latter on the plane of objective perception. BLAVAT5XY 1R00 gives 
also the sigil (jy as the ’astronomical cross of Egypt 1 , buL the 
Tau-cross which is reversed and encircled is discussed in its esoteric 


connexion with the crucifixion uf Ciirh 8 T, -'or a simple version o+ this 
sigil is the Rose Cross- 

A large number of variant sigils is recorded in occult, sources, in 
addition to the standard forms listed by traditional names below- For 
example, a tree-cross given by VEKiiRDI 18 72 i.s said to unite the 
three worlds of the Celestial, Terrestrial and Infernal: ,-i| 

TEETA 1972 ropteduce h many ear1 y Christian cross aigils, amOng 
which are the axe-cross, t 4 u— cross and the curious hampt-cross, all of 
which are listed below. TESTA 1.962. also reproduces the various 
c:ross— forms given in the famous Poem X IA r by Paulinus of No la, of which 
the following arc out of the ordinary: Y >L; >fb l S 

AM} T $ 

The following alphabetical list of cross-names does not give sources 
simply because they are so common: they have all at one time or 


another appeared in occult sources 


7i XF-CROSS K 
CELTIC -t4 - 


I.'-i 


L'f-j 


T 

rlr- 

p —* 


-p 


CURVES 
COPTIC 

DECUSSATA X 
FT.EUR I" 
GNOSTIC 


A I A 

-&r 


'Sf' 

BOTOmEE £ 
CHEVRON /X 

COMMIESA T 
CROSSLET A' 
EGYPTIAN ~ r 


'“ih 

.-V- 1 1 4 


GAMMA DA 


“! r 


l 


GREEK -| - 


CRO-CEY 


b&mpt Z r^7> <s+e) 

-di'V -f 1 ' LATIN -b 

LPRFAJiVE ± 

i 

MALTESE ?X^i 
n 

iUpLJJVT 

PAPAL ■=— 

FAT EE 

PATEE FITCHES 

J ' c 

PQMEE c-—u 

A 

POTENT ■—j-—i 

RUSSIAN -J - ^J;- 

ST ANDREW X 

sr ajvt/;oa t y 1 V 

ST PETER 

mi; © T f ? 1 

txd thieves y 

TREFLEE $~T -U,. 

VOIDED =JL= 

See also CHRIST, CHRISTMQN and CHRIST TRIUMPHANT. 


CROSSING THE RIVER See TRAN SITUS FLIJVII 

CROSSWHEEL Oco- The third or Roehme 1 s Divine Outpourings in the 

'becoming of God’, described as the 'first natter of al ! sublunary 
Lodi cs J in HOMER 1723: & But see HOMER’S GOLDEM CHAIN. 

CRiJCIBLE A1 c- The no e t common mebiae val siyils are vestigx.a j. drawing £ 
of containers , bat. WORLIDGE 1651 gives; ^ ^ G) 

VALENTINE 1671 % ^ 

SOMHERHOFr 1701 ^ gf _X^ -A- X ^ -Z ^ 

DIDEROT 1763 ^ QJ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 '/ /~ / ^ 

ALBERTUS 1974 ^ 

BERTHELOT 1335 records an ancient Greek sigil: y 'K. 

See also AHENUM, CURELLA and “IGILLUM 

CRUDE METAL Alo. ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ : - 

Cse also BRAES, 


CRUDE 


WINE ACID Ale* A siyil given by GESBMANN 1906 is probably late 


, i— & 7 

me a lauva1; I—J 


CRYSTAL Wag. ALCHEMY 1650 C> 


DIDEROT I 76 2 Jg 







DICTIOHARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


SCHEFFERS 1775 XX 

CESS HAWK 1906 C X +r t Ht /'< ! “^ z ® 1 

SCHNEIDER 1962 +4£ ALBERTUS 1974 jif 

SCHEFFERS 177 5 gives the sigll ^XD I* 7 - 3,31 " Crystalli Lunae. 

CRYSTALLISED VERDIGRIS Ale, A number of mediaeval slgi Is are recorded 

by GES5MANN 1906 £ X & © S' ^ ^ 8 5> 

CRYSTAL OF SATURN Ale. DIDEROT 1763 ^ X 


CUCDRBTTA Ale. WDKUDGE 1651 ■' § 

LTIEDY 1920 Q 

SCHNEIDER 19 62 gives the sigil CC and for 


c uei-i rbi ta coeca - 



bo e a 1 so BO t t.er 


CUFSLLA Ale. 


SOMMERHOFi’ 1 l'/Oi gives the 


algils T P 3G X 


0 


lor 


capella, 'the container In which separation of the impure from the 
pure metals takes place'- 


The sigil given by SIGNA 17c is probably intended to symbolrso the 
wooden cask or cupula: ||* (but see CUPELLRTIONJ 


STGNA 17C gives siqils for cupel!are, which probably re ter to -he 
idea of 'casting in a wooden tab': V^. sff X 


C TIP ILLATION Ale. 

short-forms for 
or essaying or 


BERTHELQT 1885 records two Greek variants x hoLh 
the Greek word used to designate the process of testing 
refinino (precious) metals in a cupel: X--’ 


y 

s 


CYPRUS COPPER See COPPER. 


96 



CRY-DAR 


D 


SAT MON Ast» The Greek wort] ds-imon is cor-fu^ed ici many contexts with 

the modern 'demon' r which is unfortunate r since only the Greek 
kakadaemon works evil, and the Greek referred to an altogether higher 
intelligence - in the astrologa c£il system of the ancient Greeks, the 
d'a.T.Tirjm (me ire exactly, the kjlpos dai monos, ’the pert of the daimon 1 } 
was that degree of the zodiac in mirror-image , relative to the 
Ah ceiidant, of the para fortunac , for which a sigil is recorded in 



DALKTll Occ . The fourth ietter of the Hebrew alphabet {see F-T.RRAIC 
SCRIPT), for which many derivatives are given within the tradition of 



and in his treatment of the graphic etymology from the vestigial 
drawing of the Egyptian hieroglyphic traces the form of the let.ter to 



the idea of door i 


DARKNESS Occ- Sigil derived by WELLING 1735 , probfjb iy from the 
alchemical form for NIGHT, to symbolise the setting free ot the 
subterranean destructive forces of darkness: U. 


OLTVIER 1826 gi ves the sigil as a symbo 1 ot tlic profound secrecy or 
'darkness 1 under which the initiates were placed, the. form being 
a vestigial drawl"g of the Masonic trowe1l 


97 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGlLS 


DAY Ale. ALCBYMIA 1563 
VALENTINE 1671 cf \ 
SIGMA 17C ^ 3 °-- 


A 


ALCHEMY 1660 
FREHNE L68S 



GESSMANN 1306 if I_ 0 J * s . / , ; /' + tp th 

3E3THEIiOT 1885 records an ancient Greek sigil for days : Jd' 
CHAiSSAMT 1884 records a mediaeval abbreviation (for dies) : ( 
KOCH i960 gives the sigil for the rune Dtig. 


SOMMERciOFF 1701 gives a series of sigiis, most of them recorded by 
GESSHANK 1 906 above, but notes that 'among alchemists (,i*£edicos) net 
or.iy the time of sunlight, but the nigh time itself uial.es up a day - 
a Dies Natural is 1 . Within such a framework, the sigiis given under 


DAY AND NIGHT art= a', su relevant to the idea of ’day 1 , 
SOMMERHQFF 1701 gives; ft £'* [3 l X —° °—^ 

/ 

□AY AND NIGHT Ale, FRANCKLYN 1627 


VALENTINE 1671 fcq 


GESSMANN 1906 
SCHNEIDER 196 


7/ K 7 

2 J £ /? s3i 


SHELTON 


17C 



^ tf b 


BERTHELOT 1 1635 records an ancient Greek form (but in this connexion, 
see the note relating to SOMMERHOFF 170i in DAY above) ; cf'/ 

CRGSLAND 1962 records a Greek form for ’days' ; 


See also NIGHT 


DEATH £?Cc, Usually a vestigial drawing of a 'death's head * is used as 
a sigil or symbol for 'death', but a number of sigiis have been 
derived fro:n the Greek Thanatos - from the capital letter Theta - as 
for example in SMITH ISC, within an astrological context; 0 O 
C HASS ant IS 84 records: -0- 
BOCK 1931 gives the uncommon form: 

The CAPUT MORTUUM of alchemy is the ’reject' residue left after the 
alchemical process has been completed* 

DEATH ARCANUM Ooc , WIRTR 1.927 relates this 13th arcanum of the Tarot 

pack to the Hebraic MEN, and associates with it the sigil which 


98 



DAY DEM 


he claims to bo derived tron the primitive form ror mem - though, of 
course, the coimexioii with 1 water 1 expressed in the Egyptian hieroglyph 


as a vestigial drawing {see JENSEN 13 70) , arid the connexion with the 
sigi 1 for SCQRPTQ, are also- relevant. WXRTK 19 27 relates t.ha card 




presumably because the- form may he 


traced in the- structure of the design, arid because this planet is 
exot ex i ca 1 1 y 1 i nked w i th t he i dc-a o f do a th. 

DEATH'S HEAD See CAPUT MORTUUM 

DECAD See SENARY 

DECADE Occ . In her complex numerological study BLAVATSKY 1883 gives a 
sigl". for the decade which is linked with the ten of the Sephi rcthic 
tree, the 'celestial fruits, the ten or{l{ O born out of the two 
invisible male and female seeds making up the 12, or the Dodecahedron 
of the Universe". 

DECIDE Ast . A sigil (abbreviation) is given by SIMMOnxTe 1890 tfc- 

DECOCTION Ale. SO.MMERHOFF 170 J. DIDEROT 1769 H~B 

DEGREE Alu* Art abbreviation of the Latin gredus recorded by GESEMANN 
1906, is not intended to represent the degree of astrology; — ^ 

See BY DEGREES. 

DEITY Dec - .Sigil recorded by BLAVAT SKY L398 to record 'unity with iji 
zero': the symbol of Deity, the Universe and Man, linked with the 


DECADE, 


DF.MON Gee DAI MON 

DEMONS Occ. Usually the gigils preserved in the occult tradition are 



£9 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


the most common names, but KIRCHRR 1655 gives a sigil which appears 
Lo refer to demons an a class: ElR 

DESCENDANT Aat. A sigil is given by NEUGEBAUER 1959 fer the Western 
horizon of the horoscope t from the Greek Dysis: A 

DESCENDING NODE Ast k The following sigil is copied from the Greek 

text given by (JN.ONT 1894; £T"2> it is said to be the katababazon or 

oara, the equivalent of the modern CAUDA y but this sigil is quite 

probiib Ly n mi St take, the correct form being given in the same mano¬ 
rs 

script for anabibazon or kapfoali: *■' b St-* NODE. 

DESCENDING SALVATION Occ. Sigil given by KOCH 1930 In his highly 
pc r son a 1 i sod r a t ion ale of symbo 1 i sin; /■ 

DEVIL Qac. The moot- common sigil for this Gentleman is the inverted 
pentacle, said to represent the goat physiognomy as a vestigial 

drawing; .3^- 

OTjIVER 1826 gives a curious sigil u.s 'ancient Egyptian 1 ; 

BliL see aJ*o DEVIL ARCANUM and KALI YUGA. 

DEVIL ARCANUM Dec* MIRTH 1927 relates this 15th arcanum of the 
Tarot pack to the Uebraic SAMEK, and accords it the sigillie 
associations of the reversed pentagram (see DEVIL above) and what 

he terms the ’primitive Samok', which he gives -tj_r which is In 
fact (sec JENSEN 1970) the Old Phoenician form, and may have bean 
derived from a vestigia] drawing of a tish. WIRTO ±927 associates 
the card with Auriga, 



DIANA See SILVER 


DIAPHORETICS Ale. SOMKERHOFF 1701 records a series of late-mediaeval 
sigils for the metals and mineral a of diaphoretic agency, which in 
each case is constructed from the most common siglllic form; 


I oo 


DEL-: DIS 


ANTIMONY 
GOLD .0: 


LEA TJ 


•i'n; 


ii _ 
3- Ct 


COFFER 



IRON T-y" 7 
SILVER Xl>/ 



C?'—? 


DIDO A & £. Hypothetic p anet claimed by WEMYSS 192 7 to be the ruler 

of tlio zodiac* I Virgo r for which he gives the sigil: CO 


DIED See DEATH. 


DIGEST Ale. The terra *5 applicable only to the alchemical process, 
and net- to the human. 

A 


DIDEROT 17ft 3 Q. 5 
SCHNEIDER 1962 z l4<' jO ->3 A. J !=hf 


VALENTI NE 1 G 71 '' 

POISSON 1691 5 

ALBERTUS 1974 

SOHMER7IOFF 1701 gives, for di sre&tio and di gore . the forms 

t. n~i ^lO ^ 

g g ,0 two of which ware wrongly copied by GESSMANN 

1906: -gp AM 


DIGESTION Ale. MICHAELSPACIIER 1616 gives the sigil CHr next to the 
£ ■ 3 1 1 or constc11aL j.an Leo, pcrhaps to syrabo 1 ise the a 1 chemical 
process of Digestion. 


□TN Mag. Sigil given by HEYDQN l 664 for a spirit (perhaps Din*} and 
used to represent the letter D in the secret writing called 'Alphabet 
of Angels and Genii 1 : * 3. 

DT QNY LiCG See BACCH [ JS , 

DISORDERED INTELLECT Otc + Sigil given by (perhaps originated by] 

KOCH 1930: T %r 

DISSOLUTION Ale. A mediaeval sigil is given by DIDEROT 1763: 
il 1 iU AELiLiPACHER 1616 gives tb e sigil <2 'o tikxt to th e si on or 


lOl 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


constellation Cancer, perhaps intending to symbolise the alchemical 
process cf dissolution associated with this zodiacal sign. 

GEEElMl. 1785 gives a sicil for the alchemical process, which he 
contrasts with the sigil fox COAGULATION, thus; £ 


DISSOLVE Ale. VALENTINE 1671 d- ”f 
GEE5MANN 19 06 J * <7^ C?& 

DISTILLATION Ale. Many late-mediaeval siqils are recorded for the 
various forme of distillation, among which the following are the most 
commonly used t 

L/ij 

SIGN A 17C =^= ^ f\ 

ALBERTOS 1974 >t 

alchymIA 166 3 IL 
ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 4 

~ _ C> ^ o ijr 1 A~ ~tt" ' :r 

J 3 O* ^5 C* m , 

DIDEROT 1763 & 


DISTILLATE WORLIDGE 1661 (Bj 
VALENTINE 1671 
GESSMAMN 1906 


rxv'r 

DISTILLh7ION l J ROC£SS 
ALCHEMY 1650 
SOMMERHOFF 1701 

f l.- 9 

SHELTON J7G 31 L/ 
POTSS ON 1891 "’Hf 
GESSMANN 1906 




Lj 






SCHNEIDER 19 62 


6 ;, 


DISTIL JN ASffES 
DISTIL IN SA.VD 
DISTILLATE!) WIWB 


GESSMANN 1906 JZ] 
GESSHAWN L906 

SIGNA 17C c yb 


g 


o 


DISTILLATED VINEGAR TABLE 167 6 _p. SIGNA 17C "" •+- 'tTT 

DIDEROT 1763 £> but see VINEGAR. 

MICHAEL.KPACeER 1616 gives the sigil i^(i next to the sign or 
constellation Virgo, perhaps to symbolise the alchemical process of 
distillation, or (less likely) the alchemical RED QRFlMENT. 


DIVINE LETTERS See PLANETARY SYMBOLS- 


DIVINE POWER 


Ooc- Sigil given by SHEPHERD 1971 as triceps runei^Ax 




102 




DTS- DUN 


DOMINIONS See SPHERE OF JUPITER 

DOMUS See HOUSE 


DRACHMA Ale * Mediaeval sigils far a measurement of weight, given in an 
ancient Greek form by BERTHELCf L.GHS: C 
SIGMA 17C ^ DIDEROT 1763 S 

GESEMANN 1906 3 A ^ 3d 

CAPPELLT 1949 records a mediaeval abbreviation s ^ 

DRAGON'S BLOOD Aic. DIDEROT 176 3 50 

DRAGON’S HEAD See CAPUT 

DRAGON'S TAIL See CAUDA 


DREGS Ale. SCHNEIDER 1962 30 9 —f 

See also FAEX VIM I 


DR INK 


Alc + GESSMAMN 19 Ob 


DROP Ale. CESSMANN 1906 gives several contractions for the mediaeval 
contraction gu tta C. 9 

M 

DRY Ale. GESSMANN 1906 f 


DR¥ SUBLIMATION Ale. SCHNEIDER 1962 1 ”K 


DULL FIRE Ale. The term Is used in relation to GRADES OF FIRE, ar.d 
has nothing to do with the occult Dark Fire. 

GESSMANN 1906 Zh /0J Ld ~7Z- 


DUNG Al--. several sigils (probably mediaeval) have been recorded by* 
GESSMANN 1906 specifically for horsedung: (? 0 G__ °C0 Jf'' **\Z 


103 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1G1LS 


(dung continued) 7r“ft. 


_H_ -mrr —J-- 


DUG FRATES See TWO BROTHERS 


JUST Ale. VALENTINE 1671 
ALCHEMIC AL L7C pgg 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 ^ ^g X 

GFSSMAHH 1906 Q_ -Sz- 
See- a 1.50 POWDER 



SIGMA 17C 




DYNAMI5 Ast. SUCHER 1975 appears- to link the wiyil for Taurus ^ 
the SPHERE ci the Dyn&flils, which Is traditionally (in terms of the 
Pseudo-Dionysian hierarchies} associated with the SPHERE Of’ MARS; 


w i Lb 


104 


DUO-EAR 



EAGLli Ast. A highly personal (and noder::} slail for the zodiacal sign 
or constellation SCORPIO is given by SUCKER 1975: The author 

chains that the sign for the Eagle used in ancient. t.i:ncs to stand in 
place of Scorpio* an esoteric.: Idea for which the symbolic form is the 
Eagle of St John (see FOUR EVANGELISTS ), the esoteric sigil that for 
Scorpio. hut cce also STGTL 19 73- 


EARTH Gcc, BERTBELOT lfi-85 records an ancient Greek cigil:—v Since 
this form is contrasted with that for HEAVEN (Oux^oos) , il is clear 
that it refers to the globe of the earth, rather than to the alchemical 
element- The majority of the following sigils were intended to denote 
the mystical r third Element 1 , which is neither the globe of the Earth, 
nor the ‘earth dust 1 . Tn an astrological context it mig.ni - re^er to 
the EARTH TRTPLICTTY which i k manifest In the macro coerr. as the 
zodiacal Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn, in the microcosm as the 
melancholic temperament- In its alchemical sense, a sig_1 would 
refer [^nly to the ‘third element". 

ALCBEMY 1650 -O - H X KIRCHER 1655 ' r ?\J\ 


CROLLITJS 1670 

ALCHEMICAL 17C h" & ® 

SIGMA 17C G V 1 V © T ^V 

SOMMF-EHOFF 1701 \f M 
ECHEIBLE 1848 
DU TORE 1947 ^ 

WALTER 1970 7/\ 


FHESNE 1686 
SHELTON 17C i7CV7 
DIDEROT 1763 @ ^ 
GEKEIME 17 65 Vo 

CARBONELLI 1925 ^ 

SHEPHERD 1371 2^T 

V 


105 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT y HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


A Sigll given by WELLING 1735 represents the spiritual and Invisible 
Earth, the occult Earth which existed before the descent of Lucifer: 

OLIVER 1826 gives as ’an ancient Egyptian symbol’ for the 


element Earth the sigils $ hlavATGKY 188EJ gives a series of three 

sigils tor- which she maintains both ah exoteric and esoteric meaning: 
in each ease the exoteric meaning is the globe of Earth* The sdyil 
Q represents the ideal World, self generating and self- 

impregnating', and hence a fitting symbol for the Third Race* better 
known as the Lemuri an. The sigil © represents the 'unity of the 
spiritual world ’ contrasting with the duality of the 1 material 1 , a 
sigil which symbolises the Earth state when the male-female polarity 
developed, and hence a fitting sigil for the Fourth Race* commonly 
termed the 4£Iantcan. The sigil f) esctorically represents the 


condition of the earth fallen into generation, or into the production 
of its species through sexual union: this last sigi was noted by 

ELAVAT5KY 1877 as intended for the physical Earth (the globe}* and is 
commonly used in this sense nowadays*, as for 1 example in S-JOJER 1J 10, 
where it is used as the centre of the geocentric charts* to distinguish 
them from heliocentric diagrams: however E RHEME RIDES 1766 uses cb 
HALL 1359 gives the sigil ■&- for both the physical Earth and for 
ANTIMONY. See also THREE EARTH £ and EARTH TRIPLlClTY * 


EARTH HAND Pal* Sigil used in modern chirognomy to denote the male 
Earth hand, sometimes called the Practical hand form* recorded in 
GETTINGS 1965: This source give* also the sigil for the 

female Earth hand, which* is confused with that for the male: -^r- 

EARTH OF LEMNQ Ale. Mediaeval sigil given by GESSMAKN 1906 ]_\_ ©L, 


EARTH S'TLVER See SILVER ORE 

earth TRIPLlClTY Act. Sigil recorded (perhaps originated) by AGRTPPA 
1510, but rarely found later* since Lhc elemental natures of the 
zodiacal signs Taurus* Virgo and Capricorn (here encapsulated into 



EAR-EL J£ 


one Kigil) are more usually symbolised under one or other of the 
nig ill ic forms for EARTH: 

Bee also ELEMENTS 

n 

EBULLITION Ale. Mediaeval sigi'.s are given by both DIDEROT 1763; j\ 
and GESSMANN 1906 ; 

See also BOIL 

ECLIPSE AGt. whilst this phenomenon might Joe presented l"- a horoscope 
through a sigil for either CONJUNCTIOK or OPPOSITION (normally between 
Sun and Moon) , tsiyila are given by RAPHAEL 1902 for Eclipse of the 
Sun 2-' d ♦ end for Eclipse of the Moon ^ 

See also OCCULTATION. 

___ frX 

EGG Ale. SOMMERHOFF 1701 O GEESMANN 1906 [“& 

BERTBELOT 1035 records the single sigil © for egg from ancient 
Greek sources, and n double form to indicate the plural: ® ® 

EGGS KELL Ale. 3ERTHEL0T 103") records three sigii$ from ancient. Greek 
manuscriptsi 7— 


EGG WHITE See ALBUMEN 

EGG YOLK Ale. The mosL common mediaeval slyiIs are clearly Khort- 
ferms derived from the Latin vito1lua r as recorded by GESSMANN 



EGYPTIAN SCRIPT <3ec HEBRAIC SCRIPT 


ELECT'RUM Ale. BERTHELCT LB35 records 

J 

i roiri different Gre ek nenuser Apr s : 
ALCHEMY 1650 gives a common mediaeval 
LUEDY 1923 gives a. sigil for electron 


several si oils for electrun? 



107 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC WP ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


ELEMENTAL BODY See MATERIA I : RIMA 


ELEMENTAL WORLD Occ . 


KIKCHER 165r 



ELEMENTS Occ, The ele^ent^ of occultism 
with the elements uf modern science, and 
these'.. The ancient; occult elements are 
FIRE and MATRR , vriL.h an t; Ho+.e ric: 'fifth 1 


have virtually nothing to do 
must not ce confused with 
exoterically four: AIR r EARTH, 

o 1 cmerit r ij s i j a 1 ly te i me d the 


QUINTESSENCE, all oi which are well provided for, so far as sigirls go. 

As a group of four or five, they arc symbolised in a variety of ways, 

r 

the TjOst. common ear -y sigi J Doing that given by SHELTON 17C: 3 L and 


(the so-called BEAL OF SOLOMON) given by S 
in fact the graphic origin of the four nos 
FOUR ELEMENTS, in the oxaer I inted above; 

A. a i g i 1 gi ye: i b y CARET ,LA I 6 i 5 i S exp 1 a : ne d 


OMMERHOFF 1701 which, 
t common s i vile Ecu; tha 

A V A V 

as representing the four 


i & 


elements in union —j— providing .j basic unit which (along with the 

aig.i l 5 for Sun, Moon ar.d Aries - see the MONAD of Dec} was supposed in 
the Rosicrucian stream to form the ancient underlying structural base 
oE t-be planetary sigils, DEE 1564 also gives the cross —!— which he 
terms, among other things, CHAOS , and links: it with the sigils for 
MORTAL ADAM and IMMORTAL ADAM in his esoteric Christian symbolism. 

This element sigi1 he cai^s ‘middle 1 , presumably because it is caught 
between the solar ar.d lunar forces, and in connexion with the Christos 
he terms it 'Sacrifice on the cross* . 

Whilst SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the standard list of sig.i s for toe 
four elements (listing a printer‘s error for Air ^ which has been 


perpetuated by inner copyists as the genuine sigil), he lists four 
sigils which are intended to represent the idea of the four elements 
us a unity: J J j -^r- 1 A-X GESSMANN 1906 expands on these with at 


least one dad copy; 

SOmi-ierhofF 17ol, under hie section on the Element a or Prlnclpla, also 
gives s L.g i.ls for the five events which he lists - Spi r;t 5 

5a 11 Q tp3 Sulphur ^ (Water ~\J Earth of which the last 

two (in accordance with an .Aristotelian classification) are su_d to be 




ELF-EKQ 


passive, the. others active. He says, quite rightly, that ether 
authorj t ie s list on 1 y t hres elemen Ls, though these are theel emcn tal 
principles of Salt 0 Sulphur ^ Mercury 
See also CHARACTERS OF ELEMENTS and MINERAL1A 

ELIK Msg. Sigil for demon given by RETOOK 16fJ4 to represent the letter 

_ t 

E in the secret writing called 'Alphabet of Angels and Genii ‘ - ' If- 

= 

EEPHETA A^rL. sigil given by AGRTPPA 1510 for the fixed star alpha 
Corcnse Boreslis, as variant of the medlyavyl =iigll given for 
ALP HE CCA : 

EMETIC TARTAR Ale. GESSMANN 1906 

EMETIC WINE Ale* GESSMANN 190fc \0 


EMPEROR Oco. MIRTH 1927 relates this 4th arcanum of the Tarot pack to 
the Hebraic DALETE3 (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT! , and accords it the sigillic 
form /X delta, also the fourth letter o£ the Creek alphabet, which he 
says should represent for the Emperor the tr*angle with the eye in the 
centre, the so-called 'eye of Providence'; MIRTH 192/ also 

associates this card with the sigil for SULPHUR 0^ the form for which 
nay be traced : r. the composition of the traditional design* 


EMPRESS Occ. WIRTH 1927 relate^ this 9rd arcanum of the Tarot pack to 
the Hebraic GIMEL (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT!, and accords it the sigil of the 
sc-called ’receptive triangle' ‘ as well as the 'set square■ J a 

forri derived from the gamma, the third letr.ei or the Greek alphabet* 
WIRTH 1927 associates the card with the zodiacal VIRGIN, and accords it 
the standard siqil: ff? 

EKE See IMMORTAL ADAM and OMEGA 


ENOUGH Ah.-. Abbreviation which nay be taken as a sigil, derived from 


109 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGILS 


Lhe Latin quantum satis, given in ALCHEMICAL I 7C ■ ^' j 

•VI 

EOH Occ, Sigii given by KOCH 19JO as rune for horse; i \ 

EQUAL Ale. All the variant sigils recorded by GESHM&NN 1906 are 

presumably abbreviations of the late Latin ana, r equal in quantity’ i 
Ck on, r\fb a H 

EQUIKOX occ. A basic sigil from the Rosicrucian stream of symbolism, 
recorded by GABELLA 1615; ( i.R Th.it sigii. is derived from the 

common fom tor' ARIES ( jf ) by John Doc for "nis MONAD , end is lihkeo 
■with the meeting at a single point ot t -e Sun and Moon, as well as wrth 
■..lie concept of equal hours of day and night. 11 is in a similar 

stir it ot symbolising that DEE 1.564 gives ' T1 as the symbol for 

fire, as derived from the first point of Aries, the equinoctial point. 
BLAVATSKY 1036 gives the sigiias J the two equinoxes and the two 
solst ices placed withi n t h c tiju re of Lhe c ar th J s path r . 


ESSENCE 


Occ * 


SOMMF.REiOFF 1701 gives for essentia.- 


I 

tf T 


KOCH 1950 gives a dot as sigii, presumably derived from his personal 
interpretation of the graphic «tyano. ogy o£ the sigii he calls EYE OF 
GOD: (_v) In the sequence of sigii s described by ii LA VAT SKY 13 8 E , 

the first sigii represents the undifferentiated spirit, "tfce one 
infinite snd unknown Essence’ which 'exists From all eternity J : 

This sigii is the first in a series of stages relating to the idea of 
inn Lo rial MAN T FE 0 TAT I ON. 


See also QUINTESSENCE and UNITY. 


ESSENCE OF TARTAR Ale* Several mediaeval sigiis for the salt are given 
by GEE5MAKN 19OS : £p Vp ' r ZR, 

ESSENTIAL OIL See ESSENCE, 


E0SENTTA QUINTA 


5 e e Q r ] IMtES sEL CL . 



EOH-ETR 


ETERNAL DARK Occ. Sigil given by BQEBKEN 1635 to represent the 

’kingdom of c iarknexs dwelling in itself and the 'eternal nature in the 
anger': 'CT 7 As a sigil it is a component. uf the ETERNAL LIGHT. 

ETERNAL LIGHT Occ ♦ Sigil given by BOEHMEN 1635 to represent the 'Spirit 

in the. essence’ , the flash (also symboli sed by the sigil ter the SUN). 
The sigil is 1 eternity and time, God In love and anger, flier cover heaven 
and hell': As a sigil it is a composite of the ETERNAL DARK ana 

the saluiTER. 

ETERNITY Occ. In her basic sigil components used in astrology RONE 1951 
gives the sigil Q to represent the ‘never ending ' and "spirit or 
primal pvver r (though this term has nothing to do with the Archai cf 
the Dionysian system of hierarchies), KOCH 1930 gives (somewhat 

imaginatively) a sigil for eternity; C~) 

ETHER ic Oca. SCHEFFERS 17 7 5 gives a sigil for A then, which may in 

trict. be related to ..he Newtonian, concept, rather than to the occultist. 

A sigil given by GEHEIME 17H5 is perhaps intended for the equivalent 
ot the Paracclsian ens venerd .- However, sec also vege.ariliA. 

A sigil fern given by AYlIE-S 1975, representative of the meeting of the 
1 solar 1 and 'lunar 1 forces (the etheric and astral respectively), may be 
the rosicrucian symbol which ic the basis for the modern rival of the 
tom as for example In MERCURY i977: these may be traced to a sigil"' 
diagram in STEINER 1923; BERGMANN i. r &0 gives ™ n fer Aei^hez . 

See also che reference to the idea of sigils fox the ether!c in the 
reproduction to this DICTIONARY, on page 3. 
ace AKASHYA, CELESTIAL VAPOUR and QUINTESSENCE. 

ETRUSCAN SCRIPT Occ . One of the secret alphabets recorded within the 

occult tradition (see SECRET SCRIPT'S), under a variety of different 
n ame s a no 1. e t ter - or dors. 0 ne c f th e s e alphab o t s , pr e s er v ed by 
VIGNERE 1586 (sc-c r.sxt page )t i 11 ustratos in an inheresting way the 
derivation of the so-called secret scripts from historic alphabets, 
for the distinguishing letter for the ; sound ci the E-.ruscsn i storic 


111 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


alphabet has- the forms (recorded tv JENS EM 1970) : Q ^ ^ "s which 

are continued in the* secret Etruscan alphabet. It is accordingly 
interesting to compare the alphabet given by YIGNEPE lEsSb (first below 
with a regular historic ferns (and variations) recorded by JEKbbh 1970 
for non-occult purposes {second group below}. 


a 

It 

c 

(1 

e 

f 

£ 

li 

i 

j 

k 

i 

Ill 

11 

'a 

0 

7 

*R 

0 

s 

p 

X 

\ 


T 

J 

M 

VI 

0 

H 

A 



71 


V 


X 


z 

X 

£ 

o 

P 

M 

T 

s 

i 

U 

V 

w 

X 

V 

z 

c h 

\ 


a 





« 

D 

9 





W\ 

hr 1 

a 

i) 

c 

(1 

e 

i 

s 

ll 

1 

j 

k 

1 

Ill 

11 

P 





8 

> 

0 

1 


>1 

xl 

vVj 

X 


/\ 

9 

a 

< 

t 

Y 





1 

1® 

tx? 


o p (j r s i u v w ,\ y •/. th s 


(p 


* 


1 






0 



It i other respects this so-called 'Etruscan 1 of the occu t tradition 
closely resembles the historic Fa 1 i scan, and is close in many of its 
letter-forms to the so-called NDACEiTE SCRIPT * 

EUCHARIST Occ . Several variant forms arc given by BOCK 1931, as used 
by the early Christians: 

EVANGELISTS bee FOUR EVANGELISTS 


EVENING Ale r 


KOCK 1930 gives a modern sigil which is (presumably) a 


graphic rationalisation tor 1 the setting sun 











































































EUC-EYF 


EVOLUTION Occ, i her complex numerological study, BLAVATSKY xB-38 

gives the sigi I ij.) as a symbol o£ the r evolution and fall Into 
generation or matter’. But nee also EAR.TR 


EXALTATION Ale. The sigil given by ALCHEMY 16130 is for the alchemical 
process, and has nothing to do with the astrological doctrines 
c: c mce rn i ng the e xa 7 ta tl on of pi a nets : " ' n 


EXHALATION Oco. KIRCHER 1655 ■{■ K 

EXPECTANT SCir.lL Gee. KOCH 1 ,: 3 30 gives a modern sigil: Y 
EXTRACT Ale* CARRICHTERUS ISC © 


GESSMANN 1306 
SOMMERHOFE* 1701 gives 

EXTRACT OK CORAL Ale. 

EXTRACT OF GOLD Ale, 


ALBERT US 1974 
ty for extract io sicoa. 


t 


C ARRl C t :TFRUS 


18C (§ 


cakrichterus i Sc: ® 


EXUEIAI Ast. SOCHER 1975 appears to link the sigil for Ge:nini with 

the Sphere of the Kxusiai, which is traditionally associated with the 
SPHERE Of THE SUN* 


F.YF. Ofc * BERiilltLOT IBB'j records an ancient Greek form, and a variant 

from the a 1.,chemical tradition: o r"V':- 


EYE OF ETERNITY Occ . Nijitie and sigil given, in Boehme's graphic system 
,is recorded by LAW 17 72, representing that r which cannot, he pourtrayed’ 
in . : i figure which 'comprehends ail whatever God and Eternity is': _3|G 
This sigil ia derived from the union of LIGHT, WRATH and the ELEMENTS, 


EYE OF GOD Occ. Sigil given by KOCH 1930, which is ot course “he 
post-Medlaeval sigil for the SUN: (^J) 


113 


Geo also HOLY DEITY 






dictionary of occult , hepmettc and alchemical ficils 



FAEX VIM I Aj e. 

'Jsg DREGS 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 



FALL OF MAN 


Occ- 


Si.gi I given by RLAVATSKY 1888 in the sequence ai 


sigiis outlined in manifestation, to cynboli.ce the disappearance of the 

..-“7“ Sjj 

Spiritual circle trcro the sigil for ORIGIN v—p? which denotes the 

1 

complete descent of Mankind Into mutter: -1 ~ 


FEMALE Oc:{.-> The most common s>i qL i ig that adopted from the mediaeval 
traditional terms tor VENUS: O and thin has been taken into the 
modern canon j however , GFHEIKF. 17 85 gives: uo 


FERMENTATION Ale. LL'EDY 1928 ' °V 

The sigil given by RFR7HELOT 1985 is lor a verbal use, ‘to ferment 11 . 
MICHAELSFACHER it 16 gives the sig.i next to the sign or 

constellation Capricorn, perhaps L.o symbolise the alchemicaj process 
of fermentation. 


FERMENTUW AT.BUM Fee SILVER 


FERUGO See RUE 


FILTER Ale. SOMMERHOFF I/O I records for filter the s roll and for 

the process of filtration the forms \ S fO '-S.-' 1 —u- 


114 


WORLIDGE 1651 '"-Qf 

SCHNEIDER 1962 CU, J 7 ^ 


LUEDY 1929 


ALBEftTUS 19': 



FINIS AQUAE 11 See HAURIENS PRIMUS 


FINIS ARlETIS 


See COR TAURI 


FINIS CANCR1 See FRONS 

FINIS GEKINORUH See BRACHUJM 

FINIS LEONIS See CAUDA LEONIS. 

FINIS I,TED I See CORONA. 

FINIS SCOFFIONIS See CAUDA SCORPIONIS, 

FINIS TAURI See CAPUT CANlS. 

FT RE Qc;c. The majority of tho following aigils wore originally 

Intended to denote the * principal and spiritual 1 of the four elements, 
sometimes called the- 1 heavenly ’ r rather than to refer to the 
incande&cenL gases which we nowadays call 'fire 1 - 

For example , SOKMERHOf'F 1701 notes that fire is 'the efficient cause, 
adeogue irifigejns in affectum* and provides the following s.igU-4: 





CARB0N3LLT 19 25 /P 

i i 


KOCH ).9 30 O 


U 



REKtSnrTC /iWD ALCHEMICAL SIClLS 


DICTIONARY OP OCCULT, 


BERTHELOT 1985 records the sioil f for fire from the ancient 

Greek alchemical r radii" i cn, but this sigii applies equally to the 


'tire 1 planet MARS* 

DEE 1564 gives the sigilf T ! for a ieii Helical fire though it is evident 


from the text that he has in mind that the siqi1 also represents the 
elemental fire (see MONAD) which sigii he calls the r the jaystical 
sigii of Aries 1 : his disciple G AHELLA 1615 appears to have linked it 
in a variant form with the elemental fire: ("T J 

WELDING 1755 gives a sigii linked with the ancient form derived from 

A 

the SEAL op SOLOMON z£\ which he say5 is the 1 Spiritual artti 
Invisible Fire 1 f that occult Fire which existed before the descent of 


LucifHr. 


OLIVER 1826 gives 



as an ' undent 


s i.q.i 1 


for elemental Fire. On a more material plane, SIGMA 170 records 

the sigii * for carbon fire, which relates to GRADES OF FIRE. 
See also DULL FIRE, FIRE TRIPLTCTTY and OCCULT FIRE 


FIRE BAPTISM dee THREE BAPTISMS. 


EIRE HAND Pal. In modern chirognomy, a sigii used to denote the male 
Fire hand type, sometimes called the in t rji ti v£- hand form, q: vers by 
GETTINGS 1965: $ 

The female hand type in given the related sigii: $ 


EIRE PROOF Ale. 


Sigii recorded, by GESSMANN 906; 


FIRE TRIPLICTTISS 


a sod a f tc rwaid s, 
fire signs Aries 


As t , A sigii recorded by AGRIPPA 15ICO but rarely 
is an uncomfortable anion of common sigiis for the 


Lq o and B agi11ar1us: 


A7 


Dee also FIRE. 


FIRST Occ, CHASE AWT 1P,8h records twt mediaeval abbreviations for the 

.1 . 

La Lin pr i /ns : f 


FIRST HOUSE See ASCENDANT. 


1 Lt 


FIR-FIX 


FIVE See ARCHETYPES 

Fix Ale- The sigils are used in the alchemical sense of fixating* 
FKAKCKLTO 162 7 <+ ALCHEMY 1650 '^7 

SHELTON 17C 3 ^ ^ 

SOMME SHOP F 170 J. ~^/ \^} J —-- 7 T^X DIDEROT 17 G 3 ^ >ft 

POISSON 1891 'f-' SCHNEIDER 1962 V 7 

FIXATION file. MICHAELSFAC11ER 1616 giv^s the sigil next to the 

sign or constellation Gemini, perhaps to symbol :se the alchemical 
process of fixation, though Lhe sigil is a varianL for ORPTMENT. 
SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigils tor Fixatio: V/ ^ ^ 

FIXED AJc* Per the alchemical application, GEOFPEOY 1716; '\/ 

For- the astrological application^ see FIXITY 

FIXED CROSS Ast. A sigil .introduced by BAILEY 1934 as diagram to 

express the combination of Lbe four fixed signs of the zodiac (Taurus, 
Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius); " 

See a l so FlXl i'Y. 


FIXED sal ALKALi. Ala. GEOFFROY 1713 (^)\/ 

DIDEROT 17 6 3 ©“V 


FIXED STAR . From early mediaeval times the xixed star has been 

symbolised by means of ^ cross or by a circle (ter example , see the 
manuscript MANS I ONES 14C) , though KIRCHER 1G5 5 gives the y.lqi 1 h - 


and SYSTEMES 1 Pc gives: 

When such a sigil is confined to- the horoscope figure, 


the star is 


en no rally intended >_o indicate the .influence c± « particular fixed 
star, which is usually named within the horoscope (for example, sec 


lbEi tl ERA 1485). 


A common variant i.a often used to 

that used for the SEXTILE aspect, whit 


distinguish the sigil from 
i also is found in horoscope 


117 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGTLS 


charts. In in example from PEARCE 1093, in the horoscope for King 
George V, the sig.il precedes the name Aldebaran - however, in a 
manuscript copy of this figure, the star Sigil is changed to small 
square LJ which symbolises the star. This form is however very 
rare, and appears to be restricted to the USA. The following 

fixed stare have been accorded individual argils in the ast.rological 
tradition: AIDESARAN, Algol (CAPUT ALGOL), Algorab {ALA CORVI ) f 

ALPHECCA, An tares {COP, SCORE IONIC-') , Arc turtle { ALTAMECH) , CAP ELI A, 

Dc neb Aigebi (CAUDA CAPRICORN!) , PLEIADES, Polaris (C AI.TDA UR SAL) , 
Procyon (CAK1S MINOR), RFCULUS (see also COR LEQNIS), Sirius (CANI5 
MAJOR) i EPIC A, Vega (VULTT.TR CADENS) . Tn his study of Eos i crucian 
symbols, CAB ELLA 16L5 gives the s'igil (© whilst dealing with 
Stars, but the form Itself is ambiguous within the text. 


FIXED SULPHUR Ale. SIGNA L?C V 


FIXITY Ast> 
1947= □ 


Modern sigil for the fixed quality, given by DE VQRE 
But see alec FIXED CROSS 


1LAVQUR Ale. DIDEROT 


3RGT 1763: Q +- t> 


FLORES A To. The sigils given under floras vi rides aer-is by SCHNEIDER 

1967 refer to VERDIGRIS: 33 8 M “© 88 © © t' 

See FLOWERS, FLOWERS OF ANTIMONY, FLOWERS OF BRASS, FLOWERS OF LEAD, 
FLOWERS OF STEEL, FLOWERS OF SULPHUR and FLOWERS OF VITRIOL 


FLOUR Ala. The two sigils gjven below nay be applied to any 'fine POWDER 
SIGN A 17C rite SCHNEIDER 19 62 © 

Sec also MEAT. 


F LOW A1 a. S OMMERHOl- J 1 701 


tv o~3 ^4- V 


GESSMANN L9D6 


F ©7 V- {§_ 


FLOWERS Ale. The ch-emic-a , rather than the botanical, is intended In 


118 


F I a- FOR 


the short-fom sigil recorded by GESSMANN 1906: 
Sac also FLORES and VERDIGRIS 


FLOWERS OF ANTIMONY Aid. POMMF.RHOi'l' 1701 cT r £ 


DIDEROT 1763 




FLOWERS OF BRASS Ale. ONOMASTICUM 1574 Y 

■vy fO , 


DIDEROT 176 3 tf TT 
The following slgiJs are given by GESSMANN 1906 for floras vi.rides 

is: d~ h ft, 

J_ i el O' 


a er 


-L —h^7 

FLOWERS OF LEAD AlC < DIDEROT 1763 /.,■ 


FLOWERS OF STEEL ^ic, DIDEROT 1763 J 




FLOWERS of SULPHUR Ale. SGKMFRHOFF 1701 $ 4 

a GESSMANN 1906 


POISSON 1891 


FLOWERS OF VITRIOL Ale. SOMMERHOFF 170, 



FLUX Ale. 


SIGN A 17C 



FOG Ale. 
tie.pi l :h la 


BERTHELOT 1805 gives the sigil IS/ derived from the Greek 
meaning ’condensed vapour’. 


FOOL ARCANUM Occ . w1RTH 1927 relates this laat card {t gc hnica11y given 

the zero, or unnumbered, but generally held to be the 22nd and Final 
curd in the series} cf the Tarot pack to the Hebrew TAU , and accords 
j.L the sigil O which al chemically is related to ALUM, and of course 
recalls the zero Ot cur own numeration: the implication within this 

choice of sigil is that the ’fool’ should be seeking to make the zero 
into a SUN s ig i 1: (^) 

form Ast* LEO 1914 gives -hn sigil (_£) which represents J all definite 
nes$ Of form or limitation, sue A as birth, life periods of varying 


119 


DICTION ARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


lengths* death or change- of form .51 n d the moulding of forms that are 
com! n«r into manifestation*, It. Ik very likely that LEO 1914 was 
regarding the sigi1 as a representation of the basic horoscope figure. 
LEO 914 also gives the ordinary sigil for the MOON 73 to symbolise 
r t r fio most subtle form of matter 1 . 

Gee also MANIFESTATION* 

FORMIC ACID AlC. SCHEFFERS 1775 ’\j~ 

FORTNlGdT See WEEK. 


■ * 

FORTUM A MAJOR Coo . Sigil for one of the sixteen g soman tic figures-.- 

For tuna (as it is often called) is linked by AGKIPPA 15/51 with the 
element Earth, the 'planet 1 Sun , and the zodiacal sign Aquarius. A 
multitude of variants (stars, dots, f ary] devices, etc*) are used to 
denote the same four-fold structure* The following sigils are 
derived from the late mediaeval tradition, and are sometimes used tn 
denote the Sun, as for example in TRITIIEMlUS 1505. 

agrippa 1551 [-A 9 y y w q y 


FQRTUNA MINOR Geo. Sigil for one of the sixteen gecmantic figures 
A multitude nt variants {stars, dots, flora) devices, elie:*) is used 


to denote the same four-fold arrangement * Fort una Minor is linked 
by AGRTPPA 1531 with the element of Fire, the 'planet' Run, and tne 
zodiacal sign Taurus. The following sigils are derived from the 
late mediaeval tradition, and are sometimes used to denote the Sun, 
as for example in TRITHEMlUS 1503. 


AGRTPPA 1531 



KEYpOK 664 9 


FORTUNE , 71 st. NEUGEBAUER 1959 records a Graeco-Byzantine sigil for the 


120 


equivalent of the Arabian PARS (fnrtuna), the nodal point 
occupied by the Moon when the Sun is regarded as being placed on the 
horG&copos (Ascendant degree) in a chart 5 *-0— 


FOR- FQ[ ■ 


FOUNTAIN WATER Ale, SIGNA 170 
See also MATES, 




FQNR ELEMENTS Occ. in the graphic system of WELLING 1735 “he sigi-L 
relating to the so-called SEAL OF SOLOMON is used to denote the 
four elfiaients, and explained as a form containing the golden ball of 
t ho Schama y i n 

DEE lhSA gives the simple cross -' l - and the exploded cross- 1 - to 
symbolise the four elements, 

OLIVER 1826 gives a* an 1 ancient Egyptian' symbol. 


FQ'JH EVANGELISTS Rcl. The Evangelists are most frequently symbolised 
individuaJiy in terms of astrclog1cal associations. 

SAINT MATTHEW is linked with t.nts winged human of AQUARIUE: 

n 


SAINT MARK is linked with the lion of LEO; 6 

SAINT LUKE is linked with the bull of TAURUS: irf 


SAINT JOHN is linked with the eagle {redeemed oigr.) Of 
in theory any of the sigi 'h Lis-Led tor these four xlxed 
may be used L.o symbolize the Evangelists see CS'iTINGS 
agrippa 1531 1isted wrongly (though without sigiis) the 


SCORPIO: "rVV 
zodiacal sign 
197B, As 
r e 1 r j t i. on sh i ps 




between the elements and Lhc signs, the correspondencies nave been 
wrongly copied ever since - far example, WLRTH 1931 associates 
Luke with TAURUS and EARTH, Nark with LEO _/7i_ and FIRE, but John 

with SCORPIO W\, and AIR, though zodiacal Scorpio -is actually a 
Water sign. In tuxn, wIRTH 19 31 also aeaociate s Ma. 1 1hew wiLh 

AQUARIUS and with WATER, though the latter sign is actually an 


Air sign, in spite o+ j-ts name 
KOCil 1910 adapts -wo Christian 


Eva ng e 1 i s t s : 


cc i“° Q 


s rgils 


s pe cif1c a11y fox 


the four 


FOURFOLD MAN Occ. Sigil given by STEINER 1906 as representative of 
the fourfold nature of nan, symbolising the physical, etheric, astral 

and Ego ‘bedlea': I_j 

See also HIGHER MAN 


121 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


FOURTH RACE See EARTH 

FRACTURE Ala* GESSMANN 1906 t CCC J 

fro ws Ast, Tenth of the mediaeval lunar mansions (in fell, Frans 

Lao ills] , called A.I J&bhah in the Arabic astrological -tradition , a sigil 
for which is given by mansIowes ]4Ct ^ 

A series of sigilsj intended for amuletic use, and called finis Canal, 
is associated with this mansion/ and recorded by AttAMD 1303: C?D _LL ~h~ H 

FROTH OF NITRE Ale. DIDEROT 1763 0 (\ 

FRUIT BRANDY /: I r: * GESSMANN 19(J6 

Full moon Act, Three ancient forms arc recorded by gmont 1894 TrtX and 
KEUGEEATJER 1954 (^Ti ^ it is clear Lha L in the horoscopes the 

last two sigils (at least) are intended to denote the most recent full 
moon to the hirthtin^ recorded in the figure* 

SMITH 160 gives a related sigi1, which appears to apply to the most 
recent conjunction as well as the opposition noted above: 


FUME'S See SMOKE 


FUNDERE /lie. SIGN A 17C 

FURNACE Ale. Almost all the stalls which are not merely vestigial 
drawings of furnaces have come from alchemical mediaeval sources: 
SIGMA 17 C X '{/ SOMMER HOFF 1701 

DI DERUT 1763 p^-l GESSMANN 1306 [iJ t'J 

SIGMA 170 gives a sigil fox jfurnus cupelJa Lori; T)—- and one for 

f urn us puJbarionf ^® 

See also GRADES OF FIRE 


FUSION Ale. 


SGMMERHOFF 1701 



122 




F0LJ-G5M 



GABRIEL 


tfa g - 


As this Archangel la r - j 1 q r cL Lhc MO Of'] t almost any of the 


slgils given fcr this 'planet' might be used to symb-n]ise him. 

ERAHH 1582^ p 


TRITHEMIUS 1503 ^ 


IBlii. IS40 1 A M J f - 


ifcf 


SCHE1BLE 1643 4-- 

See also GRAPH I EL, SPHERE OF THE MOON and SPIRIT OF AQUARIUS 


GARNET Ale. 

5QMMERHQFF 1701 
SCHNEIDER 1932 


FRAHCKLYN 1327 

4- 
& - 


SHELTON 17C ^ 

GESSMANN 1906 *(§-■^ 


GEMINI Ast . The snusL common mod em si-gil for the zodiacal sign of the 

1 Twins'f also used indiscriminately for the constellation of the same 

name, is given by HYG1NUS 1432, derived ultimately from the ancient 

manuscript tradition tsee NETJGEBAIJEK 1959 below) : JT The aigil is 

said by AGRIFPA 1310 to be based on the idea cf 'embracing ', though 

most modern explanations art based on the idea of communication. 

U 


Ancient Egyptian (demotic) BERLIN 42AD | 

STOE-ART 20 -pf V SF-IEGEJ.EERG 191 

Graeco-Byzantine* c500AD NEUGEBAUER ’3 39 a "jj 


i \ 14' 


WALTER 1970 gives a Greek variant which was also used for 'lead' 

''D JANUA 14C -j\ j..- 

MAHSlONlBUS 1462 TV . 
ASTROLOGICAL 15C 


ASTRONOMICAL 1400 " j._- 
LEOPOLDI 14C J? 
SCHYNACEL IS00 “Ll^ - 

BONATTI 15C 


QUADRANT IS ISC ("^v_ 




123 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


LAMBECIUS 1500 sfis 
ASTROLOGY 17C 
TABLE 17C -T- 1 '" 

VAIXiEMOHT 1707 
BOUCEiE-LECLERCQ 1895 ^ 

NEROMAN 1937 '^oT "jj 

LUEDV 1928 records a related sigil 



blqndevtllf; ^602 j l 

MAGI Cl 17G -piC-- 
TRACTS 17C H 
SQKMERHOFF 1701 [ j j> A. 

MIRTH 1927 J 1 ?- 

CUJ 

WILC Z ROWS Kl 13 47 JL* 
frotr. the Syrian t] &tre] cy ica 1 


tradition z & 

LEU FOLD I 14C g: ve£ a s±cjil for the constellation Gemini: »•—o j*—i* 
See :jlsu MYSTERIOUS PLANLIS ant SPIRIT OF GEMINI 


GEUIUS OF EA?TH Occ 


GENIUS OP' FIRE Dc’C- 


GENIUS OF WATER Occ. 


AGR1PPA 1531 J' y £r > 


AGRTPPA J 531 



AGR I PPA l'33l O 


GENUINE SULPHUR Occ, GESSMANN 1906 given the mediaeval 
aigils: 0 ,/ ;i r/" 

Gee also SULPHUR 


Geomaijtic si gils gm. The sixteen figures ot tne gecmantic tradj ti on 


have been accorbed very :n;i 

ny varrianr 

forms — iut 

examplej 

the 

figure 

AM 1 SSTO han been 

e x pr 

es^ed 

in tins forms given by 

AGRTPPA 1531 * 

•* TABULAE 

5C V and 

a 

SCUMUCTEN 

164 2: 777 

See 

each of the er 

tr ies 

under the names 

q i v e r i 

below for the 

associate 'geomantic characters': 

ALEVS 

* a 

uB- "■ 

B* T 

■? 0 - 

ft * 


Fortuna: minor 

ft 

9- n 

!i 

AMISS TO 

* * 

* 

-f— 

LOSTITT A 

H. * 

f- ■* 

p a 

a- # 

ft ft 

* 

AQUIB1T10 


a- ft 

i? 


POPVLUS 

1 4- 

* r 

* * 

p er 

a p 

□ r 

p fl 


CAPUT 

* « 

» 

p 

¥ 

c 

a 

i- 

PVELLA. 

■ 

■* 

■* 

a -b 
a 
f 

V 

p 

■ 

CARCER 

JC 

-r ** 

*** 

2 - 

■ 

FURR 

■k 

T 

■B T 

P 

ci 

r^c- 

r 

CAUDA 

+ 

M 

* PI 

a 

t 

ft D 

* 

RUBEUS 

A' m 

S * 

i a 

a p 
□ 

— 

CONJUNCT10 

"** 

n ft 

-a 

o- 

d 0 

h 

TRISTITTA 

■+ ■* 

r V 

» n 

V 

h 

FORTUNE MAJOR 

% ^ 

■ a 

■v* 

a 


VIA 

■B 

■■ 

• 

B- 

ft 

L 

■ 


1 24 























GEN- GOD 


GIMUL Oca. The third letter of the Hebrew alphabet for which very 
:nany variants and derivative forma arc given within the tradition O- 
secrKi. alphabets (ace HEBRAIC SCRIPT), notably these collected by 
BAETOLOZZI 1675: BJJ VW 4~ B WIRTH 1927 equates 

girsol with the Tarot arcanum of the EMPRESS, and thus with the zodiacal 
Virgo. MIRTH L927 traces the graphic etymology of the Hebrew form 

from vestigial drawings relating to early alphabets \ >A \ /'\ /\ /\ 
and I inks the form with the idea oi 1 camel ', though the nistorical 
connexion with the Egyptian hieroglyphic pictorial form would 
sugg eat the i d eo of 'officii ldom 1 {see JEN SEN 1970). 


ALCHEMICAL ! 7C C, : 

oo - 


si cm L7C -V 


0 5 


(b 


77 


O 


6 6 '*•: h £" 


GINGER Ala. SOMMERHOPF 1701 

GLASS Ale + ONOMRSTlCtlM 15 74 >v( 

VALENTINE 1671 

SHELTON 170 Q- 

DIDEROT 176 3 "LilJ i-[ 

GESSMANN 1906 r> —° c 
SHEPHERD 1971 OH 

LUEDV 192S records a sigil from the Syrian alchemical tradition ^X' 
HERTHELGT 1SE15 records an ancient Greek form: V 

qo jT 1, 

GESSI-1ANN 1906 records three sigils tor ulass drop.- a--* 

S-ee also the notes regarding the application n£ this sigil under VITRUK 

GLUE Ale. GES5KANN 1906 , _ (_/ Q) 

See a j so LUTUM SAPIEWTIAE 


cod Occ, A sigil derived from the Roehmian philosophy, recorded by 
law 1772 , 'comprehends all whatever ood and Eternity i s r but see 
e¥E OF ETERNITY. CHASSANT 1BB4 gives several mediaeval 

abbreviations for the Latin Dcus : Ti l5 A "' B KOCH 1930 gives- three 

I 

sigils which are derived from the theosophical image for ONE I and 

the ancient image for the TRINITY: /\ xX/ 

tr4-) 

KIRCHFR 1656 ^ 

See also DEITY. 


123 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL .SI GILL 


HOLD Ale. Since in the alchemical and astrological tradition if old is 
synonymous with SUM, all the sigils used lor this 'planet' may be 
ufeed to denote the motal , and indeed may denote both at the same time. 
The following Gigils are specifically given for gold, but as the sigils 
given under the entry fox SUM indicate , they and related variants axe 
used tor Lhc solar body* 

BEKTUELOT 1836 records fox the metal Lhe ancient Greek astrological 

yf 

sigil for the Fur.: O 


> 


ft // 

ALGhYKlA 1563 ij O O' 

WORLIDGE 1651 OT - 1 Z'b O' h: l H G "A" ~ r_ </\ 

GROLI.ITJS 1612 O SHELTON 17C O- r/ ® 

SOKMERHOFF 1701 cP OC 0^* CO S ^ 0~7 /: 'J\ l- ! fe 

^ df M C& <f $ 6 ^ b oV> d- CR ^ 3-L-+Gf 0— 

DIDEROT 1763 O , f 

Gessmamn 1906 ^ °Cb O \Q' CX A c O d ' ■ 

-_=D X 3 Xl /V? ^ ^ J ^ o-f J 

^_-_3 ^ ^ oS if >1 ’ 

y t t / ^ x 1 go 


-T. zrn ;E Sr'*' SX, 




GOLD ALLOY /iic- 


BERTHELOn 13b5 records an ancient Greek sigil: ly 


GOLD DU-T Ale. GE.fi SMAKW 1906 & 


4 


GOLD FILINGS Ale 


J 

BEKTHELQT 1086 records an ancient Greek, sign!; 6 


GOLD FOTL Aic 


DIDEROT 176 3 fOi O GEESMANN 1906 iCj 


GOLD LEAF Ale. 


SCHNEIDER 1962 


RERTiJF.LGT LE385 records a few sigils from the Greek alchemical 


4 


tradition i lL? <g 


GOLD LITHARGE Ale, 


GEE SHANK 1906 : -t 




■pi o- 4-* 

a o 


GOLD PAINT Al-C. SOMMEf-ttiOFF 1.7Or 




0 


126 


got- t?r< h 


SCHNEIDER 1962 


X A 


But see also AURUM MUSICUM 


GOLD SAFFRON Ale. GESSKANN 1906 VVTt) 


GOLD SOLDER Ale* BERTHE LOT IS 9 5 n=c:o rds two sigils tram ancient Greek 

a \ irfiC fnl cal LOiiLS : / 


GOLD SF1R1T See SPIRIT OF GOLD 

GRADE Alt:. GESSMANN 1906 records mediaeval abtarevi at-ions and sigils 
restricted to the verbal user j~' ~j r T), 


GRADES OF FIRE Ale, There are four different grades, aact' linked to 
the tour elements, lot which ALCHEMY 1650 gives the following sigils: 


AIR 


~r.— q 

w- A 


EARTH A! 
WATER 3 K‘i 


^ -fi" 


FTRE '-'j 1 rPin-ii-^ ijM | I 

These are usually termed (respectively), the aerial, cin&ris., ign& 
aperta and balneum jnarise* 

SOMI'tERROFF 1701 gives the following sigils for the four grades: 
_ 3 " “ 8 " 


* 3 

SHELTON 17C gives a simple series ~ At - w " nile GESSHAWN 

1306 records a (mediaeval) sigil which stands for the general idea 
of 'grades of fire 1 : AH This last sigil may be adapted in various 
combinations with the standard sig.i.Is of the elements, so that for 
example AaT ' may be used to indicate igna a per to. 

T.Ti F.n Y 19 28 records the sigils for the four grades in a simple 
progression: >0^ :R>R< 

SOMBER HOFF 1701 lists other systems, cr.e of 8 find one of 9 grades, but 
provides no related sigiLs* 


GRAIN A la. A measure or weight, one twentieth or the SCRUPULUM. 


DIDEROT 1763 ^ [a, 


GESSMAK 1906 X A- 1 


127 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL LlGlLG 


GKABEdlEL Mag. Sigil for spirit (in cabbalistic lore an alternative 

name for GABRIEL) g i ven by HEYPON l £6 4, to represent letter G In secret 


J |i l , j f 


writing called ’the Alphabet of Angels and Genii’- ^ 

GRATE /lie. Mediaeval ^iqil recorded by GESSKANN 1906 and apparently 
restricted to verbal uses D 


GRAVEL BATH Ale. GEBSMANN 1906 gives several mediaeval variants based 



apparently on the idea or arena, 


GREATER WORLD Oco , WELLING 1735 reinterprets the modern sigil for the 
SvIN as an image of the lesser world (the point, which represents the 
human being) , standing within the ambient of the Greater world (the 



To some extent he is following the symbolic forms of DEE 1.564 , as set 
out Iti his study of the monad., but welling 1735 reasons that the inner 
nature of mat', is potential gold (the- sigil for the Sun is also of 
course “he sigil for GOLD), and is eternal and Indestructible . 

□Es 1564 gives the sigil, later called the cirouius simplex in the 
Rosicrucian literature , to represent the Macrocosm and an one of the 
tr.hrbasic f cirri- s which I ink the invisible and celestial spiritual 
world (that - 3, the Greater World) with the visible world, the open 
product of Nature: C"".) 

GREEN Ale. RERTHELOT I8S5 records a short-form from a ccllection of 
Greek alchemical texts: 

GREEN VITRIOL Ale. DIDEROT 176.1 —I 

Bee also VITRIOL 

GUI'] ^ ■ c. Generally the sigirs would appear to relate to the gum arable 
but other resit, gums may also be signified. 


ALCHYMIA L56 3 

ALCHEMICAL 17C 


ALCHEMICAL 17C 



1E3 



GRA-GYP 




{'Ey 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 
DIDEROT 1763 ^ SV5 t 

GESSMAnh 1906 records the fallowing as general sigils for 'gum'll^ fjT^, 
p iJ^ S i° 'u 1 ^ ^ith the following speoifioaliy listed 


as for 


'gum arable - ; g 

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigil “B tor 'gun arable'. 
See also GLUE and LUTUU SAPIENTIAE 


4> y 


o— 


* 


GYPSUM Ale. SIGNA 17C _I& 


129 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 



HAL MATITE Ale. 

SQMMERHOFF 1701 


GE3SMANN 1906 


SCHNEIDER 1962 




$ -4 J 

See- also BLOODSTONE 


HAOTTH Mag. Si ail giver, by TRITHEMIUE ISO 3 n& sigi ] for a spirit of 

Verts: i 1 — \ ) 


HAQONEL Mag. 
AGRi PPA 1 6c ■- 


S i gi I. 
O 



tor demon 


linked with the Moon, given by 


HALF Ale. Two sigile given by GESSMANN 1906, probably derived from 

the Latin semis: 0 / /3 

BERTHELOT 1985 records an ancient Greek form from the n I.chemical 
tradition: Ci, 


HALF-DRAGMA Ale. DIDEROT 1763 <’ f 


HALF-LITRE Ale. 


DIDEROT 1763 



HALF- OUNCE Ale. DIDEROT 1 763 £ 'i & 

J 

HALF“PUGILLUM Ale* Mediaeval sigile recorded by 
to the abbreviation for the Latin pug Ulus semis; 
See PUGILLUM 


Cessna™ i9oe 



r ^ l,i ted 


130 




HAE-HAN 


HAMALIEL Mug. EKAHE 1592 gives several sigils, a 1 men!i.aeval in origin,. 

for the angel associated with the zodiacal Virgo : \+- c V° 0 V 

Within the. yeoman tic tradition, HEYDON 16E4 gives the siyi I $\) for 
Hsmsllel as the genius of CONJUNCTlo, but AGRIPPA 1531 gives this as the 
sigil for the ruling spirit of zodiacal Virgo. 

5co SPIRIT OF VIRGO. 


HANAEL Mag. liRAHS 1502 give? several sigils H all mediaeval in origin, 
for the angel associated with zodiacal Capricorn: OC ^'^~P l' I 0 
W.i thin the- geomantic tradition HEYDOW 1664 gives the sigil T" £or 
Hanaei as the genius of CAREER, but this is almost certainly a 
confusion with the Hebrew letter recorded by AGRIPPA 1531 in this 
context. 

See SPIRIT OF CAPRICORN- 


HAND Pal * The classification of lines and areas of the hand in the 

ehlromantic tradition is related mainly to the use of astrologccul 

symbolism - for example, AGRIPPA 1531 gives the following sigils: 

7/ (Jupiter) lor index? T\ {Saturn) for middle finger; 0 (Son) 

for ring finger; V} (Mercury) for little finger? ^ (Venus) for 

T-. 

the ball of t-ne thumb; T> (Moon) for hypothenar eminence: (Mars) 

for central pal ui., The ohirognomic tradition incorporates similar 
astrological sigils, but see also AIR HAND, EARTH HAND, FIRE HAND, 
WATER HAND and TEMPERAMENTS- 


HANDFUL Ale. Sigil given by GESSMANjg 1906 is probably an 

Ajf 

nt the Latin manlpuJus: ijvL a measure sometimes wrongly 
the PUGILIUM. 


ahbrevialien 
confused with 


HANGING MAN Qcc. MIRTH 1927 relates this 12th card of the Tarot arcana 

to the Hebrew LAMED, and accords it the sigil vt- which is the 
symbol of the 'completion of the Great Work (of alchemical 
transmutation)', presumably because tills sigillie form nay be traced 
within the structure of the card (this being a reversal of the 
structure within the WORLD ARCANUM). 


131 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


HARDNESS See ADA.MAS 


HARTSHORN Ale. The sigil given by gerskann 19Q6 is no doubt ar. 


abbreviation of the Latin corn us cervi; 


ALBERTI JS Dll 4 



cc 


SOHMERHGFF 1701 gives for 'burned hartshorn' 
while GESSMAKIN 1906 given: \/' 


the -orrr^: 

CC V 



V 


UASfWDAI Mag. Sigil supposed by HEYDGN 1664 to be a geomantic spirit, 

rulsr of via and popoluS, but the sigil appears to be a poor copy of 
that given by AGRIPPA lb31 as ruling spirit of the Moon, HRYDON 1684 
gives J) whilst agriPpa 1531 gives: fj 


HARMODEL Mag. Sigil -given for geomantic spirit by HEYdon 1664, genius 

of AMlSKlOr but an Identical sigil is given by AGRIPPA 1531 as ruling 

—/ 

spirit of zodiacal Taurus: 


Hauriens primus ftst, The twenty-sixth mediaeval lunar mansion, called 

Ai Fargh Mukdim in the Arabic astrological tradition, a sigiJ for 
which is recorded in MANSZONES 14C: ? 


A sigil designed for amuletic uns r and associated 
[called finis Aguarii ), Ls given by A3ANG 1303: 


with this 


mansion 


liAllRlENE SECUNUUS A.s-L_ The twenty-seventh o'~ the mediaeval lunar 

mansions, culled Al Farqh ej Thani in the Arabic astrological tradition, 
a sigiJ tor which is recorded in MANSIONES 14c i£ 


Occ. The fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet [sec Hebraic SCRIPT), 
for which very many derivative forms have been given in the tradition 
of secret, alphabets, notably those collected by BART0LQE3I 67b JnJ 

h H Vi S? WLRTH 15 2 7 equates Hq with the 

arcanum the POPE in the Tarot pack, and thus with zodiacal Aries. 

His list of earlier alphabetic forms for the letter, all related to 
the proto-Hebraic, --/■ 'J' s f \ he derives from the idea of 


132 


BAR-HER 


'window C P though it- i s n:ure likely th^t- the vestigial drawings wete 
originally derived from the Egyptian hieroglyphic with the pictorial 
value of * d. shout of jubilation' - see lIENSEN 1970, 

HEAT Ale■ The following nigils are obviously derived from the main 
sigillic forms for FIRE, though neat * a specified within the 
texts „ 

FRAWCKLYN 1627 SHE UT ON 17C A 

See also GRADES OF FIRE. 


HEAVEN Ale. RRRTHELOT J.8&5 gives a Greek sigil derived from the 

ancient alchemical tradition* which could he confused with the basic 
sigillio form for LIBRA* hut which is specifically recorded for the 
hea vans, + —"— 


KIRCHER 1656 

K7 

L r J ED Y 

1929 

HEAVENLY SCRIPT 

See 

CELESTIAL SCRIPT 


HEBRAIC SCRIPT 

Occ. 

T he Heb r a i c c har a cte r ^ us ed 

o £ Lb i s Di c £ i OJiar y 

are those listed as standard 

ALERH 



LAMED 

BETH 


n 

MEM 

1 gimfl 


: 

NUN 

" DALETH 


D 

5ft MEK 

n hr 

H m 


1? 

AVN 

* VAU 


2 

PE 

^ ZATN 



TSADE 

^ BETH 



KOPH 

U TETH 


i 

RESCH 

J JOD 


W 

SOL IN 

^ KAPH 


n 

TAU 


in various Sections 
by W1RTK 1927: 


133 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


This alphabet docs not diverge is any significant way from the orthodox 
r square 1 LSebraic foods: the Homan orthography has been determined with 
reference to the general occultist literature, and a short entry for 
each of the 22 letters has been included in the entries. The 22 
characters are, of course, derived ultimately from a deeply 
significant magical structure, relating both to sound values and to 
the anoient pictographic symbolism, and it is probably this which 
has contributed so much to the development of the secret and magical 
scripts associated in occultism with the language. The simplest 
Intention underlying such scripts is that a ei.gii be derived from the 
Hebraic form to represent that letter, and to connote the charge of 
magical meaning impj Lcit in the sound, pictographic form and its 
corresponding numerical value, A good example may be seen in one of 

the most famous of such secret- alphabets, the celestial in the form 
preserved by AGRTPPA 1531: 


TRL? f I'VE 



2 

4 

7 

T1 

1 

Y 

n 

13 

A 

0 

£ 

M 

A 

XJ 

$ 

9 

V 

o- —* 

> 


tp 

7 








y a 3 iD n 


However, the interpretation of such scripts? is rendered especially 
difficult by the wide-spread Notarikon techniques used by both the 
cabbalists and the occultists, and by the prevalent use of Geiaatrla. 
and Temurah - all of which render interpretation a hazardous business. 
The synoptical 'magical * alphabet given by WIRTH 1927 in has study of 
Tarot symbolism is actually related to the historic Moabite: 


* 

-j 


! 

A 

i * 

A 

3f 

I 

11 

n 

V 

e 

i 

y 

r 

i 

'W 

\Aj 

j 

'I 

$ 

0 

J 


<P 


W 

X 








0 a J 3 X t? 'JJ n 

This example should serve to remind us that very many of the so-called 


134 
































iitB 1-IEB 


'secret 1 scripts are merely alphabets Lakea over from historic sources 
lor nagical purposes. Thus, the historic S'ainaritan book script 
recorded by JENSEN 1970 (for non-occult purposes) clearly formed 
the basis Cor a number of secret scripts: 



□ 

A 

1 

n 


7 

n 

V 

•> 

-I 


u 

j 

Ot? 

Si 

n 

X 


* 

D 



rp 


u 



% 

H 

? 

HD 

t 


tD 

V 







0 


3 

2£; 

7 

* 


n 








In this comiexiort, see the entry under SAMARITAN SCRIPT - but a sample 
from POSTEL 1538, who records two variants, is a good exampler 


r. 

tu 

_i 

3 

i*: 

X 


i * 

\ 

► 

£ 

11 

& 

rrf 

n* 

c 

l 

“3 

j 

k 

T 


1 


3 

T 

*? 


y 

oj 

u 

L 

73 

s 



k n 

rtf 

% 


to 

N 







3> 

V 

3 

% 

? 

1 

W 

_r 








In some cases such scripts were adapted from the Hebraic to the Reman 
or Greek alphabet (again for magical purposes) , as for Rxampl e in the 
alphabet- recorded by VIGNERE lhdb, which is called 'Phoenician' or 


r loni 

c 1 r thoug 

■; only di£ 

itantly related to 

originals 

of t: 

lose 

names 

a 

1) 

e 

d 

<? 

r 


h 

i 

j 

k 

l 

in 

11 

N 

B 

i 



Tp- 

-* 


w 


L 


V 

K 

n 

NL 


0) 

a 

VJ 




rx 

X 




o 

]> 

(i 

r 

s 

1 

11 

V 

\v 

X 

y 

z 




135 





























































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


L glance at one or two of the characters in the so-called CELESTIAL 
SCRIPT recorded from mediaeval sourer -5 by AGRIPPA 1531 indicates 
something of the extent Lo which such scripts are derived from this 
Samaritan form. A whole series of alphabets has been more obviously 

derived - albeit imaginatively - from the variety of orthodox 1 square r 
forms, as for example in two of those recorded by BARTOLOZZI It75: 


k n x 1 n 1 t n u > u 3 2 j 



— 

3 

K 

X 


\U 

s 

X 

a 

3 

V 

u 

X 


n 

X 

J 

X 

U 

V 

■w 







0 

a; 

a 

X 

7 


UJ 

n 








□ 

X 

1 

n 

I 

T 

n 

V 

■? 

!) 

V 

n 

j 


x 

B 

K 

Z 

14 

w 

H 

m 

j 

J 

v 

u 


Bf 

& 

X 

> 

X 

> 

K 




D 







A large number of related Hebraic scripts are recorded in such texts 
as SELENUS L623 and TKlTHEMluS 1506, as in the sources already 
mentioned above. In this dictionary the following Hebraic or 
Heb £ a Ic-dorived secret scripts am recorded: ADAMIC, 

BABYLONIAN , CANANEAN, CliALUEAN , CELESTIAL, MALACHIM, 

SAMARITAN, S'OLOWDN IAN, SUPERCELESTIAL and TRANS ITUS FLUVII. 

See also SECRET SCRIPTS 


HECADOTH Mag. Sigil given for the spirit named by EEYDON 1664 (but 


probably the cabbalistic Hechaloth was intended3 to represent the 
letter H in the secret writing called 'Alphabet of Angels and Genii': 


tn 


HELIOTROPE 


SIGHA 17C 



HEMATITE See HAEMATITE 


136 



































HEC-HER 


HEPATIC ANTIMONY Alt7, 


GESEMANTJ ] 906 



HEPfJAE E5TOS ECC VULCAN 


HERE Ala. EERTHELOT IBS 5 records a sigil from the ancient Greek 
alchemical texts; T 6 i 

GESSMANN 1906 it 1-8 ALBERTUS 1974 ^ 8 

EIERCULES Ast, Sigil given for a hypothetical planet, claimed by 
WEMYSS 1927 to be the 'ruler 1 of zodiacal Leo: H 


HERMES Sec MERCURY. 

HERMETICALLY SEALED Ale. GEESMARM 1906 records a sigil which is 
probably intended to cover the modern sense of the term {but see 

LU'fUM SAPIENT IAE) ; ~f4' 

HERMETIC CROSS See CROSS and ORIGIN, 

E1ERMETTC SIGIL ace. deE 1564 gives a sigil which is described ns 

“.a smeJ 1 vassal containing the mysteries r and which must be regarded 
the equivalent of the sigil har^aticirfl: —0~' The rQ complex 
sigil of the MOHAD tuny also be taken as the hermetic sigil-- 
SHETiTOH 17c gives the more frequent, sigil: /' A \ 

LUEUY 19 28 
Ee;e also CHARACTER 

HERMETIC TETRAD Ccc- In his imaginative treatment of Tarot symbolism, 
wirte 19 27 gives the four sigils Q —^ y\ j_ \ as t-he Hermetic Tetrad, 
and treats each individually i,n terms o£ the symbolism involved in 
their forms* A fifth sigil is derived from the first r the crescent 
form of the Moon (X and this participates with the (3 t0 the 

sigil {fox example.) which is the basic GAL ALKALI, representing 

the primordial substance 'subject to the transmutation of the Moon 1 



137 


DICTIONARY of occult, hermetic and alchemical sigils 


ana is of course related to the most frequent sigil for TAURUS, which 
zodiacal sign has a rapport, with fertile earth. WTRTH 1927 further 
derives the eigil from by way of Such derivations 

are entirely speculative, however, and bear nc relation to the historic 
etymologies of such graphic forms. The first of the tctrud, the 

solar niyil (3 is related to zero at one extreme, to the Sun at the 
other (see for example FOOL ARCAKUM), with the alchemical matter of 
ALUM in between: the sigil is said to he 'Male, Active, Fixed 1 and is 
associated with Osiris and Reason, and with all ether astrological 
solar connotations. The derived lunar sigil CL, is said to be 
1 Female, Passive, Mobile', and associated with Isis and imagination, 
and with related lunar connotations, The second of the tetrad, the 


cross —is related to the TAU and to the sphragis, and is thus 
essentially a symbol of life engaged in four-fold matter. Placed 
above a sign it is a symbol of achievement, as for example in the 
alchemical ANTIMONY J which is in esoteric alchemy a redemptive 


sign, the spirit of Cj) disengaging itself from the working of the 
material plane. The cross below a sign, as for example in the most 
frequent sigil for Uentis Qi. is > according to the esoteric tradition, 
a symbol of 1 redardstion 1 , representing the fail of spirit into 
matter. The sigli far VERDIGRIS @ shows the integration of this 
life principle within matter (see CROSS), a sign cf equilibrium and 
health. The third of the tetrad, the triangle is presented us 

the busts for the structure of the four elements: /\ fox FirejS^Z far 
Earthr feu Water, and for Air. The fourth in this 

tetrad, the square, | ~ l is seen sfi a symbol of equilibrium, and 
represents a fall into the senses: fren this he derives such sigils. 

as the PHILOSOPHER'S STONE: hpl By similar graphic logic, WJRTE 1923 
traces an r etymology 1 and meaning for each cf the siyi ’. a for the seven 
planets, und indeed for some of the alchemical and astrological sigils. 
This rationale also underlies certain cf his speculations as to the 
inner meaning of the TAROT pack, 


HERMIT Oca, MIRTH 1323 relates this 9th arcanum of the Tarot pack to 


138 






L3EK-HEX 


the Hebraic TETH r and accords It the sigil m which is a square 
divided into nine smaller squares, from which is derived the sigils 
W «* L3 the iatte-r said to be the figure 9, along with the 
'primitive Toth r : 

EIRSCHEL AsL. One of the early sigiI k for this planet is given in 
SIBLY IS 17 ¥ arid was later said to be derived from the initial of 
the discoverer Herschel. LEO 1914 saw a related variant ]^f -ns 

a symbol of the unity of the three basic slgillic forms of 'Will, 
Wisdom and Activity 1 (see URANUS), expressing a higher grade of 
Mercury, of which he regards Berschel as a higher octave. 

STRAGGLING 1824 Jjf SHEPHERD 1971 

Eventually re-named URANUS , the two names co-existed in astrologreal 
circles, and a large number of sigils, many of them personal to 
individual astrologers, has been developed, 


HESTIA See VESTA 


EE.TH One. The St.h letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIP! 1 ) t 

for which many derivative forms ate given within the tradition of 

s ec ret a L phalj cts, no tab .1 y f.ho s e collect ed by SARTOLOZ El 1675: *■' l 
Qh Q W1RTH 1927 equates Eg th with the Tarot arcanum 

the JUDGEMENT, and thus with zodiacal Libra. in his study of the 

graphic etymology of the letter he gives toe form? tg t-" - ! V-d 


which he associates with a pietographic 'hurdlethough as JENSEN 
1970 suggests, the forms arc probably derived from the Egyptian 
hieroglyphic with a Victoria value cf ’ictus flower', 


HEXAGON AsL. Sigil derived from Greek manuscript by OMONT '894 
relating to the aspect of 5EX77LF. 

For the non-astrological form, see ELEMENTS, LOVERS ARCANUM, 
TERNARY and VflYU, 



In its esoteric aspect, the hexagon i& treated in depth by eLAVATSKY 
1888, who terms it the hieroglyphic senary. She records that It is 


139 




DICTIONARY 01 OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGILS 


'the symbol of the commingling of the phi loitophi cal throe fires 
and the throe waters , whence results the procreation of the elements 
of all things. The same idea is found in the Indian equilateral 
double triangle. For though it is called in that country the sign 
of Vishnu, yet in truth it is the symbol of the Triad (or the 
Trimurti) . For, even in the exoteric rendering, the . ower triangle 
\7 with the apex downward, is the symbol of Vishnu, the gon of the 
moist principle of water ... whilst the triangle, with its apex 
upward, A Siva, the Principle of Fire, symbolised by the triple 
i 1 amc in his hand. 1 BLAVATSJCY IS88 anakes the po i nt tha t this cigi 1 
is wrongly called 1 Solomon 1 & Seal', und. that it produces the Septenary 
and the Triad at one. end the same time, as well us the Pecad. Tor 
with n point in the middle or centre, thus it is a sevenfold sign, 

its triatigles denote nu^riber A the two triangles she™ the presence of 
the binary? the six points are the senary; and the central point, 
the unit; the quinary being traced by combination, as a compound of 
two triangles, the even number, and of three side^ in each triangle, 
the first odd number. r She further argues chat this is why 
Pythagoras and the ancients made the number six, the senary, a sacred 
number of Venus, since the union of the two sexes is required to 
develop the generative force - the ' spagyrisation of matter by triads' 
(quoting RAGON L&53) . 

HIEROGLYPHIC SENARY See HEXAGON 

HIGHER KAN Occ. Sigil given by STEINER 1904 as representative of the 
higher trinity within man, as yet to be developed: the Spirit Self, 
Life Spirit and Spirit Man; ZA 
See also FOURFOLD MAN. 

HIPPOCRATIC WINE Ale. GEES MANN 1906 gives two sigils, both derived 
from abbreviation: V - 1 \// 

HlKcyS A.5t« Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star, now alpha Aurigae, 
given by AGRiPPA 1F1LO, but wrongly copied from the mediaeval manu- 


140 


fcUE-HQM 


script tradition (see ALAYOCEJ) : This error has been 

continued by later copyists, so that the wrongly copied form has been 
adopted within the astrological tradition, even though it. is in 
fact indistinguishable fron the argil used for ALDEBARAN. 


HISMAEL Mag . Sigi given for 1 geomantic spirit 1 by HEYTXJN 1664, su i d 

to be ruler of AQUISITXO and LQETITIA, but sigil is given by AGKIPPA 
1531 as ruling spirit of the planet. Jupiter: © 

KEYDON 1664 gives a variant ■ 

holy DEITY Occ . A highly personal sigil given in Boehms's graphic 

system, and constructed trom a visual ploy with the German sugc, 'eye' 
(AUge J: The U Is presented as a V, and stands for desire: r It 

is all things, and got a nothing, it heh&Jd&th itself, and yet finds 
nothing but an A, which is the ligc r *. This play between the V and it; 
reversal A gives several si oils, all of which represent the Eternal 
Beginning and the Eternal End - 'Thus the Abyss .sees in itself and 
findeth itself': Q Q © 0 X A S-ee LAW 1772 




1-jOmek r E golden CHAIN Occ. A series of sigil 5 relating L.o the occult 
hurca Catena llomcri or Annulus Platonicus Is listed by 110MEK 172.1, 
with variants In brackets trom HOMER 1757: 

Chaos confusurn { ^ ) 

Sfji r i t us m ijti d j YOl a t i 1: s f nee rporeus 1 
Spirit us Mundi aaidus corpora gs 
Spirit us M u nd i fix us a lealicus corpora us 
Mo t ori a pri m ormi uni co rpo ru n? s uhi una r i um 
Animalia 

Vegetahi liase ri Azoth { (© ) 

Minera I i a 

Spirit us Mundi conccntrains fixes seu Ext rectum Chaoticum purum 
Per feet i o cons mnma t a, sc u Quin LcssonLia uni verse] i s ( ) 

HOMES 1721 also gives within the text two variants for the 
extremes of CHAOS Q and, Perfectly Q 1 


141 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL 51GILS 


HOLY GHOST Sue THREE BAPTISMS, 


HONEY Ale. Several mediaeval nigiIs have been recorded , a few of which 
arc abbreviate ion s for the Latin mei, 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ® SHELTON 17C /'A-h 

Si ON A I 7 C H._ /A -' 1 H L 

SOMMEBHOPF 1701 gt ^.Vp 0 cX* ^6 —° AtAT tT 1 CD jW 

GESSMANN 1906 fg SCHNEIDER 1962 JVf 


HORN Ale. GESSMANN 1906 Q Xj --’A.,- 

V> 

DIDEROT 1763 gives two sigils for stag’s horn : 
See also HARTSHORN 



HOROSCOPE Jkst. OMONT 1894 records two Greek forms (the first being 
singular, the second plural) under the name horoscopos ._G 


p ,c 

E'RliSKE 16SB records two singular forms i±> it must be noted,, 
however, that original y horoscopes' was a term applied bo the Ascendant 
degree ot what we now tern: the ‘horoscope 1 - eee therefore ASCENDANT. 


HORSE-DROP PINGS A1C. 

See also DUNG. 


DiDEROT 1763 gives 


tns mediaevai eigi13: tjt' 


1 


HORSERADISH OIL Ale. The Greek Giglis 
formed from abbreviations of the Greek 
1365: 


4 


from alchemical texts arc 
recorded in BERTHELOT 


KOI WATER Gee WATER 


HOUR Ale. Several mediaeval Giglis have been recorded, a few of which 
are vestigial drawings of the hour-glass. 

WORL.IJGE 16 51 X § -j VALENTINE 1671 

SIGN A 17C X: ^ \jz 

SOMMERHOFF 17.01 /ij- 1 // [I m 4.0" 5 

DIDEROT 1763 2S1 


14 2 





HOL-EYD 


GESSMANN 1906 
A 


manuscripts 


n 

i 


SCHNEIDER 


& V 'r' 'fyi 

LUEDY 1528 ^7 

BERTHELOT 188l> records two plural forms (hours} 

X 


/V 

oyjOw: 1894 gives «. ! bu a Greek abbreviation: l_Vj 


HOURGLASS SAND Ale* GESSMANN 1906 


-X 

1362 f] ^ A 

from Greek a Icnem Lea J 


HOUSE AsL. GETTINGS 1977 records two 140 abbreviations of the Latin 
corns*' 0tl il ■'u ■evJ The sigil g.iver. in QUADRANT IS 15C may also refer to 
'house 1 i /\* OHASKANT L884 gives a mediaeval abbreviation: 

But see also ASCENDANT. 


HOUSE of god Lee. MIRTH 1927 relates this 1.6 th areanun of the Tarot 
pack to Lhe Hebraic AYR, and accords it a personalised sigil 
which is obviously related to the associated zodiacal sign Scorpio. 

HUMAN WORLD rice. KIRCHER 16 55 

Soe r j 1yu ASTRAL WORLD, ELEMENTAL WORLD and WORLD OF INTELLIGENCE 

HUMIDITY Ale. 5OMMERH0FF 1701 L-f' 

v ” 1 

HYDROGEN Ale. DALTON 1B08 0 


143 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SAGILE 



I CHING Stit; TRT GRAMS 

IGNIS FORTIS Ale. SOMMERHQFF 1701 -AA 

IGNIS LENTUS Kes SLOW HEAT 

ignis rotae Ale. VALENTINE 1671 gives the sigils @ Abut this term 
is almost certainly synonymous with the REVERBERATING FIRE, the ignis 
revezberius or ignis ciroulatari us for which SOMMERHOFF 1 1701 giv^s 
the sigil (for both) @ and the sigils fc] for the latter, 

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigils Q> for the cireulatorius , 

See also GRADES OF FIRE + 

IMBIEITIQ Ale. Sigil given in ALCHEMY 1650 for a process of 
distillation; 

IMMORTAL ADAM Ooc. A sigil probably originated by DEE 1564, but ns a 
concept derived from the Christian esoteric tradition of symbolism 
relating to the significance of alpha and oumga: WW DEE 1564 
links the sigil with Lhe idea of f thc Uimiortal Adam', 'End', 'After 
the Formation of the elament s', 'Manifestation’ , etc., and In connexion 
with the Christos f with " King of all ubiquitous* . 

See also MORTAL ADAM and ELEMENTS. 

INCEHATION Ale. MICHAELS PACKER 1616 gives the sigil next to the 


144 




TCH-TNT 


sign or constellation Sagittarius, perhaps to symbolise the alchemical 
process ot laceration. 

INFINITY Oco. A modern oigil given toy ClRLQT 1962 to represent Lhe 

'universe, the hi l 1 *lnfinity*i (3 In this modern system of 

occult graphics, the modern sigil for the SUN is representative of 
'the centre of infinity? the emarJation or rir.et cau^e': G 
Some ocoiilLists see the exoteric slgil for infinity, the lemniscuto 
still used in mathematics OO as a union of the Sun and Moon, linked 
at the point of time and space: see GETTINGS 1971, 

INFUSION Ale. Many ot the mediaeval sigils given toy GESSMANN 1.906 are 
abbreviations for the Latin tinctura; jR_ 1~ 3^5 "sT ^ 

INQUISITORIAL SCRIPT Oc.’C. A script preserved toy VlGNERL 1586 and 
said - on no sure showing - to have been ustid especially by the 
Inquisition, though it appears t.o belong to the series of scripts 
which are within the occult tradition termed Caroling!an. See 

SECRET SCRIPTS, 


a 

b 

C 

(i 

e 

f 


ii 

1 

i 

k 

i 

m 

11 

t 

y 

$ 

n 

CM- 

tf 

n 


I 5 


X 

X 



V 

cV 

>c 

H 

?, 

A 


£ 



A 

*n 



o 

p 


I 

s 

1 

u 

V 

w 

X 

y 

z 




L 

INTEGRITY Deo. Sigil probably originated toy KDtMJ 1930: _1 


INTELLECT Dec. KOCH 1990 gives a highly personal sigil for 'intellect 
1 n action*; 

See also CREATIVE INTELLECT, DISORDERED INTELLECT and PASSIVE INTELLECT 

INTELLIGENCIES Oca. Several variant sigil a for each of the so-called 

'planetary intelligenci.es’ exist, and these may toe examined in the 


14S 























DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlQlLS 


entries under Lhe nanes of spiritual beings nowadays called Archangel s 
but in certain asuterit: documents, as for example in TRTTHRMIUS 1522, 
referred Lo as Intdl.ige-rides of the Spheres (.see ANAEL, GAPRiEL, 
MICHAEL, ORIPHTEL, RAPHAEL, SAMAEL and ZACHARIEI.) . Since the 

spheres were eventually associated with the planetary bodies, a large 
number of sigils attached to the IntellAgencies were associated with 
the planets themselves. The following represent the most frequently 
used in the occult tradition: 

INTELLIGENCE OF JUPITER t AGRIPPA 15 31 d? RAPHAEL 1379 


IS 


INTELLIGENCE OF HARE: AGRIPPA 1031 .>/ RAPHAEL 1079 yy 

Af 


—a 

"--ij 


INTELLIGENCE OF MERCERY: 


r 

RAPHAEL 1879 £ZpT 




AGRIPPA —-3_ o7^ ^ 

INTELLIGENCE OF NOON: AGRIPPA 1531 [^VX-EAPEiAEL 1879 j*J 

INTELLIGENCE OF SATURN: AGRIPPA ]531 \\\, RAPHAEL 879 <\\ 


AGRIPPA 15 31 

/"'A- 


^ n 


INTELLIGENCE OF SUN ; 

d 

INTELLIGENCE OF VENUS: AGRIPPA 1531 RAPHAEL IB 79 

Needless to say, the tern inteJ ligenvies has nothing to go with the 

i 

word 1 nF.fi 1 ? 1 gen ce in its modern sense. 

Certain of the PLANETARY SYMBOLS are probably related to the different 
series of intelli generic, 


INVERTED PENLACLE See DEVIL 


IRON Aic. In both alchemical and astrological cot it ex to the word iron 
is interchangeab e with MARS, so that any of the numerous s -- y i I a fer 
this planet may also represent the metal. A few of such sigils are 
also recorded as relating to both 'iron and steel 1 . The following 
forms have been given specifically for the metal: 


WGFLIDGE 1651 c ~f~-t 


CROLLIIIE If 


FREENE 1608 


? 

x 


30MHERROPF 1701 . 
WELLING 1735 CV' 




'/ d: 


612 ,/ P 

SIGN A 17G y 1 ^ jj "X <4' tl ^ X 

p T -Y* L ^4> 

;X' 


UTDEROT 1763 




JALTON 1800 (V) 

" .-■+■, -n .-f-. , X © 7 

GEES MANN 1906 y y X ? X © 

LUFRY .9 28 

\A 


-X "P ^ ,-3 




1NY-IRQ 


? - ^ 

SCBHEIDEK 1962 \- 


-A 


^ £ f V ** 

SHEPHERD 1971^ 

BFRTH5L0T 133 5 i'hclu'^s jidata Greak forms from alchemical tsxt£ ■ / ,7 ’ ^ 

/■ 

/ ■- 

Rea also STEEL 


ALCHEMICAL 1 7C f-.. 


IRON FILINGS Ale. 

SIGMA L7C y 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ c> ^ ^ 

See also MARS 


DIDEROT 1763 


-■I 


IRON LEAF 
<=! 


Ale. 


BERTHELOT 13 35 g i ves twg s i y i 1 s derived t - rorr Greek 
aj ehetnlcal texts: ^ a cH 


IRON ORE file, BERTHEL0T 1SB5 gives a slgll rrotn Greek alchemical 
texts: See also IRON 


IRON RUST 
LexCD: 


Ale?■ BERTBELOT IB 85 gives two slglls from -Greek aleheraleal 


147 


dictionary of occult, HERMETIC and alchemical STCTLS 



JAE Jtfag. Name, perhaps [drived from Johnic-i , one of the ruling angels 
of the Third Heaven, and sigi] given by HEYUON 1664 to represent the 
letters J and T in the secret writing called ’Alphabet of Angels and 
G^nii ’ ; ^ 



JASON Ast, Hypothetical planet claimed by WEP4YSE 1927 to be ruler of 
zodiacal Sagittarius, and to be in orbit between Saturn and Uranus: 


JASPER Ale. SIGN A l,7C Q 


U 


JESUS He l ■, TESTA I9b2 records many of the ancient sigile for the 

V 

"" Jesns: T v y? ip! 

The same source shows also that the following sigils are derived iron 
the early Christian gemetric tradition {G88 being the numerical value 
of the name Jesus) : ~l~1' l X. T^T- ~ K ~ i 'h, 1 1 ^44-^" jH 1H iH’t' 


ThISTA 1D62 also gives a number of sigils far Jesus Christ: ••Jf 

m k- L f 1 " ' 

SCBEIBLE 1848 gives the aigil Jfj) for Jesus triumphant. 

Hee also CHRIST, CHRISTMQN and CROSS, 


JOD Ooc. The 10th letter of the Hebraic alphabet (see HEBRAIC KCRITT) 
for which many 7 derivative forms have been given in the tradition of 
secret alphabets, notably those collected by BARTOT 1 O 7 . 2 T 167 G; 1 L 1 j ^ 
f-jj 'J Tjr J WTRTH 1927 equates Jod with the Tarot arc a nun the WHEEL 


148 








jAb-juf 


OF FORTUNE. He gives the sigiilic forms ^ -j ? hk the 

prototypes ot the Letter, which he says is derived Iron a vestigial 
drawing of a hand, though the etymology is actually connected with 
a vestigial hieroglyphic o£ the god Both? representative cf Lower 
Egypt. 


JUDGEMENT Occ . WlRTH 1927 relates this 8th arcanum of the Tarot pack 
to the Retire*/ Letter UETIi, and accords it the sigil Q a so-called 
primitive Heth which in point of fact only approximates to a letter 
Cron the Old Phoenician script ^ a^ gi-vsn by JENSEN 1970. WlRTH 
1927 also says that this figure approximates to our own number 0, 
for it was originally drawn: This form does not appear in the¬ 

el evelooment of the Hebraic scripts, though it is found in (for example) 
the ETRUSCAN SCRIPT. The confusion may have arisen from the 
variant for the phonetic h in the Sinai script'- ^ 

JUGGLER Qeo. WlRTH 1927 relates this first arcanum of the Tarot pack 
to the Hebraic ALEPH, and thus to the constellation Orion and zodiacal 
Taurus. be accords the card the sigil \ and the point * drawn as 
the centre of the pupil in the Eye of God, (J) thus completing a 
cycle in the 22 arcana with the of the last in the series, the 

FOOL ARCANUM. 

JUNO Ast . Sigil given by WILSON 1019 for 1 planet 1 ' (actually an 
asteroid) in orbit between Mars and Jupiter: -yf* 

WILSON 1819 ? KOCH 19.10 *- 

SHEFHERD 1971 §. ^ 

JTJPITER Ast, Modern sigil derived from the late mediaeval tradition, 
a printed example being HYGTNUS 1402: AGRIPPA 1521 traces its 

form to the sceptre, but this is imaginative, and as rare examples 
below indicate, there were many variants tor which no such graphic 
etymology could be given* LEO 1914 says cf Jupiter LhuL it represent 
'the semi-circle rising over the cross’ and is 1 the symbol of soul 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


I r hoisting itself from matter'. 
Ancient Ecrypt jan : BERT.IK A?.ATj 

G ra C CO-B y z j: 2 tl J] S .■ 


•/ 


NEUGERAUER 1959 
berthlt, or : nas 

r\ J-f 

OMOK'T 1.394 


2r 


ALCHEMICAL 14C \ 

RAGOR 147-5 l_ T;T _ Q$ ?_j__ 
BERNARD 1 SC 




,-t 


l> 


^ i 
<T 




V A % 


CAMPANUS L5C 
DOMORI3M I SC 
LTBELLUE ISC 
SCOT 15C 

SIGN I El CAT TONES 15C < ^d J £ 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 2/ 

AGRIPPA 1510 J^' b 
DARIOT IS 57 $ 

ALCHEMICAL 1579 2 

BE LOT 166? )r 
AT .CHEMICAL 1 70 
MAGIC! 17C >4L 
S0MM3RH0FP L70l 




4 i= 


* ^ 


< f 


:4-U> 

MAG IE 1.RC 

CHRISTIAN 1870 ~Jl 
LUEPY 1528 2L26 ~y-< 4 - C- 

NERQMAK 1957 t 


CONJURATION 14C 


•2* X CK’ 
9$ 21 


FTSMICUS 1499 


4 

P .'O 


BOKATT 1 ISC 


CAN ONES i5C - F jR=- 
HOROSCOPE 15C j--'? 


y V 


[ 


SCALTGER 15C 4^ 

SCHEMA ISC 
TRACTATGLUS ISC ~lj- 

FIRMICUS 1510 /i. > 3f ,4. 
ALCHYMIA J 563 /.,■ 2 4 k 1 

KIRCHER 1655 2^ 

TABLE 1676 a 

V 2 -oe y S el> 

SHELTON 17C 2i- M- )3 D T 

WELLING 1735 
PYTHAGORAS IflC 2^- 


an IE. 4e BB 


CARBONELLI 19 2ij record? an ear ': y mediaeval manuscript form j - 


ana a 


i.u- ex media eva 1 


i 


whilst. CAPPELLI 19 49 records a mediaeval: 


?p 


The 5 j.gi . s given under TIN may be used synonymously wi th Jupiter. 
See also AQUlSITIOj SPHERE , SPIRIT Oi' JUPITER and EACH ARIEL 


j 50 




KAL-XEY 



KALI YUGA Dec* The giy.il most usually United with Lhe DEVIL * 

Supposedly as a vestigial drawing of the horns and goaL-beard, ’$'■* is 
said toy BLAVATSKY 1893 to be the esoteric sigil for the Kali Yuguthe 
'bark Age 1 , which according to certain esoteric circles begun about 
4*500 years aye. The sigil is 'the sign of Jtusann sorcery, with its 
two points (horns) turned heavenwards, a position every Occultist will 
recognize a*- one of the "left-hand' f , and used in Ceremonial Magic 1 . 


KAFH Occ. The 11th leLter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC GCPJPT) 
for which many derivative sigillic forms are recorded within the 
tradition of secret <ilph&be»L& r notably those collected by BARTQLOZZI 


1675: =n "g _S S ? D f) 

WTRTH 19 27 equates kaph with the Tarot STRENGTH ARCANUM, arid thus with 
zodiacal Luc. In his record of the graphic etymology of the letter 
from the vestigial drawing , he traces a connexion with the idea of a 
palm t and thera does indeed appear to be a link between the ancient 
forms and the heraldic plant of Upper Egypt f as indicated (in a non- 
occult context) by JENSEN 19 70. WIRTH 1927 gives the forms *-/ ~| 


KEijBKF-r. Geo. SJ gi .1 given by HEYDQN 1664 for one or the yeomantic 
spirits: C_l_ This sigil is proto ably copied wrongly from AGRIPPA 


r r > 


1531 , who yives a similar form for a spirit of Venus; v_g 


KEY 


Sea CLAVIS. 


151 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC A?. T 2? A TO NT NIC AT. SIC ITS 


KINDLE Ale- Twu mediaeval sigils recorded by SIGMA 170'- ^6 X 


KNL Map. Sigil of a spirit (perhaps 
represent the letter K in the secret 
Angels Find Genii r i $- 


j = 

W “1 

Tf 


Kyniel) 

writing 


given by HEYDQN \G6A to 
called 'The Alphabet of 


KOPH Occ. The 3 9 th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 
for which many derivative sigiliic forms are recorded within the 
tradition of secret, alphabets, notably those collected by BARTOlQezI 

4 0 /IP.JCFX WIRTH 1927 equates k&ph with the 
Tarot SUN ARCANUM and {not surprisingly in view of the iconography o£ 
the c^rd) witli the zodiacal Gemini, and gives the following terras as 
indicative of the line of development which the letter took among the 
early alphabets: ^ ^ *p it would appear that, the letter did 

in faet develop, as he suggests, from an Egyptian hieroglyphic with the 
pictorial value of ’head 1 . 


KYRIOTETES Asl. SUCKER 1975 appears to link the sigil for Aries 

with the Sphere of the Kyrioteteg, otherwise known as hhts Dominions, 
the rulers of the Sphere of Jupiter. 

See IMTELLTGEMCIES. 


152 




KIN-LAP 



LADY POPE Occ* WIRTH 1927 relaLes this 2nd arcanum of the TatoL pack 
with the Hebraic letter RETH, and with the constellation Cassiopeia.- 

he accords the card the siyils of the horizontal single line - and 

the blacK disc * along with the binary \ \ which relates to the 
columns behind the figure in the card. 


LALAD Hag. Sigil for spirit 
for the angel Hetatron) given 
in the secret writing called 


(perhaps derived from Lad,, one of the name; 
by HEYDON 1664 Lo represent the letter L 
'Alphabet of Angels and Genii': 


LAMED Occ. The 12th letter cf the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC LOR IF: 1 ) 
for which many derivative forms are given within the tradition of 
secret alphabets, as for example in those collected by HARTOLOZZI 1675: 
J /\A 3 T_Jf WIRTH 1927 equates Lamed with the Tarot 


arcanum of the HANGING MAN. Lie gives the following ferrrs as being 
derivative of the letter / i-j iinX? the pietographic 

origin with the idea of 'a goad 1 : however, it is likely that Lamed was 
derived from an Egyptian hieroglyphic with the pictorial value of 
'horizon 1 {shh JENSEN 19 70}. 


LAMP Ale* 


DIDEROT 1763 


B £=3 


TiAPiE Ale. For the generic sigils, see STONE. SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives 
the sigils for a number ot different stones, as follows; Silex 


153 




DICTIONARY O.F OCCULT t HERMFTTC AND ALCHEMICAL SlGlLS 

* 

Calaminaris; Aft JXj ‘'j "fc' ^ <cf D" ® ^ v^/ 

Upis Prurtetllse.- yj;' ^ Lapis Pusntix: f ^> Lapis Si lex: %? 

Lapis Si lax Ustus: Lapis Tut lac ; 7L7 Lapis L^ui?; It 

For the last one, SIGKA 17C gives .-^Fr i /V\ A /. GhSSMANN 1906 

gives; T'y ^-y 4 V 77 LUEDY 192 B: \£7 "1. u 

and KOCH 19 30; |_, 

Hi 

LAPIS ARMENTUS See MOUNTAIN BLUE 


LAPIS LAZULI 


See LAPIS 


LAYER UPON LAYER Ala. Several ot these mediaeval sigils are clearly 
derived from the abbreviation ot" the la tin .stratum super stratum. 
WORLIDGE 1651 TO -ffS- ALCHYMIA 1563 Tf], /// 

GE So MANN 1906 JU J-r\ S8 St 


alchemical ivc TIT) rm FT3 


LEAD Aic. Since all tne gigils used for this metal are synonymous with 
-hose used fox the planet SATURN, see also the entries under this name, 
iho following sigils have been recorded specifically as relating to 

- i 

the metal: 

WORLILGE 1651 ^4+ M 4^ VS■ ^ C ROLL I US 2 612 

SHELTON 17C A& -\f' 'y 1 SIGN A 17C “! ! .' A±q VTl R' l C A^' 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 TO C TO Vi j-f O % J“[ ^ ^ tj 'td. 

DIDEROT 1763 "TO. 

CESS MANN 190b TO '--R 0 0 9 ,A V /6 0Hi v'O TO TO TOP 

0^ > *■-- **> 


KOCH 1930 dC 1 -' SHEPHERD 1.971 

LUEDY 192B records two sigils from the Syrian alchemical tradition: 


I'd"”’ 

~\F--S 


BERT HELOT 1.865 records two sigils from Greek sources; 


LEAD FILINGS Aic, RERFHELOT 188b gives two sigils from the Greek 

alchemical tradition; ,■■' -ty) 

LEAD OF ANTIMONY Aic, ALCHEMICAL 17C ~i T -' 


154 




LAP-LEO 


LEAD OF THE PHILOSOPHERS Ale, SOHKERHOPF 1701 Q* 

LEAD ORE Ala- BERTHELOT 1585 recorda a si.gi 1 from ancient Greek 
alchemical sources: ,j ! 


LEAP SALT Ale. 


SHE!.,TOO 17C 



LEAD SUGAR Ale. 


GESSMANN 1906 records a mediaeval sig11: 



leaf Ale. BERTHE LOT 1SB5 records a nuttier of sigils all relating to 

the idea of leaf metsi|"Zl til Lfj 

also COPPER LEAF, GOLD LEAF, IRON LEAF, SILVER LF-AP and TIN LEAF. 


LEMURiAN See EARTH. 


LEO Jist. Zodiacal sign *jf the 'Lien 1 , the printed sigil hoi Tig derived 
from the mediaeval manuscript tradition (see JANUA I4C below, for 
example ) f though ultimately from the Graeco-Byzantine tradition (see 
NEUGEBAUSR 1555 teelow, for example), recorded in print by UYGINUS 
1482 1 mf' L The sigil is said by AGRTPPA 1510 to tec based on the shape 
of a lion's tail, though this ie entirely fanciful, as many of the 
mediaeval variants would suggest ioven AGRIFPA 1510 uses variant sigil 
forms). Two common misuses of the sigil lead to confusion, ar.d are 
worth recording. Sometimes the form J”k is given for Leo, though 
this sigil is in fact the NODE of a planet, especially the one called 

c^put drawn is* An example of this mistake may be seen in the glyph 
used in the medal for the American Numismatic Association designed by 
Vincz-H in WHiTTICK 1971. Another common error is the reversal of the 
sigil - an example of which may be see in SILLY 1790, where it may tc 
some extent bo excusable in view of the reversal of the copper plate 


after engraving; 

1 

Ancient Egyptian: IiFSLlN 42AD j 

STOBART 2C jf /h 
Graeco - Bex rj n t i ne : 


LPT RGELBERG 1911 






L5 9 


NEUGEBAUER 1959 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL 5TOILS 


9 


DXGBY 12C 07 
ASTRONOMICAL 1400 
J ANITA 14C 'O 

t-j 

MANSTONTBUS _482 OZ 
13QNATT1 15C f 'j 
RAWLINS ON 150 Of r 
TABLES ISC C, ff' 
SCHYNAGS3L 1500 f , 'L 


SO 


A 


O' 


MARY 160 
HELOT 1667 

PROWSSE 17C SI 
SIBLY 1790 
SEPHAR1AL 1920 ^ 

NEUGEBAUER 1369 / } 


cfl 


GRAMMATICA 1.1C &P 

CONJURATION 14C 
T.EUPOLDI 14C y 
ASTROLOGICAL ISC (j 
QUADRANTT 


S ISC 


& 


LAMEBCIUE 1500 


(« 

Q 


n 


scot l sc '3 £ 

THURNE YS SEE L 5 7 4 

HIBNER 1651 
SIGILLIS 17C 
TABLE 17C C/ 
ZADKIEL 1935 J\ 

COLLIN 15> 5 4 J\ 
KTIDHYAR 1970 J~L cJ~L 


Q 

Is 


LOEDY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian astrological 
tradition: 


lei.tpoTiRT 1.4c given a eigil for the constellation Lm j.- t /}l 
recorded by AGRTPPA 1510 for the sign. 

See aJ HU SPIRIT OF LEO and VERCHIEL 


Kind this in 


LIBRA Act, Kodiacal sign of the ‘Balance 1 , The printed version of 
the sigil is derived ultimately fron- the Egyptian (.see STUB ART 2C 
below) via the Graaco-Byaantino, ae for example in HYGINUS 1482: 

The sigil Is. said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be based on the form of a 


balance, but derivation from an Egyptian hieroglyph is more likely. 
Ancient Egyptian : BERT. IN 4 2 AD Li-1 

STOBART 2C L°n. SFlEGELBERG 1911 l V i l'S-J 

NEUGEDAUER 194 3 ■- —' I—^-> 


Graeco -Si /J2. an tine - 


NEUGEBAUER 1959 





.r 1 — 


WALTER 1970 records a Greek sigil: 


ASTRONOMICAL 14C 


SCHYNAGEL 


1 500 


c. 


TABLES ISC u^Sta 
COLEY 17C LJ ^- ;I 


C ONJ URATION 14 C 12? “ 
QUADRANTIS ISC Or' 


FOOTE I 7C 



156 








LIB-LIC 


PYTHAGORAS 18C 

f-- 

ZA'DKIEL 1035 F^-i 
MODERN ASTROLOGY 19Q6 h^d\ 

HADES 1069 

LEUROLDI 14c gives a sigi] for the 


51 ELY ]7RO 



FLAMMARIQN 1897 


SLMENTOVSK Y i960 


con s t.e 1.1 a t i on Li bra 



doe a Leo SPIRIT OF LIBRA 


LIBRIJM Ale.' VALENTINE 167] P 

CAPPELL1 T949 gives two mediaeval forms: ^ 

LIFE See ANKH 

LIGHT Occ. In her complex nunerological study BLAVATSKY 1S8B gives 
two sigils I Q ' ■ (T) as the 'sacred Ten fnumbers or Sephiruth) * which -.a 
the ‘Light' - though this is the occult light - "through which all 
things were made", A sigil given by GAEELLA 1615 in the graphic 
theory of occult symbolism derived ultimately from DEE 1564 is 
which carries the implication that the Sun and the Moon face to face, 
in an image of the first day when light was created. This latter 
sigil also represents the ‘philosopher f $ light*. A sigil given in 
LAW 1772 - as part of the study of Boehme 1 s graphic occult system - 
is representative of half the nature of the created world: C, the 
other half is the sigil tor WRATH, This light sigil is derived from 
his "One Globe'; (Jy But see in this connexion EYE OF ETERNITY, A 
sigil given for the expansive principle of Boehme 1 s thc-osophy, which 
may be associated with the light polarity of the dualism which 
pervades his thought, is Lire simple ZS. But see TERNARY. A sigi] 
for light is derived by WELLING 173!? from the alchemical sigil for 
DAY, intended to symbolise the outpouring of spiritual forces on to 
tire material plane: Jj LEO 1914 gives the sigil © for Light 

find D^rk. Tt will be clear from the above notes that the Light of 
the occultists is not the 'light' of modern physicists. 

See the opposing sigils for DARK and WRATH, and also COSMOS. 


LIGHT5 See HUN and MOON. 


1 57 






B 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


HERMETIC AND ALCtlh'MICAL S1C1LS 


I.ILTTU list. In node r 11 ast.rrj) cyy, t.he name given to n hypotheci cal 
Earth-Moon f the so-called r darJc Noon ' . 

SEPHARIAT, 19 IS 0 GOLDSTEIN 1961 ^ 

LILY /Lie, A sigil derived from the Creek alchemical tradition is given 

. jz 

by BERTHELOT 1 1805, probably + r^m the word Jcrine: K-±j 

T.iIMATITRA Sea IRON FILINGS, 

LIME Ale. DIDEROT g f (_+ KOCH 19 30 

BERTHFLOT 1&E35 records a few siqils derived from the Greek alchemical 
tradition: ^ ^ YY 

LIME OF EGGSHELL Ale. SHELTON 17C 0 

DIDEROT 1763 dL 1 ,/> 

LIME OF GOLD Ale. DIDEROT .76 3 E7 113 


TJME Of LEAD Ale. GESSMAHN 1906 


He 

kT 


1,1 ME OF LYE Ale. GESSMANN 19Ob 'M 


i I 




LIME OF VITRIOL DIDEROT 176 3 


^ z 


LIMESTONE Ala. GESSMANN 190b Z X_ lid Stis also Si LEX and STONE 


LIQUEFY Ale. GESSMANN 1906 




LIQUOR Ale. ALBEFTUS 1 


LIQUOR OF CALCINATED LEAD Ale, DIDEROT 176 3 L/ 

L--'" 

LITHARGE Ale . ALCHYMIA 15£3 
DIDEROT 1763 1 + 


158 


r.iWAjE 


BESTHELOl 1 1E85 records three sigils derived £roir. Lhc ancient Greek 
a 1 c he hi i c a 1 trad i hi on : /T" lT 'K, ^ 

LITHARGE OF COLD Aid. SHELTON 17C ^Vp 
DIDEROT 1763 q>_ {rP 


LITHARGE OP' SILVER Ale. ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 

DIDEROT 1763 X- T- 


SHELTON 17C “tr 




LIVING See AN1KALIA and ANKH. 


LIXIVIUM Ale. SIGNA 17C /?■ 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives for alkali flxum the 

y x 5 __ 

SCHNEIDER 15 62 Tl7 J 

See also ALKALI 


iigns 


4^ & 


1 ' 'At: 


LIXIVIUM TARTAR I Ale. SOMMERHOFF 1701 


LODE STONE Ast. The fol lowing sigilo were given under the n nines of 

lodestone, itiagxss or lapis magn.es; 

rtO 

ALCHYM1A 156 3 r \J -— 

A 

SHELTON !7C q/ ^ 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 ‘t-P^h 

GESSMANN 1506 ^ 

Rut al£C MAGNET 

LOETITTA Geo, Siqil for one of the sixteen geom-nct ic figures: ■ * 

A multitude of variants [dots, stars, floral devices, etc. i is aseo 
to dc not e t he s a me fou r f o Id a r r/= n g esne n t, Loe title? is 1 i n V: «d by 

AGRIPDA 1531 with the eleDer.t of Air, the planet Jupiter, and the 
zodiacal sign Taurus, The following sigils, derived from late 
mediaeval sources, are sometimes used to denote the planet Jupiter, as 
for example in TR1THZM1-JS 1503. 

AGRXPPA 15 31 B l-J £4 t'O 


WORLIDGE 1651 
SIGNA 17C @ 

SCHEFFERS 1776 f ”B 
LUEDY 19 36 


1 59 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC I.\1W ALCHEMICAL SlGILC 


IjOVE Qcc . 


Big11 given by KUCH 1930 as a rane meaning ’love 1 : 



See RUNES 


LOVERS ARCANUM Occ . WIRTH 1927 relates this 6th arcanum of the Tarot 
pack t-c the Hebraic vau , and accords it. (presumably because of the 
element of 'choice' which one may read into the iconography of the 
card} the sigil 'V" the important Pythagorean sigrii which according 
to WIRTH 1927 is related to the ’primitive Van 1 , and the hexagram 
which within the occult tradition is one of the symbols of union, as 
for example in the ’union of opposites' of the Four element! S. 


LUCIFER Mag. S CHE I El, E 1946 gives the sig.il \ for the spirit, and 

the sigi 1 for Lucifer and Beelzebub* The name Lucifer is also 

associated with the morning rising of the planet Venus in traditional 
astrology, and in curt-jin mediaeval manuscripts cue finds the Sphere of 
Venus marked Llic Sphere of Lucifer r though the sigils employed refer 
only to the planet VENUS, and not to the Spirit Lucifer-* 
flee SPHERE 


LUMEN MINUS use SILVER 

DUMA flee MOON 

LUNA FIX?i Ale, ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 

GE S S MANN 190$ Q 

LUNAR Ale. OMONT 1394 gives the sigil <£. from Creek texts. 

LUTATIOW Ale, The siglls are used exoterics)ly for the operation of 
sealing or stopping up containers, and sometimes for the hermetic part, 
itself, which is sealed from the outer world. But nee LTJTUM 
SAPIENTIAE, 

WORLIDGE 1651 Nj FRANCKLYN 1627 

ALCHEMY 1650 Tx zry-^ As 


LOV-LYE 



GESSM&NN 19*06 KJ jftf 

LUTE See BOTTLE , BUT ATIOH and LUTUM SAPTENTIAE 

LL'TUM SAPIENTIAL /lie. The mediaeval sigils fox lutum sapiQntiae or 
lufcum philosophorum were often "intended to denote the esoter.ic 
hermetic (or 'sealed') art itself - see LUTATION. 

ALCBYMTA 1563 CROLLIUS 1612 

FRESNE 168 3 C3 CKOLLIUS 1670 

WORLIDGE 1651 "LV\ ALCHEMICAL 17C \/ 

SHELTON 17 C ^ SIGMft 17C ‘"J' f 





GESSMANN 1906 


*-fr 0 0 


LYE See ALKALI 


LYE OF ASHES Ale. SHELTON 17C 



LYE OF TARTAR Ale. 



But see also LXXTVIUH TARTART 


161 





DICTIONARY OP OCCULT, HERMETIC /V. T D ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 



MACROCOSM See GREATER WORLD 


MAGIAN SCRIPT G«e ADAMIC SCRIPT 




MAGIC SELLABLE Occ. A series of seven &igile r obviously linked with the 
planetary Biyils, and given by MCNTE-SNYDERS 1678 as being f seven 
syllabize' 1 which together give the sound of the Materia Prints. 

2 T 

The first is linked with SATURN: 

The second is linked with JUPITER: 

The third is Link e u with MARS: ^ 

The fcurtb i.^ linked with ven us i 
The fifth is linked with MRRCuRYi 
The sixth is linked with the MOON: 

The seventh constitutes a union of the six sigils given above, and may 
be associated with the RUN, oh the 'unifier 1 of the planetary influences 
in our solar system; 


& 


i " 


MAGISTERIUM dee SECRET WISDOM 


MAGISTER OF CROCUS Ale. DIDEROT 1763 £ 


MAC 


LISTER OF SATURN flic. DIDEROT 1763 L_ 


rt 


YAGHES 


sea IX3DEST0NE 


162 


MC- MAL 


MAGNESIA A I c . In strict alchemical terms r this is said to be -an 

ingredient of the PHILOSOPHER'S SOON?:, and consequently the sigils 
do not of necessity refer to the hydrated magnesium carbonate, and 
even in the late forms, it is unlikely that the sigils are intended 
for the element. DALTON 1808, who gives the form (T) is an 
except ion. 

ONOMASTICUM LS74 ALCHEMICAL 17C 

SI SNA 1 1C JJ_ SQMMEK.HOFF 1701 QA? 

SCHEFFERS 1775 ^ rfr LUEDY 18 28 

SCHNEIDER 1962 d-H? 

LUEDY 192 8 records a related form from the Syrian alchemical 
tradition: ^ 

r ^ 

BERTHELOT 1885 records two siqils from Greek alchemical texts: /i* 


MAGNESIA OP GOLD Ale. ALCHEMICAL 170 Jb 
MAGNESIA OF IRON AlC- ALCHEMICAL 170 
MAGNESIA OF SILVER TUc. ALCHEMICAL L70 f 


MAGNET Ale. DIDEROT 1762 gives a sigil for the traditional LODESTONE, 
and one which is probably 1 modern': ^ 


MALACHim script Occ. One of the secret scripts derived from the 

Cabbalist tradition [see HEBRAIC SCRIPT), recorded by BARTOLOESI 1675 
with one variant Letter from that recorded by AGRIPFA L.drsli 


Ik 

3 

.i 

i 




n 

u 

* 


s 

y) 

'jhL 

J 

m 

UI 

V 

rr 

% 

i 

A 

V i 

n 


D 


J 




n 

X 

£ 

w 

V 

/< i 

ffi* 





H 


0 

'■ ■ 

a 


7 


U> 

4 

n 

,(tTv 








L63 




























DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t HERMETIC ?u VJ> ALCHEMICAL STGILS 

MALCHlDAEL Afay • Sigil given tiy REYDON 1GG4 as 1 g-eonrnntic spirit' r the 
genius of ptrEk, though the sigil is actually derived iron, that given as 
the ruling spirit of zodiacal Aries by agrifpa 1531i 
AGRIFPA 1531 o/ 

See also MADCRIDIEL 

MALCHTDIEL ATag. Mediaeval sigils for the ange] of Aries, given by 
BRAHE 1 5 B2 : Vi!'+- MALCIIIDAEL and SPIRIT OF ARIES . 

MALE Occ . GEHEIMt 1785 0 

MALE and FEMALE Oco. a sigil given by MASSEY 18133 is intended Lo 
represent r rmgje sr t<d female mjij fcc<7 other ond j?.orc- evident twin— 

typas of the two ceves * : G> + 

ELAVATSKY 1888 gives the form for 'Man as the cube unfolded 1 : 
and explains the form as the image of the 3 horizontal (female) 
and the 4 vertical (male) forming the image of Han 'as the culmination 
of the deity un Earth, whose body is the cross of flesh. 1 
BTiAVATSKY 1GEJ8 gives also the sigil \ Q which is derived from the 
Greek form J jTl. which means r Moon * f and which is also the symbol 
of the pillar and the circle {see for example the sigils for the 
LADY POPE) . BLAVATSKY 1888 also gives siglls for the male as a 

vertical j the female as a horizontal ■-- and the union in the 

CROSS. Lee also ORIGIN and YIN AND YANG 

MALE ELEMENT Ope. Sigil g given by KOCH 1930 in his highly persona: 
system of symbol ism t (£) '\/ 

MAN Occ. BERTHELOT 1885 gives the sigil which is a derivation 

from the abbreviation for anthropos. In addition to the sigiis and 
forms noted in MALE AND FEMALE, hr AVATEKY 1088 records the emergence 
oi fen 1 the body erect 1 ^ from the spiritual (/') to give the 
'creative potency 1 P and the ’moving man 1 [ r ^ v This emergence of 
individuality from the spiritual gives rise to the Pythagorean h igi1 



1G4 




iMAL- MAR 


□ £ the binary, representative of 'choice 1 


cr ’moral 


choice 



BLAVATSKY IBS8 also gives for Uolty, Universe and Man , the iorrn-i 



l-iAN CRUCIFIED Oco. BE A VAT EE Y LQOB gives the decussated 'Cross in 

Space' X as an image of the Platonic synibo] of ‘the second God 

who impressed himself on the Universe Iji the form of the Cross' - 
hut lauks the idea of the human crucifixion with ancient initiation 
rites. See CROSS 

MANIFESTATION Occ- I?laVATsky 1980 gives a progressive series of sigils 

relating to the occult view of manifestation , the emergence o+ materia' 
life from the absolute spirit. Whilst the following sigils have been 
accorded individual entries, as Indicated, the general outline ot the 
graphic theory is as follows: from the ESSENCE O' which represents 

the onti unknown and unknowable infinite, cjnorgeH the sigil of 
mani £&st at t on , the first differentiation t which is sexless and infinite, 
or potential space within abstract space: (_■_) The sngil represents 

the spirit-principle, with its fructifying power unconcealed* A third 
stage is symbolized in the sigil for the MOTHER NATURE (;_) which is 

the transformation of the point, the emergence of duality* This in 

turn becomes the sigil for the JUundane Cross, illustrative ot- the ORIGIN 
q£ human life, asoterically called the Third Root Race: fjy when the 
encompassing circle of spirit disappears, the sigil of the cross is 
left —|— representing tihfe fall into MATTER as the final accomplish¬ 

ment, at which point the Fourth Raoe begins. 

r*EO 1914, Inf luenced by BIAVATSKY J8S6. gives the mundane cross —for 
manifestation/ but reasons that r t’ie perpendicular beam represent a 
SPIRIT, the horizontal bar the animal Or oarthiy principle , being' 
penetrated by Lbe Divine Spirit ', 

See FORM and IMMORTAL ADAM. 


MAN I PULE /Vo. 


DIDEROT 1763 


*■-" 

fr- 



MARBUEL Mag, Several sigils 
SCHEIBLE 1848: 


tor this spirit 

gj -HiX 3 


have beer, recorded by 


165 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlCiLS 


MARCASITA ARGENT HA Alt, SOMMERROFF 

MARC AS IT A AT.'RE A Me, SOMMERROFF 

MARCAS1TE Ale. ALCUYM1A 1563 

WORLIDGE 16SI <5^ -LL^ 

FRESNO L698 4d“ 


1701 9 ^ 

L701 ^ Q I-L- 1 ii 


CRQLLIUS 1612 



J_L 


CROLLIUS 1670 



/alentINE 1671 J14 


fral''Jck_ly:j 


i 1627 ix. 


yl 


ALCHEMICAL 17C 
SHELTON 17C 


s —\ 

^ -U- 


SlGNA 17C Cp y £7? 5^5 X ^ 

SOMMER HOFF 1701 ^ 'iX £4 5 ^ 4 "O K I 

GESSMANN 1906 -p "4 4 ^ C^ 7 £) CHS, 2-f* ^3^9 f 
LUEDY 1928 See BISMUTH 


MARKIAGE S ee MATE T MON Y, 


MARS Asfc. The modern gigil is derived from the Graeco-Byzantine 

astrological forme, through the mediaeval manuscript tradition - gee 
NEtiGEBAUER 1959 below. The printed example is from BY GIN US 1402: 4 
AGRJPFA 1531 traces its form to the dart, cot GABELLA 1613 follows 
DEE 1364 and gives a more complex version O-'j—C claiming that it is 
derived from the four elements £—j— ) j, the Sun ( 03 and the Moon ( C 
LEO 1914 says that the sigi 1 is f r-«*a 1 1 y the cross over the circle " 


and * Is Che symbol of spirit constrained by matter'. 
Ancient Egyptian : BERLIN 4 2 AD >o" 

ffraeeo-Byzantine; netjgebauer 1959 0' 


BERT1JEL0T 1605 records several 


texts JP) ^ 

ALCHEMICAL I4C <L 
THESAURUS 14C V 
RAGOK 14 74 f ] i 7.~^ 
BONATTT 15C *■ ^ 

CANONES 15C ^ 
LIBELLUS 15C Q- 


wh list 



sigiis from ancient Greek alchemical 
OMONT 1894 gives a related varianti 

CONJURATION 14C >r~f Q —-> 


BERNARD .1 SC 




CAMPANUS 15C 
HOROSCOPE 15 C 





UAH-MAT 


SCOT 15-C 0 ~?j/ 

TRACTATUS 15l p 

SCHYNAGEL 1500 
FIAMICUS 1510 4^ 

ALCHYM1A 1563 CH- 


BKAiili 1582 dl 
CROLLIUE 1612 


dr 


VALEHTIHE 1645 
TABLE 1676 X 
ALCHEMICAL 17C </ d 

SHELTON 17C -J- ^ 


SIGlvlFlCATlONEH 15C 
LAMBECIUS 1500 Jtfi 
AGRIPPA 1510 0^ 

ALCHEMICAL 155-5 G>—f C? 

DEE 1564 ^ O-fc 

ALCHEMICAL 1579 X 
ZlEGLERUH 1620 ^ 

t 

CROLLIUS 1670 ^ 

FRESUE I6S& % 

COLEY 17C 


i 


EDMMERHOFF I 701 




GEREIME J 78 


5 # 


& 


A\ 

BURC KHARET 196 7 Q 


WELLING 1725 (j< 

GARB DWELL I 192 5 

Hinco the sigils used by alchemists for the met u.1 IRON are used also 
synonymously tor Mars, in theory any of the above sigils nay be used 
to denote the metal 
See also PLUTO 


•and vice versa 


MATERIAL Dec. A series of Modern sigils related to the idea of 

materiality {in contrast to the spiritual) has been given by ClRIOT 
1962, in his personal theory of graphic symbolisms the sigiis for 
fc-tys? J arid p£$siv& □ and Lhe Material and active 

comb i ne as two oppos i ng principles t.c i nduce the ma ter i a 1 
generation; CiRLOT 1962 also gives a material quaternary t j^7 | 

In the earlier tradition, the 1 material A is- generally represented by 
reference to the hyle or MATTER. 

See also EARTH, ELEVENTH and MATERIA PRIKA. 


MATE RIAL £>U 1 NTH S 5 EN CE Al c , 


GEHEIME 1785 




MATERIAL WORLD 


Ast . HONE 1951 gives a personal interpretation of the 


t r adi t i on a 1 symbo- li sm : 


- _u 


See Filso MATTER, 


167 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SICILL 


MATERIA prima Ale. AUREUS 16L3 giva^ the circulus simplex Lo denote 
the Materia Primal Q 
ALCHEMICAL 17 C £C 
SOMMERHOFF 1701 Hh 3 * \* 

HOMER 1723 gives © tout see HOMER'S GOLDEN CHAIN, 

GEER MANN 19D6 

MATRIMONY Ale * WOKLIDGF 1651 

KOCH 1930 given a highly personal interpretation of the sigil which he 
calls marriage, though this sigil really relates to the pact between the 
four eleoienta* from which the sigil is constructed:"^ This pact is the 
spiritual marriage underlying the phenomena of nature; L.he matrimony 

of the alchemists is of a different order, toeing an induced marriage, 
by way of the spagyric art, of entities which are toy nature opposed. 

matter A Jo. KIRCHER 1655- gives the sigil 1- p 1 for materia, which is 

not quite the same as our modern "matter 1 . 

WQRLIDGF 1651 GESHMANN 1906 cTf 

BLAVATSKY 1877 gives -— but in this connexion, see GROSS. 

LUEDY 1928 / YcK 

LEO 1914 gives the common sigil for the MOON ^7 and says it 
'symbolises the most subtle form of matter* ** *Jt is the jref Jcctjon of 
the Real, or its Shadow' - but see form:. 

Sec FALL OF KAN, MANIFESTATION, MATERIAL, MATERIA PRTMA and MATERIAL 
QUINTESSENCE. 



MFAKNESS Oco- Sigil given by TAW L772 in connexion with Boehme's 
occult system of symbolism: Zl\ 

See WRATH 

MEAL iUc, GESSMANN 1906 gives a sigil which probably means 'the edible 
part of grain or pulse' f though meal was also a measure: (TD 

"hr A/| 

MEDICATED WINE Ale . LESSMANN 1906 V j 


168 


MAT—MEP 


ME GALOP IAN SCRIPT Occ, One of the secret alphabets recorded by 

VIGNEKE 15S6 (sec SECRET SCRIPTS) 


a 

1) 

C 

cl 

e 

f 


h 

i 

+ 

,i 

k 

i 

111 

n 

0 

H 

'I 

6 

z 

i 


14 

c 


T 

A 

U 

w 

,* 

°i 

Oo 

^4 

mn 

9> 

9 



4 

hr 

V 



T-- 

o 

p 

<1 

r ’ s' t ' u ' v ' w ' x ' y z 


MEEQD Mag* Sigil lor a spirit (name perhaps derived £t-go Mai on) , given 
by LlEYDON 1664 to represent Die letter M in the secret writing called 
'Alphabet of Angels end Genii’ : 


MELANCHOLIA 


See LAP ill and TEMPERAMENT 


MELTING HOT Ale. ALCHEMICAL 17C P A- X 

SHELTON 17C SIGMA 17 C ^ <? 

GESSMAWK M T 0 f, H T X •v' y ^ V T 4 7 

See TlGlLLUM 


T 


MEM Oao, The 13 th letter of the Hebraic alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 
for which many derivatives are given within the tradition of secret 
alphabets, notably those collected by EARTGLQZZI 167!b; a h n 
frl WTRTF 1-927 equates Mem with the Tarot card the DEATH ARC AHUM 
and thus links it with the constellation Draco. In his list of 
vestigial derivative forms far- the letter he gives the forms 
which he traces back to the idea of ‘water 1 . 


MENSTRUUM Ale. SOMMERHOFF 1701 vH \V 'fy'X 

GESSMANN 1906 $- 3- 

MEP HI STOP HELP a Mag, Sigil given by SHEIBLE 1848 Qj with the 

sigil "(3^ for 1 Mo phistopheles and the whol h of his spirits' . 


MEPHISTOP11tEL Mag. Stivera : sigils are recorded by SCHEIELE 1848, the 



















DICTIONAHY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


$ imp lest forms 


of 


which ares 




HEE.Ct.IRruS VIVUS See QUICKSILVER 


MERCURY Ale^ A large number of different sigils have been used to 
denote the 'metal' and 'spiritual Mercury 1 of Lhe alchemists, but the 
eigil for the astrological Mercury - that is, the planet - ha 5 , in its 
numerous forms, been used to denote also the metal. The following 
sigils were presented within an alchemical context; 

ALCHYMIA 1563 "Y 7 =h" IF 

DEE 1564 Y ^ ALCHEMICAL IB79 i Y ^ 

ALCHEMICAL 17C 0 Q-+ ■ 0 c ^f 

SHELTON 17C \~7 -^7 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

SIGMA 17C 1& Y F? .?- 

DAliTOl* la 08 (0) 

GESSMAWH 1906 ^ ^ ^ .J. ’ ^ ^ ^ JP 

SHEPHERD 19 71 records Lwo mediaeval variants: t^!_ r \^ 

The astrological sigil is derived directly from the Graeco-Byzantine 


astrological tradition (see KT3UGEBAUEF 1959 below), a printed example 
being from HYGINUS 1482 1 $ AGRIPPA 1531 traces its form to the 

caducous, but a variant given by GAEELTA 16'-. 5 i g traced to a con tract! or 


of Sun and Moon over the cross of materiality, in thu analytic method 

of DEE 1564, relating to the MONAD. LEO 1914 sums up the verbal 

o 

tradition when he says that the sigz. 4 -, J represents the complete 
u/iftm of the throe symbols { Q Will, Wisdou:, and —f— Activity) 

.in cn^, denoting perfectibllitg' + 


BERLIN 42AD 


1 

BERTHELOT 1865 


A no i e.n t Eg ypti an: 

Graeco- Hg ranLine: 

OMDNT 1894 , £ 

Mediaevalc THESAURUS 14C ^ 

ALCHEMICAL 140 
D ' A ILLY 1490 >t+- 

BONATTI 15C 
CAM OWE S 15C 


b 


WEUGEBAUER 1959 <5 

W 

RAWLINSOW 15C Zj? 

RAGOR 1474 V S -2 


¥ 


BERNARD I5C 
CAMPANUS 150 


V 


HOROSCOPE 15C 4- 


170 


KEE-MLR 


LIBELUJS ISO ^ _ 


SCOT 150 n O 

SIGNIFICATIONES ISC 

U 

TRACT ATUS 15C 

SC1IYNAGEL 1500 if 


AGRIPPA 1510 

FIRMICUS 1510 2_ 

T 

BLUNDEVILLE 1594 _ 

GABEL: A 1615 {p 


FL TJDD 1617 if 

ALCHEMY 1650 ^ =(= 


KIRCHER 1655 <7? 


bi 


BELOT 1667 
SIBLY 1790 


£ 


¥ 


PYTHAGORAS 


STRAGGLING 1824 


1 


18C^ 


GESSMANN 1906 Lu 'l?''" IfS' '\_!/ 

v kj ^ ^ 

£ 


X % r % e4- r h 


THIEREWS 1931 


A larg« number of si.gi Is have been recorded by BLRTHELQT 1885 fre-m 
Greek alchemical sources, but it is rarely cl^at whether the 
agLrolcxjiedl or alchemical meaning is intended by Heimes st.ilbon, the 

Greek ter-rr: i l r 

Generally, the sigils listed in the above a 2 chemical sec tier, are also 
interchangeable with the astrological forms. See also ALBU5, 

CON J7JNCTIQ f QUICKSILVER and SPIRIT OF MERCURY 


MERCURY METALLICUM Ale. ALCHEMICAL 17C 


MERCURY 01 ANTIMONY Me. DIDEROT 1763 




MERCURY OF COPPER Ala. SHELTON 1 VC 


MERCURY OF GOLD Alt'. SHELTON L7C 


y 

£ 




MERCURY OF IRON Ale. SHELTON 17C Vjy 

CT 

MERCURY OF LEAD Ale. WGRUDGE 16Si -$ ^ 

FRESNE 1688 ^ ALCHEMICAL 17C f+ 

SIGN A, 17c SHELTON 17C ^- 

DIDEROT 1762 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the following vigils for Wercurius Saturni 


171 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGTLS 


praccipjta fcus: M ^ for which SCHNEIDER 196-2 al&O giv^s 

the following formsi /X\ ""UI § 

MERCURY OF LIFE Ale . DIDEROT 1763 given two sigils which are probably 
not the same a5 Werttirius Vivust ^ 'O'* 


MERCURY OF SILVER Ale, SHELTON 17C 




MERCURY PRECIPITATE Ale. WORLIDGE 1651 ijL L 
DIDEROT 176 3 Wor" 


MERCURY SATURNI Ale. FRESNE 


168S ^ 


MERCURY SUBLIMATE Ale. WORLIDGE 1651 _ 

FRESNE 1633 ALCHEMICAL 170 <£^ ^ 

b ss f ir ^ j ^ 'wa % 


SOMMERHQFF 1701 
SCHNEIDER 196 2 /Y\ H 


MERCURY WATER AlC. GESSMANN 1906 ( 0\. 


■^L9 


METAL Ale - KIRCHER 16 55 SCHEFFERS 177 5 \£d 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ LUEDY 19 2 B ^ 

See also MINERALIA and SEVEN METALS 

MET ALLA IMPERFECTA See MINERAL1A 

METAL LIME Ale , KOCH 1930 ^ 


MICHAEL Occ. S.igil derived from the mediaeval tradition by AGRIPPA 

1565 [though it. appeared in various related forms within the manuscript 
tradition much earlier): /, X 

TRITHEMIUS 1503 appears to have made a mistake in giving the sioil? 

fQr Michael, as these are the forms for ANAEL, for which the 
same source giv«s the sigili / -lit/ 

2pW 


SCHEIBLE 1843 gives three sigils: 


■ve? 


172 








MEFt-MTN 


An occult Aigil which is certainly mediaeval, and presumably derived 

from the cabbalistic tradition, may be given only as PERSONAL 1980 - 

o 

but see Jjntroducfciom 


MTCHOCOSMIC PENTAGON Oc c* BLAVATSKY 180F! tells ljS that among Other 

things, the five-pointed star (pentagram) represents mam 'A the 
same source tells us that in Egypt the pentagon represented the 
"defunct man' - an idea which was taken over by the early Christians 
in the so-called oranLos figures. See also PENTAGRAM 


MICZARIEL Mag. 
SCHETBLE 1848: 


Two siglls, probably mediaeval in origin, are given by 
0 


MIDHFAWN Ast. Greek sigils, now no longer used, even in derivatives, 
for the jncsourania (the latin medium coeli ), or culminating degree of 
ecliptic in j horoscope, the sig.il for which i.-g recorded by 


NEUGEBAUER 1959: 


0M0NT 1894 


-y4 


MILK Ale. ON0MAETTCUM 1574 --L- 

MINED GOLD Ale. DTDE^OT 1763 V @ 

MINERA Ala. SIGN A I7C "X C ARJRIG EJTERIIS 18C <j|>f 


MlNERALiA Oec. Sigil given by HOt^ER 1723, referring to the various 
combinations of the four elements devoid of spiritual or animating 
forces of Llie astral or ethcria nature; 6? but WTRTH 19.31 gives 
EOMklERHOFF 1701 gives under jyfjicralia "those tilings which arc neither 
7*niniaJ. nor Vegetable', and provides a Synopsis of general sigils as 
follows: 




Saturn,- in 


METALS; S ui’jO Moon : ,2) Jupiter: 3 1 _ Pena; 

' l fars ■■ (j"■' METATJ.A IMPERFECTA: Antimv-nium- ^ Auripi gmentum- 

ce ~V Cinna.ha.ris nativa: Jjj Maroasita.- | T J H A'ulpharr 


173 



HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f 


Nitrism: H ) Al uHi&n: S3 
JJ-azM 73 UJJ3; 


Bora a ; 


2w" 


Sal Gemmae: <0>—+ Sal 


MINERAL LEAD Ala. A Greek si.ga.1 in recorded by BERTHELQT 1BS5 from the 
alchemical tradition; ^ _T 


MINERAL SALT Ale. A vast collection of mediaeval sigils existSj of 
which the following arc the most common 
ALCHEMY 1650 □—i i 

CESS MANN 1906 J H 7-._, Vf' J 0 E lH" OIt V 1 ^ "1? 

if o—■ zT y A t/ -A ,ff_ a <0* ^ 1 z5 ^ 

-+- ^ 3C ^ ^ ^ ^ 


Se« also Salt + 

MINIUM Ala, ONOMASTICIIM : 574 7 [, 
SHELTON 17C A 2 

If- 


SOMMER EJOFF 1701 


As V 




DIEHEROT 17-63 


a, A'\ 


GESSMANN 1906 


<fp ^5 V ^ A— ^ 4 < VS 


/>V tjJ VI p 

The alchemical Mercuric Set.um . ; praecipi taius {sec MERCURY OF LEAD) 
i s prob ah 1 y mi ni u jti . 


MINUTE Ale. SHELTON 17C ^ 

MIST Ale . A sigil recorded by BERTHELOT 1S85 from Greek alchemical 

manuscripts as meaning f condensed vapour’, Is a short-form of the word 
JVephel s: 


MIX Ale. SGMMERHOFF 1701 gives the sigils JVXfor eoiuxiistiOj. 

and the sigil for permixtio. 

GESSKANN 1906 ^/VL 


MOLIBDOCHALC Ale. BERTHELOT IBdS records two Greek sigils from the 

a 1 chemi cal t r a di L i on : jjS- 


174 




MIN-MOO 


MONAD Qcc . Sigil given by DEE 
forms’. Sp The composition of the 


to a union of Sun Q 


Moon 


1564 in his mystical theory of 
sigil is complex, but may be 
vp and four sic wonts —\— 


graphic 

resolved 

supported 


by Alchemical Fire OO a sigil related to the form used for ARIES. 
The c otripl cte sigil is usua i iy cal 1« d the Kin rag I yphi c Mon a d , an d its 
form - as well aw the underlying theory of its form - has influenced 
g re at 1 y s ub se que n t oc cu 1 t tea chic iga c one e r:: i ng q x a ph i c s ymb o 1 i sir. t 
notably Eoetjne TAW 1772 and CLAVIS) and GABELLA 1615* 


MONTH Ale. ALGHYMIA 1563 WQRLIDGE 1651 “Y 

SB ELTON 17C 3X SIGN A 17C S3 

DIe-ErOT 1763 CHAS SANT 1884 (mediaeval] vyi 

v' 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 S3 &5 aef yo 
GESSMANK 1906 O l 


MOON Ast. Modern sigil derived directly from the Graeco-Byzantine 

astrological tradition (gpo KEUGEBAUER 1959) t the printed example being 
from HYG1MJH 1462: C 

AGRIPPA 15jL traces its form to the horns of the crescent. LEO 1914 
departs somewhat from the tradition by linking his sigil for the Moon 
(which is for him a symbol of J the most subtle* form of nwiter') with 
his sigil for light and dark (see LIGHT) which reminds us that the CL 
r £ 7 ei 7 U -circle is... the symbol of the Moon and represents the Soul in 
man, that which is neither who i 1 i y spiritual not wholly M&teri ai , hat 
partakes of the- nature of both and is the connecting fink between the 
spirit and the physical hocy 1 . 


Gra eco -By £ an L i nc : MEUGEBAIJER 1959 

/ 

Mediaeval : ALCHYMICAL 14C 


CONJURATION 14C 3"-' <y 

THESAURUS 14C (J. 


BON AIT I ISC (t, (?. 

CAMP AM US 15C tO' 


HOROSCOPE 15C {C 

SCHEMA 15C g 


SCBYNAGEL .1500-) 

AGRIPFA 1510 0 


ALCHEMY 1650 Oj'- 

ALCHYMIA 1563 J £..Tf dt 

q 2: 

GIUWTINI 1.533 ($& 

SMITH 16C [\) 


PLANETS 1617 nD 


175 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


GABELLA 1615 C_- ASTROLOGICAL L650 3 0 

CROLLIUS 1670 (£L RANDALL 1694 f? £-*C 

ALCHEMICAL 170 ASTROLOGY 1?C (Tj 

SHELTON 170 dC V X P 3 '2^' 

SOMMERKOPF 1701 9 EZIj STBT.Y 1790 ]|) 

ZADKIKL 1R35 

carbonellt 1925 records four mediaeval variants; eT-4. 

CH AS SANT 1Q8B givt-s a mediaeval abbreviation lur luJia.- UL 
VERARDi 1975 records a sigil +X ! which may not in fact mean moon. 
BERTHELOT 3885 records an early form from an alchemical manuscript in 
Greek (£ and a rare sigil which is in fact a short form for Die 
term science The sigJ 1 given by CROLLIUS 1670 may have been 

derived from the Crock tradition: C 

See also PULL MOON, and the gigils used by the alchemists for the metal 
SILVER, which may be used synonymously with Moon, 


MOON AECANTTM Qcc. W1RTH 19 27 relates this ldth card of the Tarot 
pack to the Hebraic TSADE f and accords it tlie sigil] ic: form: 

(see HERMETIC TETRAD ), and the standard post mediaeval sigil for the 
zodiacal sign Cancer; O' This latter WIRTH 1927 sees as the Chinese 
symbol of the ‘fecundated Cosmic Egg 1 . 


MOON DECREASING Ast, 
SOMMERHOFF 1701 ($_ 


SHELTON 17C 
/N 


MOON INCREASING Ast, SHELTON 17C — 

8 OMMERHOFF 1701 gives two sigils X> “O - ' tor both Jana crescans and 
or L lia- lunate , 1 ftoonri se 1 . 


MOONRISE Ast+ SOMMERHOFF 1701 X' 

[T'.'R.iJ ILj ■ KOCH 1 9 30 giv^s a highly personal argils presumably a 

graphic to indicate the rising sun; 

MORTAL ADAM. Oca. A sigil originated by DEE 1564 (though derived 


176 






Mi JO - MOT j 


ultimately from the Christian esoteric tradition) to represent many 

connected ideas: QO He associates the sigil with Mortal Adam, 

| 

jyegrj'nrjirjg. Existing before the elements, the Mortifying Self and with 
the Christos and with Born in a stable - all ideas derived from the 
connexion which the sigil has with the first letter of the Greek 
a 1 phab e t ALPHA . 

Gee also IMMORTAL ADAM and ELEMENTS 

MORTIFY Ale„ LUEDY 19 2 El 

MOTHER MATURE Oec . In the sequence of sigiIs described hy EDAVATSKY 
18B8, outlined in MANIFESTATION, L.be sigil is said to be a result 

of the- transformation of the torm CD which is itself expressive of 
'the first manitesta tion of creative { still passive, b&c&use feminine) 
Nature*. This 1 duality r K.igil is expressive of 'the first shadowy 
perception of maiY, which is connected with procreation, and is 
feminine because 'man knows his mother more Chun his father* * The 
spiritual principle {which is the dot with-in the circle C_J J i£ that 
which fructifies, and which is significantly concealed. 

MjOTION Occ* Sigil given by WELL TNG 1735, derived from diagrammatic 
sigils in DEE 1564, for 'second motion" which may be seen on one level 
as th.e motion of a point towards the periphery, related to the 
macrocosm!c theory a«t out by DEE 1564, and which may on another level 
be linked with the influences of the ^ecundadeian spiritual influences 
of TRIT11EMIUS 1G22 i (3 A modern sigil given by CIRLOT 1962 to 

symbolise the ’movement in the Upper and Lower Worlds' is an extension 
of the related sigil for INFINITY: © 

BLAVATSKY 188Q gives the sigil for "moving nan', 

3ee also MAN 

MOUNTAIN BLUE Ale. Abbreviation for the Latin lapis arrueni urs 
recorded by HOMMERHOFF lToiy^ and GESSMANM 1906 A 


177 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlGlLS 


MOVING MAN Oca. BIIAVATSXY 18SS gives the sigil R Within this 
[.-ontext, see ONE. 

MULTIFlCATION A 1 C. MlCIlAELSPACHEE 161 6 gives the sigil CZZ> next to 

the sign or constellation Aquarius, probably to sytr^oUse the alchemic 
Proce s s of Mu 11i pi i ca £ on - 

MUNDANE CROSS See MANIFESTATION and ORIGIN 

MUNDUE INTELLIGIBILIS See WORLD OF INTELLIGENCE 

MURIEL Mag- RRAIIE 1582 gives two mediaeval s;i g.i Is for this Angel ol 
zodiacal Cancer: “ l — 

FiEYdom 1664 gives a sigil for Muriel as a 'geonar.tic spirit 1 , the genius 
o£ Via, but this same sigil is given as ruling spirit of zodiacal 
Cancer hy AGRIPPA .1531: ^ 

See also SPIRIT OF CANCER. 

MXJTABTLTTY Act, Modern sigil for the Mutable guality, recorded by 
PE TORE 1947; O 


MUTABLE CROSS Ast . FiAlLEY 1934 uses the swastika to symbolise zhe 


r materia I change and constant movement' oz 
Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces, the 


the four zodiacal signs 


mutable signs: 



MYRIAD Occ, Sigil recorded by SHEPHERD 1971, 


LincieriT Egyp tian hi oroglyp n is : 


probably from the 


YYSTERIQUS PLANETS As t. ASTROLOGY : S 17 gives three sigJ15 said to 

represent three Invisible ’planets 1 which are related to. the signs 
Aries, Taurus and Gemini, and which will or.o day become visible ns 
physical bodi e s. These 1 nvisible, and uiinaaied r planets are re 1 ated 


to the zodiacal Hierarchies as follows: 

The Hi etarchu of the ■ physical plana: 



i 7 B 


MEW-MYS 


Phe ^ Hierarchy of the Astral Plane: {&) 

The Hierarchy of the Mental plane.- (<S) 

MYSTERIOUS SIGIL5 Jfagr- RAPHAEL 1879 gives a large -serious of sigiU 
which he terms 'mysterious characters of Lhe pianet.s 1 , which are in 
fact sigiLs derived from goomantie and magical sources - for example t 
a large number of them- Fire the standard sigillic for me for t-he 
geomantic figures [sen GEGMANTIC STGTTjK) : 

JUPITER ; D 6 | 7 )< SS3 X H A ^ " c - 7 M' 3 V 

PR, y n A ^t--r JX- x 2, 4* £ 4* 'V s 


.vars: ?i a a a ^ -^p~ e ^ NNtt 

3 ;? 4“ -rn 

«=jtcu»y.- a U3 m; v e © x vr j-l ^ H 77 S 

X © vw p yy U % X s 3F <*? % tn ^ 

MOOW ' f= ; if W VT © / ^ * . "S ^ A/" 7/ v 

X, ,32 m L-P ■W’ -3> 

g 9 ? V J S ’S' ^ i .9 ^-v A/ 

.fe <g JC fiL.- 5 --.-il TrS--5> 

vraus: 3 O y £ J5 5S X Si X* A X 4 t 7^^ ’CP~ 

*Hh (5^?® DX^ 

See also PLANETARY SYMBOLS 


179 













DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 



NATIVITY Ast. Various abbreviations from the mediaeval Latin nativitas 
and its grammatical terms, given by CHASSANT 18E34: ncV" nslj' 

But set ascendant . 

NATURAL SULPHUR A.Zc. BtRTHELOT 1BG5 records a sigil from the Creek 
alchemical tradition: ^ 

■j 

NATURE Occ» KOCH 1^30 gives a highly personal sigil; 

CHASSANT 1384 gives u mediaeval contraction for nature n 
See MOTHER NATURE and VKGETABl LiA. 

NEEULOSA Ast. Eighth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al 

Hatbrah in the Arabic astrological system, a siqiL tor which is given 
# “ 

in MANSlONES 1 4C : 

a -*• 

NEGATIVE MARS see PLUTO e 

NELAH Mag. Sigil fur a spirit (name perhaps a corruption of Afelapa, 
one of the angels of the Second Heaven), given by HEYDON 1G64 to 
represent the letter N in the secret writing called 'Alphabet of 
Angels and Genii 1 : 

neptunr A&t. The first sigjIs for this ’modern r planet were 

constructed around the initials LV for the discoverer, he Verrier, and 


*—?jf_ 
#- 1 ^ 


180 


KAT-HIG 


sometimes (wrongly} L for Leverrier. SHEPHERD LL571 records 
three such obsolete Ior:rjs: if K K 

Since 1071 various sigiLs have been invented by astrologers f perhaps 
bas^d on the trident of Neptune, though WALTHER 1939 explains the form 
ns being 1 really a semicircle over the cross*: 

□A AT LI 1901 claims that the sigil tty is in fact derived from a 

jf g- 

repetition of the forms for SAGITTARIUS, thus —— and draws an 
unconventional coimexio^ between this nodiaea 1 sign and the planet- 
SltfMQNlTE 1890 yp 
MODERN ASTHObQGY Id99 Sf/ 

MODERN ASTROLOGY 190ft 
TEIERENS 1931 X 


RUDHYAR 1936 
JONES 1941 J 
SEMENTOVSKT L9 5Q Y 
SIDEREAL 1951 
EBERT IN i.9 70 
RUDHYAR. 1970 V 
OKEN 197 3 C P 


PEARCE 1893 T|f’ 


KOCH 1930 
RAPHAEL *933 


t p 

NERO HAN 1937 kjy 
DE VORE 1947 
FAGAN 1951 ^ 

SPITZ 1959 
McCAFFERY 1970 
MAYO 1972 




w 


1 


TOBEY 1973 


f 




NESTORATS Ma^. Three sigils have been recorded by SCHEISLE 1848 for 


th 


is spirit; 'y 


NICCOLUM AJo, SCHEFFERS 1775 


NIGHT AJo. As night be expected, many of the early sigils are merely 

inverted Eni'ins □£ thost given for DAY. 

WORDIDOE 1651 / ^ VALENTINE 1671 \ 

SIGMA 17C ^ C. V -o DIDEROT 1763 sf- 


iOMMEKROFT 


1 1701 V ^ O GESSMANN 1906 1 ^7 _ X '^T 


LUEDY 19 28 TJ-J SCHNEIDER 1962 IZ U C 

BEHTHELOT 1885 record^ vigils for the plural 'nights 1 from Greek 
alchemical texts: //^° 

OMONT 1894 rcccrds a sigil from Greek texts: y 


181 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AffD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


NITRE GLOBULES Ala. UESEV^nn 1906 ^ 0 

NITRE SALT Ale. GESSMANN , 906 4 S? 

NITRIC ACID Ale. GEOFFRQY 1713 ^ (J) 

DIDEROT 1761 

LUEDY 19 2 S _XJ) See ACID 

NITROUS AIR Ale. Sng.il for Lavoisier's air nitreur recorded by 
CROPLAND 1962 /V j- 

NITROUS WATER /,1c. GESSMANN 1906 F 7 ! 77 ', 

NITRUM See SALTPETRE 


noachite scrip. Oct?* One of the secret alphabets recorded by JR iv IEEE 
1938 (see SECRET SCRIPTS}: 


a 

b 

c 

(1 

e 

r 

S 

li 

4 

L 

f 

J 

k 

I 

111 

H 

p 


7, 

ft 

3 

8 

0 

y 

\ 


1 

Nj 

M 

ft 

0 

H 


h 

7 

7 



V 

7) 


X 



0 

1) 

<1 

V 

S 

l 

11 

v 

w 

X 

V 

■' 

z 




WUL /st. The term node is most frequently used without further 
designation lor the Moon * & jvodc , which is dealt with in the present 
context under CAPUT and CAuda, However, in certain modern schools of 
astrology, especially in those concerned with beliocentric charts, the 
particular node of a planet is indicated by enclosing the traditional 
planetary sigil in the basic form for the caput or cauda, thu S r./^b 
t'hich .is the 'node of Jupiter', taken from SljCtlER 1970. 

MOTA BbNE Occ. Many highly personal sigils h ave b<=en used by the 
alchemists, the following being common in early manuscripts, as for 


182 




















KIT HUT 


Example in ISIDORUS L2C: fN TvJ © 
WORUDGE 1671 gives Lhc famil iar abbreviation: 



number Ale. BERTHE LOT 1365 gives the sigil 
a 1 chem ir;al t ext s T 



froF. Greek 


HUM 


■-CC , 


The 14th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 


for which many derivative forms are given within the tradition of 
secret alphabets, notably those collected by RAHTOLOzzI 1675 
YV V \J> 6 —| MIRTH 1917 equates .Yu;] with- the Tar at. arc ant 


lam 


Tewveranee- f and with zodiacal Aquarius, and in his list of derivative 
forms for the letter v j v ji J traces the idea of 'water': the 

historic graphic etymology appears in fact to be from the Egyptian 
hieroglyphic with the pictorial value o£ (water) snake, as indicated 
in JENSEN 1970. 


NUTMEG Ale. 


GEE £ MANN 1906 



tS'P± 


L33 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , SERWPTJC AND ALCHEMICAL SIClLS 



OR 11T Ast. CIIa^Sai-jt !.8S4 records sov^ral mediaeval abbreviations and 

short-for ms: OR ^ o\l 
SMITH 16C O 
See also DEATH. 

occultat I OH As - t* Occultation by "the Moon Is recorded in the sindl 

given by RAPHAEL 19 02; * 

But see also ECLIPSE. 

OLC.TJLT FIRE Occ * According to WELLING 1735, the following sigil shows 
Fire in ail its attributes: 

See also FIRE. 


OCCULT SALT Occ-. in the graphic system of WELLING 1735 the sigil is 
used to show salt in all its attributes: 

See also SALT. 



OCCULT .HlAi-JCT.H Oco . In HERmEs 1613 this simple sigil / \ i s termed 

Lhe triangle ol the phi.I q&o phors^ and recorded as one of a series of 
occult structures. It is said to have a multi-layer significance, 
symbolising the numerous trinities within the alchemical works, such as 
L ALT-SULPHUR-MERCURY, BODY'-SOUL - SPIRIT , and even E UN - MOON ~M ER C UR Y sin tin 
the 'Sun mnri Moon may not be productive without Mercury is 1 the 
mediator'- 


1.84 


OBI-0GD 


OCCULT Water oaa. Sigil given by WELLING 1735 lo snow Abater in all 
its attributes: 

But see also WATER 


OCH The mediaeval 

planetary spirit- of the 


modem times: ^ 

SCBEIBLE 1548 i ^ '■ 


J 


sigil given by TRITHEMJUS ISO3 for the 
Sun has survived with minor variations 


SHEPHERD 1971 



into 


OCHRE Ale. BERTHELOT I8B5 records a sigil (abbreviation) from the 
Greek aid Lemleal tradition: ^ But see also YELLOW 


OCTAVE Occ . a sigil given by HERMES 1613 as the basic structure tor 
what is called a 'magic vocabulary' concerned with a series of octaves 


and their inter-relationships: 
See also f>GDOAD- 



OCTQMARY 


Oc-’c. Sigil given by LEE 1564 in a graphic theory of occult 


symbolism connected with bis f-lOMAD: 


The sigil is said to be 


eight-fold because of the sum of angles and lines within its structure. 
Following on these indications of DEE 1564, the Rosieruci&n gabella 
1615 gives the form.: a 1 3(,JJ OGDOAD 


OCULUS Ast . Ninth of the mediaeval lunar mansions (in fact oculus 

Leonis), called A1 T&rf in the Arabic astrological system, a sigil for 
which is given by MANHiONES 14C: ^ 

A sigil intended for amuletic use is linked with this lunar mansion, 
recorded by ABANO 1303 : —'d '' 


OGDOAD Occ. In the ancient symbolic language discussed by BLAVATHKY 
1S3S, the sigil Q or OO symbolisGs the 'eternal and spiral motion 
of eye Z o s ‘ t whieh is aymbo 1 ised in its turr, by the Caducei;s - it 
shows the regular breathing of the cosmos. This lemniscate, both in 
its sigil forn and in diagrammatic form, plays an important part in 


10 5 










DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


modern anthrope soph i cal literature: see for example STEINER IS 21. 


□ IL Ala. ftLCHYMIft 156 3 ■ P ~ 

CROLLlUS 16] 2 qz: ~&y 
£ HELTON 17C a % © 
SOMMERHOFF 1701 A. 


i> * 


J T -l Cj 


WORlilDGE lGSl'S’f^ A: °t ° 
FRESHE 168B ^ Np 
SIGNA 17C v: j' y "^T S— 

DIDEROT 1763 ^ 


CARBONELLI 192 5 jjjf 

SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the forms © GL-) tor olouji; unguinosum. 

BERTHELOT 18R5 gives a sigil derived from the Gree'ft. 

Besides the various OILS listed immediately below, see BOILED OIL, 
HORSERADISH OIL, OIL DISTILLATE and OLEUM SANSARI 
see also OLIVE oil for similar sigillic forms. 

OIL DISTILLATE Ala. GE5SMANK 1906 M © A ‘O 3 


OIL OF ANTIMONY Ale, ALCHYMIA L56 3 Q I 


OIL OF CHRIST Ale. DIDEROT 1761 


OIL OF GOLD A 


lc. SHELTON 17C 


OIL OF LILIES Ale. SQMKERHOFF 1701 ^ ^ 


OIL OF ROSES Ale. SIGN A 17C CiH< 

OIL CF SALTPETRE Ale. GESSMANN 1906 jjji 


OIL OF SATURN A 1v. DIDEROT 1763 1 o Hyj, 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 r "£ -My -4 k k_ 

LfW V o I 


OIL OF SULPHUR Ale. SIGN A 17C ^ “f" D IDF EOT 176 3 TM o-P'-' 
GESSMAMN 1906 ^ A. 


OIL OF TALC Ale- SOMMERBOFF 1701 p 


186 



OIL-ONE 


OIL OF TARTAN Ale * 


ALCHYMTA 1563 • > 


SIGMA 17C /\-■ 0° 

SCtWIRHOFF 17QL 20J ^ ' \/ 0 

GEOS VANN 1906 f\_n ^B-d. V\_ £-02=^ 

CARRONELT.T 1925 



^ 7 A t 


OIL OF VITRIOL Ale. WELLIMO 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 


<p 4> 


1735 

~t 



OLEUM SANSARI Ale , SIGNA 17C 

OLIVE OIL Alt* VALENTINE 1671 
ALCHEMICAL 17C i ’U 0C -© 






o 

° ° p 
I7C 0/ 


OMEGA A number el sigils nauti been used since car^y times, based 

on the form of the last letter of the Greek alphabet P and generally 
intended to convey the idea of 'the end of things’ The esoteric 

Christian aspect of the sigil i.s discussed by TESTA 1562, who gives 
a number of forms: bo W J- 1- 

DEH 1564 constructs a sigil around the omega: - see IMMORTAL 


ADAM. 

A related sigil is given by VLRARDi 1972, as the symbol of God: 

Many variants c-f this sigil exist, especially in the Byzantine 
iconographic t r ad i t ion. 

The omega sigil is given most frequently in conjunction with ALPHA, but 
see also CHRIST, CHRISTMQN and JESUS, and in reference to the Immortal 
Ads. m, see also MOKTAL ADAMr 


ONE Occ. in the ancient symbolic language discussed by BLAVATSKY LBSb, 
the one cu the (spiritual) pi ar.e above is 'no number' , a circlet O 
on the plane below (physical) it beccroes which signifies among the 

Alexandrian Initiates a body erect, *a living standing man, be being 
the only animel that, has this privilege' * By adding a head to this 
sigil, it was transformed into a [ J 'a symbol of paternity, of the 


L87 





dictionary of OCCULT, HERMETIC and alchemical sigils 


signifies a leaving marc , one 
the odd numbers arc- said to 


ONYX Mag, SIGMA 17C 

OPAL Mag. SIGMA i 7C 



creative potency , whilst the sigil 




on h i s wfiy. 
Joe divine. 


In the Pythagorean system, 


0PH1EL Mag. 
by TRITHEMIUS 


MediaevuL sigil 

<[> 

1503.: I--- W 


SCHEIBLE 1048 



for the planetary spirit of Mercury given 


SIIEPHEHD 1971 



OPHITES 


Ala . 


SIGNA I7C 



OPPQSITI ON As t. S eve r a J e a r I y aigils, rr.a inly i n vol ve d wi th j o i n ing two 

circles (the celestial bodies) with a straight line* have come down to 
us from early astrological systems+ The standard farm is recorded by 
FIRMICUB 1499 who gave also Lhe sigil ^ as an alternative in a 

woodcut of a horoscope, the sigiI cutting through the connecting lint- 
drawn between Lhe two planets in opposition, 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C &-o 51 GILL IS I 7C 8 

SMITH I.6C gives for ordinary opposition a variant Oc and for the 
uppo&ition between Sun and Moon (see FULL MOON) , the sigil oo j?f'3 which 
appears to relate to the most recent sy^ygy to the time for which the 
horoscope was cast. 


ORIGIN Occ. in the sequence o£ sigi1 k described by BLRVATSKY 1808, and 
outlined in MANIFESTATION , the sigil t-j-y called the mundane cross, 
marks the stage {esober i cal ly the third root race) for the incarnation 
o£ humanity, the origin of human life in its physical embodiment- + The 
cross within a circle * symbolises pure Pantheism; when the or op, $ l *as 
loft uninsorlhefi, it he on me phalli c". BLRVATSKY 1088 gives an 
alternative sigil for this symbolic Fa I : (“] j explained as denoting 
the- time Vherc the separation of the sexes bg natural evolution took 


180 




QNY-OUEtf 


place - when the figure became- ( '. ) . . . the sexless life modi r i ed or 

separated - a double glyph or symbol'; This encircled TAIJ was 

said by BLAVATSKY 1U88 to have become {during the present period ot 
evolution - that .is, during the Fifth facel in symbology the sacr' and 
in Hebrew n'cabvah, originally phallic in meaning, but changed into 
the Egyptian glyph the emblem of life {sec AtlKLi) and J still later 

into the sign of Venus: S^— Then comes the Svastica (Thor's hamk?r, 
or the *' Hermetic Cross" now), entirely separated from its Circle* - the 
circle being the spiritualising agent: - 'thus becoming purely 

phallic r i.n the sigil; Fi Sec SWASTIKA. The sigils for Origin 

show therefore the origin of Man as a spiritual being, and the origin 
of Han as a material being, enmeshed in Nature, 


OK1PH1EL Mag. Mediaeval aigil recorded by TRITREMIuS 1501 for the 
planetary angel of Saturn: 


ORMOLU Ale. Several mediaeval sigils have been recorded by GESSMAHN 


L9q& for auriim pictorium: 



ORPIMENT A1o. The most frequently used of the large number of sigils 

- often listed under the name Auripi gmen turn - arc those recorded from 
a mediaeval manuscript by CARBGNELLT j.925: c 


c 


ALCHYM1A 1563 G-" 0 

SOMMVRHOFF ]701 r \ J 

tjf aJt 

GESSMANN 1906 h-£H & 
SCHNEIDER 1962 —f* 


LTUzrfl 

±o A 


& V <4 
V ^ 


.?K § df 


OSSA Pel. Mediaeval contraction given by CHASSANT 1S&d- O 


■;— 1 

ounce Ale, A mediaeval sigi.l given by CAPPELLT 1949: o 

OESSHAUN 1906 gives a series of mediaeval forma: 35 -v O!i [f f X 

Se^ also UNCIA. 


LS9 






HERMETIC Aj \ T D ALCHEMICAL S1C1 LtS 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t 


Qukanos Oca. OMONT 1S9 4 records ri Greek sigil s \— which r©presenta 
r Lhc sky 1 and. 'the hucr.e of the gods 1 , See also URANUS 


OUTLET see Ru 


OXYGEN Ale* The sigil for the principe ojryg.T,ne of Lavoisier, recorded 



by CRO SLAKE 1 19&2: 



p 


PAR 


PALESTINIAN SCRIPT See HEBRAIC SCRIPT 

PALLAS Ask. Perhaps the earliest sigii for this 'planet' (which is 
in fact an asteroid) in orbit between Mars and Jupiter is given by 





WILSON 


PANTHEISM See ORIGIN 


PAPAL CROSS See CROSS 


PAPILIO Ast. iwehty-'f i £th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al 


s-Li' J ul ahbiyah in the Arabic astrological system, a sigii lor which 

a O 

is given in mansIONES 14C; * o 

- n n 


PARNIEL Mag. sigii for spirit (perhaps Parmiel was intended) given by 

HEVDQN 1664 to represent the letter P in the secret writing called the 

k —it 

'Alphabet of Angels and Genii r ; -p 


PAKS As t. Whilst there are very many different Arabian pars - one for 
each planet save the Sun - the name by itself usually refers to Pars 
Fortunes, the 'part of fortune', which is the hypothetical point 
occupied by the Noon if tbs Sun wore to be on the Ascendant or the 
figure under review. 


191 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlCILS 


the common modern sigii is given (for examples by LILLY 1647: © 

When another par^ is to be indicated, the normal procedure is for the 
standard sigii to bti given, followed by one of the sigile for the 
relevant planet: for example, the 'part of J4ercury r , sometimes called 




tjie part. of commerce, may be set out: 
FREGQSUS 15C ® 



EIOROSCOPE 1614 ©—i 



OMONT la54 givos a Greek sigii derived from the Word klipos, though 
this is i j general term, there being many such pars in Greek astrology 


(see for example DA1M0N) : Ky 


ALCHEMICAL 170 


PARR CITM PARTE Ale. 

DIDEROT 1761 ^ A-P 
■V 




PAKS FORTuNAL See PARS 



FA5A See ANKH 

PASSIVE INTELLECT Deo. Sigii originated by KOCH 1930: v = 

PASSIVE PRINCIPLE Doc. A modern sigii given by CIRLOT 1962 for the 
* pasaf ve, static principle*: —— 

PASTE Ale. Several mediaeval vigils have been recorded by GESSMANK 



Pastor fist„ Twenty-second of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al 


Sa r d al Dhabih in the Arabic astrological tradition, recorded by 


19 2 







PAR TEH 




MANS I ONES 14C : r 


PATINA OF GOLD Ale. BEHTHELOT 1B85 records a sigil from the Greek 

alchemical tradition! <4 


PATINA OF SILVER Ale. 

. 1 1 che jni c a J t r adi t i on: 


BERTHELOT 1BS5 records a sign’ from the Greek 

l— C 


PE Occ . The 17th latter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 
for which many derivative a and variants have been given withir. Lhc 
tradition of secret alphabets, notably those recorded by EftRTOLQBZl 
1675: Ssf >4 ^ WIETH IS 27 equates the letter 

w ith the STAR ARCANUM al the Tarot pack, and with the constellation 
Andromeda and zodiacal Pisces. He gives the graphic etymology of 
the letter form J ^ and traces this back to the idea of 

'mouth 1 , which is expressed in an Egyptian hieroglyphic related to RU 


PEAR] 


Ale. 


DIDEROT I 76 


3 IS R 


PEBBLE AlC- CESSNANW 1906 * Q ° 


Sec also STONE 


PENULT See HANGING MAN 


PENTAGRAM Oae * One o£ the recurrent si-giis of occultism, with very 
many different levels of meaning: AGKiPPA 15 31 reproduces it in 

symbolic form as representative of the form of the human body, an idea 
which is exorcssed in BLAVATSKY 1BBB, and (through the connexion of the 
sigil W ith the planet Venus) in SQMMERHOFF 1701, and in SCHULTZ 1961 
(from a heliocentric point of view) - but see MICR0C05MIC PENTAGON. 

ETEINEP 1 £106 treats it as an ancient sagi 1 o£ ttie 'i'hl r d hogos and £- 1 1 
the Microcosm itself* In the esoteric tradition the pentagram is 

linked with the etheric or quintessential forces in man, which is 
perhaps why RTE1NER .906 gives the sigil as a symbol of mankind 
developing itsel.fi r it is the star that all wise men follow as did 


191 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


the priest—sages i-n ancler-t ages'. 

The sigil has a wide and varied application: set for example tooth 
DEVIL and POPE, 

PERFECTION Occ. The sigil given by HOMER 1723 to indicate both 
Perfection and the Uni versaI Quintessence is actually the let.e 
mediaeval sigil for the Sun: (^) HOMEE 1757 ^ 

PERIOD Hee PRIMORDIAL CIRCLE 


PHALEG Wa g . TRlTEdEMlUS 1503 gives a mediaeval aigil for this 

planetary spirit of Mars: i_j—- ="1 —1 -* 

<. Li_u-J 

Two variant sigil 3 are recorded, one by SCH3T3LE 1S4S 1 ^ the 
other by SHEPHERD 1971: U= 


PHILOSOPHER Ale* A mediaeval abbreviation is recorded by CHASEANT 

1 884 : vW* 

SOMMEHHOFF 1701 

which 

&G 

PLlLGSOPHIC LEAD Ale. FRAHCKLYM Lb27 
SIGMA 17C J 

PHILOSOPHIC: SULPHUR Ale. VALENTINE 1671 A 

DIDEROT 1763 cJj GESSMANM 1906 jp- 


PHILOSOPHER'S STOKE Ale* S MRP HERD 19 7.1 givc^ the sigil ^7 
is one of the forms for SULPHUR upside-down. 


,7 


PHILOSOPHIC EGO Ale* DIDEROT 1763 cj? 67 


LUED2 1928 


PHLEGMA Occ. Phlcgma was originally one n£ the humours which 

regulated human temperament, and the sigils listed below are perhaps 
intended to refer to this humour* However, DIDEROT 1763 gives the 
sigi 1 which is probably Intended to refer to sputum. 


194 









PER'PIS 


SCHNEIDER 1962 records for Pialegrma, apua Insipida 



V \ 


but these 


£l'oli SOMT-1ERHOFF 1701, who gives 


for the he nr., and caiJ h it- Aqua 


forms appear to be 
a specifically si 
M ere u r L i pri ma , 


, the slgils 
5, or ived d i r ec 11 y 
chemical definition 


WOHLIDGE 1651 F< FRAHCKlYN 1627 ^ 

SHELTON 17C h-H 

See a so TEMPERAMENTS- 


PHLOGISTON Ala. BERGMflMN 17 BS 
D1DEROI 1763 

PHOSPHORIC ACID /lie, SCHEFFERS 17 7 5 “VCd 


PHOSPHORUS Ale. DIDEROT 1763 

FASSEKFRATZ I 7B7 DALTON 1&0S @ 

LU3RY 192B At 


PHUL Wag. TRITHEMIUS 1503 


spirit of the Moon: 

n ? T 

SCHFIBRE 1G-4S l 1 [ 1 



gives a mediaeval sig: for the planetary 
SHEPHERD 1971 L14- 1 


PILGRIMAGE Oer, A slgil which was perhaps invented by KOCH 1930 is 
obviously intended to express the idea of ’pilgrimage through life 1 1 
or some such id^a; 'HrII 

Within a chirciuar.tic context, TRACTATtrLUS ] 5C gives a sie.il which is 
probably intended to refer co the idea of a religious pi Igriraage in 
th e Tie dice va 1 s en & e : 


PINT Aio. SigiJs given by D1DEKO. 1763 tor the measure of Q„3 litres 


liquid; rA, 


cP 


PISCES Ast r Sigil for the zodiacal sign of the 'Fishes', derived in 
its printed font from. the later mediaeval manuscript tradition, as for 


19 5 








DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


example in BONA IT I 15c X but u It. i mutely derived from Graeco- 

Byzantine fcrns H as in. NEUGEBAUER 1959 below. The sigil is said by 
AGRlPPA 1510 to be based on the shape of the fishes, though graphic 
explanations within the framework of esoteric Christian symbolism 
relate the sigil to CHRIST (see for example MERCURY 197B and GETTINGS 


1976) . 

Ancient Egyptian: 


BERLIN 42 AD 


STOE,ART 2C IfP 
Graeco -By ?. ant i J 2 e r 
JSedl ae vn 1 : DIGB Y 1 2C 

JANUA 14C -Jr 
HYGINUS 1482 X 
FIRMICUS 1499 
QUADRANT IS 15C ~Vt- 
SCALIGER 150 '""X_A 


i 


NEUGEBAUER 1959 

X? 


TABT.es ISC 


V 

A 


A- 


AGR1PPA 1510 
THURNEYSSER 1 574 
SICILlLIS 170 
DARIOT 1557 


MAGICl 17C 




X 


SPTEGELBERG 1911 

d c x X 

ASTP.0t40M.ICAL I 400 -}A 

J 

LEUPOLDI 14C O-<- 

MANS T ON T 3 US 14 S 2 7^ 


// 


ASTROLOGICAL '5C 
RAWLINSOM 150 “ 
SCOT 150 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 
THURNEYSSER 1570 


3RAUE 1592 


% 

K -£ -*■ 

VL 


M 


BI.UNDEVII.TiE 1 602 
FOOTE 170 

ASTROLOGY 1719 '-X 

BOUCHE-LECLERCQ 099 


NEEftACHER 1957 


M 


PYTHAGORAS ISC 
NEROMAN 1937 
SIDEREAL 195.1 

LEUFOLDI 140 gives a sigil for the const c Hut ion Pisces. 
Coe also SPIRIT OF PISCES. 


M 


■ 9 

o X 


P1SCIS Ast. The last of the twenty-eight mediaeval lunar mansions , 

called A1 Hs.tr> si hut in the Arabic astrological system, given in 

„ (? o V a Pa * 

MANSIONES 14Ci p 0c „*□„ ° 

PLANETARY SPIRITS Occ , A number of sigils have been preserved from 
mediaeval sources relating to whet ere now usually c.i 1ed Planetarg 
SpirSts, though at least one group of these were originally the 


19 0 





FIS-FLA 


daemons of thR p J anets , and recorded, under such name by AGRjrPA 153 I - 
The PATHON of occultism, Like the daimon of the was not of 

course the demon of popular lore, though it has been confused with it 
in misinformed circles: only the daemon resembled in any way the 

European demon. Accordingly, to avoid such associations and 
confusion, tbo sigils have been preserved under separate entries - see 
SPIRIT OP lTTJPTTER, SPIRIT OF MARS r SPIRIT OF MERCURY, SPIRIT QP MOON, 
SPIRIT OF SATURN, SPIRIT OF SUN and SPIRIT OF VENUS. TRITHEMIU5 152 2 
gives a list of planetary spirits which be called Secyndadefs or 
I nt elliqti no } e s {the t r adi t ion a 1 word )• „ and w h i ch h< iv e been s i n ce u 11 ed 
Azcto&ng'e-l s: these are the tutelary rulers of historical epochs, 
however, and in TRLTHEMluS 1503 there is tc be found a list of sigils 
attached to certain of the names of these int&llig&nci&s t though it is 
likely that the planetary spirits of the Epochs are derived (vie the 
Arabs) from the Gnostic tradition whilst the latter groups which bear 
similar names arc derived from the eubhalistic traditions see the 
sigils given after the names in the following table, derived from 
TRITHE.MIUS 1 502- 
PLANET 
JUPITER 
MARE 
MERCURY 
MOON 
SATURN 
SUN 
VENUE 

PLANETARY SYMBOLS Qcc. The following account relates to a group of 
sigils termed planetary which must not he confused with the modern 
application of the tern: for the modern usage, see the lists of sigils 
under the headings of JUPITER, MARS, MERCURY, MOON, SATURN, SUN and 
VENUS. The foilowing (aIphabetica1) 11st is derived almost 

exclusively from the mediaeval manuscript tradition, and few of the 
sigils within it have anything Lo do with the symbolism common to 


PLANETARY SPlRIT 

BE THOR 4d&^=i-=l' 1 
PHALEG ■ L' 2L|J 1 
OPHIEL 
PHTJL 1-jzp 
A RAT RON t/ 

OCH L '^" J 
HAG ITU 


PLANETARY ANGEL 
HACHARIEL iL l£ 


SAMUEL 

RAPHAEL 

GABRIEL 

ORIPHIEL 

MICHAEL 

ANAEL 


-|~ -vgA -1 




cu<- 


M c= t> 


19 7 















DICTIONARY OF CCCULr , VERMFTIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


astrology and alchemy, in spite of the association with the planetary 
names* Many cf these vigils are probably derived from copies n£ 
Arabic and oriental letters or words, and have been used ultnost. 
exclusively tor magical purposes, as for example in prophylactic seals 
and a:i] li lets. An enormous number ol these sigils have been preserved 

in manuscripts, and it would be both tiresome and ultimately pointless 
to list more thuii those which have, for one reason or another, entered 
the mainstream of occultism: the list below is therefore a select 

but incomplete anthology. The si g iIs are grouped (alphabetical yj 

under the names traditionally ascribed to thorn r though the specific 
differences in their use is now somewhat- obscure- 


ANNVLOS 


CARDAN 1■ 57 gives the fo Lowing: 

£ T1 


Er>$-T3 i: 




Jupiter: 

Mars 7 
Mercury: 

Moon : /y 

1’a t u rn: j ^ 71— ^ 

* j 


n 

J 


rv-Xo 


/ IJr 


—c? 




v 


77- un; 

yenus- 
CRARACTEFS 
-7upi ter: 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C -¥~ bf'_ l./'fj L ^' 


if V -C c 

v t. ^ L _.y -l 

■n-ci h 


£ C\ ;1H 

vt * ^ i 


/- 


.-la 


) 


■c. 


CARDAN 155 

■MNAE 15C 0 . V -^ V fj 
Mars: 

astrological 15c V" Tb L, l b,b y 
CARDAN 1557 T$P bib 

T.TJNAE 15C 
Mercury: 

ASTROLOGICAL L5C 

CARDAN 155 7 _Kf” K r~ 


£7 /t^ cr ax^ 


A 


3 wk £ § xn 


19 9 ,A 




LUNAR ISC 




V-"'" V- 

L.-i r 


r. 

r 




iaB 









PLANETARY SYMBOLS 


Moon • 

ASTRQLOGICAL lSC 
IT 

CAPDAN 1557 
LTJNAE 15C 
S'aturn: 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C -fa. J\ i VT? r ~^p 

CARDAN 1557 -y- \. '> ] ' 9 


X3" 


7^ A CV -P- 

* /< 4? 

7- 7 


>C 




V 




LUNAE 1 5C X X" ? 
SUJl i 


X 


„'7 


C7*\ 


.-< 

■ *--■ 




■5 X -V- x 

l £ z 3 V I 


isc 7 \ % X i 


ASTROLOGICAL 15C M i V ^ 

CARDAN 1557 <CT 
LUNAF 
V'enus ; 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C S(— pp ^ / p B 

CARDAN 1557 47 7“ 

LTJHAE 15C 70 


L 7 


X L, L> 


Q. 


«wL5 


Vb- 


* X (f X* ZjJ 


7 


b £ ft lJL 


DJT/jr.jD LETTERS 
Jupiter; 

AGP IFF A 15 31 p) 

BRAKE 1532 
73XTHEMIUS l503 
tea rs : 

AGRIFPA 1531 
BRAHE 1532 
TRITHEWIOS 1503 
W-ercury -■ 

ACRIFPA 1531 
3 ?:,AHF, 1532 


? 


'j. (V 


r __ T 

<k 

3- 

7 

-■ Nil T 

P -J ui 

- pi 
XT' 

V 

"H 

XI 

I 

HP -l- 

v.i 7- l/Bb 



BX. 

"7 

1 1 

H7 -i 




X 

j 

-O 

1 

s 

(1 

u 

4 



1 

j'V_/ 

7 

—* X 





>7 


n 'j 

1——7 T 

r 4 





Cl 


^CSS 7/ B 


<5 


_ /■ 

VJ 


J C 


1 b 34*+- <2^— 


? 0 —1*4) 

r"f J 


0 /i <] 
• ■ ■■ pj 


TRlTHEMI-US 150 3 f\_ 

Moon : 

AGRIPPA 15 31 rl'Z X 
BRAHI 


f S C O n 1 
b X ^ 


I 

cl 

1 


7 


■v ■-■7 V -. ,-1 


E 1532 J, O X_1 '—— \ VV X 

{ r >V" 7 


TRITHEMIUS 1503 % O % 











DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERPETIC AND ALCHEMICAL ElGILS 


Sa turii ■ 

agrifpa 1531 X fir l^TwvJ ,_X , 2 ) %,\/ T 

BRAHE 1582 X_ cj- SL “9 ''XV" 

TRITHEHIUS 1503 -X -f - "' X X) J VV2 

Sun : 

AGRIFPA 1531 tl>- j X ^'"'vX "^V C f_, Cly 'l.i C K U "'" V - / *' 


BRAHE 1582 

IT 

\IL 

l 1 

b 1 1 

7 - r>- C 

i ftJ C 

v j H I 

v 

TRITEIEHIIIS 

1503 


t 1 /b < 

1 rr 


Ventis ;■ 






AGRIPPA IS! 

31 

vr 

n < 2 ^ 8 

£T 



BRAHE 1532 ^VT “f“ § t- 

TRITUEMIUE 150 3 i/V "T^ 8 <—l 


SJGJLS 
Jupi tei-: 

BRaHe 1382 
CARDAN 1557 
5IGILLIS 170 
TRITHEMIUB 15 0.3 
ATa r A : 


>~ s ' JrV D 


P 


E l_ 


A? °V 51 S l -J-C 5! 


k 


BRAHE 1532 


1 


557 £r- 


HWr +— 

A 1 *ir 1} 


37 X c 3T 

/ J .-T ,-.■ n V 


v- !3v¥ 


ft 


CARDAN 1 
SIGILLIS 17C f ? 
1RITHEMIUS 1503 
flfejcury i 
BRAHE 1532 
CARDAN 1557 
SIGILLIS 17 C 
TRITHEMTUS 1503 
MOOH ' 

BRAHE 1582 X 
CARDAN 155 7 


/l' 

L 


/ 


1 


T 


o 


o , ,T 


t 




i <J ± ~jr L ^ 

X/ 1 - X _, X: £j X. 7f (1. 


t-t 5 li 1 2 A l 7 



n sft x 


5? 4 


o-: r- O— 


- 7 




^ _rv> 

5101LLIS 17CJ-3 >-=■ T UT OC Vft ftL? 4 . VI TT3 

vT X - 


7 - 

TRITHEMlUS 1503 


rc? 


‘ 7 


200 









FLA-PLU 




f "T" ^ I 

BRABE L 582 Ltj Lm V ^ 

^J7-P a - I i 

SIGTLLIS 17C 


CARDAN 155 

V ^ 1 *J< 

TRITHEMIUS 1503 ,\~\ !Ljo l 
BRAHE 1502 "2;. \j'D (C\ “F 


-o ^ 
L_aa-.> 


r h 2 ^ 


2® Tj \/ CH “- P 


o- -c 


i: 




r 


j \ > 

S C&-2 


~L. 


Cl. 


CARDAN 1502 


'X f ^ /a 


ST GILT, I.5 ] 7C IT" 

TRITHEMlUE 1503 ~*p ^_f~ r ^ ^ 

Renus: 




i p sr 


3 16 *-?_? <2jb?+ 


BRALib 1502 

CARDAN 1557 C’j; A. _I- Z 2-| 

EIGILLIS 17C (gf—* 

TRITHEMlUS 1503 




3 

9 


0_J = -jL 

, i ^ ja L t~ 5 Xf 




eP 




See also JUPITER. MARS » MERCUftV , MOON, SATURN, SUN and VENUS 


PLANT' Ale* BERTHE LOT 1085 preserves two sigils derived frejra 

pc? S. % 

G r e ek a 1 chemi ca] ma r lu. a £:r ip t s i gs j&/3 


PLATINUM Ale, SCHEFFERS 1775 JXD DALTON 1308 (p 


PLEIADES Ast. Mediaeval Higil for the star cluster, sometimes called 
the Atlafjtides, in the vicinity of 29° of the constellation Taurus, 

b 

given by HERMETIS L 3C = rvJJ L n T-.J tr —□_ Z — 

AGRTPPA 1510 gives a variant which bap entered the European occult- 


stream of sy mb oils n-: 


nJ 


PLUTO Afi t* The most common European sigii (see IIOMF, 1951 be Low) and 
the moat common USA sigii (see JONES 1969 below) have surfaced iron: 
numerous suggestions made since the official discovery of this planet 
in 1930. The planet was named, and ascribed rulership over zodiacal 
Scorpio long before its official discovery, by PAGAN 1911, who gave 
the earliest sigii Fg which is the graphic equivalent of the 


201 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


HERMETIC /L\'D ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


negative MiJrs which had ruJership over Scorpio cnt.il that tine, 

Before this, there had been a hypothetical Pluto , claimed by WEMYSS 
IS27 to ij€ ruler of cancer and 'probahl y the- ma&t distant planet from 
the 5 un J . WEMYSS 19 27 gives two variants for this hypothetical 
planet: ^tS ,1^. but in a later edition of his book (subsequent to 
the discovery of the modern planet by Lowell} an attempt was made to 
designate the- discovered planet Low#!1-P2uto, a name which did not 
receive wide acceptance, but which :nay have been Instrumental in 
forming the ccaution European sigil, from the initials of the suggested 
name: WEMYSS 1933 suggested the sigil \ _ foi his own 


Lowell^Plyto. 
THIERENS 1931 1.0/ 

RUDHYAR 1936 
WALTHER 1939 O 
EBERTIH 1950 © 

HOME 1951 p. 
HADES 1969 


& 


Y 


EBERT IN 1970 
SIDGWICK 1973 P 
HAWKINS 1976 ^ 

i 

PERSONAL 19BO 






RAPHAEL 1933 HS? 
WEROMAN 1937 
RAPHAEL 1339 
SEKEWTOVSKY 1950 
DEUTSCHE 1961 V 


& S' 
T 


JONES 1969 ^ 

McGAFFERY 1970 ^ 

KENTON 1974 ^X, 

MEYER 1976 


PLUTO-LOWELL 

But. see PLUTO 


Sigil suggested bv WEMYSS 1933: i_ 


ror.E STAR See CAUDA URSAE 


POLISH file. 


SIGNA 17C 



POPE Oec. WIRTH 1927 relates this 
the Hebraic letter HS, and accords 


9th arcanum at the Tnrot pack to 
it the sigil Of the PENTAGRAM: 


POPULUS Geo* 


£ i-gi 1 


for one of 


r.be six tee:: gecro antic 
dot s, florai devl a es r 


* 

figures! * 

.+ 


etc,) is 


¥■ 

■* 

•¥ 


used 


A multitude of variant 


{stars j. 



PLC-PQW 


to denote the same fcur-fo I d arrangement. * Popuius is ’.inked by 
AGRIPPA 153- with the 'planet 1, Moon, the element Water t and the 
zodiacal Ejj.gr. Capricorn. The following sigi s rj re derived from the 
la t c-media eva 1 tradition, and are some times used L.o denote the Moon 
Itself , as for example in TRITHEMItJS 1503, 

AGRIPPA 15 31 § © ® 

tp ithemi ur i5o.i § nr | 


POTABLE GOLD Ale. A.LOHiMlA 1563 
ONOMASTICIIM 1574 -)-£■ G 

sqmmerhoff 1701 

SCHNEIDER 1362 zH~ 



i 


ALCHEMICAL 1,7 C 
GES5MANN 1906 



POT AS F 

SHELTON 17C 


Ale, VALENTINE 1671 A_f 


DALTON 1608 cup 

OESSMANN 1906 records a large number cf mediaeval sigiis, aniong which 
the following are worthy of note: Uf ^ L-jr 1 '., f ■ /\ \_/ _l) 


A 


u 3 9 X m tV IS •? G 8 0 7 X 

br ^ r ,5 A A V v A x "f 2 o C tv 3 


SCHNEIDER 19 62 Q__ ^ jG 

O © v* id 1 SO iJ'iAJ_ j ■n-LK.- ?J »-T- : 


POTASSIUM 


Ale. ALBERT US 197-1 "vjzT 


POTASSIUM NITRATE Ala. SHEPHERD 1971 CD 


POUND Ale. The pound, weight is most commonly given a slgiLlic form 
from the term Jihru, as fox example in the list of mediaeval forms 

; >f J 5 V .X A -ti t- t| 


recorded by GE £3 MANN 1306; "At LX i/V ■■■■' 

BERTHELOT 1655 records a sigil from the Greek tradition: 

A1BERTUS 1974 gives a sigil tit which is almost certainly a poor 
copy of the common contraction: To 


POWDER Ale. Several of the mediaeval sicjIs below are used 

synonymously with those lor DUST t and in both oases certain of the 


203 








nTCTIONAXX of occult, hermetic and alchemical sictls 


sigils are derived from an abbreviation o£ +.h« Latin pulvis. 
WORLIDGE 1651 -S' S SHELTON 17C ,_X 

DIDEROT 176 3 R gT GESSMANN 1906 ^ 

POWDER OF BRICK die. 

SHELTON 17C {Z! DIDEROT 1763 HT 



PRAYER Occ. Two related early Christian si-yils are recorded by 

UERARD1 1972, though v ith moderr. (,and per\Laps 1 maginaLi vg) interprot- 
ations s 'prayer addressed hy the World to God': * prayer 

rising to God from the Earthly and Lower World 1 : s|R 
TEgTA 1962 gives three si ails which depict the praying human i ' j ' ' i 
KOCH 9 30 given a highly personalised interpretation, of the six-pointed 
r RfC as being derived from a graphic form depicting the anion of 


star 


human prayer Y with the descending power of God: ^\ 


PRECIPITATE Ale. 
DIDEROT 176.1 


VALENTINE 1671 

dj 


3 S 

GESSMANN 1906 


PRECIPITATE OP HAD Ale, VALENTINE L671 


PRECIPITATE OF MERCURY ,4lc. VALENTINE 1671 

SHELTON 170 _ ^ SIGN A 17C '& 

PREPARATION Ale. GESSMANN 1906 

PREPARE /ilc. SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the forms for 1 prepare 1 , as a 
direction Lo Lhe practical alchemist; fP \J[ p f _ p p p pp 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 also gives the sigils for eoque s&cvndvitn 

axtent, which [ne=ans 'prepare alchemically’: 


PREVIOUS SYZYGY Ast , Twc sigils have survived, bjt in both cases the 
references are generally to the opposition between the luminaries t 
rather than to the conjunction . A Graeco-By*anting sly: ' is g i v«n by 


204 






POW"PR I 



Is sometimes preceded by the abbreviation prae to denote the previous 



PR lA? rjp TAUKl Ale. GESSMANN 1906 records several sigils , all clearly 



re_ated. to zodiacal gigil for tauR'J: 


PRIMAL POWER Oco. In Lhe graphic system proposed by HOWE 1951, the 
circ: 1 e is said to symbolise eternity, the never—end ing r 'hence spirit 

or primal power'. When a dot placed inside the circle , to produce 
the modern sigi1 for the SUN , then 'the circle... signifies the 
beginning of the emergence of that power'l (0 

PRIMORDIAL CIRCLE Oco. ELAVATSKY 1896 in her account of the occult 
theory of tine - dealing specifically with the birth of time, and 
with the earliest cycle of the year - writes ‘The first sign of 
this primordial circle and. cycle made in heaven is the earl Lest shape 
ci the Arikh-cross a Tncre 1 t3CJ P which contains boLh a circle and 

the cross in one image 1 . 1 it is the ideograph of a period, an 

end i ng , a t ine . 1 
Gee also ANKH and CROSS 

PRINCIPIA Sec ELEMENTS 

PR INC IP IA CHYK3CA Ale. SDMMEKHOFF 1701 gives the following sigils 
for the ’Chemical Principles’ or nlffnKiiU, which art; scarcely the 
'Elements’ of modern science: 

SALT 0 
SULPHUR 
MERCURY fcj 


SP If? IT -LR- 
EARTti \7 


See also ELEMENTS 


205 


dictionary or occult , hermetic ajvd alc^.^jcal STGirs 


PRINCIPIA OORPORUM See ELEMENTS 

PRITHIVI Gee. A sigil which is virtually an equivalent of the 

occidental EARTH c I emen t , g i ver i i n -nr I er, ta I sen ] r c e s, and as so ci a tod 
v;iLh the Wuladharaor Root Chakra: '__1 

The sigil is said to be of a yellow colour, and is recorded by 
AVALON 1919* 

PKUCLCTlOK Ale. MiCHAELSPAcHHR I b 1 6 gives the sigi_ next to the 

sign or const©} I a hi on Pisces# perhaps to sytnbo. iae the alghemieal 
process of Projection (which, needless to say, has nothing to do with 
the occult spiritual technique of Astral Projection, hs it is wrongly 
termed) * 

PROOF See TEST. 

PSOHRON Nog. flCIlEiPT.E 1&4S gives four variant sigils fer this 
spirit [ Kii rf-hfl A±l(^ «£o 

PL'ELliA Coo. Si ail ior cnc of the sixteen geomantic figures: * 

Jfc 

A jrn.i 1 titude o f v arian t. s (h tars , do J _ g , f 1 or a 1 devi ces, a Lc.} are used 
to denote the same four-fold arrangement. Pueila is linked by 
AGRTPPA 1531 with the element of Water , the planet Venus, end the 
zodiacal sign Libra. The following sigils are derived from the late 
DiF.diteva 1 T.riid i tion , and are some times used to denote the planet Venus, 
as for example in Ti-tlTHEMlUS 1503. 

A GRIFF A L531 O' A l)" ' : y? V7 

it 

FUER Geo. Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures: 

A multitude of variants (stars, dots, floral devices, etc*) is used 
to denote the same four-fold arrangement. Fust is linked by 
agripfa 1531 with the element of lire, the planet Mars, and the 
zodiacal sign Aries. The following sigils tie derived from the I fite- 
mediaeval L rad it ion, and are DomeTiiir.es used to denote the planet Mars, 


106 


PRI-PYE 


as for example in TRITHEMluS 150.1. 

AGRIPPA 1531 'v- f~ 4 p 4 4 

HEYEOW Lb-64 ^7 ^7 


PUGILLUM Ale. A rough measure, used by alchemists, and defined as "that 
which may he he J d 222 throe fingers* or 'that which mag he held between 
the thumb anti the first two fingers 1 , and. ' irr.ited in application. to the 
measure of powders. GESSMAMN 1906 records some mediaeval forms which 
arc abbreviations! ^ p 1 f^- 
ALCHEMTCAL i?C “P 


PULVERISE Ale. SIGH A 17C <>;7 '~_£i 

gessmrnn 1906 t/4 XXp* " X eX (4ty 

PURGATIVE WINE .4Jo. SFELTOK 170 \/_j 

purge aic. sigma i 7c O u Qy-l triv X.X 


PURIFICATION 


ilc. SOMMERMOFF 1701 \ P ?T 




PURIFY Are. WORLIDGE 1631 
FRANCKUYN 1637 V_Y 
DIDEROT 176.1 9 P YZ- 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ 




0 

J 


FRESNE 1603 \/ 

SCHNEIDER 19 62 tX 1 *f X" E 


PUTREFACTION Arc. WORLIDGE 16 5 


1 4^ 


ALCHEMY 1650 


7 


SHELTON 1C "I —\ 


GESSMANN 1906 4 T“ 4 l--- 7 " £5 


PLCREFY Aic.% DIDEROT 1763 V-./ "j[_* But Skh PUTREFACTION, 


PYRITES Arc. BERTHELOT 1385 records a 

. . - --~. T s 

Tradition tar copper pyrites: _.- : v.. 

V" v i 

far ordinary pyrites.- f 7 i P |X] 


sigil from Hie Gree'< alchemical 
and a number cf related yigile 



207 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT 


HERMETIC AWP ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


PYROPHORUK Ale. 


SCHEFFERS 1775 


■£ 


PYTHAGOREAN SIGIL Gee. The ancient Pythagorean Y i£ eatplaln^a by 

elAVAtSkY 1868 in terms of the binary (of 'Good and Evil’} detaching 
itself from the single Monad. A more exoteric interpretation, 
relating the sigil to 1 choice', is given by WIRT El 192.1, who associates 
the figure with the LOVERS ARCAN7.T>i of the Tarot pack. The sigil is 
also listed by TESTA 1962 as one of the early Christian forms for the 
CROSS. 


200 


py.Ti QUI 



QUADRATURE A $ L ■ Sigil given by SHEPHERD 1971 as an obsolete 
astronomical *5ymit>£>l for rh« SQUARE aspect: _j 

QUART ILE See SQUARE* 


QUATERNARY 


&ce. DEE 196 4 gives the sigil —!'-— as pari of the graphic 

i 


system ancle r ying his MOW AD, re ating to the four elements (but see 
also TERNARY and OCTONARY r both of which axe related to this forma} . 

A series of modem s i g 11 s r presented <as ri logical graphic development., 
is given by CIRLOT 1962. The cross is "spiritual and neutral^: ~\ 
whilst L- is 'the spiritual guatemary acting upon the inferior 
ter na py r ^ The 1 s pi ri tua 7 , acti v& o r dyna jrh c' pr i nci.ple i s >(' whi 1 st 

the * spiritual f active quaternary acting upon the neutral* is 
T >1 e ’ . 5 pi r i t ua i y ua ma ry ■■ n t-h^ un i ve rs« ' i. © and the* "material 
principle within totality r : j) The "two puaterjiarics - spiritual 

end material - within t h e totality' is ( pfjD 

It. must be pointed cut that these explanations in no way reflect the 
rial occult nature of these sigils, and ary purely modern inventions. 
See also MATERIAL. 

QUEDRARSHENNOTH Hag-, a sigil for the spirit given by 11EYD0N 1664 to 
represent the letter Q in the secret- writing called 'Alphabet of Angels 
and Genii': ■ 


QUICKLIME 


Ale 


The calx viva c£ the alchemists, lor which the 


209 




i-'TC'i'lGUAPV OF OCCULT, HERMETIC MID ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


following siqils are most feqoently used ; 

OfJOWA^TICON 1574 —- WORL1EK3E 1651 '"■["■ 

FRANCKLYN 1627 f* 

SIGNA 17C 

SOHMSRHOFF 17 Dl © * § * '>K 


u' 


CV 


VALENTINE 1671 ^ ^ 


7 X G &C 


^.,n_ 

7' 




±%e J? 


r 


^ <¥ 


HERGMANN 17B5 




GrESSHAWN 1906 records a number of mediaeval forms; V SW c - V 

jT 5 C 7 y 


0 4° 


X A zT T. <» 


& 


-hr 


-V-- 


r j■-' 


A 


BERTHELOT 1BB5 records a slgll from the Greek alchemical tradit.i on: 
ALBERTOS 1974 ± 


Quicksilver Ale. whilst this is merely another name for MERCURY t tihe 


following sigiis have toeon given specifically under this beading: 
MORLIDGE 1671 ll, 4y I! Q? ^ 

D | & GO M- -V-5-. X % 


SHELTON . 7C T V -“ [—7 c ^v 


eJ 




SOMHERHOFF 1 701 


„ . T iw $ 9 ^ ^ -4- 4. ¥ * 

Gc \zb C “T" J *>"£- X 

DIDEROT 176 3 -Vf \^> 

SCHNEIDER 1962 |4j ©T* CH" 

^ 1 

CRQSLAND 1962 records a Greek sigrl: 

See MERCURY, lor which the above sig_ls are also applicable. 


QUINCUNX Ast, An astrological 
SIKMOKITE IB90 Qx 
RAPHAEL 1902 X7" 

DE VORE 1947 7\ 


aspect of IrO degrees. 

RAPHAEL 1.900 _l 

DE GIVRY 19.11 Qf 
HADES 196? /v 


QUINTESSENCE Occ, in its occult sense, the Fifth elener.r has been 

given few sjgls, perhaps because iL is the invisible one of the five, 
and its unseated presence in a sigil combining the ’visible 1 elements 
is understood (see ELEMENTS} . As an invisible si.y. 1 , T.ne quintessence 
may be regarded as being symbolised i:: the space at the centre of the 
h igil for the four elements recorded by SOMMFRHOFF 1701 : 


210 





QUl-QUi 


HO MER 17 2.1 gives the s i g i 1 Cj} as the tenth in the descending ser i e 5 

of the so-CM lied Golden Chain of Homer, symbolic of the 'Universal 

Quintessence', the spit it of which permeates the tiredLed world: this 

could of course he the sigil fer the SPTRTTITK MCJNDl. 

, r T\ 

HOME* 1757 gives a variant: ^ee HOMER'S GOLDEN CHAIN. 

GEBET\C3 17 Bb gives .■///.'?. for Heavenly Quint essence as though to 

distinguish this Exon, the Natural or Earthly. GEHHIMH 1738 g•ve£ 

for Natural Quintessence ana a related form for the 


the sigiI 
j'Jcavert 1 y {Juintessence: 


WORLIDGE 1671 


v -1 


VALENTINE 1671 




SIGN7i 17C ^ 

&QMMERHOFF 1701 'l tizf 


at 


DIDEROT 1768 


t_ ■ 


4: 


FRAKCKL7M 162? 
SHELTON 17C '^o 

\£T 4^ V s 

POISSON 1S9L 




A 


<T £ 


•i _] 


GESSMANN 1906 r ^_ 

SCHNEIDER i9 62 O 

rut see also AKASUYA and ETHERic 


LTJEjV 19 28 


V|TE> 




.--v 


QUINTESSENCE OF WINE AJc. FRANCKi.YN 162 7 'Q 

SOMMERHOFF 1/01 <j__0 5-^ ^ 


t iv 


QUINTILE Ast. 


Sigils given for the aspect of 72 degrees include 


EIMMDN1TE 1890 
MEYER 1974 


RAPHAEL LOOJ Q_ 


211 



DICTIONARY 01' OCCULl 


HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGn.S 



rAIM WATER Ale . SOMMERHOFF 1701 equated aqua pluvialls with "soft 

■p 

water 1 r and gives the sigils: ‘*\P Rv f\V ^ X/ 

GESSMAHN 1906 ^ Xy X/^ SCHN EIDER 1962 \7 \\ 

BERT HE DOT 130 5 records sigils from the Greek tradition: 


RAPHAEL Hag. RITHEMI US 1503 records the mediaeval I 0 lor 

this Archangel who is within his system also one of the Sccundadcis 
or intelligcncles. BARRETT ISO 1 - gives a variant form: 

The mediaeval sigi 1 re corded by SHEPHERD 1971 — j 1 indicates that 


thecar«tic:iiHy any of the sigils for the planet. MERCURY may also be 
asod to denote Raphael, who is variously called 'the Angel of Mercury" 
nr "the Angel of Wednesday' in popular occu t texts. 


See SPHERE OF MERCURY 


REALGAR Ale. tf GRUDGE 1651 ij 
FRiHSME 1609 ?5 <fi 

SHELTON 17C 
SOMMERHOTF 1701 


X 


X CROLLIUS 1612 y~ 

VALENTINE 1671 ] HC 

SIGNA 17C 'If 

)C 7_7 'X Ax 


> 


)T'i 


GESSMANM 1906 




RECEIVER Ale* The sigil is intended to denote a piece of alchemical 
apparatus, tor which GE5SMARN 1606 gives two forms: 

SCHEFFERS 1776 contrasts the sigil for the recipients r ~(X with that 
tor the RETORT : (X~" x ALEERTUH 1974 '' £) 


212 






RAI-RED 


RECIPE h .1 cl-. ALCHEMICAL 17C 

GESSMANN 19 Qfc PV. P 


SOMMERHDF 


F 1701 J> - 3 ^ 


RECTIFIED SPIRIT OF WINE Ale. AEBERTUS 19V4 'A 


SCHNEIDER 1562 'Vyy ~pC_ 


A— 


RED ARSENIC hie. ALCHEMY 1650 >1^ 

ALCHEMICAL 17C 0 c: '^~ JL ~ 


STGHA 17C 


SHELTON 17C cr— H 


RED BOLE .41 a. SICNA 17C (£/ 

-3L r A A 

RED IRON ORE Ale. GESSMAHB 1906 ZT 6 ^ Qr 


RED LEAD See MINIUM 

KED OBPXMENT hie. SOMMERBOFF 1701 

isoe, v? t A °T° ^ >C 


CESEKANN 
SCHNEIDER 19 62 ,oO 
aI hd RED ARSENIC 


--"1 

T 


RED PRECIPITATE OF MERCURY Ale. CDSSMANN 1906 


= .E^. V 


RED SULPHUR Ale 


ALCHEMICAL 


lxc r r i- 


RED SULPEURET OF ARSENIC Ale, ALCHEMICAL 

GE SSMAMN 19 Of: r ^j "* / b 

^j_5£J RED ARSENIC it nil RFC ...PP IMLtJ I 


1660 yift 


REDUCTION Ale. 


50MMERHOFE j7qI O "" V 


RED VINEGAR hie. DIDEROT 


1^3 V?_ £ 


RED VITRIOL hie . DIDEROT 1761 


7^ S 


213 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


RED WINE 


Ale. DIDEROT 1763 HI - 


-15 R 




RDGT.TLD OF ANTIMONY Ale. 


DIDEROT 176 3 ' 1 


KEGULUS Ale* WORLIDCE 1651 1 (Jgj? 

GESSMANN 1906 j/'l 

SCHNEIDER 1962 glues for Regulus aatiznonii tmedlcinalls: Jtf 

e 

For the sigils used Lo denote the fixed star common Ly called Regulus, 
see the entry under COR LEONIS. SGMKERHQFF 17Ol gives a eig i '; 

which might well he t.ul?er. ?j« relating to the astrological usage, but 
it is more likely intended for the alchemical term; 


RE1AH N&g. S-gi.l for spirit given by HEYROH 1664 to represent the 
_etrex R in secret writing called the 'Alphabet of Angel s and 
Genii ■ : T£f 


RliN0VAT 10 METAhLOHUM 


Alt 


GESSMANN 1906 


9 


RE SCH Gvc. The 20th letter of the Eebrew alphabet [see HERRATO SCRIPT) 

for which many derivative forms are govern within the tradition of 
secret alphabets, notably those collected by rartglozzi 1675: y 

c- WIRTH j. 927 equates R&sch with the JUDGEMENT 
card of the Tarot pack, and gives the forms £\ as the 

graphic etymology for the letter, which he traces to the Idea ot 'head' 
of which it was in the Egyptian hieroglyphic the equivalent form. 


RESINA 


Ale. 


1IONA 17C 


X 

T 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 ^ 


RETORT Ale. W0R7.TDGE 1651 6 
FRAftCKLYN 1627 


SCHEFFERS 17 7 5 C~'"\ 

CAHRICRTERIJS 100 
GESSKANN 1906 ([ ^ *j) C>~y 


(T 


SIGMA 17C i\ 

DIDEROT 1763 W (p^ 
POISSON 1891 Q 


LUED7 1928 


,> 


214 



RED-ROS 


RETROGRADE Ast. All the recordnd sigils for the retrograde motion of 
the planets appear to jt>n bunco on the capital lot tor or t.ho word. 

IBN E3RA 14 05 HOROSCOPE 15C P~ V 

GIUNTINI 1583 9^ WELLING 1735 Pn 

F1BLY 1750 SADKIEL 1835 

WEMY5S 1533 Py^ DEUTSCHE 1951 by 


■R. 


REVERBERATING FIRE Ale* 


GESSMANN L906 




REVERBERATING FURNACE Ale. SGMMERHOFF 1.701 


& 


jlE. 


REVERBERAT10 Ale. ALCHEMY 1650 — 

SI ON A 17C Q£__ SOMMERHOFF 1701 t ^S J)o 

GESSMANN 1906 

X 

RILL: OF POMEGRANATE Ale . DIDEROT 1763 T* 

CROSLAND 1962 records a Greek &igi1: 

lc. SOMMERHOFF L701 0—J lh> W i 

Sec VITRIOL. 


RISING As t. 

ROMAN VITRIOL 



ROOT AlC. GRES MANE 13 06 Ly 

ALBERT US 1574 ]-(. 

IiERl'iJELOT 1&35 gives a sigil derived from the Greek alchemical 
tradition: ^y° 

ROSE COLOUR Ale* GESSMANN 1906 \r? Ly 


ROETCRUClAM SCRIPT Occ. One of the numerous secret cyphers 
the Rosierueian school has been recorded by ELAVATSKY 187/ 
uane of rfac Sovtzr&i Princes 'Rose Cross' cypher: 


attached to 
under the 


215 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AUD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


11 

b 

c 

(i 

V 

f 

s 

ll 

i 

j 

k 

1 

Ml 

11 

* 

— 

L, 

□ 

a 

■ ■* 

■ p 

Lu 

— 



_L 

r- 


A/ 

TX 

c 

Ji 

J 

JJ 


p 

p 


z 


u 



o 

p 

<i 

r 

S 

t 

u 

V 

w 

X 

V 

ef 

Z 




ROSY DKDBLj Sc-Ci wtrth \921 gives the sig.il as the union of the 

Rose and the Cross r the prime sigil of the Rosicrucian stream, ’the 
g t eat rr.yste rv of qc cult gencraLicn' * 

See also CROSS and HERMETIC TETRAD 

royal ARCH CYPHER Occ , A secret script, which exists in several 
variant forms, constructed around the disposition of the Roman 
alphabet within the spaces of a basic figure: 

In the examp e script below, discussed by 
BLAVATSKY id77, Lhe alphabet has been pieced 
within the basic figure in concurrent adj acenL 

pairs, though there are oLhei methods of allocating the letters tc 
determine different variations as letter equivalents. The script, 
is callod The Ra ye ? Aroh■ 


L H 

b 

c 

(i 

c 

i 


ll 

i 

.i 

k 

i 

m 

n 

- 1 

_ ! 

J 

u 

u 

L 

Ll 

□ 

3 

□ 

□ 

c 

E 

1 

R 

n 

R 

r 

r 

V 

V 

A 

A 

> 

> 

< 

< 



o 

i> 

q 

r 

S 

t 

u 

V 

w 

X 

y 

z 




See SECRET SCRIPTS 

RT.f Ccc. Sigil derived by MASSEY 18B2 from the Egyptian hieroglyph, 
and said to be 'the mouth or uterus of birth* : O 
BLAVAT3KY 1B8EJ gives this sigil rind a variant < Cii> for 'floor, 

<jsLg , mouth, place of outlet * and 1 the place of birth * at which the 
sun rises, or is reborn. Both occultists see the f?u as the Lop circle 


AB ■ CD 

EF 

■ ■ f 

GH j JL 

MW 

dp] qr 

ST 



:< 


216 








































ROSTRUM 


of the ANKH Find thus relates to the bade sigil for CBPIST. 

BLAVAT5KY ldftfi says that it is * the feminine type of the birth-place, 
representing the North 1 , and sees it continued in the Cypriote Kb 1 , 
and the Coptic Ro: P 
See also TIME. 

* * 

RtBElJS Gen j* One of the sixteen georaantic sigils : T *■ A multitude 

* *• 

□ f variants (stars r dots, floral devices, etc.) is used to denote the; 
same tour-fold arrangement. agRIPPA 15 31 ’-inks the sigil with the 
element of Fire, the planet. Mars and the zodiacal sign Gemini. The 
sigiis ax* also sometimes used to symbolise the planet Mars, as tor 
example in TRITHEMIUS 1503* 

nr K “V TV nr 

agrippa 1531 n t.j cn tty ^ 

RUBY Mag. SIGNA 17C H 

RUNES Occ. The Nordic runes consist of a group of loosely connected 
alphabets which were probably designed for magical purposes (the ward 
p^xhuus being derived from the Gothic runa* ’Secret , and cog. at.e with 
New High German ra unen t ’to whispor'l, one or two of which have been 
used in occult texts, and collected by occultists as examples of secret 
alphabets. An example from the 13th century is given in 
OCCULTA 11C, in the form of two separate alphabets: 


F 

b 


H 

J 

Y 

X 

N 

1 

p 

K 

b 

n 

4- 

11 

l) 

C 

<1 

□ 

e 

f 


h 

i 

j 

k 

1 

m 

n 

7Z 

a 


H 



Vi 

N 

I 

¥ 

b 

b 

N 

* 

U 

r 


R 

M 


n 


i> 




V 

M 

■ 4 

o 

I> 

q 

1 

s 

l 

ii 

V 

\v 

X 

V 

Z 

A 

e 

—i 

V 

h 


K 

R 

f 

n 


p 

i T 

IT! 


Y 

M ! 

-+ 


217 






















































DICTIONARY 01 OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


The Letters for which there is no European 
equivalent art! set out alongside, to the 
right. JENSEN 1970 makes a caretui study 
of the runes, from which he selects 
variant forms, of which the Common Serbian 
Runes, set out below, are a good example: the two variant terms may 
be compared instructively with the lower group of 9th and loth century 
Danish iur.es, also given by iTETJfFT 1 -] 1970 



* 

Y 

P 

ft 

* 

* 

Y 

P 



it? no eat a& oe 












k 





* 


H 

n 



N 


<> 

A 





1 1 

P 

& 


y 1 

X 

M 

t 

11 

n 

X 

H 

i 

i 

J 

(2 

IV 

< 

p 

11 j. 

11 

A 

x> 

tx 


R 

* 

T 

A 


P 



Y 

> 

0 


o p ij r s i a v vv x y z f> ng 


A 

w 


R 

i. 


h 


p 



y 

p 

□ 


W 


»■ 1 •— 

-- 







l 


t 



The runes have names which arc acrophonic, and the following have 
been culled, with a small degree o_" necessary adjustment, from the 


218 












































































































RUN-RU£ 


list given by JENSEN 19-70 - a list which has much agreement with 

t..nat. list given alongside the runes reproduced in Cne twelfth century 
version In DC cultA 12C: 


FFOH 

belongings 

g BEORC. 

birch 

n 

drizzle 



\> ( TH) 0R11 


J twg 

(name of a god) ? 

OS 

god 

H km 

man 

R rad 

ride, wagon 

p r.ACL.' 

water 

b, CEiV 


H 

day 

X JVTr; 

gift 

A £ f TB) EL 

u 

property 

p WYNIl 

p l ensure 

P AC 


hi HAJGL 

hail (storm) 



id’ YD 

distress 

tl ™ 


1 IS 

ice 

^ Bftj? 


<t> PER 

year 

;J< rOR 


f £JOS T 
\J 


JV WEOE T) 

bait 

^ PBOJID 

horse (?) 



kp roix 

elk 

K 


^ S’ ji iii L'j_. 

sun 

£q gar 


/p- TJJ? 

tree 




As a final samele of the runic alphabet, we may give the Anglo Rftxon 
Runes in a series given by JENSEN 1970: 


a 

b 

C 



e 

i' 

«? 

h 

i 

j 

k 

1 

in 

n 

:—— 

B 

h 

T 

) 

X 


-ft 

*■ 

i 


r 

b 


b 

4> 


4 

F 


ii 

1 

n 



h 

V 


ii 

D 

a 

/ 

# 

o 

p n 


r 

s' i u v \v x ' y / 




fh 


But sec also SECRET SCRIPTS. 


() 


RUST Ale. GESSKftNN 19Q6 
See a.sc IRON RUST. 


45 &ci 


-H 



219 

































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


HFRMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGJT.S 



SACHIEL Ma lt, Sigj.ls giver, by BARRETT 1801 ( derived from those given 

by TR I THE MI US 1508 far the spirit ZacharJeli -H T ''"f 
BCHEIBIjE 1 84B ^ 1 1 J 1 '■ J5. '^=Z±fP-G 

SACRED Ccc, BERTHELOT 1085 records a sigll from -the Greek alchemical 
tradition: CJ~ 

SACRIFICE Ova- A common siyi I for the zodiacal sign Li hr a is given by 
STJCKER 1975 in his highly personal graphic symbolism, as representative 
of the 'sacrifice of Divine cosmic forces': The same source 

gives as a parallel to this the sigil : " O - Within the cosmo- 

ooncepLion of SUCHER 1975 the cosmic Sacrifice is a necessary 
continuation to 'provide ^ funderne/ita.} impulse of evolution', and ho 
gives as sigil for this the Forms For CREATION Y T combined with 
those For sagr . r fiva , in two new and personal sigils '( \ the 

] a tter oF which is the ancient ANKli. 

SAFFRON see CROCUS 

SAFFRON FLOWER Ale. POISSON 1891 gives for safran de Venux the sigils 

^ B—C 

CESS MANN 1906 ./]} ^ "3^^ SCHNEIDER 1962 

Sef=: alsu. CROCUS and CROCUS VENERIS 


220 






SAC-SAL 

SAGITTARIUS Ast. Zodiacal sign for the f Archerthe printed sigil for 

which is derived from the common mediaeval form, as tor example in 

SCOT ISC, given in UYGINuS 148^ : 7 AGRIPPA 1510 says that the 

sig.il i ^ brj.sed or, the shape of an arrow, though the division between 

the arrow end and the material cross is more significant of the dual 

?t 

nature of the sign: ” 


And en t Eggpt 1 an ; BERLIN 42 AD y ^ 

EP TH GELEERG 1911 4- 

G ra scO - B gzan ti nc; N E UGEBAUER 1959 

Mediaeval: DIGBY 12C +MT 

cgnjubation 14 c: -j-> 

LEllPGLDl 14C III <> 

FIRMICUS 1499 7- 

RONAITI 15C X 
RAWLINS QM 15C 't+A 
LAMBECIUS 1500 ■—) 

AGRIPFA 1510 
ALCHEMICAL 1555 
THURNEYSSER 1570 
BLtlWDEVILLE 1994 P —\ 

TRITHEMIUS 1650 $7 J r T'‘ 

VII iELIFRA.NCHL 1661 "y - f 

COLEY 17C X^- 

MAGICI 17C 

SIBLY 1798 T 

PYTHAGORAS 19C 

MODERN ASTROLOGY 1906 0 

WRROMAN 1937 ,0 

MAMS10WES 14C gives the sigil £ * 


ITOBART 2C <■— 4 




f $ 9' 

ASTRONOMICAL 1400 
JANUA 14C 70 

MANS IOMIB T.TS 1 A 82 

ASTROLOGICAL 15C 

(T- 

QUADRAMTIS 5C lV: 

scai L5C 0 0^ 0 

SCHYMAGEL 1500 


—hH- 

*_>o 

5 


,-Cn 
—i— 


GAURICUS 1539 y> 
DARIOT 1357 -0 

PORTA 1593 0— 


HERMETIS I6C 


7t 




BSLOT 1667 x—> 
FOOTE 17C 7 

GEHELME 1795 
CARRICHTRRUS 10C 0- 
CE ES MANN 1906 Cp 

LITEDY L92B ^ 

KEUGEBAUER 1959 




> 


f d r the cons toll ati on 
Sagittarius, whi ist LEUPOLDI 14C gives the form a—□—o and AGRIPPA 1510 

r*nrt 

See also ADNACHIEL and SPIRIT 07' AQUARIUS 


;al 


Alo. 


In general, see SALT and the following five entries. SCHEFFERS 


221 











DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


1775 gives the following specialist. alchemical list- 
Sal itiedius terr&atiTs cujm acldo )■- 
Sal mwlius tarrcstrls cum nival r V/ (7) 

Sal laedlus metal 11 vus cum acido J V^T 
Sal m&dlus metal Ileus ctjiti alcal ? *45 

Sal sedativus' fj5 


■AL ALKALI AJc* VALENTINE 1671 Cl **? 

AT.CHEMICAL 17C C SHELTON 17C © 


\ 


SIGN A 17C -4^ ( 4" “^3 R T 


SOMHEaHQFF 17 01 7^5 H /i 4. ^ X S ^~^ r 

r -IT A A R V V ©4- LA C3 4? A" ^ 

POISSON 1091 8 

f a- t 


a F 


i-j 

DIDEROT 1763 
LUEDY '.923 ^ 


-tiV 


s 


CAREONELLI 1925 


rT4 


SCHNEIDER 1962 A V* A 
See ALKALI and POTASH 


H A 


SAL ALKALI FIXUM See LlKlVTUM 




SCHNEIDER 1962 


n& 


SAL AMMONIAC A2c- THESAURUS 14C 0“ 

W0RLI1X3E 1651X X3^°- ALCHEMY 1650 T £ 

CROLLITJS 1670 *2 VALENTINE 1671 

SHELTON 17C 1|C SIGMA L7C < 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 ® A""" A'' DOC >K T,- 1 C >K 

^ ^7 7K 3? TfTv,, $ j*L <T jL >K 

SCHEFFER S 177 5 0- 

GESSMANN 1906 04^4 CD 

CARBONE LL1 1925 6$ 


SAL GEMMA A .1c. ALCHYMIA 1563 3 5 

ALCHEMY 1650 CM fe WORLIDCE 1651 U <>™ 

FRESNE 1688 <J-— ALCHEMICAL L7C —Q— ""6\ 4 Q?' 

SHELTON 17C O^ -11 L>^ G-c. 


2Z2 







SAL-SAL 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 □ £ H 6 <§> C3+ tj* Jci 

of -M 3 "*5 & 'K & 

LUEDY 11328 T_ SCHNEIDER 1962 A q- -*- tc 


Ll. 


SAL MARINTJM See SLA SADI' 

SADNITER dec. Sigil given by BQEilMEN 1625 to represent the salnitor 
■of his occult system: The upper cross i& the 'kingcion, of 

glory 1 , arising out of the fire cf the ETERNAL DARK, which combines 
with the ,5a .UUt?T' to give the ETERNAL LIGHT. 


SAL SEDATIVES J-ic. SCHEFFERS 17 7 5 


f 


SALS ITER Ale. EIGNA 17C 


<£% o - ,,-,-,rv-, 


SALT 


Ale. A Large number of sigils have been preserved for c&imncti 


salt, though confusion reigns because these are frequently used for 
specific mineral salts. A sigil given by beat US 1613 is. for alchemic 
aoltj ^.r but within the same text is a diagram presenting a cu.ce as 
s symbol o£ the body in the trinity of Spirit, Soul and Body. Salt 

in its alchemical sense is therefore much more than our ordinary common 
salt: in the fc.rj a phi i o soph orum, salt is commonly giver, the sigil \—? 

as for example in CEliElXE 1708, In WELLING 1735 the sigil ^ is 

said to represent alchemical salt because it shows Fire and Water 

working as or.e. The following sigils, however f art given in 
alchemical texts, end probably are intended to refer to common salL* 
W0RL1DGE 1651 CD © G $ 4 


ALCHEMY 1650 A..', — L f _ 

i 

valentine 1671 0— <B—\ XT 

ALCHEMICAL 17C /[-v / “O - 


Ay 


z l- 


5 35 d t 3 


SHELTON 17c 
SIGNA 17C 7 


♦R"' .‘ : |1 A © 


< -J 




^ Q 


X 


e- 


X "'iX' 2ri 


SCMMERHOFF 1701 A, T j ^3 ^ CTM- 

R ^ © 'v ^ cH l - j v' xi^- j R ’/ 'R Tp 


2 23 









DICTIONARY Ol " OCCULT, HFB/SETlC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGTLS 




BERTFELOT IRR.5 records a tig 11 from the Grech alchemical tradition: 
See also MINERAL SALT f OCCULT SALT and SEA SALT 



SAL TARTARI Ale , 


ALCHEMY 1650 q^ 1 3X 

DIDEROT 176 3 
ALBERTUS 1974 ^ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the vigils Q ^ for Sal Tartar 

flxum which a re identical to those given for Sal Tartari 'ey SOMMERHOFF 
1701, 

SALT OF DEATH'S HEAD Ale. CESSMANN 1906 ^V' : 


SALT OF IROM Ale. SRET,TON 17C 0 


SALT OF KALI Ale . CROLLIUS 1670 /\ XB 


SALT OF LEAD Ale. EGMMERHOFF 1701 H' 


5 ^ 



SALTPETRE Ale. ONDMASTICUM 1574 <£) 

ALCHEMY 1650 (Jj Czt^.te? 

ALCHEMICAL 17C Cp 

SHELTON 17C \r*£ YVi B 2~^ X 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 c v “t, L-M /A<\ -H3- !%"i iA 

DIDEROT 176 3 £fT) § 


SOMME RH OFF 1701 r f“T 1 I 
DIDEROT 176 3 Cp"^ 5 

1 





SALT WATER Ale, 


GEESMANN 1406 


See SLA SALT 


224 



SAL-SAM 


SAL URINftE Ale, SOMMERHDFF 1701 E£$_ © U fZ3 QU 


SAMAEL Mi ag% Mediaeval sigil for the spirit, sometimes said to Joe the 

planetary angel ot Mars, and according to TRITHEMIUS 1522 the 
Secundud&ian nf Mars, for which TRITHEMTUS 150 i gives the sigillie 
form: 


BARRETT 1801 gives .1 similar form for his CAMAEL. 
SCHEIE IE 1R4B gives two sigils: c 

SHERHERD 19 71 records the common form tor MARS: O'"'' 
See also SPHERE OF MARS 


SAMARITAN SCRIPT Ocrc, A group of loosely related scripts used as 
secret alphabets and almost certainly derived from the historic 
Semi Lit- Samaritan book script. EsARTOLOZSI 1 &75 records one such 

alphabet which ie reproduced here alongside the equivalent forms from 
the historic Samaritan given (for non-occult purposes) by JENSEN 1970 


rv 

3 

n 

% 

% 

% 

ei 


<; 

m 


2. 

p 

> 

K 


X 

1 

n 

l 

i 

n 

V 

? 


v, 

r* 

u 

J 

K 


% 

E 

£ 


ss 


9 

m 


2 

n 


& 

V 

j 

tn 

*9 

■*> 

JdU 

A" 







D 

V 

2 


7 


ID 

n 







% 

V 

P 1 


~z 

9 

UJ 

y 







a related 

aiph. 

abe t 

recorded by POSTEL 

15.18 

make 

s an 

interesting 

comparison with these, for m 

any of the. let 

ter f 

orns 

are 

the s 

ame 

(below] . 

A 

1 Suer 

aritan' s 

oript 

more obviously developed for the 




1 

n 


f 

5 

n 

U 

T 

j 



J 

K/ 


"i 

3 

X 

y 

* 

JJT 

G 

rrY 

d 

/ 

*1 

*3 

h 

V 

3 

nr 

S' 


uJ 

M 







D 

1? 

W 


7 


U3 

n 


225 































































DICTIONAR y OF OCCULT, HFRMFTIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 

secret script tradition is that given (below) by VIGNERE 1506, 
which i whi)at to same extent still related to the historic forms, is 
imaginative and more in line with the letter-forms of the popular 
HEBRAIC SCRIPT used in Secret cypher: 



“j| 

% 

i 

n 

1 

i . 

n 

V 


D 


u 

j 

W 

n 



h 

o9 

< 

1 





o 

> 

4 

\ 

5 

r 

A 

; 

■^5 









d y !! 2 a> n 


SAMEK Occ. The 15th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT) 
for which many derivative forms are given within the tradition of 
s-eerct alphabe ts r notably those culled by BARTOLOEEI 1675: 
H-frM WIRTH 1927 equates Sawek with the DEVIL ARCANUM of 
the Tarot pack, and in the letter-forms which he traces as the 
development for .SameJc -j£r ^ ^ ^ he claims a vestigial 

pictorial form of a r pot' or 'container'« It is certainly more 

significant, however, that the letter-form might be traced back to the 
Egyptian hieroglyphic with the pictorial value for 'fish 1 — see JENSEN 
1970. 


5 AND 


Ale, 


WORLIj>GE 16C 


SCHNEIDER 19 62 f///£ 


SOMMERHOFF 


i7o] izfc 5 


p & jS-AJC.- 

1.1 lT P * L.I 
l> O j= il- 


SANDARAC Ale . BERTHELOT 18 Gu -gives a number of sigils derived from 

the Greek alchemical tradition: Cfl C.P 


HAND- CUPEL Ale. 


GESSMANN 1906 


T R ?■ T 

‘ ■ ° ..A_ A, 


SANGUINE 


See AIR and TEMPERAMENTS 


SAP Ale. BERTHSLOT 1865 records a sigil from Greek alchemical texts 

which refers specifically to the 'juice of p ants' : jX 


2 26 



















SAM-SAT 


SAPPHIRE Mag. 


SIGNA 17C 



SAVIOUR Qcc. Sigil given in SCHEIBLE 1843, probably as an alternative 
for the Salvator, CHRIST: " 


Saturn Art, Modern argil derived ultimately from the- C-raeco-B yuan tine 
tradition, aa preserved lor example in BERTHELOT iSflS (below), through 
the Mediaeval, afi for example in SCOT ISC 0 to the printed form 

in HYGINUS 1482; ^ 

AGRiPPA IS31 traces its form to the scythe, but this graphic ctymolugy 


,is suspect,, as the various early forms of the sigil indicate 


Lho 


1914 says cf the sigil 7 that it was originally r the c-ross ove-r the 
semi-circle r and is r thc symbol of the soul bound by the form' . 

Ancient Egyptian; BERLIN 42AD P 


"20 


Graeco-Byzantine: QMONT 1894 Q. 

NEUGIBAUEr 19S9 hr 
Mediaeval: ALCHYMICAL 14C 

THESAURUS 14C 
SCHEMA 15C K 
BERNARD 15C H 


CAMPANUS J5C 
DOMDRUM ISC JpC 




SCOT 15C L-O ^ 1 '' 6 ' /l 

TRACTATULUS 15 CM 


AGRIPPA 1510 


w 


7 

-Vr 


-K 


ALCiJYMIA L56 3 fr| rf f- 

TAISWIER 1559 ff 




BLUNDEV 1 LLE 1502 
LILLY ]d 47 ^ 

KIRCHER 1655 ~^J) 

TABLE 1678 \H 

SHELTON 17 C ^ "% 7 ^' ^ ^ 

GEHEIME 1785 "J 
STRAGGLING 1824 Q 


BERTHELOT IRES h 

CONJURATION 14C VL _Z T .i 

RAGOR 1474 C“f T\ 

D'AILLY 1490 

BON ATT I 15C 'j? 

CANONES 15C 
LIBELLUS 15C 7-] 

SIGNIFICATIONES 15C XT 1/ 
SCHYUAGEl 1500 
FIRMICUS 15)0 ^-^9 -"hf 
DARIOT 1557 
BLUNDEVILLE 1594 
HOROSCOPE 1EI4 "FI 
HEY DON 1650 17> 

MONTE-SNYDERS 1863 "Jj 
MAGIC I L7C yf 
WELLING 1735 ^|p 

PYTHAGORAS 13C 7^ 

2ADKTEL 1835 ^ 


221 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL RIGILS 


UJEDY 19 28 fV '2 RUDHYAR 1970 T- 

CAPFELLT 1949 gives a mediaeval short-form: ^9 
CARBOHELLl 19 25 records a mediaeval sigil: J?ft 

LUUOY 19 28 records a sigil from the Syrian astrological tradition 
Since the alchemical term LEAD is synonymous with Ha turn, any of the 
sigils recorded under this name may he used l_o denote the planet* 

See also CARCEft, SPHERE and SPIRIT OF SATURN 

SCHET1LALIM Mag* Sigil and name given by heypqk I 664 to represent the 

■Jc_jit 

letter S in secret writing called 'Alphabet of Angels and Genii' 
in spite of the plural form , Che name is intended to apply to one 
spirit, and may in fact be confused with Shetel. 

SCH1N Gcc. The 21st letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT} 
for which many derivatives and alternative forms are given within Lhc 
tradition of secret alphabets, notably those collected by BARTOLDZZT 

1875; ^ „ A° Vc"<A ^ K V WIRTH 19 27 e-guates Scdun 
with the WORLD ARCANUM of the Tarot pack, and recorda the forms 
by which the letter developed in the sequence \\/ vp ^ the origin 
of which he sees in the idea of 'tooth', though it is more likely that 
Lhc letter was derived from the Egyptian hieroglyph with the pictorial 
value of 'wood' or ' twig 1 - see JENSEN 1970. 

SCORPIO As t* Sigil for the zodiaca1 sign of the 'Scorpion'* The 

printed version is derived ultimately from the mediaeval tradition f 
us for example in SCOT 15C 7Tb but this form nay have been taken 

from the Graeco-Byzantine tradition (see NEUGE3ATJER 1959 below). 

The modern manuscript form frequently differs from printed forms, as 
in FOOTE 17CL 7Tb* 

ACRIPPA 1531 tells us that the sigil was based on the shape of the 
Scorpion's sting, though both the Egyptian demotic forms, and the 
occult, tradition (see for example ELAVATSKY 1Q8S) would suggest a 
derivative fr«m a pictograph of a serpent.. 

Ancient Egyptian : STQBART 2C i/V SPTEGELBERG 1911 ft : j ■ 

Gra.eco“Byzan ti ns i NEUGEBAT.lER 1959 JTV 'Hi - * 

Mediaeval.- DlGBY 12C GRAMMATICA 13C "[i 



22R 




SCH-SEA 


ALCHYMICMj 14C 
CONJURATION 14C TT\^ 
LEUPOLPT 14C c= P 
ASTROLOGICAL 15C '[/ 
QUADRANT IS 10C Qe? 
LAMBEC1I.IS 15Q0 ^7 

ACRIPPA IS 10 sri rr^rty 
pari err 1557 
mary igc nmD 

HEYDON 1050 ^ 





^4 


COLBY 17C rf 
LUCCA 17C C"CC 
WELLING 1735 ttV x 
PYTHAGORAS 1BC 
STRAGGLING 1024 
WIFTH 13 27 0^ 

PERRY 1971 T n a 

LUEDY 1920 records a siqil from the Syrian astrological tradition: 
r.EUFQLDi 14C gives the sig-il * — for the c’Onsteilation Scorpio , 


ASTRONOMICAL 1400 

JANijA 14C ‘V® 

MAMSIONIBITS 14B2 OOP 

r - 

DONAITI 15C ?n/ 

^ r 

TABLES 15C \y 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 Vr| 
GAURICUS 1539 
BLONDEVILLE 1594 
SMITE 16C 
EIBNER 1651 

j 

FOOTE 1 7C "TT^ 

MAGIC I 17C TYj_ 

MAGTE ISC TiVt 
S1BLY 1790 r ff^ 
RAPHAEL 1903 
NERQMAN 19 37. 




while AGRIPPA 1510 records the variant- £ortn± 
See also SPIRIT OF SCORPIO 



Scruptjltjs Alo - A measure of 20 grains. 

VALENTINE 1671 -) SIGMA 17C 

GESSMAMN 1906 t J 

CAPFELLI 1949 records mediaeval slgils for five s-on.jp uJ x ; and 

for half Bcrupulus; (l for which GESSMANN 1906 records! X' ^ 


SEA Occ . BERTHELOT 1885 records two sigils from Greelt alchemical 

texts, one [if which refers fo ordinary sea -i-t the other 

referring to the idea of an (unspecified) r sacred sea p : 

SEAL See Ll/FATION and PLANETARY SYMBOLS. 


2 29 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


SEAL OF SOLOMON Oct - One of Lhe most common devices of occult 

symbolism, for which a wide number of different exp 1 anatory accounts 
has been given. A form is recorded in SChPlRE lSSb: ?V 

An exoteric explanation for this form is related to the theory of the 
four elements and the corresponding fifth element fgui ntessence! which 
according to the esoteric tradition underlie the sensible world of 
appearance: thus the four 'visible 1 ' elements commingle around the 

invisible 'centre 1 of the fifth clement: 


Ascending elernents 


Descending elements 


FiRJv A 

A IF -/\ 

WATER V 
EARTH 


COMBINE: 



However, see also SENARY, and the remarks on the derived aigil 

and its esoteric connexion with the Chain of Being, which relates to 

the ancient order of the planetary spheres, !:"» the .in trod natron to 


this DICTIONARY. See also HEXAGON* 


SEALS OF PLANETS Oca. A Large number of sigils traditionally called 
seals have been preserved, though under a wide variety of names - see 
fox example the forms given under MYSTEBTCHTS SIGILS and PLANETARY 
SYMBOLS. The following variants are derived from the mediaeval 
tradition, as recorded by AGKIPPA 1531, but it is to be noted that 
they are sometimes confused with the Intel I agencies and Planetars/ 
Spirits given in the same source and in derivatives* 



2 30 


sea-Sec 


SEAS ALT Alt’* SQMMERHQFF 1701 

GESSMANN 1908 
But see also SALT WATER 

SEAWATER Ala. EERTHELQT 1885 records a slgil from the Greek alchemical 
tradition which has nothing to do with the astrological sigil 

for AQUARIUS. 

SECRET SCRIPTS Oca , An enormous number of secre-t alphabets have bet-in 

recorded in the occult and hermetic tradition, very many of them of a 
somewhat dubious value f but a few of them used in the occult literature 
and in various artforms, Some g f these alphabets are merely 
bowdlerised versions of genuine historic alphabets (see for example 
SAMARITAN SCRIPT)* The fifty or so scripts recorded in this 

Dictionary have all been collected from occulL texts (with, the 
exception o£ most of the scripts in RUNES), and a great many of them 
have been derived from cabbalistic and Hebraic sources (see HEBRAIC 
SCRIPT) , The- most well known of the Hebraic alphabets ar^ those 
recorded by AGR1PPA 1531, the so-called TRANSITUS FLUVII, the MALACHIM 
and the CELESTIAL SCRIPT. The following three are {!) the TRANSITUS 
FLUVII script, given by WINKLER 1030, £2) a manuscript variant of 
the THEBAN SCRIPT, from ALCHEMICAL 1579, and (3) from BARTOLOZZI 1675; 




1 

" 

n 

i 

J 

n 

V 

T 



u 

j 


3 

J 


L 

GL^ ’ 

K 

°i 

n 

m, 

n 


£J 

V; 

$ 

J 

X 

fn 

A 

P 


■Q 







0 

V 

El 


7 


UJ 

n 







a 

b 

e 

<1 

l: 

r 

% 

h 

+ 

i 

j 

k 

1 

Ill 

11 


£q 


TY\ 

% 







X 



'4 



w\ 

% 






n 

WL 



o 

P 

q 

1 

s 

t 

u 

V 

w 

X 

V 

Z 





23J 


































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


X 

3 J 

m 

l 1 

n 

XI 

1 

*4 


n 

K 

V 

a 

? 

it 

T| 

D 

& 

U 

n 

j 

V 

n 

YiJ 

tl* 

IT. 

ft 

Vi 






n 

V 

D 

M 

r ^ 

Cl 

r* 

V 7 

-\ 

w ' n 



c r 

f-a 


— . 



Many non-llebraic secret- scripts - some of them entirely personal and 
fanciful- - have been preserved/ a few of them in menuscripts relating 
to the occult field/ as for example the following from MAGICI 17C ( in 
which the nature of the writing pen is itself used as the stylistic 
ba.se for the script: 



c 

X 



r 

? 

\ 

* 


* 

w 


A 


*1 

T 

i 

♦ 

\ 

* 



t 

* 

c* 




o p q 


r 


s 


L u V W X v Z 


LAMBFCTI3E i500 preserves a page of manuscript alphabets relating to 
the secret or cryptographic tradition, one of which is clearly derived 
from the Greet alphabet.! 


A 

B 

r 

A 

E 


H 

0 

\ 

K 

A 

M 

N 

- 

J> 

A 

L 

A 

GJ 

* 

h 


1 

ir 

K 

W 

jn 

wj 

0 

TT 

* 

£ 

_L 

A 

-6- 

* 

+ 

u 

h 





0 

rr 

P 

51 

T 

r 


X 


_n_ 






and another which may give the appearance of being Greek-derived, but 
which In fact contains sigils from various sources and historic 
alphabets; 


TP 

Oj 

A 


4 

Y 

X 

s- 

/ 

7Z. 

7 

nr 

0} 

UjJ 

A. 

l 

Jr 


-0" 

0 

n 

7 

£ 

7 






232 








































































SECRET SCRIPTS 


In addition to the fact. that, the alphabet just recorded is probably 
derived from different sources, It may well be that it is set out in a 
sequence which does net. reflect the standard alphabetic order in either 
Greek or Roman, for an adjacent alphabet in the same manyscript 
(LAMBECIUS lEfOO) is obviously intended to transpose letters in the 
standard cryptographic manner j 

0- 1 < su y ^ ^ + w 'H J t 

Thufc, reading in reverse order one obtains alpha cK back to eta F 
and then ofriega (O backwards to theta 0" This ex amp I e reveals 

something o+ the difficulty attendant upon the reading of such scripts, 
and oven In the collating of the Individual letter-forms. 

BERTHELCT 1BH5 records two alphabets which arc called the Hellenic and 
Greek Astrologic. These arc representative of the typos, designed 
for the Creek alphabet but, as tradition shows, adaptable to any other 
alphabet: the second is properly termed astr©logic because it 

incorporates several sigils from the Greek horoscoplc art. - for example, 
the first, sigil is the common form for the 'sun'. 


1\ 

X 

l 


\s 


/ 


tP 

7 

x 


E 

oO 

f 

j\ 

UJJ 

7 

v > 

t 



6' 

X 

* 

GO 






J 


A 

t 


7 

✓ 

X 

<■ 

< 


~lT 

h 

j 

tr 


X 

;Y 

A 

T 

& 



o 






Three further alphabets, all culled from SELEN1JS lfe24 r will indicate 
something of the variety ot these cyphers i each of them is taken (in 
the sequence over) from the Occultist writings of della Porta, 

Tr itb ecn. i u h a nd Ms uru s t 


233 




































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


a 

b 

C 

d 

V 

f 

* 

ii 

Is 

1 

j 

k 

1 

111 

n 

© 


£ 

X 

A 

V 

0 

* 

Jl 



J 

)i 

j 

~b 

3 

A 


$■ 

17 

A 



r 


U 



O 

P 

q 

— 

r 

— 

S 

t 

U 

V 

W' 

X 

y 

z 



a 

l) 

t; 

d 

e 

f 

g 

h 

1 

»■ 

J 

k 

1 

111 

n 

p 

U 

H 

6 

L 

t 

V 

l i 

c 


T 

A 

4 

W 




cA 

rp 

> 

h 

o 


h. 

* 

? 



o 

p 

q 

r 

S 

t 

11 

V 

W 

X 

y 

Z 



a 

b 

e 

d 

e 

r 

g 

h 

I 

j 

k 

1 

m 

11 

6 

& 

(3) 

o 

o 

0 

0 

C 

(T3 



<rz 

Zb 

A 

J ' 

L 

r 

I 

p 

a 

ED 

s 

0 



0 

0 



o 

p 

q 

r 

S 

l 

U 

V 

W 

X ' v ' Z 


Each o£ the- preceding eleven alphabets has been given mainly as 
representative of the typos of secret scripts - the Hebraic, the 
Greek and Roman, the personal and the random cyphers (semetimes based 
on single dilphabet with a volvulle to provide a number oh potential 
alphabets equal to the number of letters in a particular sequence). 
The main r traditional r scripts - open secrets, so to speak - recorded 
within this Dictzcviary are lifted, as folLows: ADAMIC SCRIPT, 

ALCHEMIST SCRIPT, APOLLON IAN SCRIPT, BABYLONIAN SCRIPT, CAN.ANEAN 
SCRIPT, CELESTIAL SCRIPT, CHALDEAN SCRIPT, ETRUSCAN SCRIPT, HEBRAIC 
SCRIPT, INQUISITORIAL SCRIPT, MALACH1M SCRIPT, NOACllITE SCRIPT, 
ROSICRIJCIAN SCRIPT, ROYAL ARCH CYPHER, RUNES, SAMARITAN SCRIPT, 
SOLOMONIAN SCRIPT, SUPERCELESTIAL SCRIPT, TEMPLAR SCRIPT, THEBAN 
SCRIPT Find TRANS ITUS FLUVII. 

SECRET WISDOM Oca , A sigil given in HERMES 1613 is called the 



















































SEC-SHIN 


Quadrangle of the Secret wisdom 


given as one of a series of 

The sigil has a multi- 




graphic structures related to occult ideas, 
layer significance, but is virtually illustrative of the text- 
attributed to Aristotle by the alchemists; Divide the ulcbe'fjucal 
stone into the four elements, rectify these, then conjoin them as one 
in the whole yon will have the Magisteriun r* 


SECUNDADEIS See PLANETARY SPIRITS 


SELENITE Ale, BERTHELOT 1085 records two sigils iron the Greek 


alchemical tradition; 


SEMI-SEXTIEE Ast. Most of the sigils for this aspect of 30 degrees are 

truncated forms of the SEXTILE. 

PEARCE 1879 5 ^ SIMMONITE 1890 Sv 

DE GIVRY 1931 DE VORE 1347 \L_ 

HADES 198? ji 

SEMI-SQUARE Ast, This aspect of 43 degrees is conetimes called the 

semi-guartile, and all the most commonly used sigils .ire derived from 
that used for the SQUARE- 

ZADKlEL is49 PEARCE 1879 $□ 

EIHM0H1TE 1890 Sa DE GIVRY 1931 \ 

DE VORE 1947 ) HONE 1951 L_ 


SENARY occ* Sigil given by BLAVATEK Y I860 intended to show the 

commingling of the three (philosophical) fires with the three 
(philosophical) waters, ’whence results the procreation of the elements 
of all things'. BLAVAT5KY 1808 claims that it is wrongly called the 
Seal of Solomon, and adduces argument as to why the- sigil, with fi 
central dot, is a decad: 

See SEAL OP SOLOMON, 


SENSORY 


Occ , A modern sigil given by ClRIOT 1962 as sensory. 


235 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


anthropomorphic principle 1 • ~F This visw of the sig.il does in 

*1 

fact find some support in the occult tradition, os for example in 
AGR1PPA 1531, STEINER 1904 and SUCHER 1970. 


SEPARATE Ala. Tbo sigil is 
the word in ALCHEMICAL 17c: 


intended to denote the verbal ^ense 


of 


SEPARATION Ale. MICLiAELSPACHER 1616 gives the sigil next to the 

sign or constellation Scorpio, either to symbolise the alchemical 
process of Separation, or (less likely) t-he alchemical Sulphur. 


SEPTENARY MAM Oca. Sigil given by BLAVATSkY 1R&8 to represent the 
image of the seven principles within man, the assumption being that 
the senary is symbol of physical man (the six dimensions of all bodies) 


plus the immortal soul, which is symbolised in the seven points of the 
sigil j ,t"i The triangle is symbolic of the three 'higher spiritual 
beings of man - those human principles still capable of development, 
called in thcosoptical parlance A tana, Huddhi and Manas . The square 
represents those spiritual bodies which have been developed, if not yet 


controlled I the "principle of animal desire 1 the Kacaa-rupm, the "vehicle 
of life' the Linga-sari ra , the power productive of vital phenomena, 
which is the Prana, and the physical body itself, which is built up 
from substances formed and moulded over the Linga-sarira by the action 
of Prams. RTAVATSKY I 888 develops many parallelisms between Lhe 
triad and the quaternary of this sigil, but broadly speaking the triad 
represents the cosmic or spiritual element (the upper Sephirothal) 
whilst the Quaternary, which emanates from the triad, symbolises the 
'Heavenly Man', the sexless Adam-Kadnon, who may become a septenatc 
'by emanating from itself the additional three principles^. But see 


a.I so REX AGON. 


□EE 1564 makes of the simple cross a septenary from the addition of 

. i 

three —|— (two lines and an intersection) and four —■■—■ (the four arms 
of the cross), which is clearly intended to link with the occult 
septenary of man's spiritual nature, seen either as the combination of 



SEP-SET 


the body (four elements) with the three 
would in modern occultism be termed the 
the image of man related to the planets 
with nis future spiritual development* 
graphic Logic that the cross is at once 


spiritual principles of what, 
ctnsric, astral and ego, or as 
in his present state, along 
PEE 1564 argues in a special 
the numerates: 


ONE:: --\- 

TWO] —- 


The cross alone. 
Two lines. 


THREE: —Two lines plus the point of inter section ♦ 

FOUR: —'~ The four arms of the cross. 

The addition of 1, 2, 3 and 4 gives 10. The multiplication of the 
first triad with the second senary gives 21 (3 x 7) - this argument is 

related to Lhe alphabet of the Elizabethan because the cross (X) is 


the 21st letter. 
See also DEITY 


SEPTILE Ast, Sigil for the aspect of 51 degrees, 25 minutes, given by 
MEYER 1974: ^ 

SERAPHIM Ast. BUCHER 19 7 5 appears to link the siqil for CAPRICORN \/'f 
with the Sphere of the Seraphim, which are traditionally associated 
with the spheres beyond that of Saturn, most frequently with the 
she!latum, or with the zodiac. 

See SPHERE OF SATURN 


SESQUIQUADRATE flat. The pure h lulls for this aspect of I 35 degrees 
are formed from the union of * 'square plus half a square’, since the 
aspect relates to the addition n£ a pure SQUARE with a SEMI-SQUARE. 
3ADKIEL 1549 □ PEARCE 1879 

DE GIVRY 1931 CTZI UE VQRE 1947 

HADES 1967 HONE 19 51 

SESQUTQUTWTILE Ast. SIMMDNITE \890 Y 

SETON 


237 


See SPHERE 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


SETT.NG Ast t CROSLAND 19'6 2 records the Greek sigil 
EEV3N FORMS 01” SPIRIT See CLAVIS and SEVEN METALS 

SEVEN METALS Ale* CESSMANN 1906 gives a single sigil (far which 

LUEDY 192E gives the variant: ] , but the seven metals of alchemy 

are COPPER (see also VENUS ), GOLD {see also SUN), TROW (see also MARS), 
LEAD (see also SATURN), QUICKSILVER {called also MERCURY), SILVER (s ee 
also MOON) and TIM (see also JUPITER). The most frequently used 

forms of the modern sigils for these metals {planets) are: 

COPPER gold © 

LROiV C © LEAD h 

QUICKSILVER ^ SIT, VER © 

TIjV 2|_ 

Kee also CLAVIS 


SEXES 


Eee ORIGIN 


SEXTARIUS 


Ale. 


GES5MANN 1906 


rV"’' c^""^ 


SEjd'lLE A st. OMONT 1894 records a sigil from the Greek alchemical 

L. rad. it ion _ur this as trol cgical aspect of 6o degreesj V 1 

SCALIGER 15C ^ 


KALENDAR ISC HH— 
SIGILLIS 17C >tC 
DE VORE 1947 vk" 


GESSMAMN 1906 yfC 


SEXUAL ENERGY Qcc. A sigil which is in fact a variant form for MARS 

is iinked in an alchemical figure of the microcosm with the sexual 
parts, presumably to signify the earth-bound* or demonic, nature of 
the sexual energies, in VALENTINE 1645: 

in a similar manner, the sigil for the MOON is placed over the sexual 
parts in FLULD 161,7, the purpose being to link the sexual energise 
with the sublunar demonic forces- 


Ale 


A sigil which appears to be used to designate sheet or 


333 



SET-SIL 


lo-af metsls, given by GEBGMANN 1906; / - / TE=fl 

sinus fqrTuNAE Ast* sign for the- 24th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, 
which is called Al $a r d al Su’ud in the Arabian system, given in 
M&NSIQNE35 14C: '? 


STL’US PARVTTM Asfc * Theh SL.d1.15 Pan/tun Lucis Magnae, sixth of the 

mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al Ti&a r t ih in the Arabian system, given 
by MANSIONES 14C: Tyt 


SIGIL CtC. CONJURATION 14C 


DIPEROT 1753 
CI1ASSANT 1E84 


records various 


singular and plural: 


[ 1 c-^-t K 



But see also CHARACTER* 


medi ueval short-forms for the Latin 

r,^ sr sc, s' 


For the Sigll H&risctlcum -eee HERMETIC SIOTT,. 

See also PLANETARY SYMBOLS and SEALS OF PLANETS 


STT.EX Ala. SHELTON 17C gives whilst SCHEFFERS 1775 records the 

sigil for Terra Siiicea, and SHELTON 17C gives tor Si I ice 

ueti " but see BURNED PEBBLE and stone 


SiLVER a V a . Sincc with!n tl'ie a 1 ghemica 1 txad i tion the tera 'silver 1 is 

synonymous with the astrological MOON, All the sigll 5 for the planet 
may bo used also to signify the metal* SOMMEP.HOFF 1701 records several 


sigils under Argentum, all 01 which may be used to denote the many 
he mi c-t ic names, sue h as corpus a 1 bum , f h r men t urn al bum , 1 1 imen all n us , 


Mater , Pi ana, ujtor odor .ft era and sc on: tC. 

^ rn “O’ w ^ 

The t'oilow i rig s ig i 1 s appear -.0 have bn &n inzended 


0 c © 

Specifically 


(5 'Yi 


for the 


metal. 


BERTHEDOT lB8b records siuils from the Graeco-Byzantine astrological 
tradition: tv '£ 

THESAURUS 14C 


ALCHYMIA 

WORLIDGE 1651 ^io ^ e^\, 'V" 


15 63 D X E t ¥~ C f 


P, 


239 






DICTIONARY Of OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICIIS 


SHELTON 
DIDEROT 1763 


17C ©X :K : —^ T ALCHEMICAL 17C 

^ DALTON 1008 © 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ <Xp? ^ L r ,IEDY 19 28 ^ 

SC LINE IDER 1962 j) SHEPHERD 19 71 ^ ^4^ *_J> 


SILVER FILINGS A2e. BERTHE1QT 1086 records a sigil from the Greek 
alchemical tradition: ^ 

SILVER LEAF AJe, RERTHELOT 1009 record? a sigil from liho Greek 

alchemical tradition: ^ti GESSMANN 1906 U?i 

SILVER MERCURY Ale* ALCHEMICAL 17C Q 
SHELTON 17C ^ 


SILVER OIL Ale. SHELTON 170 




GESSMANN 1906 7 ) 0 


SILVER ORE Ale. RERTHELOT 1089 records a sigil from the Greek 
alchemical tradition: d_ ft 

^ 5 

SILVER PAINT Ale. 5OMMEFH0FF 1701 gives several sigila for argentum 
musicum or argentum pictorium: j / 1 y/ C/* 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ ^ ^ '"/) d /A & 


SCHNEIDER 1962 give^ 7 ' for urgent 


urn Tnjjsic-’um 


SILVER SOLDER Ale. BEKTHELOT 1005 records a ssigi 1 from t-h 1 ? Greek 
al chemi cal t radi ti or.: cf 


SILVER SPIRIT SHELTCXN 17C A' 

SILVER SPLINT Ale. GESSMANN 1906 3 1 

See aleo SILVER FILINGS 


SKILLET Ale. A name given to a form of TIGlLLUK, for which GESSMANN 
1906 records several mediaeval sigils: --p P V 7 F\ 4 


240 



£IL-SOP 


SKULL Ale. DIDEROT 1763 gives the following specifically for 'human 
skull' = IT £p 

Sometimes CAPUT' MORTUUM is confused with ahull, though properly this 
is the undifferentiated residual powder at the end of an alchemical 
process f much as the skull is itself the undifferentiated remnant at 
the and of the alchemical process of life. 

SKY oc-c. BERTBEDCTT 1035 records two sigils from Greek alchemical 

texts which refer both to the physical sky ns well as to the 'Heaven' 
us home of the Gods, the incorruptible domain in the Aristotelian 
ge rs S-p.: — 1 — | L- - f L ~= 

SLOW HEAT Ale, SIGMA 170 /V A / 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 £ ^ LA 21 

LUEDY 1923 t SC7HMEIDER 1962 Z\ 2E- 

See GRADES OF FIRE 


S1GNA 17C 


V 




SMOKE Ale. SHELTOM 17C \\ ^ 

SOMMERHGFF 1701 tzf ^ 9 ^ 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ ^\AS {VJ 

LUEDY 1920 

BERTHELOT 18 B5 gives a sigil from the Greek a1chemical tradition 
for smoke in addition to one for aetherial smoke whch may 

be related to the ether ir. phenomena of modern occultism: 

3e« CELESTIAL VAPOUR 


& 


SOAP Ale. WORL1DGE 1651 <^> 

DIDEROT L763 

SOAPSTONE Ale. GESSMANW 1906 © /p ® © _<§ d & 

6 3 ^A/^V/rn. T 

s 3fi ^ yfe -p M A ^ A 'H 

SODA Ale. DIDEROT 1763 2-LL -lr’ — DALTOM 1B08 (JJ) 


VALENTINE 1671 v> 
GESSMAMR 1906 ^ 


* 


241 








DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


GESSMAtilf 1906 JS* 

RERTHELOT 1885 records a few sigils from the Greek tradition: ($) H^" 5 * 

rfj r^i r$i 


SOL See SUM 

SOLAR Ast, QMOKT 1894 records a from the Greek astrological 

. , on 

tradition: ,-r>' 

l5;jt see also 3 UK. 

SOLAR SYSTEM Ast, LEO 1914 gives the sigil {_ J which is said to 
symbolize 1 both the centre and the cireujwferenee of the hoI ar system 1 . 
From this sigil he derives the form 4j4 for light and dark (see 
LIGHT ), which is unfortunately like the occult siqi1 Cor DEATH, from 
the Greek tfranatos. But sec also DEITY for a sigil derived from the 
theoaopbic tradition within which LEO 19,4 worked- 

SOL. MERCURII Ala. ALCHEMICAL 17C 


SOLOMONIAN SCRIPT Ale. A number of secret scripts have been preserved 
in the occult tradition under this general name, of which the two bolcv 
are given by V1UNEKE 1.986: 


K. 


a 

i 

n 

1 

T 

n 

u 


2i 

V 

2 

a 

6 

r 

A 

Y 

y> 

J 

v 

X 


6 

B 

4-, 

f 

y 

Y 

J 

V 

13 

n 


<VT) 

J=T 

i- 






D 


z. 

X 



tu 

n 







X 



1 

n 

* 

1 

T 

n 

U 

* 


* 

tj 

A 

•J 



> 

9 

r 

\ 


e 

li 

r 

y 

> 

Ti 

7 

X 

V 

Cl 

u 

73. 

Y 

u) 

T 








■ ■ 

.k 

a 

V 

7 


UJ 

n 








242 
































SOL-SOU 


Dec. BIAVATSKY 100& gives the sigil aa representing 

the 'cross of the two equinoxes and the two solstices placed within 
the figure of the earth's path'* 

See also EQUINOX 

SDLlTflO /lie* The original connotation of re sol vi fig or setting free or 
dissolviiig appears to have stayed within certain alchemical contexts, 
but in a tew cases the term is used of the power to release subjects 
f r ora tua 1 ign ant magi c-o ] i nf 1 llc no e s , The £o 11 owing sigi 1 a are, howeve r, 

almost certainly restricted to the earier alchemical meaning. 

ALCHEMY 1050 " f ’ A^/ZHEMICAL 17C 

SOMMERHOPF 1701 P 

SOLVERE Ale. LUEPY 19 2 & P £~") 

SCHNEIDER 1.962 iw 

See SOLUTlO. 

A Sigil recorded Joy OEEE1ME 173B is intended to designate the first 
part of the alchemical process of solve et eoayvlo: ^ The second 
process is accorded the sigil : -4- 


SOOT 


A1 


c. GESSMANN 1906 J~\ ^ 7jJ 


SORATK Gen± Sigil supposed by HFYDON 1664 to be that for the 

'geomantic spirit 1 , the ruler of FORTUNA MINOR and FORTUNA MAJOR, .but 
in fact a poor (reversed} copy of that given by AGR1PPA 1531 as ruling 
spirit of the Sun: 


SORCERY See KALI YITGA. 


SOUii Occ ■ LEO 1914 follows the hermetic tradition and links the sigil 
for the Moon Ji 1 with the soul, as symbol of 'that which i& neither 
wholly spiritual nor wholly materiaJ, nut partakes of the nature of 
both f and Is the connecting Unit between the spirit and the physical 


243 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


tody 1 . HONE 1951 follows in the sainti theosophie tradition, and 
gives the sigila v/ _!) relating to the astrological context . 
Hcmetimee the use of a sigil suggests that the denotation is in fact- 
confused with the word SPIRIT, as for example. in AUREUS 1613 , who gives 
the tom for sulphur or soul. 

Within a strictly religious context, CHAESANT 1884 gives a short-form 
for the Latin anlma, of mediaeval derivation- S* 

See also ANTE^ALIA and SPIRIT-SOUL, 


SPANISH WINE 


Ale. DIDEROT 1763 AA 



SPHERE Occ. A mediaeval short-form is recorded by CHASSAMf? 1884 for 
the Latin sphere, which does not refer to the body of the planet taut 
to the spiritual area within its orbit: Fp^ 

BERTHELOT 1BH5 records a eigi.1 from the Greek astrological tradition, 
intended to refer to the celestial spheres in general i ■ 

As the entries under specific planets below indicate, it was usual 
for astrologers to use the siyils which we would now designate to the 
planetary bodies themselves to denote the spheres. However, ISIDOKUS 
12t: gives the following forms which, since they stand outside the 
familiar planetary aigiilic tradition, may be taken as symbolising the 
spheres which were In later cosmologies confused with the planets: 

LUNA (MOON) O 
MERCURIUS ^--rrJ 

LUCIFER {'MORNING STAR 1 VENUS) VESPER ('EVENING STAR r ) 

COL (CUN) 0 

SETON {JUPITER} '-'= 0 ==' 

* / , 

SATURN US Vgihl 

CROSLAND 1962 records a general form, said to be mediaeval: (-!-) 


SPHERE of lTLtptter Ast. In the mediaeval astrological system, this 
sphere is associated with the ncwiinc one or Xyriofetes, linked with 
the idsa of Virtue or Justice - but see the entry on SPHERE, above. 
Working from the mediaeval forms, HRAHE 1582 gives the planetary 


244 


SPA-BFL 


sigil but Liny of the forms for JUPITER could theoretically be 

used to denote the sphere, as could the vigils for the INTELLIGENCES 
who move the spheres, or the named ruler EACHARIEL. hut see also 
SPIRIT OF JUPITER. 

SPHERE OF MARS Ast* In the mediaeval astrological systems* this 

sphere is associated with the virtues or Fir tubes, the Pgnamis of the 
Dionysian system. BRAUE 1582 gives a standard planetary sigil for 
the sphere hut any of the forms for MARS could he used in theory 

to denote the sphere, -as could the eigil±5 for the INTELL1GENCIES who 
move the sphere^, or the named ruler BAMAEL. liut see also SPIRIT OF 
MftRB * 


SPHERE OF MERCURY Ast. In the mediaeval astrological system, this 
sphere is associated with the Archangels, the tutelary spirits of 
Nations. BRAHE 1882 gives the standard planetary sigil ^ but any 
of the forms tor MERCURY could theoretically be used Lo denote the 
sphere, as could the sigiis for the TNTELLTGF.NCIF5 who move the sphere, 
or the named rulers RAPHAEL, OPRIED or Eadkiel. But see also SPIRIT 
OF MERCURY. 

SPHERE OF THE MOON Asr£. In the mediaeval astrological system, this sphere 
is associated with the angels, the guardian spirits of individual human 
beings {though the word ANGEL is frequently used in a generic sense for 
all the different Orders of spiritual beings). DPAdS 1582 gives the 
standard lunar sigil (X. but any of the forms for the MUON could In 
theory be ushcJ to denote the sphere, as could the sigiis for the 
TNTELLJLQEMCiES who move the spheres, or the named ruler GABRIEL, in 
modern western occultism this sphere Is called ka rma Iocs, in esoteric 
Christianity, Purgatory. Bee also SPIRIT OF TiJE MOON. 

SPHERE OF SATURN Ast. In the mediaeval astrological system, this sphere 
is associated with the Thrones, the spiritual beings who mark Lhe end of 
time, BRAHE 1882, gives the standard planetary sigil ^ but any of 


248 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC A!W ALCHEMICAL SlClLS 


the forms for SATT.TRN could theoretically be used to denote the sphere, 
as could the sigils for the iNTELLitiENCiEd who move the spheres, or the 
named rulers CAE5IEL Or ORIPHIEL. But nee also SPIRIT OF SATURN* 

SPBERF OF THE SUN Ast. In the mediaeval astrological system, this 
sellers is associated with the Powers or F.xusJal, whose virtue is that 
of Prudence. BRAIIE 1582 gives the standard modern solar' sigil but 
ar.y of the forms used for SUN could theoretically be ase-n, as could 
the sigils used for the INTELLIGENCIES who move the spheres, or the 
named ruler MICHAEL* But see also SPIRIT OF THE SUN, 


SPHERE OP VENUS list . Tn the mediaeval astrological systems, this 

sphere is associated with the Arch&i , those spirii.ua] beings who rule 
over the Ages, and sometimes (as in the celestial system outlined by 
Dante) with the Principal! ties. BRAHE 1582 gives the standard 
planetary sig.il but. any of the forms for VENIJS could theoretically 

be used, as could the sigils for the INTELLIGENCIES who move the 
spheres, or the named ruler akael., But see aLso the two different 
sigils given under SPHERE, and sec also SPIRIT OP VENUS. 


SPICA Ast* A late-medi aevnl siyj, I for th^ binary alpha Virginia is 
given by ACKIPPA 1510, which is in fact u variant on tbs siyil given 
for the identical fixed star under the name AiCHlMER: —* For a 

study of the graphic nature of this later sigil, see MERCURY 1978. 
The fourteenth of the mediaeval lunar mansions is sometimes also 
called Spies , being the AI Sita&k of Lhe Arabian astrological system, 
for which a sigil is given in MANSIQNES 14c: ■ O j " 


SPIRIT Occ, WORLIDGE 1651—^ 
VALENTTNE 1671 -0“ 

SOMMERHOFF 170.1. 

DIDEROT' 1763 i-0—■ 

GEES MANN 13:16 “X 


5_p 


■ -b- 


POISEON 1091 




./L 


-e- 


CRGLLIUS 1612 —— 

eu 1 

SHELTON 17C X 

-%■ J? 

C5 C5 

LUEDY 1928 


CHAP CANT 1884 records a mediaeval short- form for spirit us: £ 






P* 


246 











SPH-5PI 


AUREUS 16)3 gives the sigil ^ for 'Ifermry ar Spirit' in the 
triad of SOUS ip {Sulphur} , BODY O (Salt) ^ and SPIRIT. 
in the series of sigil a on the descending scale of the Golden Chain, 
HOMER. 1723 gives the following sigils: 

Incorporeal spirit of the- vital world; (D 
Acidic and corporeal spirit of the world: © 

Alkaline and corporeal spirit of the. world: 0 


See HOMER'S GOLDEN CHAIN and SPIRITUS MUKDI- 

SCHFIRLE 1846 gives the sigil ^ for ‘Ho conquers hg wag of the 
spu rit 1 . 

BLAVATSKY 1877 gives [ as the true jiaonat? - but see also GROKS „ 


See CLAV1S and SPIRIT-SDUI . 


spirit OF AQUARIUS Mag . Numerous aiqiis exist, most of 
dubious importance- The following mediaeval forms arc 
TRTTHEM1I.TS 15t>3 : V 

The same source gives two sigils for Gabriel, r the anqc: 


both forms being mediaeval: 




them of rather 
derived from 


■of Aquarius' f 


SPIRIT OF ARIES 


Mag . 


Numerous sigils exist, most of them of dubious 


importance- The following mediaeval forms are derived from 

-P, i-S-l- 


TRITHEKIUS 1503: 4psr 


-A 


P b 


5 


The same source gives two sigils tor Malchidicl, 'the angel of Aries', 


both forms being mediaeval: 


T Cl 


ul > 


s f 


SPIRIT OF CANCER Mag. Numerous sigils exist, mOet of them of rather 

dubious importance. The following mediaeval forms are derived from 

i—,— —c 


TRITKEMIU5 150.3: ^--o 

The- same source gives two sig.i is for Muriel, 'the Angel of Cancer*, 
both forms being mediaeval: 


SPIRIT OF CAPRICORN Mag. 

duniou s i mpor t ance * The 

—a o-c 

1503: j-h, 0-<^ r; ' 


Nume rous sigi1s 


following forms 

t ? 

$) T 


ex 1st. 
are 


, most of them of 
derived from TRlTtiEMIUS 


247 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


SPIRIT OF COPPER Ale. SHELTON 17C 
LESSMANN 1906 J- 

See also SPIRIT OF VENUS 


\-a~\ 


SPIRIT OF GEMTNI Hst. Numerous sigils exist* most of them of somewbat- 
dubious importance. The following mediaeval forms are derived from 

ll .a 

TRTTHEMTUS 1503: °^L —o -H- * 4r t=T"° 


The same source gives three sigils for Ambriei, 'the angel of 2 odiacal 
Gemini * ; Cf5 ^ *pf~ 


SPIRIT OF GOLD Ale. SHELTON 17C 
GESSMAKN 1906 

See also SPIRIT OF THE SUN 


f 8 


SPIRIT OF IRON Ale, SHELTON 17C 




spirit OF JUPITER Nag. AGRIPPA 1531 gives a mediaeval sigil which has 
entered the main stream of occult syjcii olism: 

See also ZACHARIEL 


SPIRIT OF LEAD Ale. SHELTON 17C 




SPIRIT OF LEO Nag. Nntirci-rous sigils exist, most of them of dubious 
importance. The following mediaeval forms are derived, from 
TRITHEMIUS 1503: 


A 

The same source gives three sigils for V&rchi&l, the angel of zodiacal 
Leo: <H—^ 23^ C V-f’ 


-t-o 




1 C 




SPIRIT OF LIBRA Nag. Numerous sigils exist, most of them of dubious 
importance. The following forms are derived from TRITHEMIUS 1503; 

<4—i eH 




The same source given two sigils for Z uriel, the angel p£ zodiacal 
Libra 1 \/\- -J—£ 


-c 













SPI-SPi 


SPIRIT OF MARS Mag. 

entered the mein stream of occult symboli sin: 
See also SAMUEL and SPIRIT OF IRON 


AGRIPPA 1531 gives a mediaeval sigil which has 

/ 



SPIRIT OF MERCURY Mag. AORIPPA 1531 records a mediaeval sigil which 
is not alchemical, taut related t.a the magical form. Duo to frequent 


copying, this has now become one of the main sigilUc forma: 
GESEMANN 1906 ^ See OPRIEl and RAPHAEL 


jl 


SPIRIT OF THE MOON Mag. AGRIPPA J.5 31 yiven twu mediaeval sigils which 
have entered the mainstream of occult symbolism: These have 

at times been wrongly copied, as for example in the forms given tay 
RAPHAEL 1879: and auch copies have taecomc * standard 1 


forms 


Sec also CARRIER 


SPIRIT OF PISCES Mag. Numerous sigils exist, meat of them of dubious 
importance. The following mediaeval forms are derived from 
TRITHEMIUS 1503 | j—C-->— ^- CL - £jl > U L 

The same source gives two sigils for EaljcMel, the angel ot zodiacal 
Pisces: -0-1^- 4~ jJ ~ C?i See also AMNIXIEL 


spirit of SAGITTARIUS Mag, Numerous sigils exist, most ot them of 
dubious importance. The following mediaeval forms arc derived from 
TRITHEMIUS 1503: —t" &-)—° 

The same: source gives two sigils for Adnachiel , the angel of zodiacal 
Sagittarius: —i—^^ 

SPIRIT OF SALT Mag. CARRTCHTERUS 18C 0 


SPIRIT OF SATURN 


Mag. AGRIPPA 1531 gives a mediaeval sigil which has 


entered the mainstream of occult symbolism: 


See also AGlELj ARATRQN, CASSIEL, ORIPH1EL and SPIRIT OF LEAD 


SPIRIT of SCORPIO Mag. Numerous sigils axi st, most of them of dubious 


249 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


importance. Th^ fallowing mediaeval forms are derived from 

TRITHEMIUS 1503: O J 0 ^ -%—J—* ^1—H —^ _l 

The tiumti source gives three sigils for Barbiel,'the angel of zodiacal 
Scorpio': 3=--p J~ TtVS 

SPIRIT OF SILVER Ala. SHELTON 17C 1C 
See also SPIRIT OF THE NOON 


SPIRIT OF SULPIJUR Ale . 


CARRI CllTE HUS 10C ^ 


SPIRIT OF THE SUN Mag. AGRIPPA 1531 gives a mediaeval sigil which ho a 
entered the- mainstream of occult symbolism: 

See also MICHAEL, QCH and SPIRIT OF GOLD 


SPIRIT OF TARTAR. Alt'. CARRICHTERUS IRC $- 

SPIRIT OF TAURUS Msg. Numerous s.igi.ls exist, most, of them of dubious 

importance. The fallowing mediaeval forms are derived from 

TRITUEMIUS 1503: CH *7> “1 “O- ° ^-* c M\tV 

The same source gives three sigila for Asraodel, in the guise of the 
spirit of Taurus: 1^0 


spirit OF tin Mag. 
GFSSMANN 1 406 Jt!_J [ 


SHELTON 17C 7 7 . 

/ /""la. 


Sea also SPIRIT OF JUPITER. 


SPIRIT OF VENUS Mag , AGR1PPA 1531 gives a mediaeval sigi] which has 
entered the mainstream of occult symbolism: 
dee also ANAEL and SPIRIT OF COPPER 

SPIRIT OF VIRGO Mag. Numerous siyiis exist, most: of them ot somewhat 
dubious importance* The following mediaeval forms arc derived from 
TRITHEMIUS 1503: ~±— -o V- £<l )JP ^ 

The same source yives four sigiis for Ha.mJJeJ, the angel of zodiacal 



250 












sr i-squ 



SPIRIT OF WINE Ale. 
FHANCKLYN 1627 V 
SHELTON 17C 
SOMMERlIOFF 1701 


WORLIDGE 1651 ’'v' s. f x r> 



GESSNANN 1906 Vv 


m? cf 4* “v 0 ^ CH ' ^7 

a/ \“ ' f -a- 4+ 


SPIRIT-SOUL Oc c, SUCKER 1975 links the glgil @ with Isis imagery, 

along with the graphic ideas expressed in his sigils for SACRIFICE, 
and with the zodiacal forms, for the sign Taurus: 'To the supreme 

spiritual IJ £u n" forces of Life are now added the Moon-like forces of 
cosmic-existence* . One takes from this the component eigil as 

representative of the Cosmic Soul, the siqii O -ih representative of 
the cosmic spirit. The combined eigil is undoubtedly Hosicrucian 

in origin, however, though rarely found divorced from a complex setting, 
and rarely given a specific meaning, though see for example STEINER 
1910, where it is accorded a different meaning. 

Sea also AKASHYA and PLUTO 

SPIRITUS MUWDI OCO, GESSKAMN 1906 See HOMER'S GOLDEN CHAIN 

SPIRITUS PER ASCEN-SUM Ale. SOlMMERHOFF 1701 SPIRIT 

SPIRITUS PER DESCENSUM Ale, SOMMERHOFF 1701 " & ' 

See SPIRIT 

SPOONFUL Ale . DIDEROT 1763 /“ W 

SPRING Aic. The sigils given below are need for the Season only, 
ALCHEMY 1650 p SQMMERHQFF 1701^?. 



SQUARE Ast + Sigj Is uaad for the scuare aspect of 90 degrees as for 


2 51 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


example in the Graeco-Byzantine form preserved by OMONT 1894: XL. 
kaLanDAR 15C gives a mediaeval example: p 
See also QUADRATURE 

STAGNATED Ale. CEE SHANK 1906 0 © 

STAR A.st. OHONT IBS4 preserves an example from the Graeco-Byzantine 

tradition which i.H st-iU widely used in modern times; even though 

this form leads to confusion with the sigil for the SEXTILE aspect. 
RiRCllEK 1655 gives a sigil intended for the plural: —£. 

LUEDY 1928 records a sigil from the Syrian alchemical tradition: 

Sec also FIXED STAR. 

The following fixed stars have been accorded individual sigils within 
the astrological tradition: aldeearan, Algol (sec Caput algoi.) , 

Algorab (ALA CORVI), ALPHECCA, Antarcs (see COR SCORPIONIS)^ Arcturn 5 
(ALTAMECH) , CAPELLA, Deneh Algedi (CAUDA CAPRICORN.!] , PLEIADES, Polaris 
(see CAUDA URBAE) r Prot-’yon (see CAN IS MINOR) , REGULUS , Sirius (see 
CAN IS MA.TQR}, SPICA and VULTUR CADENS . 


STAR ARCANUM Oca. WIRth 1927 relates this 17th arcanum of the Tarot 
pack to the Hebraic PE, and accords it the sigil which he claims 

in a Chaldean hierogram, the Star of Tshtar. 


STEEL Ale, SHELTON 17C 
DIDEROT 1765 ^ 


ST / 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives a number of sigils for chalybs, an early term 
tox stesi: o* ■>-£-« i£° ^ JF 1" A\- cf 3- # 

^ t ^ ^ S? 4 

GESSMANN 1906 % f | $ f A V J 

KOCH 19 30 2\\- 


STEEL FILINGS Ajfc. 


DIDEROT L7fi3. 



SOMMERHOFF 1701 





252 



5 TA-SUE 


STELLAR INFLUENCE As L * SCHEIBLE L 84 B ?\ 


STIBIUM 


See ANTI MON Y 


STONE Ale. WORLIDGE 18SI i_£kr- 

SOMME HOFF 1701 Jg "V ^ ^ 
SCHEFFERS 1775 ^7 


VALENTINE 1871 
KIHCHER 1855 


9* 


GESSMANN 1908 ffi 3 
SHELTON I 7c: gives three aigils, though presumably each is related to 
a particular kind of stone; <i> C T^T i --j./ 

BERTHEI/7T 1RR5 records a sigil from the Greek alchemical tradition 
relating to the plural "stones' "T" 1 'f" derived from the Greek Lithos. 
See also LAPIS 


STOPPING See LUTATION 




STRATIFICATION Ala. DIDEROT 1763 ^ 


/ 


See also LAYER UPON LAYER 


STRENGTH ARCANUM Qec* WIRTH 19 27 relates this 11th card of the Tarot 
pack to the Hebraic CAPH, and accords it a sigil which he describes as 
"the pentagram described in the hexagram ', for which he gives the 

This is, of course, a hexagram within a hexagram, and 


versioni 

the correct sigil should no doubt bo: 



STRQNTIAN 


A la . 


DALTON lBOB 


© 


SUBLIMATE Ale * 
denotation: 

ALCHYMIA 1563 f// 

FRESNE 16 BS ~~ a — S’h> 
SHELTON 17C — r ^- 


The following sigiIs are generally used tor the nounal 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ( rT ^"' 

DIDEROT 1763 


The following appear to be used for th« verbal'. 


AT 


,CHE MI CAL 17C S SS e/} S 


253 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AAU 3 ALCHFMICA £ SJGJLS 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 oJU 

DIDEROT 1763 

v-- 

| 

in 

t---v 


GE5SMANN .1906 ‘ C^S ^X_. ? 

A. 

A. 

*v 


SUBLIMATED ARSENIC AlC. GESSMANN 

1906 

r 


CCTXI 



sublimated calamine file. 


CESS MANN 1906 %h< 



SUBLIMATED MERCURY Ale. CRGLLIUS 1670 + 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ¥ JV - SHELTON 17C — 

DIDEROT 1763 ^(y -^4 # 

GESSMANN 1906 Y ft |,p 1 TjT“ . X ^6 

W I- I 


SUBLIMATED SULPHUR Alt. 


GESSKANN 1906 



SUBLIMATED WINE Ale, ALCHEMICAL 17C T) ^ 
GESSMANN 1906 



SUBLIMATED EINC OXIDE /Ilf?. 


r 1 ^ 

DIDEROT 1763 0' 




SUBLIMATION Ale . MICHAEL5PACHER 1616 gives the sigii 6zt4 next to the 
rtigu or constellation Libra, either to symbolise the alchemical process 
of sublimation, or (loss likely) alchemical Roman vitriol. 


SUBSTANCE OCC ■ 'WELLING 17 3 o gives the sigii V to represent tho 
tangible universe, the meeting of Fire and Water t the respective 
sigils for which are the opposing directions of the simple triangle, 
representing the upward striving of fire Zb and the downward 
striving of water: \7 


SUCCEDENT A$t. dE VQRE 194 7 


SUFFICIENT Ale , Short-farm of Latin guantum $ uffi cr.i i , given by 

ALCHEMICAL 17C: gS 

I 


294 







SUB-SUL 


SUGAR Ale. SIGMA L7C 
DIDEROT 1763 GO 


sr 


GESS MANN 1906 J>_ 


SUGAR OF LEAD Ale* GESSMANN 1906 


SULPHUR 


Ala. Very many 


igils of which those given below are 

merely the meat common. careqnlllI 1925 reproduces four of the most 
frequently used in poet-mediaeval declinents: "^T 

BEHTUELOT 1065 gives a few sigils from the Greek alchemical tradition 
for ordinary sulphur ^ fur tt/ii) timed sulphut '“X and 

natural sulphur: rYT 

OMOMASTICUM 1574 cH> 

A rS __ a t C <D f 


THESAURUS 14C 

ALCLlYMTA 156 3 *4"* ^ ^ 


ALCHEMICAL 
SHELTON 17C 


is 

L 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 


h 

k 

X L-- 1 


VALENTINE 1671 ^ J ^ 

X ^ 


]7C X ^ ^ <J> ZA Z\- ALCHEMY 1650 A, ^ 






4- 

1 



A* t "%■ 
T* dp ^ 


“X* ^ + 4' ^ 

□AT.TOM 1300 

GESBKAWN 1906 — 1 ^“ l 

SHEPHERD 1971 ^ 

SQMMEHHOFF 1701 gives the sigils Y ZJ^ ^ 

See also BRIMSTONE. 


e ^ -■& v 4 11Em “■A 

/ -f H J ■& f 


fer sulphur varum. 


SULFHUR N1GRUM Ala* 

ALCHEMICAL 17C ^ 


CKOLLIUS l612 


DIDEROT 1763 ^ 4* 

SCHNEIDER 1962 <%■■ 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 
GESEMANW 1906 


A 

-t ■ 

<A ? 




3** 




See also BRIMSTONE 


SULPHUROUS MATTER Ale. BERTHELOT 1US5 records two sigils from the 

Grenk alchemical tradition: —&a— 

ft 

SULPHUR PHILOS OP HOHUM Oca. CKOLLIUS 1612 44 

CROLLIUS 1670 jJt SHELTON 17C X- 


255 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL BTOILS 


□IDEROT 1762 gives two variants for Sulphur of the Prophets.- .A /j£ 
SULPHUR TARTAR! ^Jc- GESSNANN 19Q6 'Zpt 


SULPHUR 


VIVIIM Ale . VALENTINE 1671 


SUMMER. Occ. ALCHEMY 1650 


SHELTON 17C >j< ^ 

KOCH 19 30 %f* 


GESSMANN 1906 


SUN 71 st The common sigil used in modern times, the encircled dot. 0 

wag introduced during the Italian Renaissance (see SOLAR 1978) from the 
esoteric Christian tradition. Prior to that, in both alchemical and 
astrological texts the sun was symbolised by means of one or other of 
the Graeco-Byzantine sigils, most usually the which is 

presumably ei derivative of the short-form hellos * 

Crafzoo-Byz&n tine: NEUGEBAUER 1959 
ALCHYMICAL 14C ^ 


THESAURUS 14C CL 
BERNARD 15C O' V 
BONATT I 15C J © $> 

LIBELLUS 16C 
SCOT 15C 

J yf 

FIRMTCUS 1 510 Of $f 
alchemical 1555 ^ OM 
ALCHEMICAL 1?C A A' & A 
ALCHEMICAL 1579 A' gP't 


CONJURATION J.4C <£> <£> 

RAGOR 14 74 A 0 & 


<5 


DOMGRUM 15C ^ 

SIGNI i’l CAT I ONES 15C 
ACRlPPA 1510 A3 
AGRTPPA 1531 ?&-■ 

SCALTCER L5C ❖ 

i „ 

o H * 5 






PLANETS 1617 

' i 


HOROSCOPE 1614 0 

RANDALL 1694 p[ V/ 




y 

SHELTON 17C © A £ 7$: JXL </ SIGILLIS 17C A 

STBLY 1790 CARBOMFLLI 1925 (mediaeval) I y 

LUEDY 1928 gives T~ ^ and also records a sigil from the Syrian 
astrological tradition: ^ 

See also GOLD, a term used synonymously with Sun in many alchemical 
texts* See also MICHAEL, SORATH and SPIRIT OF THE SUN 


2 56 






SUL-SWA 


SUN ARCANUM Qcc. WIRTH 19 27 relates this 19 th arcanum of the Tarot 

pack to the Hebraic KORii. Since the astrological associations of the 
card include the Bun and zodiacal Gemini, WIRTH 1927 gives the sigils 


© it 


the latter of which corresponds more to the iconography or 


tin a card than to any zodiacal tradition. 


SUPERCELESTIAL SCRIPT Occ. One of the numerous alphabets from occult 
sources, given by RIVIERE 193B alongside a Roman alphabet; 


a 

b 

C 

d 

V 

r 

s 

h 

i 

j | 

k 

1 

ni 

n 

K 

3 





A 

n 

A 


3 


43 

a 

V 

P> 

? 


V 

V 




u 


O | # 



O 

P 

q 

I 

s 

t 

11 

V W X V ' z 


If this alphabet is translated liberally back iuLc its original 
Hebraic equivalent, tit fen it will be Seen to closely resemble the 
CELESTIAL SCRIPT used by occultists; 



□ 

A 

i 

n 

1 

; 

n 

V 



b 

n 

j 

K 

3 


n 

hi 


T 

n 

V 

A 

3 

h 


* 

V 


P 

x 

7 

p 

w 

V 







0 

l 1 

a 


7 


aj 

n 


See also HEBRAIC SCRIPT and SECRET SCRIPTS 


SWASTIKA Occ. In her study of the ancient symbolic language, 

blavatsky 188B says that ’few world symbols are more pregnant with 
res i occult meaning than the SVastiJca' : ^ n It. represents the 

four cardinal points, the Zenith and the Nadir, and is thus a SENARY, 
and might reasonably be used as a siqil for the ZODIAC, if not tor 
the horoscope chart. The Initiated may trace its form according to 
RlaVATSKY L888 ’the relation of the seen and the Unseen' . in the 
Macrocosmic work it is called the '/Jammer o£ Creation* end ’refers to 


257 





































DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


the continual met ion and revolution of the Invisible Kosmo.s of Forces', 
It points tc the cycles of Time of the world* s. axes and their 
equatorial belts: 'tm* two linos forming the Surestic:a meaning Spirit 
and Matter, the four hooks suggesting the motion in the revolving 
cycles 1 . Applied to the Microcosm it depicts man between heaven and 

earth r the right hand being raised at the end of the horizontal firm* 
the left pointing to the Earth, It is, insists eLAvAtSkY 1BSR, J at 
one and the same time an Alchemical, Co$mogonical r Anthropological u/id 
Magical sign, with seven keys to its i finer meaning' . 

See also ORIGIN, WHEEL OF FORTUNE and WOSLD ARCANUM 

Swelling flic. used in the sense of 1 1amour 1 . 

FRANCKLYN 1627 -/" SHELTON 17C 7}^, 

SYZYOY flat, OMONi 1B94 records a sigil from the Greet astrological 
traditions (h/f 

See Introduction, and also both FULL MOON and PREVIOUS iiYSYGY. 


25C1 


SWE-TAS 



TALC 


VALENTINE 1671 


DT DEPOT I 
KOCH 19 30 


76 3 




SHELTON 17C X 

CESS MANN 1906 ;X ® ~w~ '"f | 


TAG Occ, Name and sigl I given by SMINEft 1906 es ' the language of 
Nature': J ?- This sigll is of course derived from the ANKU. 


TAPHTHARTHARATH Geo, Supposed fey HEYDON 1664 to be a geomantic spirit, 
ruler a£ Alhus and Con junction >—j— 1 

TAROK Qcc. Sigil and name given by STEINER 1906 and said by hirr. to 
be 'Jcisohm to the Initiates of the Egyptian Mysteries' ■■ T 
See TAU. 

TAROT Occ. Tne sigils used by NIRTH 1927 in conn, ex 3 on with his attempt 
to relate the Tarot arcana to the cabbalistic tradition arc given under 
separate headings as follows ± CHARIOT, DEATH ARCANUM, DEV 11. ARCANUM, 
IbMPEROR, EMPRESS, FOOT. ARCANUM, HANGING MAN, HERMIT, HOUSE OF GOD, 
JUDGEMENT, JUGGLER, LADY POPE, LOVERS ARCANUM, MOON ARCANUM, POPE, 

STAR ARCANUM, STRENGTH ARCANUM, SUN ARCANUM, WHEEL OF FORTUNE, WORLD 
ARCANUM. See also HERMETIC TETRAD 

TARTAR Ale. AECHYMIA 1563 4-? ^ .X 

WORLIDGE 1651 \p ,/T ALCHEMY 165Q P, 


2 59 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


VALENTIHE 1671 
ALCHEMICAL J7C 
GCSSf'tA?™ 1906 1 r lS~l E^K 

CARRONELLi 19 2 S _v^ 

KOCU 1930 iR 


4 J 

T Sf h "f v 


F'RESNE 1638 _.2k Br 

R Zf lif DC- 

7T -^z zv h 3L *2? vi # £ 

L’JEDY 192 H fcZ) 


TARTAR SALT Ala. 


GESSMAMN 1906 lj, 




See also SAL TARTARI and TARTAR, 


TAT OcC- An Egyptian hieroglyph, given in sigillic form by SHEPHERD 
1971 as meaning myriad; -C.. 

TACI O.iro, Claimed by many scholars to be t-he earliest form of the 

CROSS, though BLAVATSKY 1877 traces its occult meaning to a combination 
of Greek letter and Arabic number, giving in as a * symbol of life , 
and of life eternal; of earthly life, because (gaiama) is the 

symbol of the Earth (Gaia), and or * life eternal r ' because the figure 
7 is the symbol of the same life liliked with the divine lifez 
f plus 7 aguaJs 

TESTA 1962 records some of the early Christian forms: 'f j,. i 4- 
GETTIKGS 1978 traces the use of the sigil in certain architectural 
and artistic forms: © 

RLAVATSKY 1888 derives the sigil from the Tan, perhaps in error, 

and calls it the r Astronomical Cross of Egypt r + 

The Tav a I an the 22nd, letter of the Hebraic alphabet (sec HEBRAIC 
SCRIPT] t and many derivatives have been given for the letter within 
the tradition of secret- alphabets - notably those collected by 
BARTOLOZZI 1675: ^ C /S 

WTRTh L927 equates the card and letter form with the POOL ARCANUM of 
the Tarot pack, and traces the graphic forms y( y* ~h back to the 

idea of CROSS. As JENSEN 1970 shows, the s r Ju may be traced back to 
an Egyptian hieroglyphic with the pictorial value of the 'sign of Life', 
the Egyptian ANKLE: + 


260 







TAP - TE ['1 


TAURUS Ast. Zodiacal sign of hhe .Bull, The printed version of the 
sigil is derived from the late-mediaeval manuscript tradition, which 
links with one of the forms used in the Graeco-Byzantine - see as 
example, HYGINUS 14S2i C> 


The form is said by AGEIPPA .1,5 31 to be based on the shape of the bull, 
horns, but the derivation from the earlier tradition would appear to 
deny this: see for ex-isnple GETTINGS 1978. 


Anal en t Bgyp £ia n + 
Graeco-Byzantinef 
DIGBY ] 2C OVTQ 


STORAKT 2C ’ 




omont .1894 y--^ 


ASTRONOMICAL I4(XJ 
LEUP0LD1 14C >.( 

v 


FTRMTCUS 1499 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 ^ 

BONATTI 15C 'il, 
SCOT 15 c Si "YY 
BLUNDEVILLE 1594 
PROWS SF; l 7 C y 


/ 




T 


s y 


-5PIEGELBERG 1911 .X 
NEUGEBAIJER 1959 > J 
■GP-AMMATICA 13C 
Jant.ta ] 4 C LV" C ' 
MANSIONIBUS \AB2 Oricf 
LAMBECIUS 1500 't y 
ASTROLOGICAL I5C 
gUADRANTIS 1.5C 
AGRIPPA I 510 O 
MAGIC I 1 7C 


~\ 

L 


r p 




0,^3 

I 


Y 


R a 

\Y 


y-f 




y 


TRACTS 17C 


WILCZKOWSKf 1947 


SOMMEKHOFE 1701 
HADES 1969 

LUELY 1928 records a sigit fremi the Syrian astrological tradition 
LELfPQLDl 14C gives the sigil fox the constellation Taurus, 

while AGRIPPA 1510 gives the form; A 
see also MYSTERIOUS PLANETS and SPIRIT OF TAURUS 



TEJAS Occ . Sometime^ called, Taijas nr Agni, this is the oriental 

equivalent of the FIRE element, associated with the Manipura or Navel 
chakr^i /\ The sigil is said to he- of a red colour, and is 
recorded by AVALON 1919. 


TEMPERAMENT'S Occ. The four so-called ’Hippocratic' ur ’Ga'jlenic' 
humours are the expression on the microcosmic plane of the working 
of the four ELEMENTS, as follows: AIR is associated with the Sanguine, 

EARTH with, the Melancholic, FIRE with the Choleric, and WATER with the 


261 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


Phlcguia.tic. In almost every case, these four temperaments are 
represented by svgi 1 a derived from these used to denote the four 
Elements, and the standard form ot symbolism would therefore too: 
SANGUINE A TT MELANCHOLIC \7~ V © l—i 

CHOLERIC Z\ Zl\ ’Zo ^ \ PHLEGMATIC \/ ^ 

The wide range of sigils associated with these elements may be used 
to denote the four aspects of the human temperament - for example, 
TKlTHEMluB if 03 gives sigils specifically tor COLEI A: /\. SANGUIS: 

PITULA (Phlegmatic): S7 MELANCHOLIA i 0 but these sigils are 
used in his earlier list for the ELEMENTS. GETTINGS 1965 records 

four groups of sigils for the chirognom.ieal types, related to the tour 
temperaments: fire (mile) ^ (female) - ^ AIR (male); ^ 

(female); ^ WATER (male); (female); VAj >' EARTH (mule); © 

ffcmalejj -f- in a manuscript from Gotha (given in KHEANSKY 1964) 

the following forms arc found alongside images of the four temperaments 
as riders: CHOLERIC -- t SANGUINE: /* PHLEGMATIC; y mid 

MELANCHOLIC; A 


TEMPLAR SCRIPT Pec* One of the SECRET SCRIPTS recorded by RIVIERE 
19 38: 


a 

h 

c 

(i 

V 

1' 

s 

h 

l 

j, 

k 

i 

m 

11 

V 

< 

A 

> 



A 

V 

9 




o 

X 

V 

< 

A 

> 

V 

,<d 


A 

6 


-o 

O 



o 

p 

q 

r 

s 

i 

u 

V 

w 

X 

y 

z 




TENTH HOUSE Ast. QMORT 1^94 records a sigi.l from the Graeco-Byzantine 
astrolcgica, tradition for the rresemrania, the equivalent of the 
modern M1PREAVEN: ©*- 


TEREBINTH Air, The various contexts would suggest that the sigil refers 
to the reEln (or to the turpentine), rather than to the terebinth tree 


itself. 

" - "S 7“ -■T™ T0 1 
DIDEROT 1763 eTV C. i\ 


GESSMANN 1906 


■vVA 


262 






















TEM-TER 


TERMARIUE Qcc. GADELLA 1615, following DEE 1564 in some respects, 


gives two "trinity 1 sigils, The first is .related to the theory 
derived from the modern sigil for the SUN ( --l) ) which is pictured as 


the closing of the fcernarius around the central point:i 

The second consists of two iincs, in which the copula is presumed at 



DEE 1564 gives the TERNARY in a related form, as the sum of the two 
lines o£ the cross, meeting at the intersection (which is the third 



is the triad of body, so u 1 and spirit. 


thus 


TERNARY Occ, In the ancient symbolic language diseased by BLAVATSKY 
ISRa, the sigil /\ is said to be 'the first of tjfre geometrical 
figures' , and it: is accorded a complex esoteric interpretation relating 
to the triadic nature of the spiritual worlds sec for example 
TERNARirjS. 

In the series of sigils given by cirlct 1362, as a logical graphic 
development, the r neutral and successive 1 ternary is whilst /A 

is 1 evolutive, since the vertical axis is the greater' and '\7 is 
'Ievolutive since it is inverted'. Such thought-out symbolism 
relating to the triad ultimately goes back to Boehms 1 s use of the 
triangular argils given in LAW 1772, relating to the cosmic struggle 
between the MEAKNESS and the WRATH: \~7 As indicated in LAW 

1772, these unite to form the SEAT, OF SOLOMON: See ARCHETYPES* 

TERRA 13 A MN AT A See CAPUT MORTUUd 

TERRA LEMKIA Ale. SOMMERHGfF L701 -^ 7 

SCHNEIDER 1962 

TERRA £10ILLATA ALBA Ale, £ CblMERUGFF 1701 ] 7 j 

TERRESTRIAL Ale. BERTHELDT VB95 records a sigil “rom the C-raerC- 

Byzantine alchemical tradition: C 


265 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


'I'EE?r /lie. XL is lively that these sigils recorded by GESSKANN lyQfe 

were intended us the equivalent of arcfijrerjtuJi! or prouL in an alchemical 

I 1 » I I "I y 

operation: 


TETH Occ . The L J“th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (See HEBRAIC? SCRIPT} 
for which many derivative forms have been given within the tradition 
of secret scripts, notably those collected by raktolozzi 1675: 

AV XH AVI VA WTRTH 19 27 equates Teth with the 
HERMIT card of the Tarot pack, and gives a graphic etymology for the 
letter £|3 (±J ^ which he traces back to the idea of 1 tree * - 


TETRAD See HERMETIC TETRAD 


TETRAGOHUM Aet. OMDNT 1R94 records the Greek sigil LJ which denotes 
the equivalent in Greek astrology of the SQUARE aspect. 

THEBAN SCRIPT Dec, One of the most famous of all SECRET SCRIPTS, 
recorded by AGRTPPA 1511; 


a 

h 

e 

<1 

V 

1 

% 

i, 

i 

j 

k 

i 

111 

[i 

n 

l 

n 

n 

\ 

7 

m 

K 

V 


n 

X 

2 

1 

i 

1 

X 





\ 


t 

X 

1 



o 

P 

q 

r 

s 

t 

u 

V 

w 

X 

V 

j 

Z 




THIRD EYE Oc c« Sigil given by BLAVATSKY IBEB as development of the 

algiL for, RL5, and (presumably) linked with the chakra between the 
eyebrows; 0 

THIRD ROOT RACE See ORIGIN and MANIFESTATION 

TtiOR'S HAMMER 3^ ORIGIN 


THREE 


See ARCHETYPES and TRINITY 

















TES-THR 


THREE AIRS Gee, Three separate tsigiJ.s representing the 'three airs' 
are recorded in HERMETIC’UM 17C: O 0 

three daPtisms Rol. sigils derived from early Christian sources and 
recorded by TESTA 1962 P as followsi 
BAPTISA f OF FIRE: )^t —\ 

BAPTISM OF THE HOLY GHOST: f- ^ P 
BAPTISM OF WATER : o——1< 

THREE BARTHS Occ. Sigils given in HERMETICUM 17C as the 'three earth 

sigiJ s’ : Q © ^ 

THREE FIRES Occ. Sigils given in HERMETICUM 17C as the "throe fire 
sigils 1 : 0=0 

THREE PRINCIPLES Occ, STEINER 1906 gives three symbols by which 

in every age the. ’three Divine principles have been represented in 



conceived as a creative relationship- The first Logos is the 
’one primal source and centre of manifestation", and may bn 
conceived as 'a life-begetting warmth’ suffusing the whole universe 
by which the macrocosmic Life is quickened and reflected in the 
creative activity of the human soul, 

THR.EE WATERS Occ . Sigils given in HERMETICUM 17C as the r three water 
sigils 1 : ii (&— CD 

THREE WORLDS See ASTRAL WORLD, ELEMENTAL WORLD and WORLD OF INTELLIGENCE 

THRONES Asfc. SUCHER 1975 links the sigil for PieceS 9E with the 

sphere of the Thrones, which is traditional!y the sphere of SATURN. 

See also SPHERE OF SATURN. 


265 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


TIGILLUM 


Ale. 


WORLIDGE 1651 T* 


FRESNE 1688 \ 
SCilNEIDEE 1962 ^ JJ _/ ? ;</ / 5/ 4- 

But i;ee also CRUCIBLE and MELTING POT 


TIME Occ. HERTHELUT 18B5 records a sigil from a number uf Greek and 
Graeco-Byzantine manuscripts, almost certainly derived from the word 
Chronos : CHASBANT 1884 (mediaeval) 1/ 

CFOST,AMD 1362 records the Greek form. ^ 

But see also GETTINGS 1968: 

See PRIMORDIAL CIRCLE 


'TIL die. Whilst the following siqils are given specifically for this 
metal , all the numerous sigils given under JUPITER may well Joe used to 
denote this metal, and the two terms are used synonymously by the 
alchemists. 

BERTEELOT 1885 records numerous Graeco-Byzantine sigiis from ancient 

-el -S' KS X £_V 


^ " f " T r T 

WORLIDGE 1651 X' )< A 7 s tik 


alchemical documents: _.X V Q 


CROLI.TTJS 1612 Ij.- 


c 


GESSMANN 1906 V* ' % -/* ,j ,_/ ”' L 

R PpL Jz^l 


SHELTON 17C ZZ -$ ,/L l? ^ £ 

--* ±*L ^ ^ 

•i YY, 

r " y l~n v-e 


C-~ f° 4/1- tCL* .-T-i 1 


KOCH 1930 




TIM ASHES 


A 

die. GESSMANN 1906 / * 


TINCTURE Ale . ALCHEMY 1650 X 
ALCHEMICAL 17C .-P; 

SCHNEIDER 1962 ~y 


TIN FILINGS Ale. BERTHELOT J.88 5 gives tv& sigiis from the Graeco- 

~C 2C 

Byzantine alchemical traditioni "y O 


TIN LEAF Ale. BEFTHfRiQT 1885 records a sigil from the Graeco- 

-V^ 

Byzantine alchemical tradition: ^ 


266 




IG-TKE 


TIN ORE Ale. BERTHELOT 1BS5 records a eigil from the Graeco- 
3yz antine ale h omica: tradition: V 

TIN PLATE Ale. SHELTON 17C 15 

z. 

TIN SPIRIT Ale, The sigil recorded by GZfiSMANN 1906 has nothing in 

common with the sigils given tinder SPIRIT OP J'JPITER, despite the 

% 

cautionary note given under T'TN above; ik 1 —-• Presumably this sigil 

relates to an essence or extruet of the metal* 

TlRlEL Mxg* Sigil for a spirit, said to be one of the angels of 

Mercury, given by HEYDON 1664 to represent the letter T in the secret 

J+ 

writing called the 'Alphabet of Angs] 3 snd Genii': 

TOGETHER AJc. BERTHELOT 1BB5 records two sigil□ from the Greek 
aIch cmicaI t radition: 

TOPAZ Ala. SIGNA 170 j) 

TRANE ITUS FLUVII Oac * One of the most famous of secret alphabets 

relating to the HEBRAIC SCRIPT, called in some occult texts Crossing 
the River, or Passing the .River. The example given here is from 
BARTDLOSSI 1675, with two minor variations in that given by AGKIFFA 

1521 i 


K 

2 

A 

1 

n 

1 

T 

n 

y 

k 

3 


VI 

A 

J 

o<, 


J 

~=\ 

k 


< 



"1 



22 

7 

? 

l 

X 

P 

A 

y 

V 







7 

D 

y 

FI 


v 7 

1 

ID 

n 








r 





V 

-e 








TRANSPLUTO Asz. HAWKINS 1S76 

TREES Ast . Sigil for the twentieth o 1 the med.i aeval U;nar mansions, 



V M 


267 



























DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


called AI A r a'am in the Arabian system of F.anziis, recorded In 
MANSIONES 14C: 

4 


-RlGRAKS jifag. The philosophical machine, and divinatoacy system, known 
an the T Ching, or Boo?; ol Change is based upon the interpretation of 

six-lined, figures constructed from yin —— or yang - j Lines., 

which are presented in groups of three (for example ” ) each with 
a complex series of associations and characteristics, each representing 
’cosmic forces' which are seen as relating together to establish 
situations which have been named and studied within Lhe text of the 
I Ching, Thus, a Lower group of three lines ==i nay ’meet" 

or unite with, an upper group of three lines == to produce the 

figure S= which has been called Chung Fv ( ^ ) 'Inner Truth", 

to which an extensive explanatory text has been appended* The result 
(it mixing the two yin and yang lines is eight trig raj no, with the 
following namea, attributes, images and family relationships, culled 
from WILHELM 1951: 



CH'TEN 

creative 

strong 

heaver. 

father 


K r UN 


receptive 

yi eJ d ing 

earth 

mother 


CHEN 

$E 

arousing 

i r 3 c i t i nq 

thunder 

f LrSt SOr 


K*A 

*x 

^iby kiilu 1. 

dangerous 

water 

2nd son 

— 

KEN 

ft 

k ee ping still 

resting 

sjousi tain 

3rd son 

=r= 

SUN 

U 

gen tic 

penetrating 

w ind 

1st daughter 


LI 

sk 

clinginy 

light-giving 

fire 

2nd daughter 

= 

TUI 

ft 

joyous 

joyful 

lake 

3rd. daughter 

9ee al 

no YIN 

AND YMJG 





TRICON UM 

Ast * 

OMQNT 

1.094 records a 

G raeco~Byz antine siyi1 

, the 


trigonumr, which is the equivalent of the modern TRINE aspe et: /\ 


TRINE Ast. 6‘igil :or the astrological aspect of 120 degrees, derived 
from the earliest Graeco-Byzantine manuscript tradition (see TRTGONTIMj, 
given for example in BCALE^dar 15C: /\ 

LUCCA 17C gives the form \j r but this is rare. 


26 9 














TRI-THA 


TRINITY R&3 ■ To judge fram the numerous records, virtually any three- 
pointed sigi 1 may be used to denote the idon of trinity, even though a 
specialist use might he intended by the particular form {see TRINE for 



occult and esoteric sources - 
See also TERNARIUS. 

TRIPLE ALPHA See ALPHA. 

TRIQUETRA See TRINITY. 

TRlSTl'i'I A Geo- Hi gif for one of the sixteen geomantic figures, given 


by ACKiP-PA Id 31: * * A multitude of variants (stars, riotu, floral 

* m v 

devices, etc.I arc used to denote Lhe same four-fold arrangement. 
Tristitla is linked by AGP: IP PA I 531 with the element of Earth, the 


planet Saturn, and the zodiacal sign Scorpio. The following sigils 


are derived from late-mediaeval sources, and arc sometimes used to 
denote the planet Saturn, as for example in TRITHEMlUE 1503* 



TRITURATE Ale. DIDEROT 1763 '}>-< 


TRUE SALTPETRE, Ale. WELLING 1735 proposes the following sigil, in his 



TSA3E Oce, The 18th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRATC SCRIPT} 
for which many derivative forms are given within the tradition of secret 



to the idea ot "javelin 1 . It is likely, however, that the letter 


26'J 



DXCTIONARY GF OCCULT, HERMETIC AVD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


is derived from .in Figypt.'ian hieroglyphic with the pletorla value of 
'countenance 1 , which in the Hi h ra rtsh t c script was written: Q- 


TuRPEWTIHH 


See TRRFRTNTF 


TURDTJOISE 


mg. SIGMA 17C (-A 


iUTIA ^.le. Generally , this is the name used for crude sine oxide. 
ALCKYKIA 1563 yC Q 

SHELTON 17C X PC" DIDEROT 1763 \£> 


ALCHEMICAL 17C : F-, X i-L 


GESSHANK 1906 


’ A A At A A., ^ X 


+ 


"VY| 


( _ —£>- 




J . 


ALCHEMICAL I7C gives the sigil yw for f-uti<= preparata, 

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the Rig lie /\ y \_f ^ for tutia Alexandrine 


CARBQMELLI 1925 


* 


LUEDY 1928 


JL- 


TWO BROTHERS Ast. SOMMER HOFF 1701, under the term duo fra tea, give: 

three groups of sigils which are, eet.rologically speaking, 


beer: reversed* The. : 

by EOMMERH0FF 1701, buL. 
JUPITER & SATURtf 7| ~A| 

MARS £ VENUS A; 


MOD?! £ SUN 20 


o 


tics 

, b j t 

. which 

are £rotn the 

p; 

■i i nt 

oti 

Inj d ;it ;i t i e 5 

of form 

s whii 

cii 

hav 

: S of 

the 

three 

pairs are not 

provii 

. h er 

e by 

way of 

explanation: 



3 

plus 

-h 

equals 

A 

) 

A- 

D 

pi us 

-V 

equals 

A 

) 


o 

p 7 US 

x 

‘SQuaJ a 

A 

) 

<? 

o 

plus 

H- 

equals 

-9 

) 

¥ 


pi ua 


eg !ju f a 


) 

G 

9 

pi US 

c 

equals 

o 

} 

G 


270 





TL'K-UNi 



ULCER Ale. 


FRANCKLYM 1627 


SHELTON 17C 


UNEURKED SULPHUR Ale. BERTHelOT 18&5 gives a sigil derived from the 
Graeco-Byzantine alchemical tradition: -g 


UNCI A Ale. The alchemical OUNCE, 
SIGN A 17C 

CAPPELLI 1942 records a mediaevaI 

SCHNEIDER L962 l b \ 3- 

The half tjneiri is usually given: 


short-form 


?^- J - 




<—i 

I 0 


A 




UlilON Qcc„ Sigil given by GEHEIME 1785 derived from Lhe idea 

of onion attained through the alchemical process of solve at aoagulo, 
though the sigil does appear to be used for the union of opposites^ as 
for example in the union of male and female, Sun a ad Moon, Wars and 
^enus, and so on, as x^e-l as for the union of phur a nrf Mercury, so 
clearly indicated within the form cf the sigil. 


UNITY flee.' . Sigil give cl in HERMES 1613 f With a flu 1 tl — 'lay er meaning, fo 
such principles as Mercury of the Philosophers, the Water!a Prima, and 
for the Mercury which is 'the beginning , purpose and end of the 

jrS. 

ulcshond cinl work ' - J 

tp[ 

□EE 1564 intended his famous MONAD sigil ^L, to represent UrJity. 
ClELGT 196 2 gives a single dot - to represent 'unity, the origin 1 . 


271 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


UNIVERSAL MERCURY Ala. WELL IMG 173 5 proposes the sigii 

of his theory of graphic: symbolism. 



as part 


UNIVERSE Occ . KIRCHER 1655 UT\ See DEITY 


URANUS Ast. The modern sigii is generally explained as being derived 
from the initial letter of Herschel, as for example in HONE 1351: ^ 
However, already WILSON 1019 calls the planet Ouranos, and accords It 
the sigiii and VARLEY 102R, who &till calls it f?&rsch&2 t and 

ascribes it rule over the zodiacal Aquarius, gives it. a related form 
of sigii: V The planet is still called Herschel in certain 
astrological texts. As with the other so-called 'modern 1, planets. 


the sigiig used to denote this planet are highly personal ones, and more 
than often the result of confused thinking, or of somewhat specialist 
views of the nature of symbolism: for example , the author uses the 
sigii -j which has, so far as he knows, never been published, LEO 

1011 says that the sigii ‘symbolises the unity of the three symbols 

{ © will, © wi $dom and activity-) on a higher grade than 

Mercury, of which it is the higher octave 1 * The following sigils 


are by far the most common- 
WILSON 1819 lg. 


PEARCE 1093 
MODERN ASTROEjOGY 190q 


¥ 


¥ 


THTEREHS 1931 
EfiERTTN 19 
SHEPHERD 1971 


sjjl 
50 | 


cb 


4i 2 




MEYER 1974 
PERSONAL 1980 +C 

Sea also HERSCRFil. 


ETMMONITE 1090 W 
ASTROLOGY 191.7 
NEROMAN 1937 
RUDHYAR 1970 

PERRY 1971 b 



IJRINAPRATON Mag-, 


being: 



SCHEIELE 1048 gives two sigils for this demonic 


URINE Ale, WORL1DGE 1651 given the following sigilsi ,d'i> oqy 


272 



IJNI- UKO 


VALENTINE 1671 
FRESNE lft83 U 
SHELTON 17C 
EOMMERHOFF 1701 



❖ 


6t- ~M- '' JZL f ^ 




ALCHEMICAL 17C 
SIGN A I7C 'i=F' 

6f> W K ? 


DIDEROT 1763 



LULUY .1.9 2 S 
SCHNEIDER .196 2 


M- 


3<? 


<-6 


0 



GEE SWANN 1906 0+' 

KOCH 19 30 1^1 



□XOR ODQRIFERA See SILVER 


273 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SIGIhS 



VA.ESAM Mag - 

represent 
of Angels 


Name and sigil for th.i s Spirit given by HEYDCDM 


the letters Ti and V in the 


and Genii 1 - 



secret writing called 


1664 to 
1 Alphabet- 


VALERIAN Ale. 


BERTHELOT IB65 record* a Greek sigil: 



VAPOUR Occ * BERTEdELOT 1685 wives the Grec'-^ alchemical 
a text which Implies that this is a celestial vapour; 


sigil —v- - from 
se c bo th sky 


and CELESTIAL VAPOUR. 


VAPOUR BATH Ale. DIDERf/T 1763 
GESSMAHM 1906 V \c3 Pv 


r. 


liCJ 




VAU Dec. The 6th letter of the Hebrew alphabet (shh HEBRAIC: SCRIPT), 
for which many derivatives arc given within the tradition of secret 
alphabets, notably those collected by BARTQLC3EI 1676: q —0-^j^ 
n X~" Vp Cp WIRTH 13 2 7 equates Van with the LOVERS ARCANUM 

of the Tarot pack, end gives the derivative forms V 7 [/ ~I lJh; 

the graphic etymology for the letter , which he traces back to the 
idea of 'small hock 1 ; however, research into the Egyptian pictorial 
origin for the letter indicates a development along lines of the 
following - hieroglyphic: 0 hi era rchi c O old Tamudz c CD 0 
Serif.n Arabian 0 Old Phoenician ^ Moabite V and since the 

pictorial equivalent of the Egyptian hieroglyphic i.s a 'knot' 


274 



VAii-VEN 


suggesting the idea of 'opening 1 or 'entrance' , then the significance 
of the 1 ink with both the LOVERS ARCANUM and with the Pythagorean 
sigil for 'choice* (suggested by wirth 19 27] j which relates to 

the form of the Mo&b ±te equivalent , becomes clear k 

vayi; Cec, An oriental equivalent of the European air clement, 

associ at fid with the Anahafca or Heart chakra : .-iX The sigi 1 is 

recorded in a Western context by AVALON 1919, anu is said to be 
smoky grey colour* 


VEGETABILIA Occ. The fed owing siqils do not refer specifically to 
vegetative life, but t-C the concatenation of forces which through an 
Itl visible activity support vegetative life: thus, Jn terms of modern 
occultism, the term is approximately the equivalent of the ET11ERIC. 
HOMER 1721 ;'+) IlOMER 1757 © 

WTRTH 19 31 gives Rut stie ^J- 30 HOMER’S GOLDEN CHAIN- 

VENEREAL DISEASE OCC. SHELTON J 7G jj? g 

f¥\ fV\ 

VENTER AR1RTIS Ast. The second of the mediaeval lunar mansions, 

called Al Butaln in the Arabian astrological syoLcn, the sigil being 
preserved in MANS I ONES 14C: % 

A sigil which has been employed in amulet.ic use, and associated with 
this mansion, is given by ABANO 130J j 

VENTER -SEMI NORUM Gee SI DUS FARVUM 


VENTER LEONI S See CAPILLUS 

VENTER VIRGIN IS /1st- A sigi L given in ABANO 1303 was employed for 
amuletic purposes, and associated with the thirteen lunar mansions of 
t. he a h t rc 1 og i c a 1 t ra :i i t i. on : <j> ]_ J~'' V □ 

VENUS Ast. The modern sigil tot this planet la derived ultimately 


275 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC Ai TD ALCHEMICAL SJCILS 


from the Crock astrological eyetcin, by way nf the mediaeval 
many script (see for example CONJURATION 140, the printed version 
being found in HYCINUS 1482: <j? AGRIPPA 1531 traces its Inina 

to the mirror, 'but DEE 1564 gives a construction from the s«n and 
the four elements* LEO 1914 says that the sigil C^ : is 'symbol of 
Spirit triumphant over matter, circle over cross' (sec HERMETIC TRIAD], 
though this largely contradicts the hermetic tradition which secs 
the Venusian impulse as essentially involving a descent into 
Incarnation,, an entanglement in matter (hence perhaps the esoteric 
significance of Agrippa'a ’mirror 11 ]- When SOMMERHQFF 1701 wrote 
Venus WicrocGsmi sanL Renee , he had in mind that the ‘rones' were the 
Kent-, of human affections - a, distinct link with the Venus Fudica of 
both the occult and the artistic tradition! 


EqwptlAn demotic: NEUGEBAUER 1959 "x 

? ' 9 


Cra.oco-B y za.n tme: BE RTHEtuT 18 S5 
QMONT 


5M0NT 1894 f> 
MEDIAEVAL: 


±14ESAQRUS L4C 


A 

V 


9 


Q 

CANONES 15C | 

4 

T.TBF,LETTS 15C 
5 1GWIFICAT T ONE S 150 
SCHYNAGEL 1500 
DAP TOT 155 7 >p.. 

GIUNTTNI J583 
TARTE .676 
SHELTON 17C -? 

SOMMERHOFF 1701 


CONJURATION L4C Q 
RAGOR 1474 
DOMOROM 15c 


?- 


SCOT 15C ^ 


15c 

£ 

SCALIGER 15c 

A 

£ 


AGRIPPA 1510 ^ 

K 



ALCHEMY 1650 

ex- 

‘S 

dS 


PLANETS 1617 ^2. 



ALCHEMICAL 170 

‘V- —i-' 

A 35 

© 

'i? ^ 

VALLE MONT L70? 


A 

9 £ 

r c i^z. ? S3, ^ 



LUEDY 1928 

“£ 


O 




Q- 


Cj.. 


ura 


SiELY 1817 ^ 

DEUTSCHE 1961 ^ CARBQNELL! 1925 (mediaeval) ^ 

CHASSANT 1384 gives a mediaeval fsjrni ., : \f 

See also the sigils used hy Line alchemists for COPPER, a tern which is 
synonymous for Venus. 

See also AMTSSIO, HEXAGON, ORIGIN and SPHERE OF VENUS 


276 




VER-VES 


VERCHIEL BKAlIE 1582 gives several mediaeval characters for t-he 

’angel of Leo r : ^ L~tj 

HEYDOK 1,664 gives the sane name as the genius cf the georaantic Fortuna 
minor and Fortune major, though the sigil he giver- For this genius 
Is probably related to that given for the ruling spirit cf Leo by 
AGRIPPA 1531: 


VERDIGRIS Ale* There is some confusion regarding the many sigils which 
have been preserved to denote verdigris, a confusion which probably 
stems from the variety of names by which the sigils are described or 
listed. The following are selected from the least dubious of the 
numerous sources* 


r 


SIGMA 17C P, ~ - O ^ | 

SOMHERHOFP 1701 © g' /p $_p J Qlfy Q £Tp ^ (ghr7 


DTOFRCT 1763 ■X -ci 




GESSMAHN 19 06 £gj (S’ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 3> 8 Jt © 


© 


CARBONELLi 19 2 5 (nediaeve I) -ft 

-f 


GEE SHANK 1906 also .Lists vur iunfs under 

0 0«©>*TT f ^“SnT^ 

See AERUGO 


the name of ore ok verdigris: 

n X/1 pr 3 ^ \ 


VERMILION Ale. SHEPHERD 1971 gives the slgL] ^ but before the use 
of modern dye pigiiienf-s , this was one of the names given to the pigment 
of CINNABAR. 


VEEFERUS Sec SPHERE 

VESTA A.v£* symbol (perhaps! originally given by WILSON Id 19 for a 

planet (actually an asteroid) in orbit between Wars and Jupiter: 

WILSON 1819 & KQCU 1S20 

A " 

SHEPHERD 1971 

o 

THIERENS 1931 suggested ^ i . as the sigil for the 'planetary principle' 
of the Roman Vesta and the Greek tfestia, as the 1 higher octave' 
of Mars- 


277 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL BIG ILL 


VIA Geo* Sigil zor one of the sixteen geamantic figures; * 


A 1 a rae 


number of variants (stars, dots, floral dev'ces, etc.) .is used to 

denote the same four-fold structure of the sigil. Via is linked by 

AGRl'PPA 1531 with the element of Water, the planet Moon, and the 

zodiacal sign Leo. The following sigils are derived from late 

mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the Moon -as For 

example in TRITHEKIUS 1503 who gives (no doubt in copyist error), the 
□ 

form: 9 


AGHIPpA 1531 £ 

.3 


I 


VINEGAR Ale* BER_HEIjQT IBS3 records several sigils from the Greek 
alchemical t r adi Li on ; '■ y ) ■ O ■ Ey 

SIGN A llC r^~ | ' TABLE 1676 

VALENTINE 1671 X" rfr 


I 


ijQMMERKDFF .701 ^ ^ X Jfe I t <^T\_ X 

DIDEROT 1763 ^ 


Q. A k 


t-'O 

GESSMANN 1906 ~ f \ (y) W7 — n - ~ ~ X\~ ~<X 

For throe-foI cJ distil la Led vi negar r z he follow ing sigi 1 s are given : 


SHELTON 17C -j^ 


VALENTINE 1671 “jr 

SOMME RE3QFF 1701 

GESSMANN 1906 -f- | [J! c_j_ >< ^ 3 ■ ^ 

SOMNERHOFF _ tO— gives the following Eor distilled vinecan 7 s"? 

t X' £ X- ' d ^ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 records the sigil X d- for Ace turn vini ruhri, and 
— vi 11 urn mcr t a u m, 

WALTER 1970 gives two of the more simple sigils derived from the 
ancient Egyptian alchemical tradition! ,X. L Q 



VIRGIN 


Odd, The ’ cabbalintic 1 sigil for virginity is given by 


SHEPHERD 197 


A 


Vy but in regard to this Kiyi.i f see RL' + 

S0MM3RH0FP 1701 gives the sigiLs 'W^ i y r \y^/ for Virgin Earth, 
GESSMANN 1906 gives for Virgin Wax.- v'jX 
The zodiacal sign VIRGO is sometimes called virgin. 


278 









VIA-VIR 


VIRGIN EARTH See VIRGIN. 

VIRGIN WAX See VIRGIN and WAX. 

VIRGO Ast. Zodiacal sign of the 1 virgin f , the printed version of the 
sigil given by HYGINUS 14B2, derived from the mediaeval manuscript 


tradition: Tl/' The sigil is said by AGRTPPA 1531 to be based on 


the shape of an ear of corn - the Spies carried In the arms of the 
constellation figure, but this suggestion is as unfounded as the 
suggestion of KIRGHER 1655 that it was derived from three ears of corn. 
ALLEN 1899 records the idea that the sigil is derived from the 
initials mv r for Wfii A VIRGO, though an esoteric tradition derives the 
form from a legend concerning the Fall of Man (sea GETTINGS 1978). 
Egyptian demotic Berlin 42AD STDBART 2c y 1 

SPIZGELBERG 1911 t. *£__ 



Graeco-ffyzantine NEUGEHAUEH 1959 >4 

MEDIAEVAL DlGBY 12C v 4 ASTRONOM3 


2 79 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL E AGILE 


POISSON 1891 



jfj, 


GESSWANN 1906 nfc’ J 
NEROMAN 19 3 7 TT^ 1 -.^ 

UEEKACHER 1967 Tlf" f 


WIRTEJ 19 2 7 


RUDHYAR 1970 T'^ 
PERRY 1971 



liORDY 1928 records a tiigil from the Syrian dstro logical tradition t 
LEUPOLDI L4C gives the slgil ^ fox the constellation of Vin?a* 

See also SPIRIT OP VIRGO 

VIRIDE AES. See VERDIGRIS 

VISHNU Occ. The occidental sigil for the element, of WATER is linked by 
BLAVATSKY 1888 with Vishnu , the r god of the moist principle and (vater 
(Narayana, or the moving Principle in 1Vara, water}* as an exoteric 
symbols \~7 

VITRIOL Ale, EERTIIELOT 1885 records the Greek sigil: ^ 

ALC-HYMIA 1563 (& U >9 WORLIDGE 1651 ©— ( f °p~ ,3!’ 

ERANCKLYN 1627 tfr"VL © ALCHEMY 16 50 (B- D d) - ® ^ 



See also COPPERAS 7 OIL Of VITRTOL, ROWAN VITRIOL, VITRIOLIC ACID, 
VITRIOLIC FLOWERS, VITRIOLIC SALT and WHITE VITRIOL 

VITRIOLIC ACID Ale. GEGFFROY 1718 
DIDEROT 1763 ® 


VITRIOLIC FLOWERS /i 1 c . GESSMANN 



280 



VIR-VUI 


VITRIOLIC SALT Ala, GES£MA**N 1906 



VlTRUM Ala. Generally these sigils arc applied to GLASS, and ;ire 
accordingly listed under this heading, but within a specifiouily 
alchemical context the sigils may sometimes be applied to the idea of 




VOLATILE 


VOLATILE ALKALI See AMMONIA 

V07AT1LE £AL ALKALI Ale. GEQFFRGY 1718 ©" 

DIDEROT 1763 
See also AMMONIA 

VULCAN Ast. The following sigil is given by THIEKENS 1931 to symbolise 
the Roman Puicamis' ana the Greek Hephaest os as planetary principles in 
astrological esotericism: 3 

VULTUE CADENS AsL. Mediaeval form for the sigil used to denote the 
fixed star the modern al^ha Lyras, sometimes called Vega, recorded in 
UERMETIS 13C : Q 'M° 


281 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, ffFRNRTIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 



WASH 


Ale. 


FRANCKLYN If]27 


X 


SHELTON 170 


X 


GES5MANN 1906 


r ‘, 


WASBQGA Mag. Sigil arid name tor spt 


represent Lhe letter W in the 


Angels and Genii': 



secret 


ri t given by HEYDON 1664 to 
writing called "Alphabet of 


WASH IN T.YE 


Ale- 


X_ 

GESEMAMN 1906 ^ ■> 


J 


WATER Occa The majority of the following sigils were undoubtedly 
criminally intended to denote the element of water, the principle of 
liquidity , rather than the specific liquid, now expressed by the 
word. 

BERTHE L0T 1 SIRS records a sigil from the Greek alchemical tradit i oli : '</ 
and one which , whilst appearing in the Greek forms, is probably 
from the Egyptian^ 

3 

ALCHEMY 1650 \7 CEOLLIUS 1670 ' V 

ERESNF 168& Xx" ALCHEMICAL 17C '\7 ^'Y 

BIGKA 17c W y>:Y ~r- 

EOMHSRHOFF 1701 ^ flg ^ ^ ^ A 8 LI, V C_J 

DIDEROT 1763 g GERE I ME 1785 

GESSMANN 1906 ^ CAKE DWELL 1 19 25 

LUEDY 19 2 S gives in error: fxl-ir 

WELLING 1735 records, three specialised siqils, the first of which is 


282 



WAR-WAT 


intended to show a. 'reflection 1 of the higher spiritual forces (but 
in LIlr same text, the siqi 1 is used also to denote common destructive 
sulphur): "Sr? 7 The second sigil is said by WELLING 1735 to 

represent the ’invisible spiritual Water 1 , that occult water which 
was supposed to hav« existed be fore the descent of Duel f«r: 

The third siqil given by WELLING 1735 may be confused with other 
sigils, for example with one of the forms for QRPlWENT: dl 7? 

Among other rarities, OLIVER 1B26 gives the si gi 1 /V\AA as an 
1 Auclent Hgy pt iar. aymbo 1 1 for elementai writer- 

For coitimon water, DIDEROT .17 63 gives two variants C\ ^ GESSMANN 
1906 gives three r ^y l "' l jns well as recording a eigil for 

hot water. 


: \*/ 


; & 


For unsavoury wa ter, GESSMANN i 9 06. gives the form 
KOCH 1930 gives the sigil (~f which may he. wrongly copied from those 
given for the THREE WATERS- 

SHEPHERD 1971 gives one sigiL of circa 1400: and one sigil 

r”■. f~'\ 

claimed to be cabbalistic: T /-■' f-y 

QLt 

Besides the sigils listed for the special types of Pater -set out below , 
see a1 HO RAIN WATER and THREE WATERS. 


water Baptism 


Fee THREE BAPTISMS. 


WATER HATH Aid. GE SSWANN 1906 gives the following sigiIs for the 


ffalnoufl: Fa ri a ay- g, J"T./ 

But see also GRADES OF EIRE. 


1? 




WATER HAND -Fai * In modern chirognomy, the sigil VV^ is used to denote 
the male Water hand type, sometimes called the Sensitive hand, giver in 
GETTINGS 1965. The female Water hand is accorded the sigil: VG 


WATER OF LIFE Ale. VALENTINE 1671 

'i. P 


v V° 


AT .CHEMICAL 17C 
DIDEROT 1763 <f$ ^ LUEDY 192G ^ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 vj/ rE>H A J 


283 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 g i vaft various 

£tt t—TT—. _fV t T xT 

WATER OF MERCURY Ale. ALCHEMICA1 


recipes f 


and the following sigilsi 


9 


■v y±C ^ -5- ^ 

i7c y^l 


WATER TR1PLICITY Ale. Sigil recorded by (perhaps indeed devised by) 

AGRIFPA 1510 to symbolise the three water signs ot the zodiac (Cancer, 

Scorpio Find Pisces} ot which the sigil is merely a rather obvious 

G*“ -X vv "‘ y '~ :k i ’ X 
amalgam: 1 ^ i' 1 L 

Usually, in an astrological context, one of the common sigils for WATER 
is used to represent the water triplicity r and DE VQRE J947 (for 
example) gives t.he form; 


WAX Ale, 


WORLIDGE 1.651 



SIGNA 170 



DIDEROT 1.76.1 C 

See also VIRGIN and YELLOW WAX. 


VALENTINE 1671 - 
SHELTON 17 C )ll£ 

L 

KOCH 1930 V T" 


WAX TNG AND WANING MOON Ast. 
1930 in his somewhat personal 


Sigil given (perhap? 
collection of sigils: 


originated) 


y ~~—C 


by KOCH 


WEEK Ale, SOMMERHOFF 1701 records a mediaeval graphic system in 

Which ONE WE EH is ^ WEEKS £> <J THREE WEEKS ^XS 

and FOUR E 'REEKS: 

See a 1 so MONTH 


WEIGHTS AND MEASURES For alchemical weights and measures, see page 320. 

WHEEL OF FORTUNE Oca * WIRTH 1927 relates this loth card of the Tarot 
puck, to the Ilebmic JOD, and accords It the sigil s “0 (5? the first 

of which is the SWASTIKA * the last two of which are claimed to 
y 0 p £ -y [_ i_b,e number 10 , and tire thus related to the symbolism of the 
DECADE. 

WIITTP Ale* BERTHE LOT 13 B 5 records the sigil fxum Elio Greek 


2.04 


< ^ 





wat-whi 


a lch err i cv: 1 t.r nd i - ion 


For the European forms, sec ALBUM 


s~ u 


WHITE AMBER Ale* SHELTON 170 S. * 
GESSMANN 1906 0$ S R+ - 


WHITE ARSENIC Ale* SHELTON 170 
SI UNA 17C 0“0 


(T TJ 


c? CJ 


a—O 


SOMMERHOFF 1701 a —^ 1—I <iP U 'l tf“£T3> 8 ^OUCl 

*«>«» K * 5 * jx/ *= 0 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ii- 

GESSKAHN 19 Of, 'tW f ^ =j= (3 ^ 

SCHNEIDER 1962 ^J) 4 rR' ^--T w -| Y : :X KOCH 19 30 J?u_ 




t 


Q C3 


WHITE BOLE 711c, GESSMMHT 1906 AS _ 

WHITE COAGULATE ZIo. BFRTHELOT 1985 records Lho slgil _.A^ from the 
Greek alchemical tradition. 


WHITE CORAL Ales. 


SEJELTON 17C ^ 


WHITE LEAD Ale. ALCHEMICAL 17C 
sigma 17C —y~ 


\ 


POISSON 1S9.I -X- 

LUEDY 192© 

SCHNEIDER 1962 +■ ^R, 

SOyiMERHOFF 1701 records the sigiis o+H« <tfl> and records further for 


DTDEROT 761 o4^ S 
GESSMANN 1906 YV' — 
KOCH 19 30 “y 


CGxassa: 


^ + -^r %■ % iX-- : 


WHITE OF EGG Gee ALBUMEN. 


WHITE OXIDE OP ARSENIC See WHITE ARSENIC 


WHITE PRECIPITATE OF MERCURY Ale 

9 V H 

S- 




T_r- 


V 

-T 

V- r 


WHITE VINEGAR Ala. DTDERGC 1763 


GEHSMANN 1906 YZT 


J' 


j 


t 


9" V 











DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


HERMETIC AND AUCREMTCAL SlOILS 


WHITE VITRIOL Ale. ALCHEMY 1650 g <B~~ 

SOHMERHQFF 1701 ^=^ 1 -. LIT <j—'X GV - G) 

DIDEROT 1763 V^X © 

sessmann 1906 7 K T ^ 

LUEDY 19 2d O (P> 

' f- S? JC -J 


t-. 


i- V- 


SCHNEIDER 1962 






See also VITRIOL 


white w :ne Ale. 


SOMMERROFF 1701 XX 7T\ R XJ Wl A,. 

DIDEROT 1763 2/ 

GESSMANN 1906 'f _ 'A ^X/ 1 <ft 


LUEDY 1928 


I 


i, 


SCHNEIDER 1962 


\A 


But see also WINE 


*5 


WICK Ale, DIDEROT 1763 


y 


GE3SMANK 19 06 


C 


V 


WILL Oct- LEO 1914 gives the modern sigil for the SUN to symbolise 


the power of the human will: 



WIND FURNACE Ale, GFS5XAKN 1906 gives three sigiis tor the forn&x 
pozt&bllis: X! XxX 2_ Ull 


WINE A2C, ALCHEMICAL 17C © DIDEROT 176.1 -?/ 

GEES MANN 1906 V -X 'l) 

berthelOt 1985 records a sig:1 from the Greek tradition: 
OROSLAND J.9 62 records the Greek sigil for sw&et wine: ^X 


SOMMERHOB’F L7o! gives a number of variants, as followsi 


VXNUM V "V T :' 1 

V1NUM ALBUM 2^ Ul *\f /N A* § 

VIUUM CQCTUM \]/ 

VlhlAVT EME’TJCUAJ \£~ 


V IN UN LAXATP/VM 77 v 


l/I jVl.'’'j MOHTUEWtf X:) 

vim,w sg tjl IjVtatvw 



fjww ADr/.vrrtv yV/v (G) 

vijvr;:; CiRCdlATL^ (Vi (V 7 ) 

V1MUI4 CQRRECTUM \/- 

vr«VEW wrppocRATrcr/Af VH vV 

FJjYLW MF.D1CATUX V'M 
VINUM RVBRVM 


WHT-WOU 


WINTER Occ- ALCHEMY 1 650 
SOM-MERHOFF 1701 


rv€ 


SHELTON 17C "V \A 
GES5MANN 19 Ofi 


WISDOM Oc:c. LEO 1914 gives the standard si.gil for the MOON to 
symbolise human wisdom: Os- 

KOCH 1930 gives the £igil which is perhaps wrongly derived 

f rcan the s i gi 1 heme ti cum. 

WITHOUT WINE Ale, A siai 1 recorded by CESS MANN 1906 is no doubt a 

■ J r 

short- form for sino vino; 


WOOD Ale , S0MMERI10FF 1701 ZlX-* ^ 
GESSMANN 1906 <A CL £ 

KOCH 19-30 ^ 


SCHNEIDER 1961 




WOOD ASHES Ale. GESSMAblN 1906 


fTT 


WOOL /lie.. SQMMERHOFF 1701 


44-r 

r i i 


WORLD ARCANUM Occ. WTRTH 19 3 7 relates this 21 si card of the I'arot 

pack to the Hebrew letter StHlN r and accords it the sigil of The CROSS, 
:;r the r primitive Lau 1 "j- ss well t-h^ swastika: lJt 

Since the World card has within its design the four fixed signs of the 
zodiac, symbolisea in the FOUR EVANGELISTS, a basic cross formation 
nay indeed be said to underlie the design: however, this card is 
graphically the reverse of the HANGING MAN, and should perhaps be 
given the sigil: 


WORLD OF INTELLIGENCE Occ. K.IRCEIER 1659 gives two related Sigils let 
t b e Mrr n d □ uj 1 n t&l ligl bi 1 cr?: i/m m 

See THREE WORLDS 


WOUND Ale. SHELTON 17C 


287 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AUD ALCHEMICAL 310ILS 


WRATH Oi':a. Eigi] given by RAW 17 72 i-n connexion with Boehrue 1 S occult 
system of symbolism ^7" which contrasts with WEAKNESS. A sigii 

Which is the equivalent is derived from BokIudm’s Qrm Globe { (T) ) and 
stands in contrast to LIGHT: 
hut see also RYE OF ETERNITY. 


23B 



XOBLAH Mag. Sigil for spirit. given, by HEYDON 1664 to represent. Lhe 
letter x in the secret, writing called the 'Alphabet of Angels and 



YANG See YIN AND YANG 

YEAR Ck_’f:. WORLIDGE 1651 - 3 ~ 

SHELTON 17C —-fi —~ 

GESSMANN 1906 —0—" —tp-—“ 

LiUEDY 19 28 —o- r '- - * 

But see ANNUS FHILQSOPHICUS 


FRANCKLYN 1627 
DIDEROT 


-O- 

□ 




1763 (£|i) ^<X 

ALBEkTUS 19 74 


YELLOW Ale 
BtRTSELOT 
CROSLiAND 


LUEDY 1928 
,88.5 records a 
1962 records a 


records the siglls -i for fallow ochre. 

sigil froir. the Greek alchemical tradition; % 
Greek abbreviation: 


YELLOW AMBER Ale. GESSMANN 19o 6 gives a short-form, derived from 
the Latin Buccini urn citrinuj7T.- SC S Vf 


YELLOW ARSENIC Ale* GESSMANN 1906 \f 


YELLOW COAGULATE Ale. 

fi 1 td Leirii c: n 1 L r; idi L i r j r; : 


BERTHELOT 1885 records a sigil from the Greek 

%/ 


YELLOW ORPI MF.NT A1 c. 


GESSMANN 19G6 



289 







DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AjVD ALCHEMICAL BlClLS 


YEIjLOW WAX Ale. SOMMERHOFF 70l 

GESSMAWR 1906 
See also wax 


A 


X —4— ~W 'x Y 

— ‘ J—• ~y~ SCHNEIDER 13 62 ”7 


Id IN AND YANG Occ. ELAVATSKY 1888 gives the sigiJg for yin I and 

I 1 

yany I •*£ vertical a, but it is more usual lor them to be expressed 

as horizontals r even in Chinese texts, and in the translation of the 

I CH1NG by WILBELM 1951: —-and -- In an ancient sigil called 

in Chinese t'ai c.:hi, the y r/r and yang are united in a circle, as areas 
of Mark' and. ’ light 1 respectively, each containing within itself a 


seedling element of the other, in the form of a small dot: 
The doctrine underlying these important, po >ir opposites is 



extremely 


complex, but in simple terms, the yin is feminine, dark, lunar, hidden, 
passive and receptive: the gang is masculine, light, solar, external, 

active and penetrating. it is the interaction of these po nr:ties 
which are f igured i.n the series of eight TR1GRAMS which mderlie the 
pi 1 1 1 o s o ph y c f tl l h he xo g r; j mm i c s ecue nc e of th e Ch ices e I C h i n a „ 


YOLK OF EGG Ale, GE5SMANN 1906 records several sigils, 

il 

_f L 


which are. constructed around the capita] letter V, from 

\/ . V/ 


vi -nti} i iX 


6 


three of 
the latin 


VSCHIEL May. 8igi 1 - or spji-rit 

l664 to repressnt the 1«tto r Y 
1 Alphabet of Angels and Genii': 


Iperhaps yasah r eJ) give ri by KEYDON 


i.n the secret writing called the 
a*-- - ■* 


zag ear : E r. Afa y. He d i a eva 1 s i g r ]. e 
pi an e tar y a n g e i of J up i t tr; _j~[ 
BARNETT 1801 uses similar sigils 

?AI N Occ, The 7th letter of the 


recorded by TfilTHEKlUB 1608 for the 

X z£ 

for SACHIEL. 

Hebrew alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT), 


290 




T'l JO ilnids ostb aas 


>'. r J oiquEinooft jc sntuafj 314 : 4 . xoj TyJoes u«o st^ p^Ajxag 

1?9!>l NCXIAJH r .[^T r -[^ L \ TT^T s *oqqom? S»AT* TCsT VcTdlHfW 

UA^j : ,^qn 3° 


o 


^bb 


[aS ue, st'4"i aoj shots -[SAsetpao; awq e3At£) eq^t aKVWfl 


laiaiis 


4- 


08 6T OVNOnHaa 


‘ -f SY dviqoz 


''/I iT.n.L ode ep rxo otfrsf jo a 




^=- -T^ rr ^ •£. ^ 8 9061 MHVWSSaO 

Q 809 T MOillva £911 XOHaaTG 


^ 81 £T aOVJaJOFIO 




O 6SiI NMVWDHafl 
3 LI THOIMEHOrLV - 3 TV DMIZ 


jf- I -9*'- 

-I- : ! TTU90 

pa* i-TSfiurf qc qsqEqdqv, aqq pa [ | iro 6ttTq,T JA JOJ^dg 3144 ut 2 


sl [4 qaosoxdsx 04 p 99 T KOtlASR Aq UGAyt ^qqjjds e xoj TT^TS *£e>Jtf 


!GVTa2 


'E3aj6 cste ^99i MOQA3H 

yj iuxnq-ps 

jo 1TJT-i L 3 fiu T -[ni aqq XOj IL'SI YddldOV Aq ao-Apf) sq LT^JS VJetxEa v 

S^Tji * joiupj pue erqrqsjxj; jo xajiu. 


4T4pds o-pqu^iMOafj 3 qi xoj 7-397 MOQAaa Aq u^ajB it 67s ' 09 k q 


THZVJ 


’ j TJ \?"15 pSTEJon^p, U&Sq aArq 04 s.JTpjddr? pS/LtJSp £ &A xaiqoi 

344 qo-rq/n mo x 4 DiqdAxBcaaTq UEiqdAS^ o qq jo on tea TETXoqoTd 0 uq. qonj 
u~ ' jUodEOK! jo Eopx eqq qqjK 1^ ^ X xnqqnq aqq xnj nsoexq ot.{ 

AboToruAn0 OTiidE.Tb 0144 to [1767x0 3144 squyi pun ' qoon 40404, aqo 40 pn?o 

JOlcTtfHO aqq qqjrt gsqsraosGia izhT HiIHIM c ^/2 J \/^ > 

^ sy j_g-[ tZ 2 naOJi 7 Tv’a Aq paqo^Tfoo **30144 Aiq^qou ^qaqwqdfe 43x dog 

40 noxq cpexq 3.44 u rqqjM usatB ore srnxoj oatoeatxop At ipw qoiqw xoj 




ynz^ia* 





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DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 


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DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL- SlGILS 


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BUDGE 1930 
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CAMPANUS 15C 

CAHONES 1.5C 

CAPPELLT IS 49 

CARRQNELlI 1925 

CARDAN 1557 
CARFICHTERUS ISC 

CH ASSART 1884 
CHAUCER 15C 

CHRISTIAN 1370 

U-lYMICAI, 16 80 

Cl RIOT 1962 
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COIiEY 17C 

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'Qiound 'oqQq '‘otm op aofqdt] z^oiotl[ J Djaw&TUOD 
* s ?4 Piiro j mao 1 vxop oj 17 j * 0$ L £ ' PP V * nop no 7 ft g ■ ssq 

* (£i£ugmuoi) osoSoxj oa'dift'D op) ojuitaj^uu op mnrorpnp 
(30) S^t^T/ipPCf I?J-[l£j^ + £ff * LrQp-JJO r i rt r y ■ SSft 

■ (nfip^fouez^ t 

_fO UQ-fSSDG-DOd UT fiZJTXaJGJ ) SU&T5 [ TO TUS f\ p'J 

jo iiOTieu&zdxs * ZbLZ T 15 'KOptrOT MS * s^W 

‘ M j{j 5q paasq-qaa 

sj-oclTfj sno&uejjs>asjft w i€9 'IS 'uapuoi ms * ssm 
-d %3 ITS! 'ppnid r d * & 1203 s f h * * 1 JtiiSOO anLsnTxq./} 

“A& 8 T *0203 m %T 
‘eupjtj; ‘LTCJtJBtiM&rJ * 0 > r fmouQJ3sy i&jrtdod 
' (sn zizoq pjv sno zviX r j fiq) * ■ - dun 1 oj. q i 7 uod jiaouoi 4 s v 
oats SO&soqj t?ft m 99lZ m mE * nopuoq MS *S5M 

■ g r * sn l/t d 3 sno-nuxTj v.rn:jr'i soosaqqvM 
*1951 ‘n&Baj -j 'MSN PIO soarpoz 


LILT am-iaj 


dst snsoB-aaj 


LZ 91 NATSJNWJJ 

OAT 3*003 
i.t 9-t aanu 

A&SL WOia'n’AL'IVlJ 

2191 snoiKau 
66M STDIHHI.J 
1561 tfVOV.1 


m ZZ 6 T 

* SUR/ 1,7 * P ' * * S06 Y rt Jpp 3 L '4 JO SJSMSp Z^DT&FM 

* 99 IT *ui&suoioqGp u ja 
dun ltj? zp j\isy\ r pa i 9 u tziitv o&o tiirotrCM} sv sapjxewsqd 3 
'196Z 1 &T&MZU&XP3 * r / ~Q-iU jo J. spj. q uappjjj oui 

" 0Z.6T 'UTJxoqa '3 
"uaqajsaq&jq ovp jm? o9nj c l sop ssnijuj3. 103 

‘0561 

'ujqzoqs ' 3 'sssrtjjuzs lt zj^ssp iop uojqauTqinox 


ZZ&l smAi 

99 at ggaiHswgHija 
A9CT DiaMZHSUHa 

OL 6'L WISH 383 

OS61 NTiasSM 


m pg£T 'K-zor t ■ tj * «mJOpn uinjojanDsqo 

suon 11 77 uod j j o f 002124 74 sajqdoaqj, urn rip uo 77 o JQ 

■iimjoiifap LdEr.7i?pC?np 

^nqTUQTqaoT^Tuhjs etf *£££ *TS 'tiopnos Mu m ssk 

'••TOOTP02 SJUBtS is OT9h> LfP fu Sp * OpUTlfy I).D 

oz&oD op smuzoe-Tj, m £9 ftq&TG 'pjojxo m Poq • ssn 
’f. 9 Zr f ^oqasjVtP 5 lojopzri '(otv.it qo) s9.1v sot 4s 

sodilgtos soz xns * ap j?ansa# • azpodojoiious 


frSST moo 

o$l wn^owoa 

dzi Ago in 

£ 9AI soaaaja 


ST I Sis TVDliilHDTV QMV DIZSitUSH *3/111030 SO .TSVNOJJOKJ. 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC A?1D ALCHEMICAL S101LE- 


DTDFFDT T76 2 

DlGBY 12C 

eoxokum i:.c 

DORK 15 8 4 


Fneyciopedie. Racu&il tie.- Planches, sur les Sciences 
et 2e£ Ares ( Chi mi e) . I?i derot & d'Alembert, 176 3. 
Mss. Bod. Oxford, Digby 33* Tractates de Coeio 
at Mundo, de plenetls et signis zodiacs * * - 
jYss. London, SI. 332. De Sign! flea tionibus 

duo da dm donor urn. 

jDictionari um Th^ophrasti Paracels i r con tin Liens 
ohscuri or uJif vooab ill dr ran-. G. Dorn, 1584. 


EBEETIW 1950 

EBERTIN 1970 

EHSENZWEIG 1967 
E?H3ME RIDES 1766 


EVANS 192 2 


Konibi nation der Gestirn einflussc. R. Ebertin, 
1950. 

Der Elrtfluss des Pluto au± das Liabesleben. 

R . Ebartin r 1970. 

The Hidden Order of Art* A. Ehrenz^ ; eig, 1967. 
Ephetnerides Astronomlcae Anni 1767 ad M&ridianum 
Vindoborensem, 1766. 

Magical Jewels' of the jMidcJIe Ages..* J. Evans, 
1922* 


FAGAN 1951 
FIRMICUS 1499 
FIRMICOS 15 IQ 

FL&KMARIQN 1S9 7 


FLUDD 1617 
FOOTE 17C 


ERANCKLYN L627 


FRFCOSUB 15C 

FEEHER 1717 


zodiacs Old and 'lew. c. Fagan r 2957* 

Matheeaos Li ber. Fi rmi cits Me tern us, 1499. 

Mss* BM London, Bar* 2/66. MatheseoS sive 
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Utri us q we Cos jfii .. .lils tori a. P. Fludd, 1617 etc. 

Mss* BM London , SI. 631. Miscellaneous Papers 
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Mss. BM London, SI. 2792. Explanation of 
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29B 


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C-ABELLA 1611 

GAFUHUS 1496 
GARDNER 1903 

GAS IE R 192 5 

GAUBICU5 1539 

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GEOFFROY 1716 

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GES5MANN 1906 

GETTINGS 1965 

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GIUKTINI 15 S3 
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299 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


GOLDS TL IN 1961 

GOVlNDA 1959 
GRAMMATICA 13C 

■GRAY 19 52 


GUENON 19 7 E 
Gundel 1936 


Tha Dark Moon Lilith in Astrology. 

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HAASE 1975 


HAKES 196 7 

HADES 1969 

HALL 1928 


HALL 19 38 
HALL 19 59 

HA MI T, TON - JONES 19 4 7 

HA5SENFRATZ 17B7 

HAWKINS 1976 
HER.MES 1613 


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300 


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HSRMET1S 13C 

HE RRE Tl £ 14C 

HERMETIS lt-C 
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HIENER 1651 

HIGGINS 1829 
HOMFP 172 3 

HOMER 1757 

HONE 1951 
HOROSCOPE 15C 

HOROSCOPE 1614 

HOROSCOPES 15C 

HOULT 1910 

HTJET 16 79 
HYGINUS 14 82 

IBM FZ.EA 148.5 
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natura rerum. 


DICTIONARY Of OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlGILS 


JftNUA 14C 

Mss , bn London, A do . 23,770. Tn tro due tori us- ad 

Indicia astrologio compos it us ab An dale dc Nigro de 

Jan ua , 

JENNINGS 16 &7 

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JONES 1941 

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KENTON 1974 

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LAW 1772 

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LEGEMETON 170 

Mss. BM London, SI. 2731, Cl^vicula SalGmonis. 

LEO 1914 

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LEROY 17c: 

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LEOPOLD! 14C 

Mss * BM Lon don, A do. 2 3,770. Compilacio 

Lcupoldi , Duel s A us tri a e de Ast ror un; s pi en ti a , 

302 



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LUCCA 17C 

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MAGICl 17C 

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MAGICUS 15C 

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M. R. Meyer, 1974. 

30.3 



DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1C.TLS 


MEYER 19 76 
MlCHAELSPACHER 1616 

MODEEH ASTROLOGY 
MONTE -SKY DE EE I 66 3 
MONTE-SNYDERS 1678 

MUSES 19 SI 


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DJE ROMAN 19 37 


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NOWOTNY 1967 


OCCULTA 12C 

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204 


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PAGAN 1911 
PANOF5KY 1967 

PARKER 19 69 


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POISSON 1891 

PORTA 1593 
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PYTHAGORAS 100 


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MsS. BM London, SI* 3086* The Golden. Table of 


Pythagoras. 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlGITS 


QUADRANTIS 15C 

Mss . BN London, Si. 6 36 . De Orerii tionibus ct 

offiai o q ua draft Lis. 

EAGON 1853 

Haqonneri & Occ ulte, S ui vi c cic i ' Ini 11 a ti on 

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ROBSON 170 

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R'JDHYAR 19 36 

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The Lunelian Cuele. D. Rudhyar, 197o. 

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SALOMON 1695 

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306 


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SCALICER 1SC 

SCHEFFERS 1775 

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SCilMUCTEN 16 42 

SCHNEIDER 1162 

SCHRIRE 1966 

SCHt-LTE 1963 

SCHYHAG2L 15DC 

SCOT 15 C 

SE LENDS 1624 

SEMENTOV3KY 19 50 


SEPHAR1AL 1918 
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SHEPHERD 197] 

SIEliY 1780 


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30 7 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


SZBLY 1 790 

SlBliY 1796 
SIBLY 1017 

SI BE REAL 1951 
SIDGWICK 1973 
SIGIL 1978 

SIGHT CB 17C 
SIGHTS 10C 

SIGNA 17C 

SIGN!FICATIONES 

SIMMQNITE 1890 
SMITH 16 C 

SOLAR 1978 

8 DM ME RH OFF 1 701 

S P1EGEIBE RG 1911 

SPITE 1959 

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SEINER 192 3 

STS LI* RUM I5C 

STQfiART 2C 
STRAGGLING 1824 

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SLCHEK 1958 

SUCHER 19 70 

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SUCHTEN IS 70 
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309 


DK'TlOEARY OF OCCULT, 


HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL BlGlLE 


TABLES ISC 

TABULAE ISC 

TAlS NIE R 1559 

TESTA 196 2 

WESAUEUS 14C 

THTEREKS 1931 

THOMPSON 1929 

THUBNEYSSER 157C 

t] i Ti re e y 5 s e P. 1574 

TOBEY 1.9 73 
7RACTAT UL'Uo 15C 

TRACTATUS 15 C 

TRACTS 17C 

TBITHZMZTJC 150 3 

TEITHEHJCJS 15C3 
TRITHEMIUS 1522 
TRI THE MI US 1609 

TRI THE MI US 165C 


mss. Dm London, si. 6 36. Rules and tables for 

finding- the ascension of the signs. 

Mss . BM London , A. r . 66* Tabulae Humfridi Duds 
Cla<es Lriae in judi oils arils geontancie* 

As trologi a e Judi ear.in Ysagogica .. . I. Taisnior-, 

1559 * 

11 Si inf j ol i smo de i Ci udeo-Cri s ti ani + F r E „ Testa, 

1962. 

Mss* BN London, SI. 1754* Liber.** pa trie Bocri 

Ebon Haren ...secretorurn aliae sunt mineralen * 
Elements of Esoteric Astrology. A.E. Thiercns, 

19 31. 

The Mystery and Romance of Astrology f 
C.J*S. ThdmpBon f 1929. 

Q uinta Essentia. Das 1st die hochste Subtil tet 
Krafft*.„ L. Thurneysse-:r, 1570. 

Quanta Essentia . Das isL die hdchsLe Sub ti 7i tet 
Erafft... L. TA urneys set f 1574. 

Astro1Ogy of Inner Space. C*P. Tobey, 1973. 

Mss. BN L-ondyn^ Si. 513. Tractatulus 
astrologicus de dispositions hominis. 

Mss t BM London f SI. 332* Tractatus de 
con junetionibus pi an eta rum & usv 1 an a , 

Mas. BM London, SI. 1734. A Book of Astrological 
tracts from Bonatus, Firm! cits, Hermes (etc.)... 

Mss. NB Vienna,. Cod. 11313. Fee. 359* 

Cale n da ri urn na t ura J e magi outp. . f Tri themi us r . 
Polygraphia libri sex. j + Tri them ua, 1508. 

Dc Sep t cm S ae un da dels .. . j . Tri th end us, 1522 . 

Phi 1 okophi a Ha tura Ji & de Geoman tia . J. Tri themi us, 
1609. 

Ms 5 . EL Edi Jib uryA , A dv. 13.2.12. St cganogrAph i a 

(an d) Cl a vi s 5 te ganogra ph ia fa f ter Tri t hemi us) . 


3.Vd 


BIBLIOGRAPHY 


VALENTINE 16 45 
VALENTINE 1671 
VALLEMONT 170 7 
VARL3Y 1828- 
VERASDT 19 72 

VI CUE RE 1586 


VI LliE J. 'RAN CHS I 661 


VRE3T7E 1054 


Von new grossen Stain... B. Va lan ti na, 164$. 

Las t Wi 11 an d Tes fcament. R - Va 1 en tine, 1671 . 

La Sphere du Monde. ValieTPont r 1707 „ 

Z odi a ea 1 Phi;si ognoi ny * J - Vo rl e.y , ± 52 8 , 

J Mi s teriosi Simboli de.i Trul 21. M.L.T. Veradi , 
1972. 

Tra r ate das Chi ff res, ou Sectes Mani&r as 
d ‘Escrire . B * de VjCTjnere, 15^6, 

As troioyi a Laliica . AT. d'e Vi 1.1 ranch e r IG 61. 

An fchrocosoph r * tmd Astronomic. E. Vreede, 19 54. 


WACHSMUTH 1023 
WAITE 189 4 

WALTER 19 70 
WALT: IE R 19 39 

WELLING 1719 

WELLING 1735 

WE MY 5 8 192 7 

WEMY E 5 19 33 
WHITE 1950 
WHITEHEAD 139 7 


WH1TTICK 1971 

WILCZK0WSK1 1947 
WILHELM 1951 

WILSON 1919 


E theri c Forma ti ve Fo roes . G - WactLsmu th, 19 22. 

The Hermetic and Alchemical Writings o£ Aurelius 
Philippas Bombast. A. E. Waite, 1894. 

Die Syml^ole der Ch&niker , W .W. Walter, 29 70. 
’Towards a Hew Astrology' , THE' MODERN MYSTIC, Dec. 
1999. H. Walther (cantr.). 

Opus Mago-Cabbalisticum at TheoSOphicum. 

G* von Welling, 1719. 

Opus CanhftlisticuiXi at Theosophicuw. 

G t von We 1 li ng , 17 35 , 

The Wheel c£ Lira, or Scientific Astrology . 

M. Wcmyss, 192 7. 

More ,V a table Mat! vi ties . M, Weitsyss f 19 33. 

The Moon*s Nodes. G. White, no date, but c. 19 50. 
Throe Books o£ Occult Philosophy ox Magic... 

W. F . Whi teh ea d , 1397. 

Symbols, Signs and Their Meaning. A. Whi i Lick, 
1971. 

L r Homme et 1 e Zodiac. C. Wi 1 czkowsk i , 1947 ■ 

The I Ching or Book o£ changes. The R. Wilhelm 
trams, rendered into English by C.E. Baynes, 1951. 
A Completo Dictionary of Astrology. J. Wi2 s on, 
1819. (A reprint of 1974 wrongly dates this as 

J ci rca J 08 0 *) . 


311 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


WILSON 1 B20 

WIND 19 SB 
WIHKLEP 1930 

WlRTH 1927 
WIRTH I L 3 31 

WOLFRAM 191] 
WO FUDGE 1651 


ZADKIEI, IS35 

ZADKlLL IB49 


/] New and Complete S&t of Astrological Tables. 

J. Wilson, 1820. 

Pagan Mysteries of the Renaissance* S* Wind, 1958 
Siegel und Cbar-aktOre in dor muhansaodanischen 
Z cube, re i . H.A.. Winkler, 1930. 

Le Tarot des limgicrs. O. Wirth, 1927. 

Le Syniba1 is me He.rmetiguc dans sos rapports avec 
1 T A1 oh i mi e et la Frano-M&gonnerie. 0. Wirth, 19 31 

The Occult Causes of Disease. L. Wolfram, 1911. 

A Tab In of Chemical and Philosophical characters, 
dated 1651, bound into a 1671 edition of 
VALENTINE 1671. J. Worlidge f 1651. 

An introduction to Astrology ... 718g2l. 

(P.J. Morrison) , 1335 f 

The Grammar Of Astrology... Zadkicl, 1849. 


ziec;llrus 1620 

SUKETTT 19 32 


Piia nm copoea Spagg ri ca . W. 2i cgl cr us f 1620. 
Alchemist!CA Signs. Vol. VI11 CAT. DES MSS. 
ALCUIMIQUES SPECS. C t O. ZUfetti , 1932. 


'0661 aHSSinacl taO -14 AfiaiQ-rqse Ujcspoa uc sxxfiis , pxEpueqg ( ■£, 

'6TRT MOSTEW AfiopoxqsE uxopou up , pTepu^q;?, paxapisuoD siTfit^ ’9 

■ S 8 £l Kw™p>[7[fl 'jucjj 1 ST I lPoi-ja3’.px^-QE?u Ain^ian t|qu3D-qq.&ta n\i '5 
■ TOiT d^OHaaMMOS mai^ STT £ T S AjLn-;iiao nq.uaaq.qfiis Aiits 40 uorqoops y ■ t- 

T 59 X 3DaT1HGH THOJJ 1ST! T" 5 Op& 5 »tp|B AqnquBD TpuasqusAS?; y '£ 

L L t C, ! YdJisSY tnQxj k|iElk jo upiqoaxss Ajnq.uss qqusaqqxq oqFT V ‘ 2 

T D9I IIIYHQH W ' 131 / L SVIHONOHlLSY 

[ xh-pici ino-3.3 six fits [n jifei | u-jrqse |E?ASHtpsuL jo uoTqoapss y "I 

; sjt.' fiSDipus Jdy oqj, 

■BjFtiorq.ori7 aqi uiqqiM saxxque x^ n PT A TP u T 
auq ut paxpt\qs sq Aern spifiis osotp TTX cio gquT?Tai?& pur? flSAxq^ATXop 
qsijiexaads ■ SQLJ MNVWfHiaa 30 ssuCtoq tT- uiaqaTie-oau oqq 3 PTs 6 ucr[* q.as 
5.n? IR9; SSctimiQM uo-tq EfTfiiE XEDtojsqDXB pasn Axqiisribajtq 3 a uaxqosTes 
Y 'OR 6! [JHOSinaa jo etttBts: uxBpain aqq oq qfinoxqq 'TEST VddTHDY U T 
ssaxd fiuxqurxd Dtp Aq jpssxxoqqnx, siiu-oq tqqirt po if draco oq Afejli BqdTaasnuEin 
Tfadft x?a r ju ,inoj lEiojtj stT“T s 3° soxjog v ■ swaqq. uxspoto oq. yFASFTpoat 010x3 
*ui_to_q queqxodu:i 4 a xoqantT f 30 qU5wdoxaAsp sqq 30 aoia tfiduo6 v. satB 
oq poufixsop ottJ&ts 30 suoyqD&r»« 40 q^tyuoo ssoipusddF Sutmotioj oqjj 


saoipuaddy 


S"1 1 OIS 1V0TW3HD1V GlVV DlJ,3HZ13R ' A'lflDDO JO AHVUOIADR 7 


ftPFESTDlCRS 


APPENDIX I 


A selection of mediaeval astrological sigils fr-on 
DiPPV 12C r ASTROHOMIAE 14C, ALCHYMICAL 14C & B0NATT1 13C 


digby 12 c 

ARIES 

TAURUS 


3 ° 

013 


GEMINI _J1 - 

CAVCER 

U O 0£ 

VTfiGO Tj_ 


LI ERL 
Scorpio oug 

SAG 1 TTARXV & —H V 

CARP ICOP.R 


AQUARIUS 
PISCES i; /'^...-- 


CtiRR- — 


A5TR0NQMIAE 14C 

ARYES 673 pj?: 


Mtnors 6 ^ 

il£— 
cr^: 


GEJflJV r 
ClfliVCER 
LEO 
VIRGO 


cO 


"YYTp 


ALCHYMICAC 14C 

SATURN ^VA 


JL'PJ'TEIi! 

WARY? 

SOL 




LIBRA 
SCORPIO 
SAGITTARIUS -£*<- 





CARP ICORM 
AQUARIUS 
PISCES -Jr~ 


VENUS _ 2 , 

l 

iVERCUJt y ( P 

LUNA C 


CT-* 


BOMATTI 1 SC 

SATURN 
JUP 1 TER 
MARS 

SOL 


7° 


LEO 


% 

—> 4 - >' 

O d) 

TAURUS 

'y rr) virco -. 


VENUS 

MERCURY 


LU NA 


GEMINI 

LIBRA 




5 

3 <c 

- CANCER 


JJ_ SAGITTARIUS 




CAPRICORN 


ta/ SCORPIO 
ASCYARJB’S pi'' PISCES 


US 
















DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SlGlLS 


APPEND!X 2 


A la.cc fifteenth century select: Cn of s i 1 $ from 
AGRirPA 1531 


'Y 

Ari hs 

Genius 

of 

Aries 



Taurus 

Gen i' us 

of 

Taurus 


n 

Gemini 

Gen i i j 3 

of 

Gemini 

oxi 


Cancer 

Genius 

of 

Cancer 


ft 

Leo 

GenJ us 

of 

Leo 


imp 

I ,r i rco 

Conius 

of 

Virgo 


^i”L_ 

LiLra 

Gen i us 

of 

L; b ra 

w 

1rv\j Lcorpi o 

Cerii us 

of 

Scorpio 

U-n 


Lagri ttarius 

Genius 

of 

Sagit tare us C*) 

Capricorn 

Gem" us 

of 

Capricorn 

c J 

'■ >-_r-_ J 

Aquarius 

Genius 

of 

/iguarius 

SjP 

X 

Pi sees 

Genlus 

of 

pisces 

eg 

+i 

Su turn 

Geni us 

of 

La turn 


LL 

i 

J upi ter 

Genius' 

□ f 

Juprter 



Ms rs 

Gcni us 

of 

^rs 

o 

r 

0 

Sun 

Genius 

of 

Gun 


9 

Von us 

Genius 

of 

Fenus 

Cl 

¥ 

Merc Ury 

Gh u s. us 

of 

jtnreury 



Moon 

Genius 

of 

Moon 




Gen r uS 

of 

Earth 




Genius 

OI 

Wa ter 

0 



Genius 

of 

Fi re 



Caput Algol 


°s r 

H— 

A 


Pleiades 




J 


AldeLaran 



Can fa J-iTaijor 



Cur L&onis 


"ITT 


A1 a corvl 



Hi reus 



Canis minor 


Cauda ursae 



Spioa 


H 

or Vi 


-n 


316 








APPEKDTCES 


(APPLWDTX 2 continued) 


A loh^UTiOth 



Cor Saorpi 



Catxd-a caprlcornl 








Elpheia 



'/ultur canons 



Characters or Saturn: '^C H +£”■■ ^{VA/^ l-<^ 9 r "V\F 

Characters of Jupiter: '-f- XX _Nk Xll Yr V /F f "Y - Y_rt 

Characters of Mars: ,: "--__,-..^y _f rj, _- _y t— r yN h 

Characters of the Cur : ’7T7 X Ac*" £-■ J, \? YL C^^V- 

Characters of Venus: 3 

Characters of Mercury : ^n/~L ”3 

Characters of the Moon; <5C O r ^_ r _: 



C EEWAiVTTC C I'F^S 

via: | £ 

Pop U Jus: XJ @ 0 

Conjunction m [fl J ^ ©0X5 5E 

hlJbus-- r5 V 

Amissio- ft Li * & a £ K & A S> 

Puclia: ^ ^ f ^ Y Y 

Fortune -major-; £pf C^* W ^ ^ O Vj^ 

Fortuna miaaor; fj A A A A ^ 
tfubeizs: 5 & S £ 

Puer: ^7 “3 A V A- A 

flquisitio: qp L? Y ? ? ? £ A K ^ 

Loatitia; £, Q ^ A 

Career: 

rrrstitia: ^ g ^ V £p> 

Caput aracurcs.- XjX N^/ ^ \J7 Y Y 

Cauda draconis: £ ^ ,i,. 


317 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGJLS 


AF PEN Li IX 3 A seventeenth century alchemical list from 

WO^LIPGE 1651 


A Table of Ch yn; ca I .' -t phi I osophi call Cha recte rs wi th the!r sign1 fi caticns 
as they are usually found in Chymicali Authors both printed & manuscript. 


-% 4 M 

■Caturne te.\4 - ■ 
Lead 


J uprter 


i'J.iirs 

Iron 

O 

Sol 
G<}U 1 il 


I 

^ 14 /> 

\-A *4* £ 

\*n ft 9 

7\ <§> fi 0 




0* 


tCF c J\ : - 

«\ s ^ 




9 


Vencs 




-+ 4 - *- 


Copper o. :i +:]_+ j 

£ ■}/„ 4./ ^ 

Mercury j, c 1 -c.. 

■ s- c 4 

tfuicjfcsilver v ?-! 0 


^ $ 
1 




Luna 


S* \*2? Y 


Si 1 ver £° 


O V> 


.Ace turn "5^ ‘“j -- 0. 
A c o t urn di .s t i Hat e 
Acs -Jr 

Aer ^4. 


fla i" jj^Lirj: Mariao + " t. 


’■fens is ——X- - 


Balneum vapor. 

is \$ 

Nero ury preoip r tate 

H :r 

Bono 

'bn 


Mercury Eat urn i , T 


Bo ru.v 

/t A X r 


Merc ur; s ubl Vmate 5 

r c , 

C’aioi. 

-are —^ 

F cf- 

T 

Jv'ota borro i-r> 


Calx 

W rf 

Y' 3 

h’Ox ^ 


C^J LX 

vl vc- ^ 

T -H cv 

H 

Oleum -, 0 W 

A 

Ca Ik 

ovorun 


Pra e o r pa r e " “'■■ - r ” 


Caput 

myrtuuiJi 

0 

««vi» 1 £ £ $- 


Caeitya 

a t arc 

pul vi s rate rum tilTi 


Cera 

Jw 

( 

i 

O 

j 

Ptj r i li ca re f 



Chris tall urr 

cinis -t; C 

Cine res oravoila ti ip, 
Clnabax -ijS ^5 0 

Coaguiare ft-t_ 


^4 


A 


Coha hi Lio 


r_ „A 


Futriricare - -0 
Or; i j-j to Fs sen L i a A £ 

Realgar % s'h X 

j?eg ulus f n t i nor y J ; - ^ 
Retorts £■" ' 

Sal communuifi ti © Y n 


t.-7 


_L.:. 


Crocus Partis cc0 ^ ^ Sai Hi lea 2 i p h 0' 

Crocus Veneris Q C O sal Arjaoniac A'; 

or O i f . iy ,-. 

, rr , Cu-. Sai Gemmae O A 

vies ystuiii ui rr J os 

Cruci.ibulur? \r t0 

CoturM t urn O fi 

I 3 


Dies 


i 0 


Digerere p ^ 
Dl ss o ? vo re \|. f 


Alembicus >a £) -A A. , r a 

1 Listillare <D ^ U 

.^iujj.'orj |L '| iP L tJ 

F ? r 1 1 j re 


1 ' 


Sal po t ra O 
S up-o V 

Spi r i t us — Vl ^ ^ 1: 

Spirit us vini \ r ; ..K. »** eV-- 
Strata super stratum 5o^ 
Solvere ^ 

SulJiiniare ^j'" , '_ j >. ,i 


■Li P $ - i^TCV" C?,, J 


_ zA *>■ V 9 <P 'i 








APPENDICES 


(APPENDIX 3 


conti tuic-d; 


A nr; US *—rr" 


Flegma pX 


Sulphur vpive i^p 

Antijijoniuiu ^ < 

> 

Fin ere XX f , 


Sulphur Philosophorum 

X/ T £:X;X 


SUJOTnS 

Sts 


Sulphur nigrum 

Agua Fortin \S 

/Jura 

X g 

2 ^ 

Tarter C ^ jr ^ $ 

flgijd Eeyis' X/X 


igrjis 



5 a 2 TarCarl ^3 

Agua 7 i tae XT/ 

V 

Tgnis 

rotae 

/6'a y{\) 

" L,r i" 

Talcum 5^ 

t - i- LI C 

a. ■* -r f, ft r. 


Lapis 

Caiimr 

na r i S XyV~ 

Te rra XX 7 

f- 

Arsenicum &—* r 

/ d" 

Lapis 



Tigriliuirr ^ 

IC 

ij ^ .a 

H e 

Luta.ro Si 


Tutia j?X 


£ 


f\ u r i cha 1 c- ujs? 

A uri pi gman t u/i? *y-p ? 




Lutuffi sapiential L-Vi XX 
Magnes jfA 
Marchs ita X_.!X 

Ma te ri * .-K*" 

iVratriiaoiiiujzi Q 


i/i triolum —■ <P 0 t 

Vi trujir O- 0 
Vi ride a errs 
b'rina <j> Cnr 


6x 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


APPENDIX 4 A select.!on of early eighteenth century sigils from 

SGMMKRHQFF 1701 


FIRE 

RARTH 

ARIEL* 


a. T Jl Xo 

V 4 D -V- 'K 

v it 


GEMINI 1C IS' II TH 


air A ^ ^ ^ =M^ ^ 

WATER V* A S U tl i ? S 

TAURUS r y" 

CAlVCES .A 


LEO Qj <fb (ft 

LII?RA 

4JA (7 1TT 'AR'11V S X* "t >—V 
AQUARIUS Xw 7 ’' 

DAY h O— </ j c r 


vjkgo TT? 7*^ Y£* <f 

SCORPIO TTb 1Tb 

Ji CArorcoRH ~i? IT IT JT 

PTECES ,3€ X 9^ 


WJG’ftT e / ^ C- w ^ 

EtAi AjVL EIlTj'IT o I ct ^ ffl 


WEEK E, MONTH Si OC T ^C) 

YEAR J—‘-S™' lj§3 @ 

DUN "U- cO £=r> ^ t=^6 wooiV Q J D 

MERCURY jj ^ \J/ V -ft X ft fewe/S 9 ft 1 1.4 ® X X 

JJJFJTER <£, o^o X-’ 4 4- ft? SATUiHf ft 'ft '4 J ft ft "ft 
WARS Z 1 ^ ft ft “F 


ALCHEMICAL HEIGHTS ft MEASURES 
One J J.' hr uni it ^ m 

Half a lihrunt It> f% 

One Unclai ^yj T 

Half an unci a f ~f s 

D ra chins < } \ 

Two drachma ~<, 'j 
Scrupulcis 54 
Five scrupuli X 

24 qranAG. X 
Manipulus Hj 
Fuyillijs F 1 ! 


Half manipulus 


M 


s > 


J. 


330 





APPENDICES 


APPENDIX F* An eighteenth century neo - alchemical list £i:od 

BERGMANW 1785 


ACIDS 


ALKALIS 

4“ ©i_ 

viLriolic 


pure fixed vogotabl 

4- 0 

ni trous 


pure fixed mineral 

“t © 

ms rin& 


pure volatile 


VA 

aqua regia 


acid of fivor 

OHf-C 



borax 

-r® 

Sugar 

4- V 

tartar 

4 it 1- 

sorrel 

-hC 

1 e?mf in 

-|- o4o 

benzoin 


EARTHS 


\U 

^=P 

pure 

ponderous 

■ V i h 

pure 

ca1csreous 7 t me 

W p 

pure 

magnesia 

V, 

pure 

argillaceous 

■Xr 

pure 

silicecue 


xj W& te.C 


-*-<30 

snr^fir 1 

A 


outran of rrhlk 

Jt 

a ^ 

4“ 

aoetpUS li st i Hated 


H-@ 

milk 

4 

4jf” 

ants 

© $ 

+ 0 

fat 



phosphorous 

D 

it: 

«■■ n 


Prussian blue 

o 

O # 

0 

■A- 

Aerial 



vital a ir 
phlogiston 
matter of heat 
sui phur 
sail ns he. pur 
spirit of wine 
aether 

essential oiI 
unctuous oil 


METALLIC CALCES 


V 0 

gr jj ci 

■1“ 

K 

bismuth 

V 30 

pi a t i : ria 

¥ 

t 

ni ck l e 

4-: O' 

s . : ' ver 



a rsenic 

^ "fe 

lead 

¥ 

ft 

oo.fral t 

W O 

A £ 

copper 

U2 

X 

£- 

z j ne 

¥ 

i ran 

¥ 

o 

antimony 

1, 

t- A- 

tin 


CP 

itjangranese 


321 







DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGIUS 


APPENDIX 

G 

Siqils 

WILSON 

r:Oriy ideEed 1 standard 1 

1Q19 

■n mo-d-ern astrology troin 

SATURN 

>3 


VENUE O 

PALLAS 4^ 

JUPITER 

2/ 


MERCUR V B 

CERES ^ 

MARS 

V 


THE MOON f£ 

JUNO 0 

THE SUM 

G 


URANUS }ji 

VESTA 

ARTES c 

r 


TAURUS V; 

GEMINI TT 

CANCER < 



LEO S"l 

VIRGO TT^ 

LIBRA. £ 



Scorpio TT'l 

SAGITTARIUS £ 

CAPR I COR, 

N \j 


AQUARIUS gg 

piscls X: 

SQUARE 

□ 


S EXTILE ^|< 

OPPOSITION ^ 

TR IRE 



CONJUNCTION A 


DRAGON r ,5 

HEAD S~h 


DRAGON 1 S TAIL L ?_f 

PART OE FORTUNE 0 


APPENDIX 7 "Standard 1 sigLLa in uiadern astpaloyy frairi 

DEUTSCHE 19 BO 


SATURN T\ 

'/DjVl.'S' ^ 

Jl/PITZL'i? 

4 

MERCUR V 0 

JDIHS 0 1 ' 

mmv 


SUN 0 

KR/UVCAS tjt 

WL'FrUtfi' CjJ/ 


PLUTO '■CJ 

DRAGON 1 S HEAD J i 



ARIES HT 

taurus 

tsrjfJivj 


CANCER Q"6 

AEP 4_T|Lh 

VIRGO Tfp 


LIBRA - ,r ' L _ 

sraftpio rr\ 

SAGITTARIUS 


CAPEFCOEA' ^5 

aquae ix/s 

PISCES X 



322 















Index of Sigils 


MV ATM IN CONSTRUCTING THIS INDEX has been to reduce a vast number of Lhe 
more frequent, sigils to a formal classification which will facilitate 
identification, ana thus supplement in a useful way the entries within 
this Uicfionary. Towards this end, I have reduced some 5,000 sigils tc 
small distinctive groups an the basis of a two fold division. The first 
division is based a count of strokes comprising the sigiLs - rj divlsdon 
loosely allied to the character count favoured by the Chinese lexicography 
- whilst the second division is based upon salient 'recognition features' 
within the sigils themselves- bv tills two fold division a very large 
number of sigils has been reduced, by .a fair graphic logic, to groups 
which may be presented in the space of approximately two pages - indeed, 
in most Crises, within the space of one page only* 

My first division is in terms of character strokes. The sigils have 
been divided according to the number cf strokes {straight lines, curves, 
circles, and so on) which give them their distinctive forms. Fur example, 
Lhe following three sigils ,ir« each different- forms for MSRCUFYi 

in M ¥ 


323 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL 3IC1L3 


A simple count of the number of strokes underlying these three forms 
reveals each si.qil to belong to a different primary class, thus: 


lm equals 1 M 


£ 


equal 


s r 


O 1 


equals ^ '— J 


O l — 


whi ch g.ives THREE STROKES 

which gives FOUR STROKED 

which gives FIVE STROKES 


A curved loop is counted as THREE strokes, on the grounds that it 
consists of an enclosure with two arms, thus: cJ — 

Because of this, a sigillic form for MERCURY such as ^ would be 

counted as consisting of FTVE STROKES, on the following basisi 

equals Cj O A — which gives FIVE STROKES. 

in practice, one must- be careful to distinguish such a ’three stroke 1 
loop from the fom which Is in Fact actually made up from two 

Strokes, one being a straight line, the other a curve. Similar y, the 
'three stroke r must be diatinguished from the form <C which is made 
up from the small, circle and the curve, thus: c C_ 

What may at first appear to be a somewhat complex matter, proves in 
fact to be very simple. Anyone who wishes to identify ar. unknown slall, 
in order to find the relevant entry in the Dictionary/ must first count 
the number ot strokes from which the sigil is constructed. Suppose, for 
example, one wishes to seek the identity and meaning of the three sigils: 



A" 




consists of the constituents: / 


n 


124 



IMDEX OF SIG1LS 


The SOCO 


nd 


consists 


of the constituents: 



The third 



cons ist s o f fch e con st i tinen l s i 



Accordingly P one would therefore seek the forms (and hence the identity) 
of each of these three- sigils in the columns ranged under the prime class 
of FOUR STROKES. 

By means of this prime division, only five groups are established, 

XL proved inpracticable to extent the index beyond the liur.its of siyiJ Lie 
forms constructed from tore than five strokes. However, the very large 

number of sigils included within such limitations require a further basis 
of division to make them manageable. I have accordingly adopted a 
subdivision based on salient recognition principles, which reduce these 
y ro up h co c l siderably. 

The basis of this subdivision is a recognition, of the individual images 
themselves. For example, if we examine once more the three forms given 



- we must observe that what they have in 


common is a structure based on three straight lines producing an enclosure 


of some form or other. It, therefore, we seek to identify these three 


sigils, we need only look under the prime classification of FOtJR .STROKES, 
and under the subdivision Three straight lines producing an enclosure, on 
page 379 and we should be able to identify these three forms. By means 
of this identification it should be possible for us to discover the 
corresponding name which will refer us to the actual entry within the 
body of the Dictionary. 



relates to OIL OF TARTAR 


325 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AM ALCHEMICAL SIC ITS 



relates to lime of eggshell 



relates to SATURN 


Within the respective entries of the Dictionary t further information 
relating to meaning, source, and so on, will be found. 

This second basis of division, by salient recognition principles r has 
1 kl'2 to the following groupings, alongside which l give hero two examples 
to help In identification of the class + 


ONE STROKE. 


One lino or point (page 331) 


TWO STROKES 

Two straight lines (page 32 2) \/' 

One straight line and one curved (page 333) 
Uoth strobes curved (page 3 35) ^ 

Large circle and one stroke (page 338} ©- 


nr- 


€ 


small circle and one stroke (page 340) fP CsJ J 


THREE STROKES 


Large circle with lines inside (page 34 2) (p_.J 

Large circle w T ith linos outside (page 343) y y 

Large circle with strokes both inside and outside (page 344) <£> ©■ 

l 


9 n 

Two small circles plus stroke (page 346} ^ ° 

o 

Three small circles (page 347) * 

■d? 

One small circle plus two curves (page 348) Or— 


V 


326 





INDEX OF B1GILS 


THREE STROKES (continued^ 


One small circle plus one straight line (page 349) _’ L 

One snail circle plus two straight lin.es (page 350) __ Q — 

Three straight strokes forming enclosure (page 351) ^ ' 

Three straight lines forming open sigil (page 352} -■ 1 ^ 

\ j _!i. 

Two straight lines, in cross or T ( forming open sigil (p-354) '- J i 

Two straight strokes, forming enclosure in sigil (page 355} '■" '| ^ F 
two straight- lines giving open sigil (page 356) '\y '—j 

One straight, and horizontal stroke (page 355} J' L 3 “k. 

One straight and vertical stroke (page 360) 4- iT>" 

One straight- line at angle (page 361) Ls^f ~~ ? 

Curved, formlag open sigil (page 362) 

Curves with enclosure (page 363) /h ^0 


n 


FOUR STROKES 

Large circle enclosing tines (page 364) 

Large circle with three straight lines (page 365) 

Large circle with three lines (page 366} £ 5- 

_ | 

Large circle with lines cutting circle (page 367} 2T 
Small circle with straight lines (page 365) \/\* 

Small circle with one curved stroke {page 369) £ 5 


5 


d 

Ijr - 


0 


& 


Small circle with at least two curves (page 370) 

Sinall circle isolated within sigil (page 371) — O __ 
Two circles plus h tr : .iight lines (page 37 2 ) G v " jF —-J- 
Two circles plus at l^a^t one curve (page 373) 


11 


Hzr 


r~: 








DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICTLS 


FOUR STROKES (continued) 


Three or more circles (page 374) dd 8? 

Straight lines producing quadrilnteral enclosure (page 375) lU _Z 
Four straight- lines, producing triangular enclosure £p, 376) ‘t A 
Four straight lines producing open sigil (page 377) 

t - - 

TlifHH straight lines incorporating enclosure (page 379) [> /V* 


Three straight lines producing open sigil (page 380) 1 


71 


^ C 


Two straight lines with enclosure (page 382) “V vf/’- 

Two straight lines producing open sigil (page 3S3) 

One straight line with enclosure in sigi1 (page 385) 7t^ 

one straight line with open sigil (page 336) 

Curves with enclosure within sigil (page 307) V 

X ^ 


Curves only (page 388) VY ~j 


FIVE STROKES 


W 

Sigil incorporating large circle (page 389) V 


■€> 


© 8 




A "*« 


l 


One large i-ivcle (page 391} 

Small circle with straight strokes (page 392) 

Small circle with at least one curved line (page 39 
Two eD-uli circles (page 39b) H—®' F 

Three «r more email circles (page 390) Aq 
Five straight lines forming triangular shape (page 399) \7 £>jc7 

Five s t r a ight lilies f c rm L ng quadr i 1 a ter a 1 in s ig i i (page 4ol) i' 
Five straight lines giving open sigil (page 4c2) o|=: 

Five curves only (page 4-01) 


328 








INDEX OF S1C1LS 


FIVE STROKES (continued) 


<7 


Four straight lines in sigil (page 405) V - ,r ~ L —1 
Three straight lines in sigil {page 407) V y^ 

Two straight lines within sigil (page 409) —Q— ^ 0 

One straight line in sigil [page 410} 


529 






INDEX OF SICILF 


ONE STROKE - On* Line or 


- 

ARCHETYPES 

UNITY 


LADY POPE 

MATTER 

PASSIVE PRINC. 

—- 

WATER 

! 

ACTIVE 

BODY ERECT 

JUGGLER 

ONE 

J 

PLANETARY S. (D) 

S 

MERCURY 

S 

HALF 

n 

ALUM 

r\ 

ALUM 

LIME OF EGGSHELL 

cro 

DISSOLVE 

6^ 

PLANETARY S. (S) 


LEO 

SOAPSTONE 

ji 

LEO 

Si 

CAPUT 

LEO 

U% 

LEO 

o 

SOUL 

U 

PURIFY 

u 

ARIES 


SUMMER 

^ PLANETARY S. (C) 


point. 


c 

CRYSTAL 

LEAD 

LIME 

O 

6 

RETORT 


e 

WATER 


e 

DUNG 


G" 

AKBRIEL 


6 

AMNIXIEL 


0 

SPIRT'T OF GEMINI 


&, 

PLANETARY 5* (C) 


D 

MOON 

PHILOSOPHIC LEAD 



SILVER 

o 

3 

SOUL 

o 

9 

DISTILLATION 

DUNG 

PLANETARY S. (Cl 

S 

J? 

FTMU5 EQDTNNS 

LEO 


G b 

PURIFICATION 

6 

Q 

LEO 

2 

'V 

0 

CHRIST 



SATURN 

O 

Q 

o 

ABYSS 


AIR 

ANASHYA 

• 


ALUM 

ANTIMONY VITRUM 

BLOODSTONE 

CUCURBITA 

CUPELLA 

DEATH 

» 


EGG 

ESSENCE 

ETERNITY 

FIRE 

GENIUS OF WATER 
GREATER WORLD 
HERMETIC TETRAD 
INFINITY 
MANIFESTATION 
MATERIA PR1MA 
NIGHT 
ORE 

QKYGEN 

PRIMAL POWER 
SOLAR SYSTEM 
SUN 

THREE AIRS 

UNITY 

VITRIOL 

ALUM 

ANTIMONY VITRUM 
ARSENIC 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 

GUM 

SAND 

VENUS 

PLANETARY 5. (S) 

VITRIOL 

LAPIS 

CHALK 

CHALK 

LADY PORE 

EARTH 


331 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGHS 


TWO STROKES - Two strFlight 1 inHi 


\/ ARIES 

MARCAfilTE 
OIL OF TARTAR 
PLANETARY S. fC) 
TARTAR 

T CREATION 

CROSS 

MARS 

SALTPETRE 

TAU 

TINCTURE 

\ QUINCUNX 

PLANETARY E, (C) 

-™Z AQUA FORT IE 

—j— AURICHALCUM 
CHAOS 
CROSS 
CRUCIBLE 
DISTILLATION 
ELEMENTS 
EUCHARISI 
FALL OF MAN 
FOUR ELEMENTS 
HERMETIC TETRAD 
MANIFESTATION 
MATERIAL WORLD 
OCTONARY 
ORPIMENT 
QUATERNARY 
TERNARIu s 
VINEGAR 
VITRIOL 
WORLD ARCANUM 


V EARTH 

QUATERNARY 

SALTPETRE 

SULPHUR 

TALC 

TAURUS 

VINEGAR 

VITRUK 

WORLD ARCANUM 
W INK 

y UNCIA 

Ip ANGULAR 

P CADENT 
IRON 
PLUTO 

PLUTO-LOWELL 
SEMI-SQUARE 

/— SLOW HEAT 

_[ INTEGRITY 

FIRE 

/ EGGSHELL 

“~j CHARACTERS OF EL, 

“7 CRUCIBLE 

MELTING POT 
OIL OF TARTAR 
VITRIOL 
WHITE VITRIOL 


y ELEMENTAL WORLD 
t SESQUIQUINTILE 

~ — AIR 

l | LADY POPE 

+ WHITE LEAD 


CROSS 
Y CROSS 

—CHARACTERS OF EL. 


vK A _lR 

CHRIST 

CROSS 

CRUCIBLE 


< 

> 


EGGSHELL 
SEMI-SQUARE 


GEM7-SQUARE 


-I 

v- 


PLANETARY E„ 
PHLEGMA 


(D) 


Y SKILLET 


132 








li'iDKX OF STOILS 


TWO STROKES - Out straight line and one curved 


T 

y 


INPUS ION 

CALX 

CROSS 

SMOKE 


AMNIXIEL 

CALX 

CALX METALLORUM 

4" CALX METALLORUM 

/■Jl SILVER. 

A' LEAD 
SALT 

MARS 
' MOON 


0 


CRYSTAL 


Vn lead 


SP TURN 
TARTAR 


■? 

b SATURN 
^ SATURN 




PT.ANETARY S. (C) 


$ cinna: 

TBflf’T 


JAEAR 
CROCUS 
MERCURY 

SAFFRON FLOWER 
SALT 

WRITE ARSENIC 

D CREATIVE POTENCY 
ONE 
RU 

SATURN 


X PUGILLUM 

£ 


y WRITS LEAD 


q 


ANTIMONY 
PLANETARY S r (D) 


JEM IN I 
VITRIOL 


£) AQUA FORTTi 
cQh- BOLE 
‘U Cl 

1 VI 

|X FIRST 

ALAEROTE 
f'T MOON 
^ URINE 
fZ CALX 

■- CROCUS MARTI; 


> 


AES USTUM 
CROCUS VENERIS 
t URNACE 
VENUS 


-Y->- SILVER 
MERCURY 
^ MOON 


“to 


CAPRICORN 


_C DISSOLVE 

PIAKFTARY S 


(C) 


~jX SUN 


y 


PLANETARY S 
RETORT 


(C) 


-f- P7ANETARY S, (D) 


:Z.j_ COAGULATE 


0 P1ANETARY E, (D} 
p2_ AES USTUM 
ANTIMONY 

—j PLANETARY S. {D} 

X—J BOILER 

ETERNAL DARK 
PLANETARY S, (D) 
PLANETARY S, (S) 

TT salt 

9 

^ CEMENT 
~~ CALCINATE 
-0- SPIRIT 


%5 


CAPRICORN 

CAT'T.TT 


T PLANETARY S. (C) 

T CUPELEA 

SPIRIT OF SCORPIO 

METAL 

- A MOON 

J SCRT.TPTJLUS 


—0 PISCES 
oi SOAPSTONE 
—O CALCINATED TARTAR 
-p-O PIjANETARY S* (0) 
CANCER 


-J-') PLAN ET AR YD, [C ) 


.1 3 3 


conti nued 








DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC A!?D ALCHEMICAL 5 TOILS 


TOO STROKES - One* straight line and one curved. (continued) 



CANCER 

Q 

PLANETARY S, (C) 


ARIES 

Y 

CROCUS VENERIS 

c v 

QUICKLIME 

d 

TOT IA 

a> 

P LA DIETARY S T (5) 

/ 

SILVER PAINT 

/ 

IRON 

a 

/ 

SILVER PAINT 


ROMAN VITRIOL 


K T5MAEI, 

<i 

PLANETARY L (B) 


CINNABAR 

£ 

MARS 

5 

MERCURY 

G 

CROCUS MART IS 

-r 

PLANETARY S, (S) 

QY 

Y 

CRYSTAL 


PLANETARY S . {3>> 

<yy 

DRY 


COPPER 

6 

HASMODAI 

Y 


Y 

SALTPETRE 



CALCINATED TARTAR 


PLANETARY S. {S} 

<X 

ELECTRUM 

< 

SALT 

VENUS 

CA 

CALCINATE 


SULPHUR 

w 

SPOONFUL 

cV 

CALX CHYMICUS 

Xo 

CAPRICORN 


■ 

NIGHT 

0 

HISMAEL 

£? 

PISCES 

PG 

DISTTT.I AT I ON 

cor 

BRONZE 

CRUDE METAL 

o' 

•l 

PURIFICATION 

V 

PURIFY 

6 

DRACHMA 


& 

ARSENIC! 

G) 

SALTPETRE 

A, 

CAUDA 


33 i 








INDEX OF STOILS 


TWO STROKES - Both strokes curved 


SPIRIT OF TAURUS 


p/ CAPRICORN 

REDUCTION 
SALTPETER 

syf WINE 

'' SAVIOUR 

WHITE WINE 

CALCINATE 

SCHIIPULUS 

EQUINOX 
FIRE 


27 


7 

no 




r "'fD SPIRIT OF VIRGO 

'"V 1 OITj OF TARTAR 
RED SULPHUR 

r \f ARIES 

CREATION 
CROSS 
HA HAT. TED 
JUPITER 
MELTING POT 
MERCURY 
MONTH 

JASON 

d 

BORAX 

(_/\ VOLATILE 
[j^, PLANETARY S. (S) 



kj OMEGA 
£ MOON 

fy PLANETARY E + (C) 


£/ 

PLANETARY 

REDUCTION 

s 

{D} 

? 

c/ 

PLANETARY S 

(C. ) 


SILVER 



LEO 



TIN 



LEO 


7, 

£_y GRAIN 










Jl7 

CALCINATED TARTAR 

t? 

QUINTESSENCE 

REDUCTION 



ALUM 


&> 

PLANETARY 

S. 

(S) 

nJ\J 

ALBUM 


t 

PLANETARY 

g 

CC) 

Co 

^IKGU 



PLANETARY 

c 

(C) 

7 

SILVER 


i 

LIXIVIUM 



Vj 

TAURUS 


Q 

SAL GEMMA 



9 

PLANETARY S T 

(. s) 

PLANETARY 

£ . 

CC) 

-VI 

PLANETARY S. 

(D) 


PLANETARY 

5 + 

W) 


SCORPIO 




PLUTO 




LEAD 


vaLJ 

SILVER 



PLANETARY S 

(13) 


o 

RU 



LEO 


$ 

o 

LIGHT 

MOON 



O 

-n 

CAPEICORN 


0 

VIRGIN 



>7__j 

SOAPSTONE 


T) 

LAPIS 




ALUM 






L 

DISTILLATION 


n 

LAPIS 




HOUR 

JUPITER 


n 

PLANETARY 

S, 

(c) 

7] 



PLANETARY 

5 * 

Cs) 

PLANETARY 5. 

(G) 


VITRIOT, 











EYE 


t) 

HASHODAI 




MUTABILITY 


<5 

LEAD 




PLUTO 


c 







e 

HALF H3RAGMA 



ASBESTOS 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


TWO STROKES - Doth strokes curved (continued} 


l) SILVER 

0 SILVER 

ASHES 
"" CINDERS 
MOON 
ORPIMENT 

C 1 ? MARS 

SCRUPULUS 

n/ 1 ALUM 
CAUDA 

PURIFICATION 
SPIRIT OF LEO 
TARTAR 


CV ALUM 

3“} FIX 

3—j AES USTUM 

CROCUS VENERIS 

CJ> PISCES 


^ DECOCTION 
GRAIN 
PISCES 



EBULLITION 


CALX METALLORUM 

capricorn 

HANAEL 

MATERIA PRIMA 

MOON 

PISCES 

PLANETARY S. (D) 

QUICKSILVER 

REALGAR 

SAL ALKALI 

WARM 


X 

PISCES 

REALCAR 


COPPER 



SILVER 

g 

LEO 


X 

ALUMEN PLUMEUM 

G 

MARS 



DUST 




PISCES 

G 

DROP 



POUND 

J 

FLUX 



POWDER 


MOON 



SOAPSTONE 

<T 

CAPRICORN 


3) 

ALUM 

BORAX 

£ 

GEMINI 



CINNABAR 

SALT 



FEMALE 




FORM 

c 

SILVER 



MOON 

MOON INCREASING 

MOONRISE 

J 

Gf 

NIGHT 



QUICKSILVER 

<±7 

GENIUS OF FIRE 


SOUL 

TOPAZ 

GRADE 

SAND CUPEL 



£ 

ARSENIC 

BORAX 


TlGILLUM 



MATTER 

MOON 

(3* 

LEO 



MOON DECREASING 

y 

LEO 



SILVER 




WISDOM 

H 

LEO 




J 




ARAB 

<V 

PLANETARY S T 

(C) 


COLO 

i 




MOON 

S’ 

SIC II, 



PHILOSOPHER 




SEXUAL ENERGY 


OUNCE 



SILVER 




WATER 


PLANETARY S, 

(C) 


WATER 





PHOSPHORUS 

Z 

PLANETARY S. 

(C) 

% 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 

T 

PUOILLUM 


kA3 

PLANETARY S. (O') 

d 

ROLE 



OC PULVERISE 


I COAGULATE 



PU GILLUM 


33fi 






1NDEX Of 5 TG TCS 


TWO STROKES - Ruth strokes curved Continued} 


A 

LEAD 

PUGILLUM 

A 

DISTILLATION 


SILVER 

7 

HOUR 

V 

CALX METALLQRUM 

d 

KFDEMEL 

n 

AIR 

a 

kedemel 

</2 

CALCINATED ALUM 

/3 

HALF 

0^ 

POUND 

ft 

SALT 

"V 

['LARS 


TAURUS 

T 

CAPRICORN 

V 

SATURN 

V 

MELTING POT 


SUN 

-w" 

SOAPSTONE 



^ <p 

CANCER 



°) 

CANCER 



1 

PLANETARY S. {S} 



7 

TAURUS 



O" 

TAURUS 

TIC1ELUM 



r?T 

SAL TARTAR! 



DC 

CALX 

QUICKLIME. 



6 

SULPHUR 



& 

GLASS 



VITRUK 



a 

FIRE 



T> 

RECEIVER 



$ 

POPULUS 



£ 

GAL ALKALI 










DICTIONARY OF 'OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


TWO STROKES - Large circle ana cne strike 


0- 

SALT 

—G- 

QRPIMEMT 

© 

GLASS 




REVERRERATIO 


OIL 

-© 

OLIVE OIL 


SAL GEMMA 


O'lL DIETITiI.ATE 




SALT 


OIL OF TARTAR 

e 

AHENUM 


SALTPETRE 


SALT 


AIR 


SANSARAC 




ALCALXCU5 


SPIRIT OF WINE 




EARTH 


SULPHUR 

0 

CINNABAR 


ELEMENTS 






HOLY DEITY 

o 

GLAS 3 

0 

ALUM 


LIGHT 






LILITH 

0 

ALUM 

d 

MARCASTTE 


MANIFESTATIOH 


SPIRIT 


TAURUS 


MOTHER NATURE 






MOIL OH 

© 

MOTION 

5 

BORAX 


PLUTO 




iron filings 


SALT 

0 

PASTE 


LUNA FlXA 


SILVER 


QUICKSILVER 


SAL GEMMA 


SPIRIT 






THREE EARTHS 

0 

SALTPETRE 

W 

SALT 




STAGNATED 

TAURUS 


VERBIGRIS 


VITRUM 







fcf 

MURIEL 

0 

ACI30S 

o 

ALBUMEN 




AZOTE 


CINNABAR 

oc 

GOLD 


DIDO 


COSMOS 

POTASH 


MALE ELEMENT 


ESSENCE 




ORIGIN 


EYE OF GOD 

p. 

SAL ALKALI 


POTASSIUM NTTRATE 


HYDROGEN 




SALSITER 


INFINITY 


CANCER 


SALTPETRE 


JUGGLER 



SPIRIT 


MALL 

& 

SUN 


THREE WATERS 


MANIFESTATION 





PERFECTION 

c5- 

ALUM 

b 

FLOWERS OF BRASS 


POTABLE GOLD 


SOAPSTONE 

i 



PRIMAL POWER 



® 

IRON 


SUN 

9 

SALT 




SUN ARCANUM 



CP 

MARCASITZ 


THREE PRTNCTPLES 

CQ 

SOAPSTONE 


SALTPETRE 





VITRIOL 

p) 

k. J 

DEATH 


ALKALI 




OB I IT 

8 

AQUA REGIS 

9 

SMOKE 




BORAX 



0 

DECADE 


CAS ST FT, 

cb 

SUN 




CINNABAR 


BORAX 

© 

ALBUMEN 


COPPER 




CIRCULU5 DUPLEX 


CRYSTALLISED VEF 


EARTH 


COPPER 


HAEMATITE 












INDEX OF SIGILS 


TWO STROKES - Large circle and one stroke (continued) 


Q MAKCAS1TE 

© 

MOON 

MINERAL SALT 

OGDDAD 


PROJECTION 

PLANETARY 5. (C) 

PLANETARY S* (□} 

0^ 

PLANETARY S (S) 

POTASH 

PRIAPUS TAURI 

0 . 

ALUMEN PLUMECJM 

S/LL ALKALI 

SAL GEMMA 

Q 

CRYSTAL 

TUT IA 


QUINTILE 

VERDIGRIS 


SOAPSTONE 

WATER OF I,TEE 

WHITE ARSENIC 

CD 

MARCASITE 

WHITE VITRIOL 

SALTPETRE 

CO INFINITY 

Cl 

SUN 

QGDOAD 

OPPOSITION 


CRUDE METAL 


BRONZE 

O HAL1RISNS PRIME'S 

SIDUS FORTUNAE 


CONOR 

O CORNUA SCORPIONIS 


MARCASTTE 

j£) SINC 

o' 

OSSA 

QQ OIL 

© 

SILVER 

SUGAR 



(y) 

COPPER 

0 PQPULUS 


P) 

WHEEL OP FORTUNE 

£pj SUN 


4±> 

SAL GEMMA 

0 RETORT 



TIN 

a 

VULCAN 

""Q RECEIVER 

cC 

LEAD 

,G WHITE VITRIOL 

TAURUS 

^2) moon 

<0 SOAPSTONE 

fQ CALCINATED GOLD 

GOLD 


. 1 39 







DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


TWO STROKE S — S>n^Il circle and one stroke 


fj> GLASS 

j ANTIMONY 

f CROSS 
i DAY 

DISTILLATION 

SALTPETRE 

VERDIGRIS 


■p CHARACTERS OF EL. 
MELTING POT 
NIGHT 
VENUS 

°[ QUINTESSENCE 

f SMOKE 

L 

L p ALUM 



NIGHT 

ARSENIC 


J HOUR 

NIGHT 

—O NIGHT 

VHRD T OR T S 


& CROCUS MftRTlS 


0- CONJUNCTION 

o-CONJUNCTION 

DAY 

VITRUM 


COPPERAS 


O-1 PLANETARY R . (S) 


ir y- CONJUNCT ION 
DAY 



GENUINE 

MERCURY 


SUr.PHUE 


SUH 

6" BURNER ALUM 
DAY 


(T n CHARACTERS OF 


/ 









f 


j 

0 

cJ 







O' 


I 

o 


SALTPETRE 

LILITH 
MAKS 
MERCURY 
OIL OF TALC 
SALT 

COPPER 

DEATH 

EARTH 

SPIRIT 

LEO 

ARSENIC 
SOLVERE 
301.F 
ALUM 

DISTILLATION 

LEO 

ARSENIC 

CAUDA 

FIRE 

SOOT 


DISSOLVE 

LEO 

Solver i: 


AMT 1 A.GNY 
LEO 


n 

DISTILLATION 

LEO 

n 

LEO 

of) 

V 

LEO 

\f 

PLANETARY S, (S) 

</ 

GENUINE SULPHUR 

l 

I.EO 

ci— j 

PLANETARY R . (S) 

C 

CALX 

CHARACTERS OF EL 

COAGULATION 

<r^ 

RETORT 

■^-_p 

LAY 

r 

SAL ALKALI 

£-~\ 

LEO 


DISTILLATION 


WHITE VITRIOL 

9 

y 

DISTILLATION 

SAT i GEMMA 

SILVER 

lJ 

WHITE ARSENIC 

0 

ARSENIC 


DUNG 

n 

u / 

6 

AUTUMN 

o 

HAURIEN E SECUNDU; 

m 

PREVIOUS SYZYGY 

x> 

ARSEN I.C 


340 










INDEX OF STGTLS 


TWO STROKES - Small circle and one stroke (continued) 


a 

QGDQAD 

L 7P 

WATER 

CAPRICORN 


tX\j VI ME CAR 


> 

MAGNESIA OF COLE 


CAPRICORN 

L< 

TERRESTRIAL 

A 

SAL ALKALI 

SALT OF KALI 

COBALT 

o r 

V 

MERCURY 

TAURUS 

fa\ 

EYE 

TTN 

~o~ 

DISTILLATION 

RONES 

_£2_- 

MYRIAD 

o 

CORNUA ARIETT5 

r\ 

O w 

CONJUNCTION 

/ 

SILVER PATMT 


s 

e-^ 5 EARTH 


£ 

GOLD 


OCCULTATION 


z/? LEO 
gO CEO 

{j5 


341 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL 5IGILS 


THREE STROKES - -Large: circle with lints isisidt 


© 

VEGETARILTA 

© 

EVOLUTION 

© 




MINERAL!A 


© 

EARTH 


ORIGIN 

© 




TAU 


© 

AHENUM 






© 

ANIMALIA 


© 

SPHERE 

SOAPSTONE 

© 


VEGETAEILIA 






© 

CRYSTALLISED VER. 

© 

© 

ALUM 

GENUINE SULPHUR 



CALX 


VERDIGRIS 

Q 


CAPUT MORTUUM 


VITRIOL 

o 


CREATION 


VITRIOLIC ACID 

© 


■ORDSHWEREL 





CRYSTALLISED VER, 


VITRIOL 



DEATH 





EARTH 

© 

CGLCCTKARIJM 

© 


FALL OF MAN 





FORM 

© 

CONJUNCT IQ 

© 


HERMIT 

VERDIGRIS 



MALE AND FEMALE 

© 


© 


MANIFESTATION 

CONJUNCT 10 



ORIGIN 





PARS 

(ID 

SODA 



quaternary 

e 




ROSY CROSS 

OIL 



SULPHUR 





VERDIGRIS 

© 

HONEY 



VITRIOL 






© 

CROCUS VENERIS 



SUBLTMAIION 

© 

SILVER 



ALUM 

CO 

STAGNATED 



AMISS IQ 





CAPUT MORTUUM 

© 

SUN 



CHRIST 





DEATH 

© 

QUICKLIME 



EUCHARIST 





FERMENTATION 

© 

THREE AIRS 



MATERIA PRIMA 




© 


© 

SALTPETRE 


ALIJMRN PLUMBUM 




ANIMALIA 

G 

CAPUT MORTUUM 



ATLANTIS 





CROSS 

© 

SODA 



EARTH 





LEAD 

PLATINUM 
MYSTERIOUS PLA . 
SAL AMMONIAC 
SAL AMMONIAC 

MARC AS ITA AIJREA 

SEPARATION 

GOLD 

WHITE VITRIOL 

AGATE 

SUN 


342 






INDEX OF SIGILS 


THSIEE STROKES - Larue circle with Lines outs-ids 




5 

S 

s 


DIGEST 

REALGAR 

TAURUS 

TAURUS 

SOAPSTONE 

SPRING 

TAURUS 

PRIAPTJS TAURI 

REALGAR 

VINEGAR 

ANTIMONY 
BORAX 
CINNABAR 
E ART Li 

FORTUMA MINOR 

JUPITER 

HARE 

THREE FIRES 
VENUS 

ANTIMONY RRGULUS 



IRON 

MAES 

QUICKLIME 


(f KARS 

CT* CROCUS MARTIS 

(~Y antimony 
r/ ANTIMONY 



% 

CROCUS VENERIS 

2- 

ARSENIC 3 UBLIKATE 

a 

ov 

COPPER 

DIGESTION 

mar S 

£ 


VENUS 


o+ 

TAURUS 

ax 

RETORT 

cC 

C'— 1 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 

Oy 

0—' 

DAY 

go 

oo 

AUK 1011AJXUM 

;uo 

CK 

SAL. GEMMA 

VITFUM 

" c 7 

O 

TIN 

o 

/ \ 



CALCINATE 

i2_ 

9 

DA1MON 

a 

L 

R 

COBALT 

GRADES OF FIRE 

c3 

/ ■ 

o 


O’ 

POTASH 

cf 5 

I 

VENUS 

9 

AIR 

BELL METAL 

COPPER 

0 

V 

8 


FEMALE 

FORTUNA MAJOR 

VENUS 

verdtgris 

o9 

Q 

Q 

BRASS 

n 


CROCUS VENERIS 



VENUS 



6 


CROCUS 


VENERI£ 



PLANETARY 


(C> 


MINIUM 
E'i LjER IC 

FLOWERS OF BRAS 
LITHARGE 

SCORPIO 

SAL AMMONIAC 

POTASH 

VITRIOL 

RED ORPIYFNT 

AUTUMN 

FIRE 

FLOW 

DIGEST 

QUINTESSENCE 
RED ORPIMENT 
RED VINEGAR 
SUN 

SUN 

MARCASITE 
CINNABAR 
L.TJi'UM SAPIENT. 
DA I MON 








4e -o p- % ^ ©a o: a; ec i©^ «h ©- $r ®- & 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HFkMETIC AfJD ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


THREE STROKES 


circle with strokes both inside and outside 


SUN 


LOETITTA 


GOLD 


ARMENIAN ROLL. 
EARTH 

9 

SALTPETRE 

9 

MAGNESIA 

9 

SALTPETRE 

f 

KALE OUNCE 


EARTH 

MONT a 

SAL GEMMA 

f 

TAURUS 


MARCASITE 


CAT AMINK 

DIGEST 


CALCIMATEE GOLD 
CALX 

PARS 


PISCES 


PLANETARY S. [£} 

<$r 

COPPER 


ARMENIAN BOLE 

ASHES 

BOLE 

CALAMINE 

$ 

<£ 

CINDERS 

PURE HAND 

MENSTRUUM 

NITRE GLOBULES 

$ 

<z> 

jlT 

SULPHUR 

VENUS 



LITHARGE OF GOLD 

S? 

TIN 

OIL 


LEAD 

CRYSTAL 

k 

QUICKSILVER 

TRISTITIA 


MAES 

VERDIGRIS 


MARS 

EARTH 


PASTE 

WHITE VITRIOL 

& 

L--' 

WHITE VITRIOL 

CALCINATED ALUM 

-€> 

CALCINATED ALUM 

SAL_ 

£H 

SAL” 

SALT 

64- 

QUICKSILVER 

SULPHUR 

WAX 


ACID 

NITRIC ACID 


CROSS 
HAEMATITE 
PARS 
SALT 
SODIAC 

CALCINATED TARTAR 
PARS 

VERDIGRIS 

ARMENIAN BOLE 
VERDIGRIS 

I1AMA L ILL 

OIL 

ANTIMONY 
PASTE 
OLIVE OIL 
SPIRIT OP VIRGO 


(3- COPPERAS 

THREE WATERS 
VITRIOL 
WHITE VITRIOL 

Q- VITRIOL 

0-^V VITRIOL 

0-jj VITRIOL 

0r—VITRIOL 

Q0 CROCUS VENERIS 

100 ORFIMENT 

MORTAL ADAM 

^0^ ROMAN VITRIOL 

—0V- CINNABAR 

- J 0-' FORTUNE 

1T0LL ARMENIAN BOLE 


344 













I NDFX OF SIGILS 


THREE STROKES - circle with sf.ro.kes both inside and outside (cant.,) 



ALUM 

VITRIOL 



G-x 

St 


9" 


COPPER 

PURGE 

AES ITSTUM 

COPPER 

OIL 

MOON 


SUN 

CINNABAR 

COLD 

<ZL BORAX 

ARSENIC SUBLIMATE 


345 










DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AWD ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


THREE STROKES “ Two snail circles plus strike 


1 

AES USTUM 

XJ 

ARIES 

* 

ANTIMONY 

NODE 


ARSENIC 


PURIFICATION 


CHARACTERS OF EL. 


REALGAR 


CHRIST 




COPPER FILINGS 


ASCENDING NODE 


NICCOLUM 




OPPOSITION 


OLEUM SANSARI 


PLANETARY S * (C) 




WHITE ARSENIC 

A_-P 

PURIFY 

c: 

DISTILLATION 

V 

TAURUS 

a 

PLANETARY S. (£) 

V 

CAPUT 

D 

WHITE ARSENIC 


NODS 




SAL VITRI 

S 

ZTNC 


UNCI A 

8 

PLANETARY S . (D'ji 

a- - "6 

SOAPSTONE 


SPIRIT OF GOLD 





t J Lp 

QUICKSILVER 

? 

VITRIOL 





XU 

CAP’JT 

Tl 

BORAX 


DESCENDINC NODE 




LEO 

X 

CINNABAR 

n 




^ L 

LEO 

-s- 

C INN AJJ.AP. 




ORP1MENT 

Ci 

JUPITER 


VITRIOL 

SUBLIMATE 


YEAR 


WHITE WINE 

“S" 

COAGULATION 

C 

ASCENDING NODE 




DESCENDING NODE 

s’ 

DIGEST 





a 

OUNCE 

-2 

SAL GEMMA 






MERCURY SUBLIMATE 

ss 

MERCURY SUBLIMATE 





2 - V 

ARSENIC 

k 

SALT 


BORAX 

T 



GLASS 

<LP 

PURIFY 


OPPOSITION 




WHITE ARSENIC 

X3 

BOLE 




DRACHMA 

(F- — D 

WHITE ARSENIC 


OIL OF TARTAR 




VERDIGRIS 
a— glass 

■DO SULPHURQU s matter 

<30 QUICKSILVER 

^ MERCURY' 

CO WHITE ARSENIC 

COAGULATION 

y ALUM 
** AURICHALCUM 
BRASS 

DISTILLATION 

GOLD 

OPPOSITION 
RED ARSENIC 

X DISTILLATION 

.y"° ANGEL 

IRON FILINGS 



ALBUMEN 

ALUM 

cX 

WHITE ARSENIC 

X s 

QUINTESSENCE 

l 55 

CHARACTERS OF LL, 

X® 

3 

QUINTESSENCE 


SATURN 

X 

WHITE ARSENIC 

Ho 

CHARACTERS OF EL, 

<2D 

SUN 

VENUS 

<$ 

AGATE 


346 






INBtiX OF SIGIL5 


THREE STROKES - Three small circles 


a CORONA 
o 

g MERCURY OF LEAD 

& CONCH 

^ AQUA R3GTS 
° e ETHER1C 
OIL 

OIL DISTILLATE 
OIL OS’ 1 TARTAR. 
OLIVE OIL 
SULPHUR 

o o AQUA RECIS 

w COOPERTA 

03 WHITE ARSENIC 

CW CALX 

CALX ME TALL OB. 1J M 


* an WHITE ARSENIC 


# BOILED OIL 

* 9 PEBBLE 

'j.p MINIUM 
S'o PASTOR 


O* BRACHUTM 


<8> TIN 


3 4? 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HERMETIC AND ALCHEMIC A L SIGILS 


THREE STROKES - One siDall circle plus two curves 



MARLASITE 

Y 

SF TR IT 

oy"D 

TAURUS 

T 

REALGAR 

SAL AMMONIAC 

X 

HOUR 

IRON 

STEEL 


FLOW 


TRON 

A 

FLOWERS OF BRA 

v J 

WHITE ARSENIC 


COAGULATION 

o 

CAPRICORN 


CAPRICORN 

X- 

CANCER 


CALCINATED TARTAR 

Aries 

GENIUS OF EARTH 

OTL OF TARTAR 

AJy CAPRICORN 
& 

op) MALCHIDAEL 
C PIECES 

s\ 

(f> CAPUT KORTUUM 
DEATH 


^ LEO 

mercury sublimate. 


PJ characters of el, 
_;1 LEO 

%? PURIFICATION 
2/1 LEO 
<r ) LEO 
eO T,EO 
£j) SUBLIMATE 
SALS ITER 

r-J/? DISTILLATION 
(y ADAMAS 
3C AOT.TT SIT TO 


AQT.1ISITID 


X 




AMIESIQ 

VITRIOL 

CANCER 

SUN 


vi/ 


Oj AKA SHY A 
PLUTO 

SPIRIT-SOUL 
PLANETARY S. (C) 


f 

ARIES 

LEG 

TARTAR 

CP° SCORPIO 


°2> 

S 

6 


LEO 

APOLLO 

CINNABAR 









INDEX OF SXGILS 


THREE STROKES - One snail circle ^lus one straight line 


A 

1 


STEEL 

CROCUS VENERIS 

IRON 

MARS 

MERCURY 


\~-3 VINEGAR 
\—3 STAR 


AUTUMN 

-o PLANETARY S. (S) 

9— -o SPIRIT OF TAURUS 
o_ J/ - S PIKIT OF PISCES 


BORAX 

WOITS ARSENIC 


<r 

SALTPETRE 

O ij 

SAL ALKALI 

■4 1 

NEPTUNE 


AES USTUM 

GLASS 

v 

■J t— 

PLUTO 


PLANETARY $. (S) 

NEPTUNE 

S~'- 

DISTILLATION 


AES USTUM 

i 

ANTIMONY FLOWERS 

LEAD ORE 

w 

MERCURY 

1, 

.-P 

AURICHALCUM 

BRASS 

~h 

TAURUS 


IRON FILINGS 

e* 

BOLL 

{ 

ARIES 


LEO 


SALT 

r\ 

CUCURBITA 

i 

ANTIMONY HEPAR 

ffi 

ANTIMONY 

A 

A LUMEN PUJNEUM 

■T 

BOLE 

X 

b 

PLANETARY S. (S) 

A 

LEAD 

15- 

PLANETARY B.. ($) 

i 

CALCINATED TARTAR 

R 

SANE CUPEL 

*}f 

TARTAR 

9 

LEAD 

A 

CAPRICORN 

X 

MINIUM 

SATURN 


AQUISITIO 

3 —o 

CROCUS MARTIS 

q/unburned SULPUUR 


CROCUS VENERIS 


VENUS 


>C 

X 

X 

.A 


X 

X 

X" 

X 

X 

v 

r 

X 


PLANETARY S. £S) 
SULPHUR 

ALUMEK PLUMEUM 
PLANETARY S . (S) 

BOLE 
ARSENIC 

PLANETARY S. (C) 
SACRED 

ARSENIC SUSIiTM. 
ARIES 

COPPER 

MARS 

RETORT 

SUN 

SAL GEMMA 

SATURN 


349 











DICTIONARY £>/■' OCCULT, HE7WETTC AND ALCHEMICAL STGIJ.S 


THREE STROKES - One scroll circle plus two straight liTiew 


A 

CIRCULATING FIRE 

X 

TUTIA 

Q 

PLANETARY S. 

(C) 


POTASH 

-V- 

\ 


■i 




SAL ALKALI 

ALUM 


PLANETARY S. 

(S) 



CRYSTALLISED VER, 




A 

CARDINALITY 


FIXED CROSS 

OIL 



DRACHMA 


ZODIAC 





./'V? EGGSHELL 
V MARCASITE 

V 


ALBUMEN 
EGG YOLK 
SAL GEMMA 


;/ ARSENIC SluL, 
A SILVER PAINT 
SILVER 


-V 


£$-— - SAL ALKALI 

O-T PLANETARY S, (S) 

O - f ALUM 

r-o SILVER 


CROCUS MARTIS 


X 
| . 

AURUM MUSTCUM 

X 

SPOONFUL 

-4- o 

PLANETARY 


/ 


L— B 

DAY 

A 

i 

PLANETARY S, (S) 

A 

SULPHUR 

X 

DAY 

T 

POTABLE GOLD 


SUN 

_ 

LIBRA 

JL 

JUPITER 

i 

BORAX 



r 

ORIGIN 




LIBRA 

-S— 

i 



SALT 


GEMINI 

CHRIST 


POTASH 

o 


■f 

-f 

CHRIST 

CHRIST 


ANXH 

CAPRICORN 


CINNABAR 

CHRISTMQN 


OIL OF SULPHUR 




ORIGIN 



AMISSIO 

RU 

BILE 

SACRIFICE 


CRUCIBLE 

TAD 

VENUS 

A 

WINE 

( 



^ CINNARAR 

-p 

SULPHUR 

SKIT. LET 

-X 

SULPHUR 

MENSTRUUM 


|p MERCURY 

■~i“ C OAGUI AT IOW 

V C RYSTALLISE 0 VER_ 
' " PLUTO 

SALT 


ALUM 

VERJiGRI S 


V1TRUM 


1 


DAY 
















INDEX OF 5TOILS 


three STROKES - Three straight strokes forming enclosure 



AMMONIA 

ARCHETYPES 

CREATION 

CREATI VE IMTF i' T ,ECT 

DESCENDANT 

EMPEROR 

FTRF. 

HEAT 

HERMETIC TETRAD 
HIGHER MAN 
LIGHT 
WEAKNESS 
MINIUM 

OCCULT TRIANGLE 

TEJAS 

TERNARY 

TP ICOMUM 

TRINE 

TRINITY 

WISDOM 


/\ FIRE 

SLOW HEAT 

/V SLOW HEAT 

^V FIRE 
XS, SLOW HEAT 

X SAL GEMMA 

\^/ CHARACTERS OF El.. 
ELEMENTS 
FOUNTAIN WATER 
MALE ELEMENT 
PHLEGMA 

PLANETARY S. (C) 

PLANETARY S. (S) 

TEMPERAMENTS 

TRINE 

WATER 

WRATH 


X SAT. AMMONIAC 



MELTING POT' 
PLANETARY S. 


PLANETARY S. 
POTASH 


SAL AMMONIAC 
TIN 


(CO 

is) 


SPIRIT OF WINL 

HOLY DEITY 

DISORDERED INTELLECT 

f\ ALU M 

A ASCENDANT 1 
COPPER 




ALE PH 


LEO 



MELTING POT 




JUFITER 
TIN 


A- DISTILLATION 
MELTING POT 
MINIUM 
SKILLET 
TARTAR 
TIGILLUM 


X CRUCIBLE 
SKILLET 
TIGILLUM 


V7 PHLECMA 
V 

PLANETARY S 
\j PT.AHETARY S 


iO 

(S) 












DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


TERSE STROKES - Three straight lines forming open sigil 


-vl_ 

MARCIAS 1TE 

X J —■ 

AQUA RESTS 

— 

AQUARIUS 

— 

IRON 

-- 

LEAD 

LEAD 


PASSIVE INTELLECT 

— 

AQUARIUS 


AQUA REGIS 

111 

ACTIVE INTELLECT 


EARTH HAND 

JESUS 

WHITE LEAL 


CHARIOT' 

HERCULES 

MERCURY 

WlilTE ARSENIC 

white lead 

’^r~ 

PUER 


PLANETARY S . (S ) 

PUELLA 

i 

BIQUINTILE 

RED SULPHUR 

X 

CAPUT MORTUUM 

^-V 

AIR 

1 

T 

SAGITTARIUS 

SEXT1LE 


SAGITTARIUS 

't — A 

BRASS 

PHLEGMA 

SUN 



CAT AMINE 


CALCINATE 

X 

ANIMALIA 

ANTIMONY VITRUK 
PLANETARY S. (C) 
PLANETARY X CD) 

H 

AUR10 LlALCU M 

n 

DAY AND MIGHT 
QUADRATURE 

X 

NIGHT 

L 

ARIES 

F 

FLOW 

X 

CHRIST 

u 

N 1 GET 
kuccedent 


TERRA LEMN1A 

V- 

TIGILLUM 


MELTING PCCT 

1 _L_ 

AQUA FORTIS 

t- J 

SAL ALKALI 

T 

CANE 

IT 

SAL ALKALI 

P 

CHARACTERS OF EL 

rH 

SALTPETRE 

T 

CROSS 

TAU 

V 

V 

IRON 

X 

J 

BORAX 


i 


JUPITER 

SALT 

TARTAR 

\ PLANETARY S« (B) 
^ VITRIOL 


N 

LTJTATION 

2 

DAY AND NIGHT 

■X 

VINEGAR 


TIN 

■) 

TIN 

it 

FIXATIOM 

4x 

SATURN 


ATR 

SAL AMMONTAG 

vh 

WAX 

"7 

/ 

TUT IA 

7 

7 

OIL OF TARTAR 

WHITE VITRIOL 


ARSENIC SUEIIMATE 

7 

SALT 


VITRIOL 

r 

1—. 

CALCINATED GOLD 

/ 7 
/ 

CRUCIBLE 

A“T 

/ 

CROCUS MARTIS 


SAL AMMONIAC 

<\ 

■ 

SAL. AMMONIAC 



252 
















THREE STROKES 


:NDEX Or STuILS 


- Three straight iinea forming open. £ieil 


CcoKti/iijedj 1 



AMMON IA 

CEP 7 STMON 

FIXED STAR 

PRAYER 

TEXTILE 

STAR 

SUMTIER 


FIXED STAR 
SAL ammoniac 

STAR 

WHITE ARSENIC 


CROSS 


,X, NIGHT 
>< | CHRIST340K 


yv^ QUINCUNX 

\y CROSS 
I E XP£CTART SOUL 
LOVERS ARCANUM 
PRAYER 

PYTHAGOREAN S_GIL 

TPTNTTY 

VAH 


\/ NIGHT 


\y COPPER 
\/_ SEMI-SSXTILE 
X 7 " SEMI-SHXTlLE 


A 

VOLATILF 

A 

CROSS 

Ls 

ALPHA 

/ 

SAGITTARIUS 

\ 

MAP.CAS ITE 

PUTREFACTION 

SAGITTARIUS 


IRON 

MARS 

SAGITTARIUS 


A 

SAGITTARIUS 

/> 

planetary S. (S) 


DISSOLVE 

SILVER 

SUBLIMATE 

11 

FURNACE 

1 i 

! r 

CHARACTERS OF EL, 

IL 

CHARACTERS OF FT,. 

T~ 

CALX CHYMICUS 


v—- — \ A3 R 

_X PLANETARY S. (C) 


’•X COPPER 
\ 

\/\ SULPHUR 
X 7 FIXATION 

[ DESCENDING salvation 
/ L PRAYER 

~ 7 \ gu inchNX 

X\ ALPHA 


J5 •! 






M -h ft <m yH ^ (H K) 4 ) Y A 


DICTIONARY 01- ' OCCULT, HERMETIC AjYD ALCHEMICAL £1 f, ILS 


THREE STROKES - Two straight, lines, in cross or T , forming open sigil 



COPPER 

-=p- 

PLANETARY S. 

MAGNESIA 01' IRON 



MERCURY 

MERCURY ETTRII MATE 


SAL ALKALI 

NEPTUNE 

T 

T1GILLUM 

QUICKLIME 



QUICKSILVER 


TUT IA 



ANTIMONY 

CALX 

MERCURY 

NEPTUNE 

gUICKLIME 



ANTIMONY 
QUICKSILVER 


,.J r SOAPSTONE 
~~gT WHITE PF.EC. OF M. 



PLANETARY S. (S) 
SATURN 


T-w SATURN 


>h MERCURY 

QUICKSILVER 



JUPITER 

TEST 


TUT IA 


-V- PILGRIMAGE 
'A'l PLUTO 


SATURN 
~SATURN 

CALCINATE 
AURI GBALCUM 
PLANETARY S. (Dj 


PLANETARY S* (Sj 
URANUS 

SAL ALKALI 

SAL ALKALI 


2|- AQUA FORT IS 
JUPITER 
TIN 
WARM 


'X/- TIN 
WARM 


PLANETARY 

s. 

CO) 

Of 

URINE 

RED WINE 



~k_ 

SATURN 

CROCUS 



_in 

ANTIMONY 

CALCINATE 




LEAL 





SATURN 

PLANETARY 

S. 

(0) 

i 






LEAD 

PLANETARY 

S* 

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/ 

SATURN 


ANIMAL!A 


—If3 SULPHUR 


_u C 

ANTJMONY 


ACID 

if 

LEAD 

“feo 

ARSENIC 

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TUTIA 


SATURN 


LEAD 

SATURN 

t, 

AMBR1EL 

LEAD 

SATURN 

-A 

LEAD 

5- 

CERES 


CERES 

TUTIA 

"=4- 

TUTIA 

9+ 

PLANETARY S. (£) 

o'tt 

QUICKSILVER 


SAP 

V’ 

CALX METALLORUM 

OVA 

SUBLIMATE 

(/ 

CURTST TRIUMPHANT 

'■J-' 

NEPTUNE 



c± 

LIME 

C -h 

CRYSTAL 

O-f 

CROSS 








INDEX OX XlCILS 


THREE STROKES - Two straight strokes, forming enclosure In sigil 


i-p 

CHRIST 

P 

SOLUTIO 


QUICKLIME 


CROSS 

3 

TAROK 

ro 

RETORT 


DISTILLATION 





MELTING POT 

TAU 

CO 

POTASH 

t 

TARTAR 

3 

SAFFRON FLOWER 

X 

QUICKLIME 

T 

CRUCIBLE 

I j 

NIGHT 

9 

QUICKLIME 


VINEGAR 

07 

PLANETARY 5. (D) 

i 

QUINTESSENCE 

-r:2_ 

DULL FIRE 

X 

ZAiSEL 

v= 

STONE 


MERCURY SUB. 

w 

MERCURY 

L /d 

AQUA FORTTS 

Vs 

MINIUM 


QUICKLIME 


SALTPETRE 

V 

MOON 

& 

CINNABAR 

JD 

VERDIGRIS 

x 

SPRING 

3 

CHRIST 

3- 

MAGNESIA 


VINEGAR 


STEEL 

c3 

VITRIOL 


ROMAN VITRIOL 

S 

STEEL 

ID 

CRYSTALLISED VER ♦ 


WHITE ARSENIC 

x- 

CRYSTAL 

=Q= 

i L - 

CAPUT 

tz 

TARTAR 

POWDER 

\3 ■ 

CAUDA 

e 

MOON 

x 

WAX 

A 

ALEMBIC 

€ 

CALK 

X 

YELLOW WAX 

DA 

AQUA REGIS 


CALX METALLORtJM 

y/ 

LEO 

f 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 

X 

X/ 

ALEPH 

/X 

MARS 

/ 

CINNAAAR 

3 

VITRIOL 

p------ 

MARS 

Id 

VITRIOL 

-3 

SOAPSTONE 

3 

SILVER PAINT 



3 

MOON 

p 

r 

CUPELLA 



P 

LAMP 

3 

HOUR 




PLUTO 


HONEY 



R 

MOVING MAN 


SLOW HEAT 



SAL ALKALI 






35'j 











DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, 1JFP.MFT1C AMD ALCHEMICAL STGTLS 


THREE STROKES - Two straight: lines giving open oigil 


',/ AQUA REGIS 
^ MENSTRUUM 

SPIRIT OF WINE 
WATER OF LIFE 

V spirit OF WINE 


- LIBRA 
OURANOS 
SKY 

SPIRIT 

SUBLIMATE 

VINEGAR 


(y QUICKLIME 
CV QUICKLIME 
Q v / MINERAL SALT 
(_yfy LEAD 

YELLOW WAX 
STOKE 
REGULUS 
FIXED 
FILTER 
FIX 
ALUM 

ALUM 

ALPHA 

PLANETARY S. (C) 
PLANETARY S. (Cl 

alkali 

MELTING POT 
SUBLIMATE 
EARTH 

PRECIPITATE 

ANNEAL 
CALCINATE 


jy. 

LIBRA 

OMEGA 



^2. 

SUBLIMATE 




SODA 




PAY 



*T_ _A 

DRACHMA 




MARS 




MINERAL SALT 



PLANETARY 

S . 

tC) 


SAL AMMONIAC 



SALT 



c5 

MICEARIEL 




PLANETARY 


(S) 

€ 

STONE 



■% 

OIL 




HOUR 



% 

OIL 



r y on, 



-a- 





Oil, 



A 

FLORES 



JZ, 

3 

ALUM 




PLANETARY 

s. 

ID) 

CT" 

PLANETARY 

s. 

(3) 


V ARIES 
Jl_, MONTH 


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„ ‘V 1 


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v 

v 

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y 

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CANL 

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s 

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CALX METALLORUM 


SAGITTARIUS 


PLANETARY S. (D) 

e 

PHLEGMA 

LITHARGE 


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q 

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MERCURY 

yyj 

HOUR 

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SATURN 

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CALX 

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LIBRA 

i 

PLANETARY S, (D) 
PLANETARY SL (S) 


PLANETARY S, (C) 

2* 

PLANETARY S. (C) 

X 

DAY AND NIGHT 


LUTUM SAP IE NT IAE, 


SUN 


TARTAR 

"lx 

HOUR 


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XN&EX Ol SIGILS 


THREE STROKES - Two 

Stj: 

Mirjht- lines giving open sigi.l 

(cont 

f juiedJ 


PLANETARY s . 

(S) 


CALCINATED LEAD 


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PLANETARY S. (S) 

V 7 

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SCRUPULUS 


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coagulation 

V 

FIXED 

2_J 

i 

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Cl 

LIME 


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SUBLIMATE 


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X"v 

PLANETARY S. 

(S) 

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LUCIFER 


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RECKIVER 


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/ 

£ 

PLANETARY S, (S) 



X 

FROTH OF NIT 

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PLANETARY S, (5) 




FIX 


oX 

VIRGO 




VERCHISL 


K, 

WHITE ARSENIC 



/ 

SOAPSTONE 



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S* 

- J n 

SEMI-5EXTILE 


q- 

SCRUPULU5 



SATURN 


JUPITER 



W 

IRON 


•< 

TEHKARIUS 



£ 

MOON 


. _L_ 

MILK 



\A 

SUBLIMATE 


c 

HALF 



fs 

JUPITER 


(T 

CINDERS 



x v 

JTJPITER 


r S 

ARIES 




CFRISTMON 


r \. 

TAPIS 



m A 

CAPRICORN 


Y 

MARS 









>i 

ANTIMONY 


S' 

CRUCIBLE 



V./ 

ANISE 


yc 

CRUCIBLE 




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DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SXG1LS 


THREE STROKES - One straight and horizontal stroke 


7C 

SAL AMMONIAC 

-36- 

PISCES 

X 

MOON 

u* 

PISCES 

SILVER PAINT 

X 

PISCES 

JH 

LEAD 

K 

PISCES 


SATURN 

-x= 

DUST 

Xf 

SILVER 

ec- 

EXTRACT 

SUMMER 


ALUM 

PISCES 

PLANETARY S. (C) 

POTABLE GOLD 

SOAPSTONE 

THREE FIRES 

4 

DREGS 

PISCES 

7 

PISCES 


ASTRAL WORLD 

X 

PiSCES 

5 c 

AMEN 

PISCES 

WAXING AND WAN. 

9f 

CAMPHOR 

K 

IJT 

PLANETARY S. (S) 

M 

SURIEL 


-£ 

DUNG 



MINERA 


y —l 

CINDERS 

VITRIOL 


•lJ- 

ALUM 

VENUS 


i_r 

BISMUTH 

COPPER 

MARCASite 


x 

AQUA REGIS 
ARIES 

CALAMINE 

PLUTO 

SAI, AMMONIAC 

SPIRIT 


X 

ARIES 


X 

BORAX 



PLANETARY S. 

(S) 


LEO 


X- 

VIRGO 



equal 

MARS 


xi 

AUTUMN 


V™ 

GLASS 


X 

L-- 

CALCINATED TARTAR 

S 

JUPITER 


sz 

TIN 

CASSRILL 

PLANETARY S, 

(D) 

4 

JUPITER 

TIN 



V. 

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c 

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X 

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■w 

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TL 

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xc 

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c.i- 


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5_ 


CROCUS MART IS 

CALCIMATE 

PLANETARY S. (D) 

JUPITER 

MERCURY 

HALF LITRE 

GEMINI 

TARTAR 

TIN 

SAL ALKALI 
TIME 

CROCUS VENERIS 
PLANETARY S. (S) 
TAURUS 
POUND 

PLANETARY 5. (P) 

MINIUM 

MOON 

LODESTONE 

LUTUM SAPIENTIAL 

SCORPIO 

MARS 

MERCURY SUBLIMATE 

ANTIMONY 

AQUARIUS 












INDEX OF SIGTI£ 

THREE STROKES - One straight and horizontal stroke foontlnye4J 


7T 

I—-- 1 ' 

ALUM —J CAPRICORN 1 

-€ 

yellow -t alum 

X—p 

—fc 

MARS _2_„ AQUARIUS 

SAGITTARIUS 


T7-v- SAL /ALKALI 

^P -CT SPIRIT 



ALUM 

{j 

LUTUM SAPTENTIAE 

M 

TIN 

VINEGAR 


VIRGO 



SAL ALKALI 

'^X 

TINCTURE 

V- 

PLANETARY S. [D) 


SATURN 

-s 

SATURN 

SAL ALKALI 

-3- 

SALT 


ANTIMONY 

<-£ 

WHITE VITRIOL 

c/f 

WHITE VITRIOL 

PULVERISE 


WIGHT 

“OC? 

NIGHT 

c/1 

IGNIS FORTIS 


359 











DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC ANB ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


THREE STROKES - One straight atrl vertical stroke 


1 

BORAX 

cA> 

CALX METALLORUM 

EIRE 


y 

LI BRUM 

15 

JIC 

CAL AMMONIAC 

ii 


HORN 


Uj 

m 

£L ICKSILVER 

i 1 0 

SAL AMMONIAC 

WHITE CORAL 

R 

i w 

>K 

MERCURY 

R 

MINIUM 



POUND 

QUICKLIME 

a 

h< 

YELLOW WAX 


j 


R 

i 

PLANETARY S. (S j 


a 

SATURN 

"R 

r 

TTJPITER 

ft 

r 0 



X 

INFUSION 

S p 

5 

TINCTURE 

l 

i 


4 s 


SATURN 

<SJ 


X. 

^y) 

SATURN 


j 



i- 

nr 

i- 1 

PLANETARY S, (S) 


CAPRICORN 

<-X 

JUP-TER 



cri 

PLANETARY S. (S) 

\£t 

j 


, "^i 

SORATH 


i j 


(§T 

v 

TAURUS 


r 

"■ i 



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CONJUNCTION 

CALCINATE 

£> 


360 


TIN 

V 

VIRGO 

GYPSUM 

m 

SULPHUR 

BEELZEBUB 

rn 

MERCURY 

DECILE 

V 

MERCURY 



5ALTPEII 


LEAD 

HONEY 

BODY ERECT 
RAID WATER 

BORAX 

VAPOUR BATH 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 
TIM 

RETORT 

COPTER 

GPTRTT 

SUN 

TAURUS 

YELLOW 

YELLOW 

JUPITER 
CASE IET, 

POTASH 

PLANETARY S. (S) 
RED' BOLE 
DRAGON r S BLOOD 




INDEX OF SXGILS 


THREE STROKES - One straight J. in« at angle 



CUPELLA 

JUPITER 



ANNEAL 



CALCINATE 



PISCES 


y 

KL. 

JUPITER 


/ 


RED SULPHUR 



RED PKECL OE 

MER 


AMALGAM 



SAGITTARIUS 



MINIUM 




MAGNESIA 



* 

i 

PLANETARY 3. 

1$) 


A 

PLANETARY S. 

(D) 


7. 

.J 

PLANETARY S. 

m 


CRYSTAL 


tf 


SCORPIO 


& 

YELLOW WAX 


y 

i/y 

WITHOUT WINE 


_ v -- 


TIN 



SAL AMMONIAC 


J-—\ . 

>5 

POUND 


ry 

SULPHUR 


&< 

QUICKLIME 


a 

CALCINATED ALUM 

s 


^) p ?" alembic 

ANTIMONY 
J SATURN 


o P PLANETARY 3. 


{□) 


O „ 


. ARTAS 


REDUCTION 

TARTAR 


SCORPIO 

LEAD 

l -y^ JUPITER 
ROLE 
COPPER 
VERDIGRIS 
yD BISMUTH 
y) SILVER PAINT 



SANDARAC 

P> 

RETORT 

T’ 

sasel 

L 

EASEL 

2- 

SOLVERE 


BODY 

s 

SAL AMMONIAC 


■■s 

JJ PHILOSOPHIC LEAD 


OC' CU PELLA 




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CAPE tcork 



~-S 


PLANETARY 

PLANETARY 


L . 


(D) 

[C) 

[Cl 



CAPRICORK 
COAGULATION 


■^V 1 CAPRICORN 

i 

vV 


VIRGO 






HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL $ TOILS 


DICTIONARY OF CCCLLI 


TFRETl STROKES - Curved, forming open sig.i l 


C. CALX 


C HORN 


£ j 

JUPITER 



SEXTARI'JS 


X- 

PLANETARY 

5- (C) 

<3- 1 

planetary 

S. (D) 

c % 

CAPRICORN 



PLANETARY 

S ■ (C) 


SIGIL 


L 



Til 

MERCURY 


PLANETARY 

S. (S) 

TfL 

HONEY 



SCORElO 


KTU 

SCOREIO 


TlV 

GRADE 


ycj 

SPIRIT OP 

WINE 

Yi 1 

PLANETARY 

5. (S) 

IT] 

( 

VIRGO 


vy? 

VIRGO 


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CAPRICORN 


f vr\A 

WINTER 



LAGLS 


J'C 

PISCES 


" 

TAURUS 


s 

SAND 


cx 

C) 

SATURN 



LX 

JUPITER 


X 

CHRIST 

"Jl 

v 

HONEY 



i.-Aj 

x- 

HONEY 

IQ 

> 

PLANETARY S. (C> 

V 

f (-? 


g 

PLANETARY S* (Cj 

,-A 


PLANETARY K. (D} 

aft 




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Js 




L. 

X 

T5 

C3o 


QUICKSILVER 



PLANETARY E. CD) 


AMBRIEL 


CAPRICORN 





PTSCES 



CALCINATED TARTAR 


.0 

3 


JUPITER 

CALCINATE 

JUPITER 

CEMENT 

CAPRICORN 

UN 

ALKALI 

HONEY 

TIN 

PLANETARY S. (SI 
PLANETARY E. (D) 




n.n 





CT- 



PLANETARY 5* (A) 

LAPIS 

YjARCASITA ARGEN. 
WHITE LEAD 
CAPRICORN 
QUICKLIME 
SATURN 

CAIiX CFYMICUS 
SILVER PAINT 
CANCER 
SATURN 
SATURN 

SEA 

TEHNAKIUS 

MERCURY 
SAND CUPEL 

DRACHMA 

EQUINOX 

VOLATILE 

PURIFICATION 

ALUM 

PEARL 

SUBLIMATED WlKE 

SAL I 

SALT 


SCRUPU7.US 




INDEX OF SIGILS 


THREE STROKEb - Curves with 

« Dt-OG 'J L il 




—?i" REALGAR 

TIN 


3 

ASCENDANT 

'-(*) ARIES 

^ PISCES 


T3 

JUPITER 

V” ARIES 

f PISCES 


Gl 

SANDARAC 

V COPPER 

TAURUS 

PLANETARY S. 

(O 

0 

DROP 

ARIES 

'7^ PISCES 

V 


Vvi 

LEAD 

L -(f- JUPITER 

'--,9 DI ST 1LLAT I ON 


Tvn 

MERCURY 

SILVER 

TIM 



JUPITER 

' SULPHUR 

- VITRIOL 





9,'’ GUM 

S ^ T,T 


yp 

C 

PLANETARY S. {S] 

WATER BATH 

2 O PISCES 


SUFFICIENT 


C ^<0 TAURUS 


J 

3i 

¥1 

SUBLIMATE 


GUM 

C K, CHRIST 

SALTPETRE 

«_ * 

0° PISCES 


PEARL 


Cj 


3\ 

CALCINATED ALUM 

G/b PRIMORDIAL CIRCLE 

^ SAL ALKALI 


LEO 

CAPRICORN 

DISTILLATION 


t P 


/ 

J 

0'j\ BORAX 

K.p 

\ □ I ST ILL AT I ON 

t) 


3 

MOON 

WRITE VITRIOL 

$ \ sal GEMMA 

5? PISCES 



1 

SILVER 

' MOON 

&y r LUTTJM sapiential 


MOON 

PLANETARY S, (C) 

t-f 

/,.- marc a Site 


<r 

MOON 

CAPRICORN 

9 ..J ; 1 quintess. of 

WINE 


CAPRICOHN 

J PLANETARY S. (C) 

.--■K, PLANETARY S. 

{5} 

T 

SILVER 

S? SULPHUR 

&£ LIBRA 

— r 1 



MARCASITE 

ALUM 

tin 



CAPRICORN 

. J? AES USTUM 

Hp TIN 

b 


O 

RU 

CALX 

r 

TARTAR 


/*> 

SUN 

9> DISTILLATION 

cbt" VINEGAR 


J?"’* ROUND 

CS^ ALBUMEN 

'-M ASCENDANT 


-tf 

TALC 









DICTTQHARV OF OCCULT, HEFJfFT AiYP ALCHEMICAL 5ICTL5 


FOUR STROKES - Large circle enclosing lines 



EUCHARIST 

CD 

VERDIGRIS 


PARS 

© 

VERDIGK1 3 


TALC 



VERDIGRIS 

© 

soapstone 


CHRISTMOK 

© 

ATHANGR 

# 

FOPUr.IIS 

o 

PLUTO 

SPIRIT OF SALT 



© 

© 

POTASH 

© 

CAPUT MORTUUK 

SAL riHINAE 

SUN 

VITRIOL 

© 

SAL URINAL 

© 

HOMEY 

DEATH 

© 

CORAL 


IGNIS ROTAS 

© 

CALX 

© 

BY SS 


VINEGAR 

@ 

ABYSS 



@ 

CINNABAR. 



© 

PHOSPHORUS 



© 

COLCOTHARUM 



© 

AHEKUH 



DEITY 



© 

CERES 



© 

EZNO 



© 

ANTIHDNY 



© 

SALT 



© 

COLCOTHARUM 



© 

FROTH 01' NITRE 



© 

LODESTONE 



© 

EXTRACT 




3G4 







H-JOSX OF SIGILS 


FOUR STROKES - Large circle with three straight lines 


9 


TIN 

VENUS 


9 CROCUS VENERIS 
N 1 COPPER 

$ 


AES USTUM 
aurichalcum 
bronze 
COFFER 

COPPER FILINGS 
CROCUS veneris 
VENUS 

WHITE ARSENIC 


FiELL ML-ATi 




B3AS S 

— CROCUS VENERIS 




LITHARGE OP SILVER 


~p DUST 
O PONDER 

PRECIPITATE 

VENUS 

^ SULPHUR 
© CROSS 
^ CINNABAR 

£ *° T ' D 


6 - 

BOI/Y 

x 

© 

earth 


SPIRIT 

TUT IA 

g 

p 

EVENING 

P -1 


y/ 

IRON 

0 

or ass 


MARS 

dr 

GOLD 

Q 

L ITHZiRCE 



^\r 

PLUTO 

CH^- 

MAGNESIA 

d* 

CROCUS KARTIS 
IRON 


CROCUS H 

antimony 


MAR S 
STEEL 
VIiRUM 

o> IRON 
MARS 
STEEL. 


^ IRON 


A 


CLASS 


CROCUS MARTiS 


O 


MARS 


0^ ANTIMONY FLOW* 


O AES USTUM 

fc 

1 COPPER 


CINNABAR 
i CROCUS VENERIS 

6“ CRC 


GLASS 

,-L^ FT.OVJE.RP OF ANT. 
OH'-^ COPPER 
Cj"^ VITRIOL 
Q H- URINE 
^ PALLAS 
MERCURY 


Q CROCUS VENERIS 

V 


¥ 


CROCUS VENERIS 

I 

9 death 4-0-P antimony 


¥ 



AURICUALCUM 


$ 

OIL OF LILIES 

>® 

5? 

VENUS 


¥ 

SALT 

+© 

9 

SALT 

P 

& 

SAT T 

cb 


MERCURY 
"l_ VERDIGRIS 
■. NITRIC ACID 

xr; nitric acid 


0> 


blue vitriol 


+©+ GOLD 

T, VINEGAR 
p-p distillation 
p- CROCUS MART IS 


SALTPETRE 















&!-) ok ^ Hx -kJj +°C f X o?- if }q 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


STROKES - Large 

circle with 

three lir,ey 

MARS 


URANUS 

MERCURY 

£ 

VESTA 

MARS 

STEEL 

£- 

6- 

-?v 

VENUS 


ANTIMONY FT., 

MARS 

AES USTUM 

MARS 


RAMAEL 


COPPER 

STEEL 


VENUS 

CROCUS VRMEETS 

do 

GOLD 

CROCUS VENERIS 


MOON 

CROCUS VENERIS 

cd 

SUN 

ELEMENTS 

6? 

GOLD 

MERCURY 

SPIRIT 

SUBLIMATED MER. 

i- 

MAGISTER OF CR 

THREE WATERS 

fC 

VITRIOL 

MERCURY 

& s 

FOUNTAIN WATER 

MERCURY 

d 

MINERAL SALT 

MERCURY 

— h 

DUST 

MERCURY OF LEAD 

Its 

SALT 

QUICKSILVER 

£ 

BORAX 

MERCURY 

(d 

URINE 

MERCURY OF LEAD 

a 

MERCURY 


NATURAL SUtPRUE 
QUICKSIVLER 
ANTIMONY FLOWERS 
STEEL 


.k : j ti 




INDEX OF STOILS 


FOUR STROKES Largo circle with lines catting circle 


O 


¥ 


■&- 

©w 


l 


<p 


ANTIMONY REG. 

jfe 

TUTTA 

CINNABAR - 

SALT 

<w 

GOLD FOIL 

NITRE GLOBU7 ,R S 

OIL OF SULPHUR 

(X 

9 

i 

WHITE VITRIOL 

SALT OF LEAD 

CINNABAR 



PARS 

SPIRIT OF NINE 


©H- 

BLUE VITRIOL 

OFFIMENT /tv 

SPIRIT 

t 

SPIRIT OF TARTAR 

SILVER 


OIL 

' SAL 

YELLOW 

®p 

OIL OF VITRIOL 

CALAMINE 

LEAD 

t 

ARMENIAN BOLE 

TAU 

CALCINATED ALUM 

r 

& 

SALTPETRE 

HORSE-DROPPINGS 

FURNACE 

& 

CRYSTAL 

PURGE 


AQUISITIO 

PURGE 

& 

AMISSIO 

BRASS 

£ 

QUICKSILVER 

IRON 

<D—e 

CROCUS VENERIS 

VITRIOL 


COPPER 

ETERNAL LIGHT 

% 

NITRE GLOBULES 

VITRIOL 

1 

MINUTE 

VITRIOL 

& 

SAGITTARIUS 

AES USTUM 


NITRIC ACID 

CROCUS VFNERIS “ 


CP 

RENOVATIO MET + 

GREEN VITRIOL 




cV 


MERCURY WATER 

ANTIMONY 

STEER 


f jj VENUS 
2Xl) CRYSTAL 
COPPER 


FIRE HAND 
TEMPERAMENT 

IRON 

TALC 

BORAX 

BORAX 

BORAX 


X 

&\ 

& 

X 

0L borax 

CRYSTAL 
QX QUINCUNX 

©J-L QUINTILE 
(S L 0 STEEL 

©-}“ mercury 
— " BRONZE 

JS/> SILVER 
2-ip borax 

REVERBKRATIO 
<x GOLD 

SAT i TARTAR1 
^ ANTIMONY REG, 



















HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICiLS 


DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f 


FOUR STROKES - Small circle with straight lines 




I 


r o [ 


° I, CINNABAR 
V'|° CD PELLA 
POTASH 


TT 

v 

® 

i 


I 


1 


3 


A 


A 

V 


SATURN 

4- 

AQUA FORTIS 

P 

T 



OIL 


CUALCITE 

A* 

OIL OF TARTAR 

f- 

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INDEX OF 


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HEFtlfFTIC AND ALCHEMICAL 51CXLS 


FOUR STROKES - Small circle wi.t.h at least, two curves 


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FOUR STROKES - Small circle isolated within cirri! 


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FOUR STROKES - Two circlea plus straicLt li^es 



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FOUR strokes - Three or ir.cro circles 


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IHDEX OF SIGILS 


FOUR STROKES - Straight lines producing quadrilateral enclosure 


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DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


l-'OUR STROKES - Four straight lines producing tri anqul ,ir enclosure 


A 

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INDEX OF SIGHS 


FOUR STROKES - Four straight iinss producing open sigi 




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DICTIONARY DF OCCULT , 


FOUR STROKES ~ Fouf St. 



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four STROKES - Three straight, lines incorporating enclosure 


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DTCTIOXAHX OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AMD ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


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PLANETARY S. (Cl 


ALEMBIC 


PLANETARY S* (D) 




TOl SATURN 

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CALCINATED LEAD 


X' 

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J~n 

ALUM 

Lr- 

AMALGAM 

7f^ 

MARS 

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MERCURY 


FLOWERS 

¥ 

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INDEX OF SIGILS 


FOUR STROKES - Thrfce straight lines producing open sigil 




0 . 


9 

/ 

L21 

3 

V 

■ I 

¥ 

V 

+/ 

TZ ”1 

Ff-<_ 

V -J 

—'“I._ 


1 JU 

L 


VIRGO 

I**-** 

CALX 


STEEL 


CALX 

=k 

SCORPIO 

QT 

SAL GEMMA 

¥&? 


V 


/ 

i 

MERCURY OF LEAD 

j> 

LEAD 



- I_ 



MARS 

O- 

LEAD SALT 

1 _J. 





BORAX 

1 —i 

CALX 






MAGNESIA 

rf 

SAL GEMMA 

/ A 

/y 

/ 


- 4 . 

-f IJ 

■y A 

ct 

-> 


QUICKSILVER 
CALX 
AC ID 

AURICHALCUM 
AIJRIC HALCUM 
ANTIMONY VTTRTJM 
V1TRI0L 
VITRIOL 
LEAD 

LAVER UPON LAYER 

DIGEST 

GOLD 

BORN 

IRON 

CROCUS MARTIS 
WRITE LEAD 


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2Jr 

0 I 
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2 Z 


Jjr 

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A i 

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SAI. AMMONIAC 


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JUPITER 
JUPITER 

JUPITER 

JUPITER 
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PLANETARY 3 , (S) 

PLANETARY H. (C> 
PLANETARY E. (S> 
CROCUS VENERIS 
*QUICKLIME 
COPPER 

FIX 

PLANETARY S. {□) 
RETROGRADE 

L_liRA 

DISTILLATION 

HEAVEN 

LAPIS 

LIBRA 

POUND 

SACRIFICE 

SKY 

SUBLIMATE 

PR EC IP IT ATE 
WHITE FREC. OF M, 

PLANETARY S* CS} 

SILVER PAINT 

VINEGAR 

WICK 

WHITE VITRIOL 


381 









DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMF.TTC AND ALCHEMICAL STOILS 


FOUR STROKES - Two straight lines with enclosure 


FOKTUKA MAJOR 
' + MERCURY 


C"7 




7M- 


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of s toils 


FOUR STROKE3 - Tvc straight lines producing open BigII 


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TARTAR 

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PLANETARY S- (Cj 
PLANETARY S. {S} 


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r PLANETARY 3. IS) 
MINIUM 

ANTIMONY REG, 
ANTIMONY 


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WATER OF MERCURY 


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SILVER SALT 
URANUS 


X 


' V s CALCINATED HARTS. 


MERCURY 


X 


TRITURATE 
AUTUMN 
SOAPSTONE 
PLANETARY S. 
VIRGO 

HALT OF LEAD 
SCORPIO 
ALL H 


s c | 

■. ■-■ > 


363 












DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILY 


FOUR STROKES - Two straight lines producing ope=n sigi.l (continued; 


1L 

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CROCUS r\'V E0EflK 

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CALCINATE 

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SPIRTT 

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SPIRIT 

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CHARACTERS OP PL, 


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SAL AMMONIAC 


SAL AMMONIAC 


WATER OF LIFE 

RECIPE 


JUPITER 

-5 

-r 

FILTER 

BORAX 

rr~] 

CALX 




TNDEX OF SIGHS 


FOUR 

STROKES - Olio st-Ttf iy.ht. l in^ 

with. enclosure 

in sigil 


’>8 

SATURN 

X 

EACH TEL- 

✓Pi 

■ i / 

(Si\ 

GRAVEL BATH 

Y 

MARS 

7< 

Y 

g" 

MERCURY 

cJ? ) 

u 

ARMENIAN -JOT.F 


COAGULATION 

SULPHUR 


WOOD 

A 

CAPRICORN 

LU'l'UM SAPIENTIAE 

Y 

■, r 

SAL GEMMA 

-<: :i 

v.^7 

POTASH 



cW 

PIECES 


RED WINE 

CAPRICORN 

SAT, ALKALI 

'rf 

PREPARE 


RETROGRADE 


\T 

CARR ICORN 


FRONS 

f._i 

RECIPE 

> 


1 



SALT 

t 

CAPRICORN 

Y> 

SATURN 

, b 

TARTAR 

CAPRICORN 

h5 " 

SATURN 

J V 


-:z 

CALX 

A" 

LEO 

'\q 

BORAX 

J 

CAPRICORN 

C7"- 

LIBRUM 

& 

BORAX 

-/ 

f~h 

i 

CAPRICORN 

Tp 

VIRGO 

/a 

ANTIMONY 


LUTUM SAPIENTIAE 


COPPER 

CD 

ANTIMONY 


CAPRICORN 

~{jiJ V 

AES USTUM 

rVi 

MERCURY 

QUICKSILVER 

rij 

J 

CAPRICORN 

T-< 

TIN 

r 

—t ca. 

PLANETARY S. 




^ .J 


■^n 


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MINERAL SALT 
CORNUA ARIETIS 
CAPRICORN 
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CAPRICORN 
SACHIEL 
ZACHARIEL 


L-e 

r -£, 

tdtJi 

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SULPHUROUS MAT. 

PLANETARY S, (S) 

COAGULATION 

EIRE 

HOLE 

VOLATILE 

COBALT 


1 1. .I - T 

Jhi. 

OCp 

^r\ 

>r 


WHITE LEAD 
DISTILI ATTON 
ALEMBIC 


SALT 

M 


AQUARIUS 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGTLS 


FOUR STROKES - One straight line within cper. si 


inn camphor 

TQ_VIRGO 


21 AMEER 
"T^Tl POUND 


TTl £C€IRrTO 

■ViA , SCORPIO 

V 

viroo 

TV SCORPIO 
vHr AES USTUM 
V- MERCURY 
OUNCE 




V/- 


-fe- 


ANNEAL 

CALCINATE 

POUND 

TIN 

LEAD 

LAYER UPON LAYER 


TV. CALCINATED TARTAR 
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(^- CALCINATE 
3^. PLANETARY S. {S} 
t/T| VIRGO 

PLANETARY S- (5) 
c\~3 SODA 

h 

Vji-, PLANETARY s. (C) 
V PLANETARY S. (S) 




STEEL 


<C> 

SAGITTARIUS 


ALKANET 

AIoKANET 


O'T,- RETROGRADE 

"tVoo kundere 

PLANETARY E. <£) 

t. 

186 


gii 






INDEX OF SIGILS 


FOUR STROKING - Curve□ with enc Leisure within siuil 


t-9 

CJ 

■y 

2f° 

'9* 


44 

a 

~"ch 


■W... 

V_ .-f 

s-y,. 


-i f 

i 

y s 
O' 

'~yk i 

O: 

<X? 


L i- 


L t 




Sf 




C_-' 

,o 


25 


,-n j' 

J—c 


ALKALI 
GAL GEMMA 

ALKALI 

MINERAL GALL 

LIXIVIUM 

VIRGO 
CAPRICORN 

LUTUM SAPIENTIAE 
MARCASITE 
LU _A_ION 


Of 
>< ^ 


Or 


S? 




do J 

TTO 
"\ sy? 

j 


r v^' 

r 


^V\ 






a 


LUTUM SAPIENT I AG ■■"■■, ■>• 

■M- 

PLAMETARY S. {S) 


“j 


Xe 


LUTUM SAP TENT IAE '")/* 

/v 

Q 


CAPR TCORN 

JUPITER 

LEAL 

CAPRICORN 
CAPRICORN 
CAPRICORN 
LIXIVIUM 
TIN 

CALCINATED GOLD 

CUM 

PISCES 


s* 

( 5.-8 

o 

,p\ 

OS8 




A 


^7>y 

n X 

/- 

Yrp 


387 


MINERAL SALT 

Wp 


/ 

MERCURY 

T/Vl 

X 

CAPRICORN 

TYfc 

AMBER 


REA ,GAR 


CAPRICORN 

Xk 

SCORP10 


CAPRICORN 


CAPRTCQRK 

or 

CC 

CALCINAPED TARTAR 

rr 

iAJ 

PISCES 


PISCES 

h- A 

n 

CAPRICORN 

S—\ 

POLISH 


GUM 

u 

SALSITER 

cX^ 

SALTPETRE 

9 

9xr 

SATURN 

'L-fi 

o 

SATURN 

vXo 

MAN 

051.. 

SALTPETRE 

_ “"v 

oa v 

AQUA FORTIS 

.$? 

FIRE 

CO 



SCORPIO 

X 


VIRGO 

VIRGO 

VIRGO 

JUPITER 

TIN 

TTN 

TTK 

CAPRICORN 

LUNAR 

WHITE COAGULATE 

POPULTJS 

SUN 

LUNA F1XA 
IMMORTAL ADAM 
MINERAL SALT 
TTN 

SATURN 

REALGAR 

MARCASITE 

FLOUR 

EQUAL 

SULPHUR 

TIN 


YELLOW WAX 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SICILS 


FOUR STROKES - Curves only 


n 

SCORPIO 

n>. 

SCORPIO 

yfu 

SCORPIO 

/*> 

yro ! 

spirit of wine 

O ,■£> 

n - 

SCORPIO 

V'l'V 

VIRGO 


VIRGO 

■Tr> 

VIRGO 

7vT 

(./ f u 

MIX 

■Vl/1 

VIRGO 

■}3' 

VIRGO 


MONTH 

L/] \ 

■ls' 

GUM 

vM 

PLANETARY S T (C 


SCORPIO 

U,y? 

VIRGO 


SEXTARIUS 

G 

VIRGO 


SUBLIMATE 


WHITE LEAD 


INFUSION 


CUPELLA 


PISCES 


QUICKSILVER 



LAP I H 

HOUSE OF GO’J 
SCORPIO 

WHITE LEAD 

VIIPTQL 


3 S3 







177DEX OF SIGII.S 


FIVE STROKES - Sigil incorporating large circle 


© CAPUT MC'RTUTJM 
(^7i ANTIMONY 
(" ^ SUN 

URINE 

,/> 

CBRYSOCOLLA 
Q- ^ MARCASlTE 

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^j^yiARCASITE 
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0 '- COMET 

A CROCUS VENERIS 

rC)\ WRITE ARSENIC 

(fj) CALX METALIjORUM 

(T?) MEAL 
WINE 

O QUATERNARY 
VERDIGRIS 
(^~) VINEGAR 


C:f 


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s 


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$ 


of 


AIR HAND 
IRON FILINGS 
KARS 
PLUTO 

STEEL FILINGS 

IRON FILINGS 
STEEL FILINGS 

PLUTO 

MARS 
VITRIOT 

TRANSPLUTO 

COBALT 

IRON 

TRON 

CROCUS MARTTS 

Mane: 


X 

£ 




^-^0 MARS 
MARS 


£ 

<& 

& 


§■ 


CALCINATED VITRIOL 
©- ANTIMONY 
(oO BIRDSEGGS 
60+ AURUM MUSICUM 

( Zf 1 iron 

Qy MARS 


HOMER'S GOLDEN CH 
PERFECTION 
QUINTESSENCE 

COPPER 

CROCUS VENERIS 
VENUS 

SOL MERCURII 
DUST 
VENUS 
<p c MERCURY 

PLANETARY S. (D) 
BLOODSTONE 




$ 


£ 

-f 


<7 


T 

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§ 


a 


POWDER 

TIN 

PRECIPITATE 

ARMENIAN BOLE 

ANTIMONY 

COPPER FILINGS 

VINEGAR 

CINNABAR 

POWDER 

RED VITRIOL 

TONUS 

GARNET 

CROCUS VENERIS 
VENUS 

DUST 

AES USTUK 

ANTIMONY 
CROCUS VENERIS 

PRAYER 

SAT, GEMMA 

CROCUS VENERIS 

QUICKSILVER 

MERCURY 

MERCURY 
MERCURY METAL. 

PRECIPITATE OF L. 


389 




DICTIONARY OF OCCULT f HRRffETTC AND ALCHEMICAL S1GILS 


FIVE S'lROKES - Sigil incorporate ng Large? circle 


2- 

MERCURY 


VENUS 

4i 

MERCURY OF LEAD 


VITRIOL 


MERCURY OF T.IFE 

-£p'-6 

VERDIGRIS 


MERCURY OF GOLD 


VERDIGRIS 


VERCHIEL 

<p- 

OIL OF VITRIOL 

■£P—u 

VITRIOL 

A 

VINEGAR 

4-e 

MELTING POT 

A 

OIL 


OIL OF ANTIMONY 

cV 

PHILOSOPHIC EGG 

S&ri 

PARS 

dk 

SELENITE 


VERDIGRIS 


MINED GOLD 

-S3 

SAL URIMAE 


FLOW 


OLIVE OIL 


QUINCUNX 


VITRIOL 

o\rq 

TAURUS 


MOON 


PLANETARY S. (5 

©-e 

'CROCUS VENERIS 

3Z 

MINERAL SALT 


OHC CONGESTION 


PARS 

ACID 



QUINTE5SENSE 
TAURUS 



TAURUS 


1 ? 


ZING 

ZINC 

OIL 



VITRIOL 


(continued) 


WO 








INDEX OF SIClLS 


FIVE STROKES - One large tireIs 


rr^ 

<S> 

CD 


Calx 

WHITE ARSENIC 

ELEMENTS 

STRONTIAN 


G 



I 

dr 

© 






o . 

d^O 

0 


VERDIGRIS 
EARTH 
AHENUM 
SAL URiNAE 

GAL GEMMA 
VERDIGRIS 

SAT. GEMMA 

VITRIOL 

CINNABAR 

MARS 

STEEL 

CROCUS MARTIS 
MARC 

VITRIOL 

CROCUS MARTIS 

CINNABAR 

VENUS 

TRAD 

GOLD 

VENUS 

SMOKE 

CAPUT MORl'UUM 


£ 

COPPER 


TIN 

V 

CROCUS VENERIS 

V__-- 

URINE 

42 

CROCUS VENERIS 

(24 

SAL URINAE 

V 

JUPITER 

G;: 

PLECTRUM 

/~ 

MERCURY 


TIN 

~k 

CROCUS VENERIS 



¥ 

HAEMATITE 



V 

C 

POTABLE GOLD 



Cov- 

SPIRIT OP WINE 




LEAD 




MARS 




DAY 



o._ 

ORPIMENT 




VERDIGRIS 



o 

URINE 




VERDIGRIS 



4? 

f \ 

CRYSTAL 



(3 

CRYSTAL 



©4 

1 

SAL ALKALI 



0A 

VOLATILE SAL ALK. 


>© 

f 

VITRIOLIC ACID 



0f 

JUPITER 




CROCUS VENERIS 



iTTi 

WHITE ARSENIC 




391 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


FIVE STROKES - Small circle with straight strokes 


T 

PLANETARY S. (S> 


ELEMENTS 

~- 




-+&T 

ADRUM MUSICUM 

Hr 

ELEMENTS 

'T"l 




6 

WATER OF LIFE 

■—i 

_i 

REGULUS 

w 

CALCINATED ALUM 


OCH 

o —k 

THREE BAPTISMS 

L_1 

OCH 

rr 


6 


5 

DARKNESS 


CLASS 

6 

LIGHT 

r t“! 

o 

CHARACTERS 

azi-.T-' 

SAT, AMMONIAC 

pi 

i 

L| 

OIL 

y-& 

ORPIMENT 

4o 

~ r p 

MARCASITE 


GOLD SOLDER 

LAPIS 

L4 




cf 

MARCA5ITE 

< w 

IRON 


r f ' 1 

r l_s 



<r 


J L 


U 


1 


A *- 
(— -■ 

V 


G 


Jr 

O 5 ^ 

% 

H 

c? 

T 


A 

m 


°F 


SAL ALKALI 
TOGETHER 

STEEL 

URANIJS 

DAY 

DUET 

POWDER 

URANUS 

URANUS 


" .-f, 


ur 




o 

f 

4z 



IKON ORE 
ANTIMONY 
IRON 
IRON 

PLANETARY S. (A} 

TRINITY 

FLOWERS OF BRASS 
i SPIRIT OF COPPER 


o 

l v -._ 


tf 

"T" 

%J 


W 

M 

r- v 

v" 

— e~ 


t 


\ / 
/V 

• o- 


URANUS 

l-3 

VERDIGRIS 

A 

i 

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HER5CHEL 

A id 

MELTING POT 


URANUS 



At 


f— 15 

PLANETARY S. f Li) 


WHITE VITRIOL 

Jt-fl 

SPIRIT OF GFMINI 



PLANETARY 5 (S) 

OLIVE OIL 

ALUM 

GEMINI 

MARS 

TIN 

TIN 

NEPTUNE 
NOTA BENE 
SODA 

CALCINATED ALUM 
MAGNESIA 
PLANETARY S. (C) 
STEEL 

CAUDA LEONIS 
WAX 

YELLOW WAX 

CALCINATED TARTAR 
OLIVE OIL 

VINEGAR 

SUBLIMATED ARE. 
CROCUS 

SAFFRON FLOWER 

TARTAR 

EMPEROR 


392 











t::dex of sigils 


FIVE STROKES - Small cire'Le with straight strokes (continuer!) 


A 

TARTAR 

-H- 

0 i 

t> 

WINE 

CROSS 

URINE 

BRASS 

a 

CINNABAR 

RUBY 

SATURN 


ORPTMENC 

ro 

PLANETARY S* (S) 

o 

AURICHALCUM 

r ^ 
/ 

PATINA OF GOLD 

GOI.D SOLDER 


GOT.D SOLDER 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT , HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1C1LS 


FIVE STROKES - Small circle with at least qhh curved 11 ji« 


CANCER 

r- j 






l 


fT 

j 

4 

rP 


{ 


MINERAL SALT 
CRYSTALLISED VER. 
MftRCAS1TE 


CROCUS HARTIS 


CINNABAR 


V 


_i__ MOLIBDOC LLALC 
* Ar i 

Uv ,hj PLANETARY S . (D) 

C -X 

f\9 MINERAL SALT 


i_ 




SAL GEI-1MA 


.v 




MINERAL SALT 
SAL GEMMA 

SAGITTARIUS 


IRON 

IRON RUS: 


/ 

CUT 

MARS 

> 

s~'7j CAPRICORN 
( 

1 ASHES OF LEAD 


o-t> 

tfoSX 

X 


AQUA REGIS 
WHITE LEAD 
VITRIOL 
ALUM 


r 

% OIL 
1 

P 


QUINTESSENCE 




HOROSCOPE 


'—.X 

0—7— 

■>? 

^y 

* 

X 


QUINTESSENCE OF NT 


pH- 

H 


cj, 

■i y 

7t>, 

V- j 




iror 

? 

—r' 

X 

y 

k 

-X 

y' alum VX 

'-f- 

,-k.i PHILOSOPHIC EfiO X/JX 

X 


o 

/ 

/ 


X 

X 

t. 




I 


IRON 


OEM IN T 


X 

V 

PLANETARY SYMBOLS 
SPTRIT OF SCORPIO - f" 

9 


LEAD 

SALT 

MERCURY 

ALCOHOL 

TIN 

MAGNESIA 

MERCURY 

MERCURY 

WASHESIA 
MERCURY 

MERCURY OF LEAD 
MERCURY SATURN1 
MERCURY 

MERCURY OF ANT, 
SEVEN METALS 


VERDIGRIS 


VERDIGRIS 


y 

0-°- 


d 


f 


ru 


YL- 

& 


117 


V 


> 


yo- ■- 






i K -- P 

x 

O ca 

X 

* 


SPIRIT OF WINE 

FILTER 

MERCURY 

SODA 

JUPITER 

CALX 

JUPITER 

WHITE LEAD 
YEAR 

CALAMINE 

LAPIS 

PLANETARY 7 .. (C) 

VAPOUR 
NEPTUNE 
NEPTUNE 

PLANETARY l-L [C) 
FLOW 

I.TTTUM SAPIENT. 
LILY 

GOLD ALTjOY 

CROCUS VENERIS 

COMPOSITION 

LIME 

MORTIFY 


i94 












Itf&BX OF SIG1 


five STROKES “■ Small circle wi~h at Least one curved line (wntimied) 




i\J 


07' 


c 

O f 


—t- 
e 


4 

1 

f 

P 

o 

O-Hr 

-l 



o 


OIL OF SATURN 

' , 

PLANETARY 5. ( S} 

SATURN 


PLUTO 

CHARACTERS OF FT,. 


PLANETARY S, (S> 

STRING SILVER 


SALT 

CAPRICORN 


SAFFRON FLOWER 

CAPRICORN 

X- 

GUM 

NOTA BENE 

'-’RV.j, 

SCORPIO 

COPPER 

^7' 

Lx’’ 

SAPPHIRE 

SPIRIT 


SMOKE 

CROCUS VENERIS 

L- 1 

WATER RATH 

VERDIGRIS 


SILVER ORE 

CONGELATION 

rt 

SILVER ORE 

ATiIIMEN FLU ME UK 


AURUM MU SIC UN 

TAURUS 

'-4 

CAPRICORN 




VITRIOL 

■■ 

BLUE 

PLANETARY S- (□) 

4 

7IRTKE 


QUINTESSENCE 


SCORPIO 

TAURUS 


onf ]^ TAURUS 
(L^/ 3Y2YGY 




TIN 

SP7RTT OF I.EO 



PLANETARY S. (S) 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HFF.METIC AND ALCHEMICAL CTO IDS 


FIVE STROKES - TwD small circles 


o— 


o-e*-o 

■ p p 

7 

CM-—O 

-o-e^i 

5 i 

p 

o-i— 1> 

Cb—£-c.< 

o~£fo 


L 4 

o—J—o 

V 

°^p 

°"T3 

cTH 

DO 

■a 


COPPER 
MERCURY 
QUICKSILVER 
WHITE LEAD 

HUMAN WORLD 

RED ARSENIC 
RED QRPIMENT 

SPIRIT OF CAPRICORN 


6 d 


7T" 


CV 


RED ARSENIC 
IRON RUST 
ALUM 

SUBLIMATE 
RED ORP1MENT 
RED ARSENIC 
RED ARSENIC 

TUT IA 

RED ORPIMENT 

WHITE ARSENIC 

LODESTONE 

PLANETARY S. {A) 

LITHARGE 

MALCHID1EL 

CUN 

OIL 

realgar 

REALGAR 


__A 

o 

& 


i-8- 1 

,x 


-ff 


_ 

-h 

l, 

4 

A 

A 

A Q 

-|-0 

Av 


REALGAR 

VITRIOL 

SULPHUR NIGRUK 

BRIMSTONE 
SULPHUR NIGRUM 

SULPHUR NIGRUM 

MINERAL SALT 

ANNUS PHILOSOPHICUS 
ORPIMENT 
MINERAL SALT 
YEAR 

SAL GEMMA 
MERCURY OF LEAD 
SEVEN METALS 
SAL GEMMA 


4 

3 

T 

I 

? 

"ff 


ACID 

VINEGAR 


ANTIMONY 

DIGEST 

SUBLIMATED MER. 
COAGULATE 
CONDENSED VAPOUR 
SAL GEMMA 


0^ 
^ l 


^4" 

A 

f t j 
- - rr- - 


<// 

°x- 


I I 




4 


p 


Y 

7f 

jn 


p 

9 /) 

Ki 


IRON 
DIGEST 
STEEL 
TIN ORE 

CROCUS VENERIS 
CUFELLATTON 
VALERIAN 
QUINTESSENCE 
INTELLIGENT IES 
DISTILLATION 
VERDIGRIS 
RED ARSENIC 
MERCriRY 

PLANETARY 8 (C) 
COPPER 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 
AQUA REGIS 
ARIES 

WATER OE LIFE 
SPIRIT OF WINE 
S EXT Aft IU S 
SILVER 

SILVER 

SATURN 


396 













TXDFX OF STOILS 


F-J.VE STROKES - Tyo srciai I circles ^COJ'ltiJlUOQ’J 



PLANETARY S. (S) 
SPIRIT OF GEMINI 



INTELLIGENCES 
CROCUS VENERIS 



VERDIGRIS 


ROOT 


Q-P 



VIRGO 


CAPRICORN 


^Af^, 


CAUDA SCORPIONTS 



CAPRICORN 



ASHES OP LEAD 

CAPRICORN 

TIN 

HONEY 



ANTIMONY 

CAMPHOR 

VERDIGRIS 






DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL S1C1LS 


FIVE STROKES - Three or more sm&l1 circles 


O— -o— 

</ SAGITTARIUS 

O c 

PLANT 

0-~r & 

O 

SULPHUR 


EORAX 

C 


VITRIOL 

? ? 7 

IRON 


TAURUS 

'J--' 

STEEL 


QUICKSILVER 

STEEL 

f-J 

VITRIOL 

<Ti 

CHARCOAL 

=4 

MOON 


WHITE ARSENIC 

* 

ROMAN VITRIOL 

SALTPETRE 

c J? 

SITRT I MATE 

T' 

WHITE VITRIOL 

REALGAR 

1 ?-0 

VITRIOL 

£>cf 

HOUSE 

<V — 

L * 

VITRIOL 

% 

WOOD 

.A 

RED ORFIMEHT 

01 

COPPER 

RED SULPHURET OF 

ARS. 



SAL ALKALI 

. g ^ <? 

‘ — ~i —— 1 

WHITE ARSENIC 

L' 

(f 

"n 

Capricorn 

ORPIMENT 

'= 1 Cl 
■tl 

& 

O O C 

OCULUS 

QUICKLIME 

V ? 

y 

A.R TFS 

POTASH 

SAL ALKALI 

WATER OF LIFE 

0 



PLANETARY S + I C. ) 

b 



SPIRIT OF WINE 
ORPIHENT 


CUPELLATIGN 


QUICKSILVER 
SPIRIT OF COPPER 


39 R 


SALT 










INDEX OF 5IGILSI 


FIVE STROKES - Five straight linos forming tri;mqa]ar shape 


y 

BLUE 

y 

LAPIS 

7 

FORTUNA MAJOR 


CAPUT 

A-' 

y 

WATER 

V 

WATER 

V 

EARTH 

THISTITIA 

V 

FORTUNA MAJOR 

V 

AQUISlTIO 

TiT 

CAPUT 

V 


A 

LOETITIA 

A 

.«y- 1 

AMALGAM 

A 

FORTUNA MINOR 

A 

CAUDA 

A 

CAUDA 

A 

AMISSIO 

s 

RU BEL'S 


AQUA FORTIS 

y£ 

CONJUNCTIO 

A 

FORTUNA MINOR 

■h ^ 

W7 

AQUA REGIS 

V 


7 A 
y ■ 

EARTH 

yVx 

WATER OF LIFE 

V 



A 

A 

7 

4 

i - 
L I 

At 


W 

-V.- 

CONJUNCTIQ 

V" 

SUN 


A L hi US 

A f 

AIR 


PURGATIVE WINE 

A4- 
/_y i 

A 

NITROUS AIR 


STONE 

FORTUNA MAJOR 

l I 7 

V 

EARTEi 

a 

CAUDA 

yo 

AIR 

& 

AQUA FORTIS 

lA 

SLOW HEAT 


FIXED SULPHUR 

FLUX 

y 

ANTIMONY 


PHILOSOPHER ' 3 


ARSENIC 

CROCUS MARTIS 

ELEMENTS 

y 

QUICKSILVER 

SALT 


PALLAS 

y 

CAPUT 


PUER 

A 



SOUL 

V 

CAPUT 


SPIRIT OF SULPHUR 

SULPHUR 

WORLD ARCAHUM 

FLOWERS OF SULPHUR 

SULPHUR 

QUICKSILVER 

FLOWERS OF SULPHUR 

CALCINATED ALUM 

LEAD 

NITROUS AIR 


y 


"\K 


I 7 


FORTUNA MAJOR 

PUELLA 

PITER 

PUER 

VITRIOL 

BORAX 


X 

/<\ MERCURY SUBLIMATE 


AA 


IGNIS FOR TI S' 
WHITE 



ARSENIC 

-¥ 

CINNABAR 

\y 

AQUA EORTTS 


AQUA FORTIS 



CROSS 


MINIUM 


MOON 


LUTATION 


399 








DICTIONARY OF OCCULT t HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL STGTLS 


!■'EVE STROKES - Five straight lines forming triangular shapa (continued) 


<3> 

FOUR EVANOETIS 1- : 

-i-/ 

FOUNTAIN WATER 

<L 

ANNEAL 

vT 

AQUA FORTIS 

M 

CROCUS MARTIS 

^i> 

CALCINATION 

sf 

-t¥ 

BOIL 

-^7 

AQUISITIO 

AMISSTO 



r A- 

ANASL 

nr A 

TZ 

V_ 

VINEGAR 

/V 

CALCINATED LEAD 

rr 

V 

QUINCUNX 


TARTAR 

o 

SUBSTANCE 

1 

”v1 

N 

1 

MINIUM 

■V 

WHITE VITRIOL 

z - \j 

WEEK 

BORAX 


400 






LXDLX Of STGILS 


FIVE STROKED - Five straight strokes forming quatirilateral 



ROMAN VTTRTOL 
LEAR 


M H TERRA LEMWIA 



LEAF 

MATERIAL 
BA T URINAE 


1 . J 

L _■ 









DIETILLATION 
URINE 





ZINC 

ANTIMONY 


.^=rf JESUS 



WHITE ARSENIC 
QUINTESSENCE OF WINE 


ARSEN1C 



-\ IZL MARC AS ITA A URE A 
HONEY 

T'^i SULPHUR 
\ ' { ~\ AMlBljj 10 
rj7|. AQU1S1TIG 

r~J ANTIMONY 
' DAY 
NIGHT 



JUDGEMENT 
MERCURY SUBLIMATE 


SAi.TPETRE 


SHEET 

SHEET 

FIXITY 

HONEY 

TIN 

SAL URINAE 
URINE 

WHITE WINE 

ANTIMONY 
HOLY DEITY 




SUN 



ANTIMONY 

AURICHALCUM 

BRASS 

SOAP 

SULPHUR 

SUN 

URINE 


SA_. GEMMA 



C INDERS 
PUET. I, A 
PITER 

DAY 


PLANETARY S. (□) 


I.EAIJ 




MELTING POT 
MINERAL SALT 


|__j FURNACE 



\> 

XL 


SATURN 

MINIUM 

PLANETARY S. CD) 
□UNO 


in si 4 i 1 


RLFNR 

CHARACTERS OF EL. 

CALCINATE 

EARTH 

CALCIMAGE 

SIGH 

CHARIOT 

haematite 

MERCURY SURF, 

SALT 

CALCIKATED EARTAR 
COPPER 

CALCINATED TARTAR 
CALCINATED TARTAR 
COPPER 


401 


















DICTIONARY 01 ■' OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIQTLS 


FiVE STROKES - Five straight lines giving open Gigli 


i M SAGITTARIUS 
K’ — 1 CASTOR OIL 



SAGITTARIUS 



PUTREFACTION 


SAGITTARIUS 



=F 



i 

Vt-- 


-7 


VITRIOL. 

VITRTOL 

MARS 

CHARCOAL 
CROCUS MARTI£ 


y\ SAGITTARIUS 


-X 1 

MARS 

y 1 

SAGITTARIUS 


IRON 


RORAX 

r 

PUTREFACTION 


COPPER 

4= 

1 _ 

CINDERS 

hF 

1 .— 

ASHES 

'll 

AES USTUM 

vl 

b 

WINE 

-b 

a/* 

YELLOW WAX 

SALTPETRE 


CHARACTERS OF EL 


f-1 

_1_ -L- 

SAND 

vV 

CHRIST TRIUMPHANT 


TIN 


BORAX 

1 7 

2 INC 


PUTREFY 

A- 


u 

DAY 

vV 

WATER HAND 

7 

JUPITER 

__u 

vV 

LAPIS 

V, 

PLANETARY S, 

(D) XV* 

VITRIOL 



WHITE VITRIOL 


JESUS 

'Y 


c, 

NIGHT 

TOGETHER 


AURICHALCUH 

4t 

COPPER 

LEAD 

7 

ftURICH&LCUM 

+ -tt l 

CALX 

QUICKLIME 

— 1 

TIN 

f 

CROSS 

SKILLET 


TAPIS 

Jr 

Jj 

-X 1 

DISTILLATION 

I 

7F 

COPPER 


ESSENCE 

A 


1 

NEPTUNE 

x— 

BORAX 

v 


M 

CTNOERS 

isr 

LUTATIQN 

u_l 

CINDERS 

r^j 

Soda 

1 

POTASH 

SULPHUR 

NT 

WATER 

V 

CINDERS 


ALPHA 

v-X 

TIN 

A 

CHRIST TRIUMPHANT 

j_ 

DIGEST 

/V 

CHRIST TRIUMPHANT 

' 

TIN 

7 

SAGITTARIUS 

rf 

LAPIS 

TV 

j 

HOUR 

-T 

t «l. 

KARCASITE 

T 

VENUS 



A 


402 
















NDEX OF SIGILS 


FIVE STROKES - Five straight l i 


V 

WATER 



1 - 
r> 

IRON 


TX 

'— 

i- 

MATTER 


T 

~ 1 "'t 


LIMESTONE 


I 

ri 

MINERAL SALT 


tV 


PLANETARY S. 

(C} 

x 

1—' 

1—H 

SAL ALKALI 


y-^ — \ 

X 

FIX 



-7i~ 

DISTILLATION 


1 h| 

K, 

jt 'i 

_ -j 

PLANETARY S. 

(S J 


H 

COPPER 




CEUC IBLE 



•X 

f 

JESUS 



V-T 

ANTIMONY RRCtTJLUS 


27- 

TIN 



V 1 

SALT 



X 

EMETIC WINE 



Y 

QUINTESSENCE 



ta— a: 

DUNG 



t r 

i-U 

EARTH OF LEMNO 


u 

POTASH 




TARTAR 



^11' 

TALC 






es y ivi nq open sig i 1 ( c.-o n tinu ©fJj 

TARTAR 

TRINITY 

VINEGAR 

VIA 

BORAX 

BORAX 

ANNEAL 

ACIEL 

APADIEI 


PLANETARY S. (S) 





DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


FIVS STROKES - Five curves only 


XL 

S' 1 

V IRC Ci 


yrJ 

o 

VIRGO 

VIRGO 



VIRGO 


'Wpj 

LAYER UPON 

LAYER 

X 

SALTPETRE 

VIRGO 


cM) 

CALC IMATED 

ALUM 

rtf 

CHARACTERS 

OF EL 

nrmx 

VIRGO 


M,h J 

MAGNESIA 


k’ 

c_X 

COAGULATION 

CAPRICORN 


TIN 



CAPRICOEN 


X 

CAPR ICOEN 


9G 

MOON 

SILVER 


b 

CAIjCINATED 

GOLD 


SULPHUR 


ki 

TAURUS 


£? 

CAPRICORN 


no 

i 

CHARACTER 


w 

S1GIL 



S t 

lIU PITER 


.} 

JUPITER 


n<—f 

0 U 

KTNDI.E 


Kar 

SMOKE 


x 

SMOKE 



GRA IN 


$ 

o-n 

PLANETARY S. 

(C) 

X 

LUTUM SAPIENTIAL 


MIDHEAVEN 



COAGULATION 



BORAX 



PLANETARY S. 


i 

■ 

SALT 



ALKANET 



MOON 


X 

LEO 



MARCASITE 



ALBUMEN 


4-1. 

ALBUMEN 


^S> 

AI,RUMEN 



SPIRIT OF TAURUS 


J SCORPIO 


-g-"' QUICKSILVER 
r " : ') WINE 



HAEMATITE 
SILVER OIL 


WHITE ARSENIC 







INDEX OF STOILS 


FIVE STROKES - Four straight lln-es it-, sig.i.1 


i— tl~ t BRONZE 

ANTIMONY 

-_n_. WHITE LEAD 

7 


_..n—. GRADES OF FIRE 

XL 

-X EGG YOLK 

YELLOW WAX 


-/L- LUTATION 

MOON DECREASING 
MOON INCREASING 
MOON RISE 
SILVER 
WAX 

YELLOW WAX 




DISTILLATION 



OMEGA 



MOON DECREASING 
MOON INCREASING 


SPIRIT 


J5FTH TT 


> \j-\ lead 

h _ GOLD 

PRECIPITATE 

3 

L HOR SEDRGPP ING5 

^ SPRING 

CONJUNCTTO 


.A/ LIXIVIUM 



& 


CALCINATE 



PHILOSOPHIC SUL. 

A 

H 

CALCINATE 

t 

sulphur NIGRUM 

4 

BLACK TALC 


PHILOSOPHIC SUL. 

A 


L 

ST.U PFUR 

4 

i 

PLANETARY S. {D} 

X 

CONJUNCT10 

\!/ 

AQUA FORTTS 

4 

RAIN WATER 


RAIN WATER 

X 

PLANETARY s. (C) 

4 

AQUA FORTIS 

1 

r 

i 

ABSORBENT EARTH 


ABSORBENT EARTH 

<X 

MEPHISTOPHET ,E S 

-4 

COHABITTO 


AURICEALCUM 

4 

SUN 

4 

SUN 


FILTER 


PLANETARY S* (5} 

E 

CIRCULATING FTRE 
DISTILLATION 


Q 

HONEY 

JUPITER 

URINE 

Q 

ALUM 

Cf 

SALT 


SALT 

LD 

MEFHIS TOP HELE 


FILTER 

Sqt 

SEMI-SQUARE 

s d 

SEMI’SQUARE 

sn 

SEMI-SQUARE 

3D 

HONEY 

±r 

QUICKLIME 

-b- 

LIME 

*" 7 

/ 

CASSIEL 

4- 

ASMODEL 

/ 



CASSIEL 

-/-< 

VITRIOL 

IZn 

QUICKLIME 

:kr 

QUICKLIME 

L.p 

JESUS 

{ 

TTN 


PLANETARY S. : 

74 

SAT, AMMONIAC 


—T 

At 


SULPHUR 


QUICKLIME 










DICTIONARY OF OCCULT, HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SIGILS 


SEA SALT 
SEPARATE 
SILVER 
VIRGO 

SPIRIT OF AQU 
JUPITER 
JESUS 
RECIPE 

SAL AMMONIAC 
VINEGAR 
CONJUNCTION 
MERCURY 
CONJUNCTION 
MERCURY 
LAPIS 

PLANETARY S. 
FTANETARY S, 


j 4 

r i'C ^ 
2f’ 

Hy+f 

-vt. 

XT' 




mi 

(□) 


>f++ 

X-C PLANETARY {Cl 

COAGULATE. 
PLANETARY S. (C) 


>£ 


ght 1 i cl« 

js in sigil (aont 

inaed) 



¥ 

MERCURY 

Jl 

iTTTlA 


4T 

ANTIMONY 


SUBLIMATE 


Y 

QUICKSILVER 

LS 

PUTREFACTION 


¥ 

FIXATION 

Xf 

CHRIST 


V,v 

WHITE LEAD 

mf 

STEEL 


¥l 

r 

BORAX 

■m. 

PLANETARY S. 

(□) 

RED SULPHUR 

J 

PLANETARY S. 

ts) 


RECULUS 

;r> 

PLANETARY S. 

(D) 


MAR CA SITE 

cJ 

SAL GEMMA 


jy 

MAECASI7E 

7VA 

EARTH 



AD ATIEL 

Cl 

CALCINATE 


Xp 

CONJUNCTION 


ARSENIC SUE. 


4- 

OIL OF TARTAR 

A 

SALTPETRE 



JUPITER 

n 

SAL GEMMA 


cm 

SAGITTARIUS 

A 

SAL GEMMA 


J* 

MARS 


SAL ALKALI 



SAGITTARIUS 

4> 

PLANETARY S. 

[C) 


SAGITTARIUS 


EXTRACT OF COR. 

i/ 

ULCER 

^=23-H+ 

L-i 

OCULUS 



PLANETARY S. (Si 

:fe 

SPIRIT 



| MINERAL SALT 

^ L/ 1 FIRE triplicities 

GRADES OF FIRE 


FIX 




4 ^ 

(V 


PUTREFACTION 

ADNACHIEL 

SOAPSTONE 

VERCHIEL 


-J L : - C SR 1ST 
—p+m 

TIME 


T' 


TAU 


yPLANETARY S. (S) 









INDEX OF SIGTLS 


FIVE STROKES - Tht'titi SLrii itl.it. line?-’ in si.<7il 


I 

’If 

A" 

A.-' 

V 


V,’ 

V 

5 


(J-n 


REVERBERATING FIRE 


SPIRIT OF SILVER 


SULPHUR 


STONE 


ALKALI 

RED IRON ORE 
PLANETARY 3. (A) 

AQUA REGIS 

VITRIOL 
QUICKLIME 
MOON ARCANUM 
AQUA SBCIS 
ANAEL 
LBO 
U AMALGAM 
AMALGAM 
C INNABAR 
BORAX 
FULL MOON 


TV 

.-' 1 LITHARGE 


9 

£ 

& 


PLANETARY S. CD) - > 


ALUM 




rrn alum 
11 L 


-f- 

I 

i'->rr 

C ' 


■\ 




9" 


-^K 
-L.. 


LIBRA 

COMPOSE 

CONJUNCTION 


B : 

V 

A" 

■?fr 

Bcf 

O-Or 

C<f 

,5" 

Tf 

jF\, 


- 

_fi_ 


AM3RTEL 
PLANETARY $, 
OPAL 


BBHJAMINE FLOWERS 


BORAX 

CAPRICORN 

VESTA 

PYRITES 

JUPITER 

RECIPE 

PYRITES 

SUMMER 

SUN 


fc) TSv""’ 

T 

■p<l 

4f 

2X-C 

oil 

2>k i 

rfc 


. (C) 

RED VINEGAR 
MINIUM 

PLANETARY S. <S) 
LIBRA 


PLANETARY 


0 

l 


^_s- GRADES OF FIRE 
fU> FLftNETARY S. (C> [/p 1 - SU3L,IMATK 


2—2j~ 

Tjf 

VT f 


'■ (D! Ir'e > 


■V 


GRADES OF FTRF- 
SPIRIT OF TAURUS 
PLANETARY S. (5) 
PLANETARY 3. (S) 
POTASH 

POTASH 

CALCINATED SIEVE 

SELENITE 

FULL MOON 

PREPARE 

PULVERISE 

GEMINI 

BORAX 

MARCASITE 

EORAX 

FARTSHORN 

FIRE 

AUTUMN 

CHALK 

PLANETARY S. (S) 
MINIUM 

PLANETARY S. {Sj 
PLANETARY S. fsl 
PLANETARY S’. (D) 


407 
















DICTIONARY OF OCCULT r HERMETIC AND ALCHEMICAL SltZlLS 


FIVE STROKES - Three straight lines in sicI] (continued) 



NIGHT 

V 

STONE 

I-,-— ^ 

(A 

NIGHT 

'■4f 

~i r 

JUPTTER 

l " c r 'i ■ 

o 

l-r-l 

NIGHT 


planetary s. (sj 

.,4k 

ANNEAL 


EARTH 

^ . -L ^ 

ALUM 

Zr 

V 

POTASH 

4c. 

ANNEAL 


r 

YELLOW ORFTMFNT 

fD 

1- I 

TARTAR 


~ 

WARS 


bjp 

X 


% 

J 

t 

r~r~ 


£ 

"W 

TT 


3EXTARIUS 


I SILVER PAINT 


2+c 

'ijr 

4k 

I 

4 " 


L/3 


ALUKRN “'7.UMEUM 


CINDERS 


POTABLE GOLD 

4t, 

PULVERISE 

COMPOSE 

* 

DUST 

FA EX VINT 

jfl 

BURNED ALUM 

LAPIS 

nr 

NITRE 

LIMESTONE 

Mb 

NGTA DENE 

HOOD ASHES 


MANIPULE 

ASHES OF HARTS. 

4) 

WIST 

CINDERS 

JNjj' 

PLANETARY 3. {D} 

ANTIMONY 

4.! 

FOG 


4: 

CALCINATE 

NEPTUNE 

4r> 

BORAX 

MERCURY 

V 

CALCINATED HARTS 

CALX MZTALLQRUM 

c4 

LITEiARGE 

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